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James Stanley, Department of Public Health

James Stanley, UOW

PhD
Biostatistician, Research Associate Professor

Contact details  

Tel +64 4 918 6044
Fax +64 4 389 5319
Email james.stanley@otago.ac.nz

Research interests and activities  

I joined the University of Otago, Wellington as a Research Fellow in April 2007. In 2019 I was promoted to Research Associate Professor. I am also currently the Director of the Biostatistical Group at the University of Otago, Wellington.

Since joining Otago as a biostatistician, I have been a coinvestigator on over 20 large externally funded projects, including work with the C3 research group (led by Professor Diana Sarfati) on multimorbidity in New Zealand, and multiple projects on cancer-related outcomes. I also work with Associate Professor Ricci Harris and Dr Donna Cormack on several projects on how racism influences health (including an HRC project for which I am the Principal Investigator, HRC 17/066), and with Professor Richard Edwards and Andrew Waa on several tobacco control projects through the ASPIRE research group. I am also a co-director of the Integrated Data Research Group.

I am currently Director of the Biostatistical Group for the Wellington campus, where my role includes coordinating colleagues and collaborating with researchers across the campus and the broader community. As well as these roles, I teach biostatistical and research methods in several formal courses at UOW (including co-convening the HASC417 Research Methods paper), as well as developing and running practical workshops on statistical methods for staff and students.

Prior to joining the University of Otago as a biostatistician, I trained and worked as an experimental psychologist, with a PhD from the University of Otago (graduated 2004) and post-doctoral experience in cognitive neuroscience (University of Birmingham in the UK, 2004-2006).

Research groups

Other research links

Our work on comorbidity and multimorbidity has included several indices for adjusting for morbidity load in epidemiological and population-level studies.
We have SAS code available for these indices (C3, PBCI, M3 and P3).

Google Scholar James Stanley
Publons James Stanley

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Publications

Stanley, J., Doughty, R. N., & Sarfati, D. (2020). A pharmaceutical dispensing-based index of mortality risk from long-term conditions performed as well as hospital record-based indices. Medical Care, 58(2), e9-e16. doi: 10.1097/mlr.0000000000001217

Lawton, B., Filoche, S., MacDonald, E. J., Stanley, J., Meeks, M., Stone, P., … Geller, S. E. (2020). Examining adverse fetal/neonatal outcomes associated with severe maternal morbidity. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/ajo.13163

Rose, S. B., Garrett, S. M., Stanley, J., & Pullon, S. R. H. (2020). Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae retesting and reinfection rates in New Zealand health care settings: Implications for sexually transmitted infection control. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 47(3), 151-157. doi: 10.1097/olq.0000000000001112

Gurney, J., Stanley, J., Jackson, C., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Stage at diagnosis for Māori cancer patients: Disparities, similarities and data limitations. New Zealand Medical Journal, 133(1508), 43-64. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Gurney, J., Stanley, J., McLeod, M., Koea, J., Jackson, C., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Disparities in cancer-specific survival between Māori and non-Māori New Zealanders, 2007-2016. JCO Global Oncology, 6, 766-774. doi: 10.1200/go.20.00028

Chapter in Book - Research

Stanley, J., & Miall, R. C. (2009). Using predictive motor control processes in a cognitive task: Behavioral and neuroanatomical perspectives. In D. Sternad (Ed.), Progress in motor control: Advances in experimental medicine and biology (Vol. 629, Part III). (pp. 337-357). New York: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-0-387-77064-2_17

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Journal - Research Article

Stanley, J., Doughty, R. N., & Sarfati, D. (2020). A pharmaceutical dispensing-based index of mortality risk from long-term conditions performed as well as hospital record-based indices. Medical Care, 58(2), e9-e16. doi: 10.1097/mlr.0000000000001217

Gurney, J., Stanley, J., McLeod, M., Koea, J., Jackson, C., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Disparities in cancer-specific survival between Māori and non-Māori New Zealanders, 2007-2016. JCO Global Oncology, 6, 766-774. doi: 10.1200/go.20.00028

Gurney, J., Stanley, J., Jackson, C., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Stage at diagnosis for Māori cancer patients: Disparities, similarities and data limitations. New Zealand Medical Journal, 133(1508), 43-64. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Rose, S. B., Garrett, S. M., Stanley, J., & Pullon, S. R. H. (2020). Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae retesting and reinfection rates in New Zealand health care settings: Implications for sexually transmitted infection control. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 47(3), 151-157. doi: 10.1097/olq.0000000000001112

Lawton, B., Filoche, S., MacDonald, E. J., Stanley, J., Meeks, M., Stone, P., … Geller, S. E. (2020). Examining adverse fetal/neonatal outcomes associated with severe maternal morbidity. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/ajo.13163

Kuehl, S., Stanley, J., Nelson, K., & Collings, S. (2020). The serious self-harm risk of “Mixed Presenters,” people who presented to New Zealand emergency departments for self-harm and other reasons: A cohort study. Archives of Suicide Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/13811118.2020.1715904

Cormack, D., Harris, R., & Stanley, J. (2020). Māori experiences of multiple forms of discrimination: Findings from Te Kupenga 2013. Kōtuitui, 15(1), 106-122. doi: 10.1080/1177083X.2019.1657472

Kennedy, J. D., Moran, S., Garrett, S., Stanley, J., Visser, J., & McKinlay, E. (2020). Refugee-like migrants have similar health needs to refugees: A New Zealand post-settlement cohort study. BJGP Open, 4(1), bjgpopen20X101013. doi: 10.3399/bjgpopen20X101013

McLeod, M., Stanley, J., Signal, V., Stairmand, J., Thompson, D., Henderson, K., Davies, C., Krebs, J., Dowell, A., Grainger, R., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Impact of a comprehensive digital health programme on HbA1c and weight after 12 months for people with diabetes and prediabetes: A randomised controlled trial. Diabetologia. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s00125-020-05261-x

Paine, S.-J., Cormack, D., Stanley, J., & Harris, R. (2019). Caregiver experiences of racism are associated with adverse health outcomes for their children: A cross-sectional analysis of data from the New Zealand Health Survey. Critical Public Health. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/09581596.2019.1626003

Gage, R., Leung, W., Stanley, J., Reeder, A., Mackay, C., Chambers, T., Smith, M., Barr, M., & Signal, L. (2019). Studying third-parties and environments: New Zealand sun-safety research. Health Promotion International, 34(3), 440-446. doi: 10.1093/heapro/dax094

Lawton, B. A., MacDonald, E. J., Stanley, J., Daniells, K., & Geller, S. E. (2019). Preventability review of severe maternal morbidity. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 98, 515-522. doi: 10.1111/aogs.13526

Mathieson, F., Stanley, J., Collings, C., Tester, R., & Dowell, A. (2019). Cluster randomised controlled trial of a guided self-help mental health intervention in primary care. BMJ Open, 9(2), e023481. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023481

McKerchar, C., Smith, M., Stanley, J., Barr, M., Chambers, T., Abel, G., Lacey, C., Gage, R., … Signal, L. (2019). Food store environment examination: FoodSee: A new method to study the food store environment using wearable cameras. Global Health Promotion. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1757975919859575

Chambers, T., Stanley, J., Pearson, A. L., Smith, M., Barr, M., Ni Mhurchu, C., & Signal, L. (2019). Quantifying children's non-supermarket exposure to alcohol marketing via product packaging using wearable cameras. Journal of Studies on Alcohol & Drugs, 80(2), 158-166. doi: 10.15288/jsad.2019.80.158

Millar, E., Gurney, J., Stanley, J., Stairmand, J., Davies, C., Semper, K., Dowell, A., … Sarfati, D. (2019). Pill for this and a pill for that: A cross-sectional survey of use and understanding of medication among adults with multimorbidity. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 36(2), 91-97. doi: 10.1111/ajag.12606

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., York, S., & Sarfati, D. (2019). Regional variation in the risk of lower-limb amputation among patients with diabetes in New Zealand. ANZ Journal of Surgery, 89, 868-873. doi: 10.1111/ans.15079

McKiernan, A., Stanley, J., Waa, A. M., Kaai, S. C., Quah, A. C. K., Fong, G. T., & Edwards, R. (2019). Beliefs among adult smokers and quitters about nicotine and de-nicotinized cigarettes in the 2016-17 ITC New Zealand Survey. Tobacco Regulatory Science, 5(5), 400-409. doi: 10.18001/TRS.5.5.1

Darlow, B., Stanley, J., Dean, S., Abbott, J. H., Garrett, S., Wilson, R., Mathieson, F., & Dowell, A. (2019). The Fear Reduction Exercised Early (FREE) approach to management of low back pain in general practice: A pragmatic cluster-randomised controlled trial. PLoS Medicine, 16(9), e1002897. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002897

Harris, R. B., Cormack, D. M., & Stanley, J. (2019). Experience of racism and associations with unmet need and healthcare satisfaction: The 2011/12 adult New Zealand Health Survey. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 43(1), 75-80. doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12835

Paine, S.-J., Harris, R., Cormack, D., & Stanley, J. (2019). Self-reported sleep complaints are associated with adverse health outcomes: Cross-sectional analysis of the 2002/03 New Zealand Health Survey. Ethnicity & Health, 24(1), 44-56. doi: 10.1080/13557858.2017.1315368

Chambers, T., Pearson, A. L., Kawachi, I., Stanley, J., Smith, M., Barr, M., … Signal, L. (2018). Children's home and school neighbourhood exposure to alcohol marketing: Using wearable camera and GPS data to directly examine the link between retailer availability and visual exposure to marketing. Health & Place, 54, 102-109. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.09.012

Gurney, J., Stanley, J., Rumball-Smith, J., York, S., & Sarfati, D. (2018). Postoperative death after lower-limb amputation in a national prevalent cohort of patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care, 41(6), 1204-1211. doi: 10.2337/dc17-2557

Stanley, J., Semper, K., Millar, E., & Sarfati, D. (2018). Epidemiology of multimorbidity in New Zealand: A cross-sectional study using national-level hospital and pharmaceutical data. BMJ Open, 8(5), e021689. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-021689

Huang, S., Signal, V., Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., Stanley, J., McGlynn, K., & Gurney, J. (2018). Physical activity and risk of testicular cancer: A systematic review. BMC Cancer, 18, 189. doi: 10.1186/s12885-018-4093-3

Harris, R. B., Stanley, J., & Cormack, D. (2018). Racism and health in New Zealand: Prevalence over time and associations between recent experience of racism and health and wellbeing measures using national survey data. PLoS ONE, 13(5), e0196476. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0196476

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., & Sarfati, D. (2018). The M3 multimorbidity index outperformed both Charlson and Elixhauser indices when predicting adverse outcomes in people with diabetes. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 99, 144-152. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2018.04.002

Edwards, R., Tu, D., Stanley, J., Martin, G., Gifford, H., & Newcombe, R. (2018). Smoking prevalence among doctors and nurses: 2013 New Zealand census data. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1471), 48-57. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Stairmand, J., Gurney, J., Stanley, J., Millar, E., Davies, C., Semper, K., Dowell, A., Mangin, D., Lawrenson, R., & Sarfati, D. (2018). The impact of multimorbidity on people's lives: A cross-sectional survey. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1477), 78-90. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Paine, S.-J., Harris, R., Stanley, J., & Cormack, D. (2018). Caregiver experiences of racism and child healthcare utilisation: Cross-sectional analysis from New Zealand. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 103(9), 873-879. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2017-313866

Millar, E., Stanley, J., Gurney, J., Stairmand, J., Davies, C., Semper, K., Dowell, A., … Sarfati, D. (2018). Effect of multimorbidity on health service utilisation and health care experiences. Journal of Primary Health Care, 10(1), 44-53. doi: 10.1071/HC17074

Gage, R., Leung, W., Stanley, J., Reeder, A., Mackay, C., Smith, M., Barr, M., Chambers, T., & Signal, L. (2018). Sun protection among New Zealand primary school children. Health Education & Behavior, 45(5), 800-807. doi: 10.1177/1090198117741943

Cormack, D., Harris, R., Stanley, J., Lacey, C., Jones, R., & Curtis, E. (2018). Ethnic bias amongst medical students in Aotearoa/New Zealand: Findings from the Bias and Decision Making in Medicine (BDMM) study. PLoS ONE, 13(8), e0201168. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0201168

Chambers, T., Stanley, J., Signal, L., Pearson, A. L., Smith, M., Barr, M., & Ni Mhurchu, C. (2018). Quantifying the nature and extent of children's real-time exposure to alcohol marketing in their everyday lives using wearable cameras: Children's exposure via a range of media in a range of key places. Alcohol & Alcoholism, 53(5), 626-633. doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agy053

Collings, S., Jenkin, G., Stanley, J., McKenzie, S., & Hatcher, S. (2018). Preventing suicidal behaviours with a multilevel intervention: A cluster randomised controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 18, 140. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5032-6

Shaw, C., Hales, S., Edwards, R., Howden-Chapman, P., & Stanley, J. (2018). What can fuel price increases tell us about the air pollution health co-benefits of a carbon price? Journal of Transport & Health, 8, 81-90. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2017.11.002

Harris, R., Cormack, D., Stanley, J., Curtis, E., Jones, R., & Lacey, C. (2018). Ethnic bias and clinical decision-making among New Zealand medical students: An observational study. BMC Medical Education, 18, 18. doi: 10.1186/s12909-018-1120-7

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., York, S., Rosenbaum, D., & Sarfati, D. (2018). Risk of lower limb amputation in a national prevalent cohort of patients with diabetes. Diabetologia, 61(3), 626-635. doi: 10.1007/s00125-017-4488-8

Smith, M., Stanley, J., Signal, L., Barr, M., Chambers, T., Balina, A., … Wilson, N. (2018). Children's healthy and unhealthy beverage availability, purchase and consumption: A wearable camera study. Appetite, 133, 240-251. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2018.11.004

Gage, R., Barr, M., Stanley, J., Reeder, A., Mackay, C., Smith, M., Chambers, T., Leung, W., & Signal, L. (2018). Sun protection and shade availability in New Zealand's outdoor recreation spaces. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1484), 30-37. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Cormack, D., Stanley, J., & Harris, R. (2018). Multiple forms of discrimination and relationships with health and wellbeing: Findings from national cross-sectional surveys in Aotearoa/New Zealand. International Journal for Equity in Health, 17, 26. doi: 10.1186/s12939-018-0735-y

Rose, S. B., Garrett, S. M., Stanley, J., & Pullon, S. R. H. (2017). Retesting and repeat positivity following diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoea in New Zealand: A retrospective cohort study. BMC Infectious Diseases, 17, 526. doi: 10.1186/s12879-017-2635-y

McLeod, M., King, P., Stanley, J., Lacey, C., & Cunningham, R. (2017). Ethnic disparities in the use of seclusion for adult psychiatric inpatients in New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 130(1454), 30-39. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Signal, L. N., Smith, M. B., Barr, M., Stanley, J., Chambers, T. J., Zhou, J., … Jenkin, G. L. S., Pearson, A. L., … Hoek, J., & Ni Mhurchu, C. (2017). Kids'Cam: An objective methodology to study the world in which children live. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 53(3), e89-e95. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2017.02.016

Devane, P. A., Horne, J. G., Foley, G., & Stanley, J. (2017). Measuring the migration of the components and polyethylene wear after total hip arthroplasty: Beads and specialised radiographs are not necessary. Bone & Joint Journal, 99-B(10), 1290-1297. doi: 10.1302/0301-620x.99b10.bjj-2016-1169.r1

Chambers, T., Pearson, A. L., Stanley, J., Smith, M., Barr, M., Ni Mhurchu, C., & Signal, L. (2017). Children's exposure to alcohol marketing within supermarkets: An objective analysis using GPS technology and wearable cameras. Health & Place, 46, 274-280. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.06.003

Robinson, A., Hulme-Moir, S., Puloka, V., Smith, M., Stanley, J., & Signal, L. (2017). Housing as a determinant of Tongan children's health: Innovative methodology using wearable cameras. International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 14(10), 1170. doi: 10.3390/ijerph14101170

Chambers, T., Pearson, A. L., Kawachi, I., Rzotkiewicz, Z., Stanley, J., Smith, M., Barr, M., … Signal, L. (2017). Kids in space: Measuring children’s residential neighborhoods and other destinations using activity space GPS and wearable camera data. Social Science & Medicine, 193, 41-50. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.09.046

Pearson, A. L., Bottomley, R., Chambers, T., Thornton, L., Stanley, J., Smith, M., Barr, M., & Signal, L. (2017). Measuring blue space visibility and ‘blue recreation’ in the everyday lives of children in a capital city. International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 14(6), 563. doi: 10.3390/ijerph14060563

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