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Associate Professor Caroline Shaw, Department of Public Health

Caroline Shaw 186 x 230

MBChB MPH PhD FNZCPHM

Associate Professor

Teaches PUBH 733 Environment and Health

Contact details 

Tel +64 4 918 5321
Fax +64 4 389 5319
Email caroline.shaw@otago.ac.nz

Research interests and activities 

Caroline is a Public Health Medicine Specialist and epidemiologist. She teaches the postgraduate paper in Environmental Health and is also involved in undergraduate teaching and curriculum development in the medical degree. Her current research is at the interface of transport, health and climate change, particularly around the health opportunities offered by decarbonising the transport sector. She has undertaken research in the ethnic and socio-economic determinants of health, cancer control, population screening and obesity prevention.

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Publications

Shaw, C. (2021). Rethinking transport in Aotearoa in the 21st century. Proceedings of the Sustainable Healthcare & Climate Health (SHCH) Conference Aotearoa: Re-thinking Sustainable Health in Aotearoa. Retrieved from https://events.otago.ac.nz/shch2021

Chambers, T., Hales, S., Shaw, C., Baker, M., Ball, J., Cleghorn, C., & Wilson, N. (2021). New Zealand's Climate Change Commission report: The critical need to address the missing health co-benefits of reducing emissions. New Zealand Medical Journal, 134(1542), 109-118. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Latta, M., Shaw, C., & Gale, J. (2021). The carbon footprint of cataract surgery in Wellington. New Zealand Medical Journal, 134(1541), 13-21. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Wild, K., Woodward, A., & Shaw, C. (2021). Gender and the E-bike: Exploring the Role of Electric Bikes in Increasing Women’s Access to Cycling and Physical Activity. Active Travel Studies, 1(1), 1-20. doi: 10.16997/ats.991

Mizdrak, A., Shaw, C., Lynch, B., & Richards, J. (2021). The potential of school-based physical education to increase physical activity in Aotearoa New Zealand children and young people: A modelling study. New Zealand Medical Journal, 134(1531), 23-35. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Randal, E., Keall, M., Shaw, C., Russell, M., Woodward, A., Chapman, R., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2017). Why New Zealand transport policy needs to encourage walking and cycling. In P. Howden-Chapman, L. Early & J. Ombler (Eds.), Cities in New Zealand: Preferences, patterns and possibilities. (pp. 107-114). Wellington, New Zealand: Steele Roberts Aotearoa.

Chapter in Book - Research

Latta, M., Shaw, C., & Gale, J. (2021). The carbon footprint of cataract surgery in Wellington. New Zealand Medical Journal, 134(1541), 13-21. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

Mizdrak, A., Shaw, C., Lynch, B., & Richards, J. (2021). The potential of school-based physical education to increase physical activity in Aotearoa New Zealand children and young people: A modelling study. New Zealand Medical Journal, 134(1531), 23-35. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

Russell, M., Davies, C., Wild, K., & Shaw, C. (2021). Pedalling towards equity: Exploring women's cycling in a New Zealand city. Journal of Transport Geography, 91, 102987. doi: 10.1016/j.jtrangeo.2021.102987

Journal - Research Article

Wild, K., Woodward, A., & Shaw, C. (2021). Gender and the E-bike: Exploring the Role of Electric Bikes in Increasing Women’s Access to Cycling and Physical Activity. Active Travel Studies, 1(1), 1-20. doi: 10.16997/ats.991

Journal - Research Article

Randal, E., Shaw, C., Woodward, A., Howden-Chapman, P., Macmillan, A., Hosking, J., … Waa, A. M., & Keall, M. (2020). Fairness in transport policy: A new approach to applying distributive justice theories. Sustainability, 12, 10102. doi: 10.3390/su122310102

Journal - Research Article

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Atkinson, J., & Woodward, A. (2020). Is mode of transport to work associated with mortality in the working-age population? Repeated census-cohort studies in New Zealand 1996, 2001 and 2006. International Journal of Epidemiology, 49(2), 477-485. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyz257

Journal - Research Article

Shaw, C., Boulic, M., Longley, I., Mitchell, T., Pierse, N., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2020). The association between indoor and outdoor NO2 levels: A case study in 50 residences in an urban neighbourhood in New Zealand. Sustainable Cities & Society, 56, 102093. doi: 10.1016/j.scs.2020.102093

Journal - Research Article

Shaw, C., Russell, M., Keall, M., MacBride-Stewart, S., Wild, K., . . ., & Woodward, A. (2020). Beyond the bicycle: Seeing the context of the gender gap in cycling. Journal of Transport & Health, 18, 100871. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2020.100871

Journal - Research Article

Huang, S., Signal, V., Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., Stanley, J., McGlynn, K., & Gurney, J. (2018). Physical activity and risk of testicular cancer: A systematic review. BMC Cancer, 18, 189. doi: 10.1186/s12885-018-4093-3

Journal - Research Article

Keall, M. D., Shaw, C., Chapman, R., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2018). Reductions in carbon dioxide emissions from an intervention to promote cycling and walking: A case study from New Zealand. Transportation Research Part D, 65, 687-696. doi: 10.1016/j.trd.2018.10.004

Journal - Research Article

Keall, M., Chapman, R., Shaw, C., Abrahamse, W., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2018). Are people who already cycle and walk more responsive to an active travel intervention? Journal of Transport & Health, 10, 84-91. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2018.08.006

Journal - Research Article

Shaw, C., Hales, S., Edwards, R., Howden-Chapman, P., & Stanley, J. (2018). What can fuel price increases tell us about the air pollution health co-benefits of a carbon price? Journal of Transport & Health, 8, 81-90. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2017.11.002

Journal - Research Article

Shaw, C., Randal, E., Keall, M., & Woodward, A. (2018). Health consequences of transport patterns in New Zealand’s largest cities. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1472), 64-72. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

Shaw, C., Keall, M., & Guiney, H. (2017). What modes of transport are associated with higher levels of physical activity? Cross-sectional study of New Zealand adults. Journal of Transport & Health, 7(Part B), 125-133. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2017.09.010

Journal - Research Article

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., Shaw, C., & Sarfati, D. (2016). Ethnic patterns of hypospadias in New Zealand do not resemble those observed for cryptorchidism and testicular cancer: Evidence of differential aetiology? Andrology, 4(1), 82-86. doi: 10.1111/andr.12121

Journal - Research Article

Gurney, J., Shaw, C., Stanley, J., Signal, V., & Sarfati, D. (2015). Cannabis exposure and risk of testicular cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Cancer, 15, 897. doi: 10.1186/s12885-015-1905-6

Journal - Research Article

Pega, F., Shaw, C., Rasanathan, K., Yablonski, J., Kawachi, I., & Hales, S. (2015). Climate change, cash transfers and health. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 93(8), 559-565. doi: 10.2471/BLT.14.150037

Journal - Research Article

Shaw, C., Hales, S., Howden-Chapman, P., & Edwards, R. (2014). Health co-benefits of climate change mitigation policies in the transport sector. Nature Climate Change, 4(6), 427-433. doi: 10.1038/nclimate2247

Journal - Research Article

Nair, N., Sarfati, D., & Shaw, C. (2012). Population screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm: Evaluating the evidence against screening criteria [Review article]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 125(1350). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

Nair, N., Shaw, C., Sarfati, D., & Stanley, J. (2012). Abdominal aortic aneurysm disease in New Zealand: Epidemiology and burden between 2002 and 2006. New Zealand Medical Journal, 125(1350). Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

Blakely, T., Shaw, C., Atkinson, J., Cunningham, R., & Sarfati, D. (2011). Social inequalities or inequities in cancer incidence? Repeated census-cancer cohort studies, New Zealand 1981-1986 to 2001-2004. Cancer Causes & Control, 22(9), 1307-1318. doi: 10.1007/s10552-011-9804-x

Journal - Research Article

Carter, K. N., Shaw, C., Collings, S., Blakely, T., & Richardson, K. (2011). The SoFIE-Health study: Are the results comparable to the New Zealand population? Australasian Epidemiologist, 18(1), 26-32.

Journal - Research Article

Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Atkinson, J., & Stanley, J. (2011). Ethnic and socioeconomic trends in testicular cancer incidence in New Zealand. International Journal of Cancer, 128(7), 1683-1691. doi: 10.1002/ijc.25486

Journal - Research Article

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., & Tobias, M. (2011). Mortality among the working age population receiving incapacity benefits in New Zealand, 1981-2004. Social Science & Medicine, 73(4), 568-575. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2011.06.003

Journal - Research Article

Carter, K., Barber, P. A., & Shaw, C. (2010). How does self-reported history of stroke compare to hospitalization data in a population-based survey in New Zealand? Stroke, 41, 2678-2680. doi: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.110.598268

Journal - Research Article

Carter, K., Shaw, C., Hayward, M., & Blakely, T. (2010). Understanding the determinants of consent for linkage of administrative health data with a longitudinal survey. Kōtuitui, 5(2), 53-60. doi: 10.1080/1177083X.2010.516440

Journal - Research Article

Cormack, D., Sarfati, D., Harris, R., Robson, B., Shaw, C., & Blakely, T. (2010). Re: 'An overview of cancer and beliefs about the disease in indigenous people of Australia, Canada, New Zealand and the US' [Letter]. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 34(1), 90-91. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2010.00481.x

Journal - Research Article

Cunningham, R., Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Atkinson, J., & Sarfati, D. (2010). Ethnic and socioeconomic trends in breast cancer incidence in New Zealand. BMC Cancer, 10, 674. doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-10-674

Journal - Research Article

Carter, K. N., Hayward, M., Blakely, T., & Shaw, C. (2009). How much and for whom does self-identified ethnicity change over time in New Zealand? Results from a longitudinal study. Social Policy Journal of New Zealand, 36, 32-45.

Journal - Research Article

Shaw, C. (2009). (Non)regulation of marketing of unhealthy food to children in New Zealand [Viewpoint]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 122(1288). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/122-1288/3431/content.pdf

Journal - Research Article

Shaw, C., Atkinson, J., & Blakely, T. (2009). (Mis)classification of ethnicity on the New Zealand Cancer Registry: 1981-2004. New Zealand Medical Journal, 122(1294). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/122-1294/3578/content.pdf

Journal - Research Article

Cunningham, R., MacDonald, J., McLean, M., & Shaw, C. (2007). An outbreak of infectious syphilis in Wellington, New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 120(1260). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/120-1260/2680/content.pdf

Journal - Research Article

Sarfati, D., Blakely, T., Shaw, C., Cormack, D., & Atkinson, J. (2006). Patterns of disparity: Ethnic and socio-economic trends in breast cancer mortality in New Zealand. Cancer Causes & Control, 17, 671-678.

Journal - Research Article

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Sarfati, D., Fawcett, J., & Peace, J. (2006). Trends in colorectal cancer mortality by ethnicity and socio-economic position in New Zealand, 1981-99: One country, many stories. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 30(1), 64-70.

Journal - Research Article

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Atkinson, J., & Crampton, P. (2005). Do social and economic reforms change socioeconomic inequalities in child mortality? A case study: New Zealand 1981-1999. Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health, 59, 638-644. Retrieved from http://jech.bmjjournals.com/cgi/reprint/59/8/638

Journal - Research Article

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Crampton, P., & Atkinson, J. (2005). The contribution of causes of death to socioeconomic inequalities in child mortality: New Zealand 1981-1999. New Zealand Medical Journal, 118(1227). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/118-1227/1779/content.pdf

Journal - Research Article

Shaw, C., Blakely, T., Sarfati, D., Fawcett, J., & Hill, S. (2005). Varying evolution of the New Zealand lung cancer epidemic by ethnicity and socioeconomic position (1981-1999). New Zealand Medical Journal, 118(1213). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/118-1213/1411/content.pdf

Journal - Research Article

Chambers, T., Hales, S., Shaw, C., Baker, M., Ball, J., Cleghorn, C., & Wilson, N. (2021). New Zealand's Climate Change Commission report: The critical need to address the missing health co-benefits of reducing emissions. New Zealand Medical Journal, 134(1542), 109-118. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

O'Hallahan, J., Church, E., & Shaw, C. (2020). Cancer screening in New Zealand. Journal of Cancer Policy, 23, 100203. doi: 10.1016/j.jcpo.2019.100203

Journal - Research Other

Shaw, C. V., D'Souza, A. J., Cunningham, R., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Revolutionized public health teaching to equip medical students for 21st century practice. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 59(2), 296-304. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2020.02.019

Journal - Research Other

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., McGlynn, K., Richiardi, L., Shaw, C., Edwards, R., Merriman, T. R., Robson, B., … McLeod, M., Kennedy, M. A., & Sarfati, D. (2018). Testicular Cancer in New Zealand (TCNZ) study: Protocol for a national case-control study. BMJ Open, 8, e025212. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025212

Journal - Research Other

Gurney, J. K., McGlynn, K. A., Stanley, J., Merriman, T., Signal, V., Shaw, C., Edwards, R., … Sarfati, D. (2017). Risk factors for cryptorchidism. Nature Reviews Urology, 14, 534-548. doi: 10.1038/nrurol.2017.90

Journal - Research Other

Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., McLeod, M., Blakely, T., & Bissett, I. (2016). Screening for colorectal cancer: Spoiled for choice? New Zealand Medical Journal, 129(1440), 120-128. Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., & Simmonds, S. (2010). Inequalities in cancer screening programmes [Commentary]. International Journal of Epidemiology, 39, 766-768. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyq039

Journal - Research Other

Blakely, T., Sarfati, D., & Shaw, C. (2009). What proportion of cancer is due to obesity? [Editorial]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 122(1290). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/122-1290/3478/content.pdf

Journal - Research Other

Shaw, C., Cunningham, R., & Sarfati, D. (2008). From screening criteria to colorectal cancer screening: What can New Zealand learn from other countries? [Viewpoint]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 121(1279). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/121-1279/3186/content.pdf

Journal - Research Other

Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., McLeod, M., Blakely, T., & Bissett, I. (2016). Response to Cox letter. New Zealand Medical Journal, 129(1446), 116-118. Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Professional & Other Non-Research Articles

Murray, P., & Shaw, C. (2015). Comparing the incomparable: Studies of echocardiographic rheumatic heart disease prevalence. Lancet Global Health, 3(4), e192. doi: 10.1016/s2214-109x(15)70076-8

Journal - Professional & Other Non-Research Articles

Hill, S., Shaw, C., Harris, R., & Lindberg, K. (2006). Ethnic differences in nicotine use: Chromosomes or colonisation? [Letter]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 119(1228). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/119-1228/1825/content.pdf

Journal - Professional & Other Non-Research Articles

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