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Dr Caroline Morris

Senior Lecturer Beyond the Bar & Higher Degrees Programme Leader

Department of Primary Health Care and General Practice 

Background and Interests

Caroline has been working in the Department since 2009 in a variety of teaching and research roles. She is a registered pharmacist who has practised in both New Zealand and the UK. She gained her Master of Science (Clinical Pharmacy) and PhD from the University of Manchester (UK). She was subsequently employed as a researcher in a school of pharmacy, working in close collaboration with medical school divisions of primary care. Her research interests include the prescribing and use of medicines in primary care, minor ailment management (professional and patient perspectives), quality in primary care. She also acts as the Masters and PhD advisor for the Department, and is the Higher Degrees Programme Leader within the Department. 

Teaching Activities

Postgraduate Education 

Caroline is co-convenor of the postgraduate Primary Health Care paper (PRHX 701). She also contributes to the long-term conditions management paper (GENX 709) and the study skills programme for students new to postgraduate education. 

Undergraduate Education 

Caroline contributes to the fifth year undergraduate medical student Primary Health Care and General Practice module, teaching the principles of prescribing. She is also a member of the Wellington Interprofessional Teaching Initiative (WITI) and teaches interprofessional classes of health students as part of WITI’s activities.

Research Activities

Caroline’s research activity has centred on ways of improving the safety of prescribing and reducing preventable drug-related morbidity in the primary care setting. This has included involvement in the development of a cluster randomised controlled trial of a pharmacist-led, information-technology-based intervention. She has also been involved in the development of a nationally-derived framework for quality activity and is currently involved in HRC-funded work exploring the development and impact of changes in community pharmacy services and the development of new primary care pharmacy roles.


She is currently supervising three Masters students (exploring community pharmacist perceptions of their role in primary mental health care; community pharmacist perceptions of their role in opioid substitution treatment; the patient experience of an integrated care initiative) and two PhD students (exploring medicines information needs in New Zealand primary care; refugee women’s health-seeking behavioural change upon resettlement to New Zealand).

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Publications

Morris, C., Macdonald, L., Stubbe, M., & Dowell, A. (2016). "It's complicated": Talking about gout medicines in primary care consultations: A qualitative study. BMC Family Practice, 17(1), 114. doi: 10.1186/s12875-016-0515-y

Campbell, C., Braund, R., & Morris, C. (2017). Beyond the four walls: An exploratory survey of location, employment and roles of pharmacists in primary health care. Journal of Primary Health Care, 9(4), 297-310. doi: 10.1071/HC17022

McDonald, J., McBain, L., Dowell, A. C., & Morris, C. (2017). GPs' views and experiences of prescribing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: A qualitative study. BJGP Open, 1(2), bjgpopen17X100869. doi: 10.3399/bjgpopen17X100869

Avery, A. J., Rodgers, S., Cantrill, J. A., Armstrong, S., Cresswell, K., Eden, M., … Morris, C. J., … Sheikh, A. (2012). A pharmacist-led information technology intervention for medication errors (PINCER): A multicentre, cluster randomised, controlled trial and cost-effectiveness analysis. Lancet, 379(9823), 1310-1319. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(11)61817-5

Gray, L., Chamberlain, R., & Morris, C. (2016). "Basically you wait for an 'in'": Community pharmacist views on their role in weight management in New Zealand. Journal of Primary Health Care, 8(4), 365-371. doi: 10.1071/HC16026

Working Paper; Discussion Paper; Technical Report

Elliott, R. A., Putman, K., Franklin, M., Verhaeghe, N., Annemans, L., Eden, M., … Morris, C. J., … Avery, A. J. (2013). Economic evaluation of a pharmacist-led IT-based intervention with simple feedback in reducing rates of clinically important errors in medicines management in general practices (PINCER). Department of Health Patient Safety Research Portfolio. Nottingham, UK: University of Nottingham. 142p.

Avery, A. J., Rodgers, S., Cantrill, J. A., Armstrong, S., Boyd, M., Cresswell, K., … Morris, C. J., … Sheikh, A. (2010). PINCER trial: A cluster randomised trial comparing the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a pharmacist-led IT-based intervention with simple feedback in reducing rates of clinically important errors in medicines management in general practices. Department of Health Patient Saftey Research Portfolio. Nottingham, UK: University of Nottingham Medical School. 321p.

Rodgers, S., Morris, C., Howard, R., Avery, T., & Eden, M. (2006). Piloting a method for extracting data on medicines management from GP computer systems using Quest Browser software. Nottinghamshire Primary Care Trusts. Nottingham, UK: University of Nottingham. 46p.

Avery, A. J., Cantrill, J., Sheikh, A., Fernando, B., Bainbridge, M., Horsfield, P., Morris, C., … Savelyich, B. S. P. (2003). Realising the potential of GP computer systems to improve patient safety. National Patient Safety Agency. Nottingham, UK: University of Nottingham. 107p.

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Chapter in Book - Research

Dowell, T., Morris, C., Dodd, T., & Mcloughlin, B. (2012). Psychological interventions in primary care mental health. In G. Ivbijaro (Ed.), Companion to primary care mental health. (pp. 241-264). London: Wonca & Radcliffe.

Howard, R. L., Avery, A. J., & Morris, C. J. (2006). Using chart review and clinical databases to study medical error. In K. Walshe & R. Boaden (Eds.), Patient safety: Research into practice. (pp. 118-129). Maidenhead, UK: Open University Press.

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Chapter in Book - Other

McKinlay, E., Bycroft, J., Darlow, B., Gray, B., Morris, C., & Pullon, S. (2017). Interdisciplinary collaboration: Working in teams for patient care. In K. A. Morris (Ed.), Cole's medical practice in New Zealand. (13th ed.) (pp. 81-99). Wellington, New Zealand: Medical Council of New Zealand.

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Journal - Research Article

McDonald, J., McBain, L., Dowell, A. C., & Morris, C. (2017). GPs' views and experiences of prescribing non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: A qualitative study. BJGP Open, 1(2), bjgpopen17X100869. doi: 10.3399/bjgpopen17X100869

Taylor, R., McKinlay, E., & Morris, C. (2017). Standing order use in general practice: The views of medicine, nursing and pharmacy stakeholder organisations. Journal of Primary Health Care, 9(1), 47-55. doi: 10.1071/HC16023

Dowell, A., Morris, C., McDonald, L., & Stubbe, M. (2017). "I can't bend it and it hurts like mad": Direct observation of gout consultations in routine primary health care. BMC Family Practice, 18(91). doi: 10.1186/s12875-017-0662-9

Campbell, C., Braund, R., & Morris, C. (2017). Beyond the four walls: An exploratory survey of location, employment and roles of pharmacists in primary health care. Journal of Primary Health Care, 9(4), 297-310. doi: 10.1071/HC17022

Campbell, C., Morris, C., & Braund, R. (2016). Medicines information in New Zealand: Current services and future potential. New Zealand Medical Journal, 129(1447), 21-28. Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Morris, C., Macdonald, L., Stubbe, M., & Dowell, A. (2016). "It's complicated": Talking about gout medicines in primary care consultations: A qualitative study. BMC Family Practice, 17(1), 114. doi: 10.1186/s12875-016-0515-y

Beckingsale, L., Fairbairn, K., & Morris, C. (2016). Integrating dietitians into primary health care: Benefits for patients, dietitians and the general practice team. Journal of Primary Health Care, 8(4), 372-380. doi: 10.1071/HC16018

Beckingsale, L., Fairbairn, K., & Morris, C. (2016). ‘Two working together is so much better than just one’: Professional support needs of primary healthcare dietitians. Nutrition & Dietetics, 73(3), 220-228. doi: 10.1111/1747-0080.12243

Gray, L., Chamberlain, R., & Morris, C. (2016). "Basically you wait for an 'in'": Community pharmacist views on their role in weight management in New Zealand. Journal of Primary Health Care, 8(4), 365-371. doi: 10.1071/HC16026

Sadler, S., Rodgers, S., Howard, R., Morris, C. J., Avery, A. J., on behalf of the PINCER Triallists. (2014). Training pharmacists to deliver a complex information technology intervention (PINCER) using the principles of educational outreach and root cause analysis. International Journal of Pharmacy Practice, 22(1), 47-58. doi: 10.1111/ijpp.12032

Perera, G. A. R., Dowell, A. C., & Morris, C. J. (2013). Constructing a framework for quality activity in primary care. Australian Health Review, 37(1), 98-103. doi: 10.1071/AH11097

Avery, A. J., Rodgers, S., Cantrill, J. A., Armstrong, S., Cresswell, K., Eden, M., … Morris, C. J., … Sheikh, A. (2012). A pharmacist-led information technology intervention for medication errors (PINCER): A multicentre, cluster randomised, controlled trial and cost-effectiveness analysis. Lancet, 379(9823), 1310-1319. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(11)61817-5

Cresswell, K. M., Sadler, S., Rodgers, S., Avery, A., Cantrill, J., Murray, S. A., … on behalf of the PINCER Evaluation Team, including Morris, C. (2012). An embedded longitudinal multi-faceted qualitative evaluation of a complex cluster randomized controlled trial aiming to reduce clinically important errors in medicines management in general practice. Trials, 13, 78. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-13-78

Avery, A. J., Rodgers, S., . . ., Morris, C. J., Murray, S. A., Prescott, R. J., … Sheikh, A. (2009). Protocol for the PINCER trial: A cluster randomised trial comparing the effectiveness of a pharmacist-led IT-based intervention with simple feedback in reducing rates of clinically important errors in medicines management in general practices. Trials, 10. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-10-28

Avery, A. J., Savelyich, B. S. P., Sheikh, A., Morris, C. J., Bowler, I., & Teasdale, S. (2007). Improving general practice computer systems for patient safety: Qualitative study of key stakeholders. Quality & Safety in Health Care, 16, 28-33. doi: 10.1136/qshc.2006.018192

Cantrill, J., Morris, C., & Weiss, M. (2006). How patients perceive minor illness and factors influencing seeing a doctor. Primary Health Care Research & Development, 7, 157-164. doi: 10.1191/1463423606pc281oa

Morris, C. J., Cantrill, J. A., Avery, A. J., & Howard, R. L. (2006). Preventing drug related morbidity: A process for facilitating changes in practice. Quality & Safety in Health Care, 15, 116-121. doi: 10.1136/qshc.2005.014597

Hammersley, V. S., Morris, C. J., Rodgers, S., Cantrill, J. A., & Avery, A. J. (2006). Applying preventable drug-related morbidity indicators to the electronic patient record in UK primary care: Methodological development. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy & Therapeutics, 31(3), 223-229. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2710.2006.00723.x

Morris, C. J. (2005). Computerised approaches may help to prevent drug-related morbidity. Pharmacy in Practice, (February), 70-75.

Morris, C. J., Savelyich, B. S. P., Avery, A. J., Cantrill, J. A., & Sheikh, A. (2005). Patient safety features of clinical computer systems: Questionnaire survey of GP views. Quality & Safety in Health Care, 14, 164-168. doi: 10.1136/qshc.2004.011866

Avery, A. J., Savelyich, B. S. P., Sheikh, A., Cantrill, J., Morris, C. J., Fernando, B., … Teasdale, S. (2005). Identifying and establishing consensus on the most important safety features of GP computer systems: e-Delphi study. Informatics in Primary Care, 13, 3-11.

Morris, C. J., Rodgers, S., Hammersley, V. S., Avery, A. J., & Cantrill, J. A. (2004). Indicators for preventable drug morbidity: Application in primary care. Quality & Safety in Health Care, 13, 181-185. doi: 10.1136/qshc.2003.008334

Morris, C. J., Cantrill, J. A., & Weiss, M. C. (2003). Minor ailment consultations: A mismatch of perceptions between patients and GPs. Primary Health Care Research & Development, 4, 365-370. doi: 10.1191/1463423603pc163oa

Morris, C. J., Cantrill, J. A., & Bate, J. R. (2003). How the use of preventable drug-related morbidity indicators can improve medicines management in primary care. Pharmaceutical Journal, 271, 682-686.

Morris, C. J., & Cantrill, J. A. (2003). Preventing drug-related morbidity: The development of quality indicators. Journal of Clinical Pharmacy & Therapeutics, 28(4), 295-305. doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2710.2003.00496.x

Morris, C., & Cantrill, J. (2002). Preventable drug-related morbidity indicators in the U.S. and U.K. Journal of Managed Care Pharmacy, 8(5), 372-377.

Morris, C. J., Cantrill, J. A., Hepler, C. D., & Noyce, P. R. (2002). Preventing drug-related morbidity: Determining valid indicators. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 14(3), 183-198.

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