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Caroline Shorter, Wellington Asthma Research Group

Caroline-Shorter---Research-FellowBSc, MSc (Hons), PhD

Senior Research Fellow

Contact details

Department of Medicine
University of Otago Wellington
PO Box 7343
Wellington 6242
New Zealand

Tel +64 4 385 5541 ext 6714

Email caroline.shorter@otago.ac.nz

Research interests

My research area involves investigating sites and exposure of occupants to fungi and allergens in indoor built environments, looking specifically at how allergens accumulate and are removed from textiles in homes. My research projects have included applications of biocides to textiles to kill house dust mites, house dust mite allergen and fungal spore accumulation and disturbance from different flooring constructions, types and levels of fungi in wool and synthetic bedding and the effect of carpet construction and wear on the removal of allergen by vacuuming.

My current research role is with the Wellington Asthma Research Group, working on the HRC funded HOME study, which examines what housing factors may be associated with new onset wheezing in children.

I am also conducting PhD research on fungal levels in the home and the relationship to children’s respiratory health. This is particularly topical because of the worldwide increase in allergic diseases such as asthma over the last few decades. Identification of indoor allergens, their sites of accumulation and an individual’s exposure levels are all critical to understanding how they can be reduced in the indoor environment.

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Publications

Walker, G. J., Stelzer-Braid, S., Shorter, C., Honeywill, C., Wynn, M., Willenborg, C., Barnes, P., Kang, J., Pierse, N., Crane, J., Howden-Chapman, P., & Rawlinson, W. (2019). Viruses associated with acute respiratory infection in a community-based cohort of healthy NZ children. Journal of Medical Virology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/jmv.25493

Shorter, C., Crane, J., Pierse, N., Barnes, P., Kang, J., Wickens, K., … Stanley, T., … Howden-Chapman, P., and the Wellington Research General Practicioner Research Network. (2018). Indoor visible mold and mold odour are associated with new-onset childhood wheeze in a dose-dependent manner. Indoor Air, 28(1), 6-15. doi: 10.1111/ina.12413

Kristono, G. A., Shorter, C., Pierse, N., Crane, J., & Siebers, R. (2018). Endotoxin, cat and house dust mite allergens in electrostatic cloths and bedroom dust. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Hygiene. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/15459624.2018.1536827

Shorter, C., Täubel, M., Pierse, N., Douwes, J., Howden-Chapman, P., Hyvärinen, A., & Crane, J. (2016). Objective assessment of domestic mold contamination using quantitative PCR. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology, 137(2), 622-624. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2015.06.039

Siebers, R., Wu, F. F. F., Shorter, C., Pierse, N., & Crane, J. (2015). Effect of repeated freeze/thawing of household dust extracts on β-(1,3)-glucan levels. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Hygiene, 12(1), D1-D3. doi: 10.1080/15459624.2014.963590

Chapter in Book - Research

Shorter, C. (2009). Methods for measuring fungi indoors. In P. Howden-Chapman, J. Bennett & R. Siebers (Eds.), Do damp and mould matter? Health impacts of leaky homes. (pp. 61-68). Wellington, New Zealand: Steele Roberts.

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Journal - Research Article

Walker, G. J., Stelzer-Braid, S., Shorter, C., Honeywill, C., Wynn, M., Willenborg, C., Barnes, P., Kang, J., Pierse, N., Crane, J., Howden-Chapman, P., & Rawlinson, W. (2019). Viruses associated with acute respiratory infection in a community-based cohort of healthy NZ children. Journal of Medical Virology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/jmv.25493

Shorter, C., Crane, J., Pierse, N., Barnes, P., Kang, J., Wickens, K., … Stanley, T., … Howden-Chapman, P., and the Wellington Research General Practicioner Research Network. (2018). Indoor visible mold and mold odour are associated with new-onset childhood wheeze in a dose-dependent manner. Indoor Air, 28(1), 6-15. doi: 10.1111/ina.12413

Kristono, G. A., Shorter, C., Pierse, N., Crane, J., & Siebers, R. (2018). Endotoxin, cat and house dust mite allergens in electrostatic cloths and bedroom dust. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Hygiene. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/15459624.2018.1536827

Causer, S. M., Piper, C., Shorter, C. L., & Lewis, R. D. (2010). Replicating the cross-sectional distribution of house-dust mite allergen found in carpet. Journal of the Textile Institute, 101(1), 69-75. doi: 10.1080/00405000802260811

Causer, S. M., Shorter, C. L., Lewis, R. D., & Siebers, R. W. (2008). Efficiency of vacuuming for the removal of cat allergen (Fel d 1) from worn and unworn wool carpets of different construction. Textile Research Journal, 78(2), 105-110.

Causer, S., Shorter, C., & Sercombe, J. (2006). Effect of floorcovering construction on content and vertical distribution of house dust mite allergen, Der p I. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Hygiene, 3(4), 161-168. doi: 10.1080/15459620600572068

Causer, S., & Shorter, C. (2004). Penetration of light into carpet, and responses of the European house-dust mite (Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus) to varying light intensity and diurnal cycle. Experimental & Applied Acarology, 34(3-4), 335-344. doi: 10.1007/s10493-004-1805-y

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Journal - Research Other

Shorter, C., Täubel, M., Pierse, N., Douwes, J., Howden-Chapman, P., Hyvärinen, A., & Crane, J. (2016). Objective assessment of domestic mold contamination using quantitative PCR. Journal of Allergy & Clinical Immunology, 137(2), 622-624. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2015.06.039

Siebers, R., Wu, F. F. F., Shorter, C., Pierse, N., & Crane, J. (2015). Effect of repeated freeze/thawing of household dust extracts on β-(1,3)-glucan levels. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Hygiene, 12(1), D1-D3. doi: 10.1080/15459624.2014.963590

Causer, S. M., Botica, K. J., & Shorter, C. L. (2003). Removal of house-dust mites and Der p I during laundering of bedding. Allergy, 58(6), 531-532. doi: 10.1034/j.1398-9995.2003.00144.x

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Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Full paper

Täubel, M., Shorter, C., Pierse, N., Hyvärinen, A., & Crane, J. (2014). Quantitative pcr determination of microbes in relation to observed measures of mould in homes. Proceedings of the 13th International Conference on Indoor Air Quality and Climate. (pp. 797-799). International Society of Indoor Air Quality and Climate. [Full Paper]

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Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Shorter, C., Crane, J., Wickens, K., Pierse, N., Stanley, T., Barnes, P., Kang, J., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2014). Visible mould and dampness are associated with new onset wheezing in New Zealand children. Clinical & Translational Allergy, 4(Suppl. 1), P47. doi: 10.1186/2045-7022-4-s1-p47

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Awarded Doctoral Degree

Shorter, C. L. (2013). Fungi in New Zealand homes: Measurement, aerosolisation and association with children's health (PhD). University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/4099

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