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Cristina Cleghorn, Department of Public Health

Cristina_Cleghorn_profileBSc, MSc, PhD

Senior Research Fellow, BODE³

Contact details

Tel 64 4 918 6182
Fax 64 4 389 5319
Email cristina.cleghorn@otago.ac.nz

Research interests and activities

Cristina is a Nutrition Researcher with a strong interest in disease prevention in both low and high income countries. She recently completed her PhD investigating the relationships between agrobiodiversity, dietary diversity and nutritional status in Tanzania. Prior to her PhD, Cristina had been working as a Research Fellow in the Nutritional Epidemiology Group at the University of Leeds on a number of obesity prevention and dietary improvement interventions in both children and adults. She completed her undergraduate degree and Masters of Science in Human Nutrition at Otago University in New Zealand.

As a senior research fellow in the Burden of Disease Epidemiology, Equity and Cost-Effectiveness Programme (BODE³), Cristina is currently working on the modelling of burden of disease, intervention effectiveness and cost-effectiveness with a focus on interventions which could reduce the use of tobacco and modify dietary intake in the New Zealand population.

Publications

Cleghorn C, Blakely T, Ni Mhurchu C, Wilson N, Neal B, Eyles H. Estimating the health benefits and cost-savings of a cap on the size of single serve sugar-sweetened beverages. Preventive Medicine. 2019;120:150-156. doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.01.009

Cleghorn C, Wilson N, Nair N, Kvizhinadze G, Nghiem N, McLeod M, Blakely T. Health benefits and cost-effectiveness from promoting smartphone apps for weight loss: Multi-state life-table modeling. JMIR mHealth and uHealth (JMU) 2019; 7(1):e11118.

Petrović-van der Deen FS, Wilson N, Crothers A, Cleghorn CL, Gartner C, Blakely T. The potential health and cost impacts of legalizing domestic sale of vaporized nicotine products at a country level: A modelling study. Epidemiology 2018. (In press)

Petrović-van der Deen FS, Blakely T, Kvizhinadze G, Cleghorn C, Cobiac L, Wilson N. Restricting tobacco sales to only pharmacies combined with cessation advice: a modelling study of the future smoking prevalence, health and cost impacts. Tobacco Control 2018 doi: 10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2018-054600

Eyles H, Jiang Y, Blakely T, Neal B, Crowley J, Cleghorn C, et al. Five year trends in the serve size, energy, and sodium contents of New Zealand fast foods: 2012 to 2016. Nutrition Journal. 2018;17(1):65.

Kasawara KT, Paulino DS, Bgeginski R, Cleghorn CL, Mottola MF, Surita FG. Translation and Cultural Adaptation of the Short-Form Food Frequency Questionnaire for Pregnancy into Brazilian Portuguese. Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia/RBGO Gynecology and Obstetrics. 2018

Van der Deen FS, Wilson N, Cleghorn CL, Kvizhinadze G, Cobiac LJ, Nghiem N, Blakely T. Impact of five tobacco endgame strategies on future smoking prevalence, population health and health system costs: two modelling studies to inform the tobacco endgame. Tob Control . tobaccocontrol-2016-053585. 2017.

Mittal TK, Cleghorn CL, Cade JE, Barr S, Grove T, Bassett P, Wood DA, Kotseva K. A cross-sectional survey of cardiovascular health and lifestyle habits of hospital staff in the UK: Do we look after ourselves? European journal of preventive cardiology. 2018 Mar;25(5):543-50.

Cleghorn CL, Blakely T, Kvizhinadze G, van der Deen FS, Nghiem N, Cobiac LJ, Wilson N. Impact of increasing tobacco taxes on working-age adults: short-term health gain, health equity and cost savings. Tobacco control. 2017 Nov 16:tobaccocontrol-2017.

Evans CEL, Greenwood DC, Threapleton DE, Gale CP, Cleghorn CL, Burley VJ. Glycemic index, glycemic load and blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis of RCTs. Am J Clin Nutr, 105(5):1176-90. 2017.

Waterlander WE, Ni Mhurchu C, Eyles H, Vandevijvere S, Cleghorn C,  Scarborough P, Swinburn B, Seidell J. "Food Futures: Developing effective food systems interventions to improve public health nutrition." Agricultural Systems 2017.

Cleghorn CL, Wilson N. The benefits of constraining processed meat and red meat consumption in New Zealand: a public health perspective. N Z Med J, 129 (1445):115-121, 2016.

Pearson AL, Cleghorn CL, van der Deen FS, Cobiac LJ, Kvizhinadze G, Nghiem N, Blakely T, Wilson N. Tobacco retail outlet restrictions: health and cost impacts from multistate life-table modelling in a national population. Tob Control, 26(5):579-85. 2017.

Waterlander WE, Blakely T, Nghiem N, Cleghorn CL, Eyles H, Genc M, Wilson N, Jiang Y, Swinburn B, Jacobi L, Michie J, Ni Mhurchu C. PUBH-D-16-01518R1. Study Protocol: Combining experimental methods, econometrics and simulation modelling to determine price elasticities for studying food taxes and subsidies (The Price ExaM Study) BMC Public Health, 16.1: 601, 2016.

Nghiem N, Blakely T, Cobiac LJ, Cleghorn CL, Wilson N. The health gains and cost savings of dietary salt reduction interventions, with equity and age distributional aspects. BMC Public Health, 16:423, DOI: 10.1186/s12889-016-3102-1. 2016.

Wilson N, Nghiem N, Eyles H, Ni Mhurchu C, Shields E, Cobiac LJ, Cleghorn C, Blakely T. Modeling Health Gains and Cost Savings for Ten Dietary Salt Reduction Targets. Nutr J, 15:44. DOI: 10.1186/s12937-016-0161-1. 2016.

Cleghorn CL, Harrison RA, Ransley JK, Wilkinson JT, Thomas J, Cade JE. Can a dietary quality score derived from a short food frequency questionnaire assess dietary quality in UK adult population surveys? Public Health Nutr, 19(16): 2915-2923, 2016.

Wilson N, Nghiem N, Ryan S, Cleghorn C, Nair N, Blakely T. Designing low-cost "heart healthy bread": Optimization using linear programing and 15-country comparison. BMC Nutr, 2(1): 23-33, 2016.

Blakely, T., Cobiac, L. J., Cleghorn, C. L., Pearson, A. L., van der Deen, F. S., Kvizhinadze, G., Nghiem, N., McLeod, M., Wilson, N. Health, health inequality, and cost impacts of annual increases in tobacco tax: Multistate life table modeling in New Zealand. PLoS Medicine, 12(7), 2015.

Waterlander, W. E., Mhurchu, C. N., Eyles, H., Vandevijvere, S., Cleghorn, C., Scarborough, P., Swinburn B & Seidell, J. Food Futures: A detailed study protocol for combining a food systems approach and public health nutrition, 2015.

Evans, CEL., Greenwood, DC., Threapleton, DE., Cleghorn, CL., Nykjaer, C., Woodhead, CE., Burley, VJ. Effects of dietary fibre type on blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials of healthy individuals. Journal of Hypertension, 33(5), 897-911, 2015.

Greenwood, DC., Threapleton, DE., Evans, CEL., Cleghorn, CL., Nykjaer, C., Woodhead, C., & Burley, VJ. Association between sugar-sweetened and artificially sweetened soft drinks and type 2 diabetes: Systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of prospective studies. British Journal of Nutrition, 112(5), 725-734, 2014.

Goodall M, Barton GR, Bower P, Byrne P, Cade JE, Capewell S, Cleghorn CL, Kennedy LA, Martindale AM, Roberts C, Woolf S, Gabbay MB. Food for thought: pilot randomized controlled trial of lay health trainers supporting dietary change to reduce cardiovascular disease in deprived communities. Journal of Public Health, 36(4), 635-643, 2014.

Greenwood DC, Threapleton DE, Evans CEL, Cleghorn CL, Nykjaer C, Woodhead C, Burley VJ. Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, Carbohydrates, and Type 2 Diabetes Systematic review and dose–response meta-analysis of prospective studies. Diabetes care 36 (12), 4166-4171, 2013.

Greenwood DC, Threapleton DE, Evans CEL, Cleghorn CL, Nykjaer C, Woodhead C, Burley VJ. Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load, Carbohydrates, and Type 2 Diabetes Systematic review and dose–response meta-analysis of prospective studies. Diabetes Care 2013; 36(12): 4166-4171

Threapleton DE, Greenwood DC, Evans CE, Cleghorn CL, Nykjaer C, Woodhead C, Cade JE, Gale CP, Burley VJ. Dietary fibre intake and risk of cardiovascular disease: systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ 2013; 347

Threapleton DE, Greenwood DC, Evans CE, Cleghorn CL, Nykjaer C, Woodhead C, Cade JE, Gale CP, Burley VJ. Dietary Fiber Intake and Risk of First Stroke A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Stroke 2013; 4(5): 1360-1368

Goodall M, Barton GR, Bower P, Byrne P, Cade JE, Capewell S, Cleghorn CL, Kennedy LA, Martindale AM, Roberts C, Woolf S, Gabbay MB. Food for thought: pilot randomized controlled trial of lay health trainers supporting dietary change to reduce cardiovascular disease in deprived communities. Journal of Public Health 2013; 1-9: doi:10.1093/pubmed/fdt112

Evans CE, Christian MS, Cleghorn CL, Greenwood DC, Cade JE. Systematic review and meta-analysis of school-based interventions to improve daily fruit and vegetable intake in children aged 5 to 12 y. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2012; 96(4): 889-901, 2012.

Hutchinson J, Lentjes MAH, Greenwood DC, Burley VJ, Cade JE, Cleghorn CL, Threapleton DE et al. Vitamin C intake from diary recordings and risk of breast cancer in the UK Dietary Cohort Consortium. European journal of clinical nutrition 2011; 66(5): 561-568

Evans CE. Cleghorn CL. Greenwood DC. Cade JE. A comparison of British school meals and packed lunches from 1990 to 2007: meta-analysis by lunch type [review] [51 refs]. British Journal of Nutrition 2010; 104(4): 474-87

Evans CEL, Greenwood DC, Thomas JD, Cleghorn CL, Kitchen MS, Cade JE. SMART Lunch Box intervention to improve the food and nutrient content of children’s packed lunches: UK wide cluster randomised controlled trial. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2010; 64: 970-976.

Cleghorn CL, Evans CEL, Kitchen MS, Cade JE. Details and acceptability of a nutrition intervention programme designed to improve the contents of children’s packed lunches. Public Health Nutrition 2010; 13(8):1254-61

Parnell W, Smith C, Cleghorn C. ‘Nutrients and Dietary Sources’ in NZ Food: NZ Children. A report on the nutrition and health status of New Zealand children. Ministry of Health, Wellington, 2003.

Parnell W, Smith C, Cleghorn C. ‘Eating Patterns’ in NZ Food: NZ Children. A report on the nutrition and health status of New Zealand children. Ministry of Health, Wellington, 2003.

Cleghorn CL, Skeaff CM, Mann J, Chisholm A. Plant sterol-enriched spread enhances the cholesterol-lowering potential of a fat-reduced diet. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2003; 57: 170-176

Heath, ALM, Tuttle CR, Simons MSL, Cleghorn CL, Parnell WR. Longitudinal study of diet and iron deficiency anaemia in infants during the first two years of life. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2002; 11: 251-257

Heath AL. Tuttle CR. Simons MS. Cleghorn CL. Parnell WR. A longitudinal study of breastfeeding and weaning practices during the first year of life in Dunedin, New Zealand. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 102; 937-43

Heath ALM, Tuttle CR, Simons MSL, Cleghorn CL, Parnell WR. A survey of knowledge, attitudes and practices associated with infant feeding in a New Zealand Maori population. Journal of the New Zealand Dietetic Association. 2000; 54: 94-98