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Dr Caroline Shaw, Department of Public Health

Caroline Shaw 186 x 230

MBChB MPH PhD FNZCPHM

Associate Professor

Teaches PUBH 733 Environment and Health

Contact details 

Tel +64 4 918 5321
Fax +64 4 389 5319
Email caroline.shaw@otago.ac.nz

Research interests and activities 

Caroline is a Public Health Medicine Specialist and epidemiologist. She teaches the postgraduate paper in Environmental Health and is also involved in undergraduate teaching and curriculum development in the medical degree. Her current research is at the interface of transport, health and climate change, particularly around the health opportunities offered by decarbonising the transport sector. She has undertaken research in the ethnic and socio-economic determinants of health, cancer control, population screening and obesity prevention..

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Publications

Shaw, C., Boulic, M., Longley, I., Mitchell, T., Pierse, N., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2020). The association between indoor and outdoor NO2 levels: A case study in 50 residences in an urban neighbourhood in New Zealand. Sustainable Cities & Society, 56, 102093. doi: 10.1016/j.scs.2020.102093

Shaw, C., Russell, M., Keall, M., MacBride-Stewart, S., Wild, K., . . ., & Woodward, A. (2020). Beyond the bicycle: Seeing the context of the gender gap in cycling. Journal of Transport & Health, 18, 100871. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2020.100871

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Atkinson, J., & Woodward, A. (2020). Is mode of transport to work associated with mortality in the working-age population? Repeated census-cohort studies in New Zealand 1996, 2001 and 2006. International Journal of Epidemiology, 49(2), 477-485. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyz257

Shaw, C. V., D'Souza, A. J., Cunningham, R., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Revolutionized public health teaching to equip medical students for 21st century practice. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 59(2), 296-304. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2020.02.019

O'Hallahan, J., Church, E., & Shaw, C. (2020). Cancer screening in New Zealand. Journal of Cancer Policy, 23, 100203. doi: 10.1016/j.jcpo.2019.100203

Chapter in Book - Research

Randal, E., Keall, M., Shaw, C., Russell, M., Woodward, A., Chapman, R., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2017). Why New Zealand transport policy needs to encourage walking and cycling. In P. Howden-Chapman, L. Early & J. Ombler (Eds.), Cities in New Zealand: Preferences, patterns and possibilities. (pp. 107-114). Wellington, New Zealand: Steele Roberts Aotearoa.

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Journal - Research Article

Shaw, C., Boulic, M., Longley, I., Mitchell, T., Pierse, N., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2020). The association between indoor and outdoor NO2 levels: A case study in 50 residences in an urban neighbourhood in New Zealand. Sustainable Cities & Society, 56, 102093. doi: 10.1016/j.scs.2020.102093

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Atkinson, J., & Woodward, A. (2020). Is mode of transport to work associated with mortality in the working-age population? Repeated census-cohort studies in New Zealand 1996, 2001 and 2006. International Journal of Epidemiology, 49(2), 477-485. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyz257

Shaw, C., Russell, M., Keall, M., MacBride-Stewart, S., Wild, K., . . ., & Woodward, A. (2020). Beyond the bicycle: Seeing the context of the gender gap in cycling. Journal of Transport & Health, 18, 100871. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2020.100871

Huang, S., Signal, V., Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., Stanley, J., McGlynn, K., & Gurney, J. (2018). Physical activity and risk of testicular cancer: A systematic review. BMC Cancer, 18, 189. doi: 10.1186/s12885-018-4093-3

Keall, M., Chapman, R., Shaw, C., Abrahamse, W., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2018). Are people who already cycle and walk more responsive to an active travel intervention? Journal of Transport & Health, 10, 84-91. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2018.08.006

Shaw, C., Randal, E., Keall, M., & Woodward, A. (2018). Health consequences of transport patterns in New Zealand’s largest cities. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1472), 64-72. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Shaw, C., Hales, S., Edwards, R., Howden-Chapman, P., & Stanley, J. (2018). What can fuel price increases tell us about the air pollution health co-benefits of a carbon price? Journal of Transport & Health, 8, 81-90. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2017.11.002

Keall, M. D., Shaw, C., Chapman, R., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2018). Reductions in carbon dioxide emissions from an intervention to promote cycling and walking: A case study from New Zealand. Transportation Research Part D, 65, 687-696. doi: 10.1016/j.trd.2018.10.004

Shaw, C., Keall, M., & Guiney, H. (2017). What modes of transport are associated with higher levels of physical activity? Cross-sectional study of New Zealand adults. Journal of Transport & Health, 7(Part B), 125-133. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2017.09.010

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., Shaw, C., & Sarfati, D. (2016). Ethnic patterns of hypospadias in New Zealand do not resemble those observed for cryptorchidism and testicular cancer: Evidence of differential aetiology? Andrology, 4(1), 82-86. doi: 10.1111/andr.12121

Pega, F., Shaw, C., Rasanathan, K., Yablonski, J., Kawachi, I., & Hales, S. (2015). Climate change, cash transfers and health. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 93(8), 559-565. doi: 10.2471/BLT.14.150037

Gurney, J., Shaw, C., Stanley, J., Signal, V., & Sarfati, D. (2015). Cannabis exposure and risk of testicular cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Cancer, 15, 897. doi: 10.1186/s12885-015-1905-6

Shaw, C., Hales, S., Howden-Chapman, P., & Edwards, R. (2014). Health co-benefits of climate change mitigation policies in the transport sector. Nature Climate Change, 4(6), 427-433. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2247

Nair, N., Sarfati, D., & Shaw, C. (2012). Population screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm: Evaluating the evidence against screening criteria [Review article]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 125(1350). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Nair, N., Shaw, C., Sarfati, D., & Stanley, J. (2012). Abdominal aortic aneurysm disease in New Zealand: Epidemiology and burden between 2002 and 2006. New Zealand Medical Journal, 125(1350). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Atkinson, J., & Stanley, J. (2011). Ethnic and socioeconomic trends in testicular cancer incidence in New Zealand. International Journal of Cancer, 128(7), 1683-1691. doi: 10.1002/ijc.25486

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., & Tobias, M. (2011). Mortality among the working age population receiving incapacity benefits in New Zealand, 1981-2004. Social Science & Medicine, 73(4), 568-575. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.06.003

Blakely, T., Shaw, C., Atkinson, J., Cunningham, R., & Sarfati, D. (2011). Social inequalities or inequities in cancer incidence? Repeated census-cancer cohort studies, New Zealand 1981-1986 to 2001-2004. Cancer Causes & Control, 22(9), 1307-1318. doi: 10.1007/s10552-011-9804-x

Carter, K. N., Shaw, C., Collings, S., Blakely, T., & Richardson, K. (2011). The SoFIE-Health study: Are the results comparable to the New Zealand population? Australasian Epidemiologist, 18(1), 26-32.

Carter, K., Shaw, C., Hayward, M., & Blakely, T. (2010). Understanding the determinants of consent for linkage of administrative health data with a longitudinal survey. Kōtuitui, 5(2), 53-60. doi: 10.1080/1177083X.2010.516440

Carter, K., Barber, P. A., & Shaw, C. (2010). How does self-reported history of stroke compare to hospitalization data in a population-based survey in New Zealand? Stroke, 41, 2678-2680. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.110.598268

Cunningham, R., Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Atkinson, J., & Sarfati, D. (2010). Ethnic and socioeconomic trends in breast cancer incidence in New Zealand. BMC Cancer, 10, 674. doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-10-674

Cormack, D., Sarfati, D., Harris, R., Robson, B., Shaw, C., & Blakely, T. (2010). Re: 'An overview of cancer and beliefs about the disease in indigenous people of Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the US' [Letter]. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 34(1), 90-91. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2010.00481.x

Shaw, C. (2009). (Non)regulation of marketing of unhealthy food to children in New Zealand [Viewpoint]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 122(1288). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/122-1288/3431/content.pdf

Carter, K. N., Hayward, M., Blakely, T., & Shaw, C. (2009). How much and for whom does self-identified ethnicity change over time in New Zealand? Results from a longitudinal study. Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, 36, 32-45.

Shaw, C., Atkinson, J., & Blakely, T. (2009). (Mis)classification of ethnicity on the New Zealand Cancer Registry: 1981-2004. New Zealand Medical Journal, 122(1294). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/122-1294/3578/content.pdf

Cunningham, R., MacDonald, J., McLean, M., & Shaw, C. (2007). An outbreak of infectious syphilis in Wellington, New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 120(1260). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/120-1260/2680/content.pdf

Sarfati, D., Blakely, T., Shaw, C., Cormack, D., & Atkinson, J. (2006). Patterns of disparity: Ethnic and socio-economic trends in breast cancer mortality in New Zealand. Cancer Causes & Control, 17, 671-678.

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Sarfati, D., Fawcett, J., & Peace, J. (2006). Trends in colorectal cancer mortality by ethnicity and socio-economic position in New Zealand, 1981-99: One country, many stories. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 30(1), 64-70.

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Sarfati, D., Fawcett, J., & Hill, S. (2005). Varying evolution of the New Zealand lung cancer epidemic by ethnicity and socioeconomic position (1981-1999). New Zealand Medical Journal, 118(1213). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/118-1213/1411/content.pdf

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Crampton, P., & Atkinson, J. (2005). The contribution of causes of death to socioeconomic inequalities in child mortality: New Zealand 1981-1999. New Zealand Medical Journal, 118(1227). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/118-1227/1779/content.pdf

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Atkinson, J., & Crampton, P. (2005). Do social and economic reforms change socioeconomic inequalities in child mortality? A case study: New Zealand 1981-1999. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 59, 638-644. Retrieved from http://jech.bmjjournals.com/cgi/reprint/59/8/638

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Journal - Research Other

Shaw, C. V., D'Souza, A. J., Cunningham, R., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Revolutionized public health teaching to equip medical students for 21st century practice. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 59(2), 296-304. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2020.02.019

O'Hallahan, J., Church, E., & Shaw, C. (2020). Cancer screening in New Zealand. Journal of Cancer Policy, 23, 100203. doi: 10.1016/j.jcpo.2019.100203

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., McGlynn, K., Richiardi, L., Shaw, C., Edwards, R., Merriman, T. R., Robson, B., … McLeod, M., Kennedy, M. A., & Sarfati, D. (2018). Testicular Cancer in New Zealand (TCNZ) study: Protocol for a national case-control study. BMJ Open, 8, e025212. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025212

Gurney, J. K., McGlynn, K. A., Stanley, J., Merriman, T., Signal, V., Shaw, C., Edwards, R., … Sarfati, D. (2017). Risk factors for cryptorchidism. Nature Reviews Urology, 14, 534-548. doi: 10.1038/nrurol.2017.90

Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., McLeod, M., Blakely, T., & Bissett, I. (2016). Screening for colorectal cancer: Spoiled for choice? New Zealand Medical Journal, 129(1440), 120-128. Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., & Simmonds, S. (2010). Inequalities in cancer screening programmes [Commentary]. International Journal of Epidemiology, 39, 766-768. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyq039

Blakely, T., Sarfati, D., & Shaw, C. (2009). What proportion of cancer is due to obesity? [Editorial]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 122(1290). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/122-1290/3478/content.pdf

Shaw, C., Cunningham, R., & Sarfati, D. (2008). From screening criteria to colorectal cancer screening: What can New Zealand learn from other countries? [Viewpoint]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 121(1279). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/121-1279/3186/content.pdf

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Journal - Professional & Other Non-Research Articles

Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., McLeod, M., Blakely, T., & Bissett, I. (2016). Response to Cox letter. New Zealand Medical Journal, 129(1446), 116-118. Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Murray, P., & Shaw, C. (2015). Comparing the incomparable: Studies of echocardiographic rheumatic heart disease prevalence. Lancet Global Health, 3(4), e192. doi: 10.1016/s2214-109x(15)70076-8

Hill, S., Shaw, C., Harris, R., & Lindberg, K. (2006). Ethnic differences in nicotine use: Chromosomes or colonisation? [Letter]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 119(1228). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/119-1228/1825/content.pdf

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Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Keall, M., Shaw, C., Chapman, R., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2019). Reductions in carbon dioxide emissions from an intervention to promote cycling and walking: A case study from New Zealand. Journal of Transport & Health, 14(Suppl.), (pp. S8). doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2019.100704

Shaw, C., Russell, M., Keall, M., Wild, K., Woodward, A., & MacBride-Stewart, S. (2019). How do female patterns of utility cycling, and travel more generally, differ from men? Cross sectional survey in New Zealand. Journal of Transport & Health, 14(Suppl.), (pp. S3). doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2019.100692

Shaw, C. (2019). Pedalling gender? Framing gender disparities in cycling within overall differences in sustainable travel in NZ [Best paper]. Proceedings of the 6th Annual Transport Knowledge Conference (TKC): Transport's Contribution to Wellbeing and Liveability. (pp. 44). Retrieved from https://www.transportknowledgeconference.nz/

Randal, E., Keall, M., Shaw, C., & Woodward, A. (2019). Health equity, distributive justice and the transport system. Journal of Transport & Health, 14(Suppl.), (pp. S20). doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2019.100735

Shaw, C., & Sarfati, D. (2017). Can case-based learning work in a public health undergraduate medical student module? Proceedings of the Council of Academic Public Health Institutions Australasia (CAPHIA) Australian Teaching and Learning Forum. (pp. 6). Retrieved from http://caphia.com.au/

Russell, M., & Shaw, C. (2017). Benchmarking cycling and walking in six New Zealand cities. In S. Mandic, C. Ergler & A. Moore (Eds.), Proceedings of the International Symposium Active Living and Environment: Towards a Healthier and More Sustainable Future. (pp. 41). Dunedin, New Zealand: University of Otago. [Abstract]

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