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Jo Monks

What You See Is What You Get Element


Phone: +64 27 408 3337 Jo-Monks

Research Interests 

I’m a conservation biologist working on a range of applied ecological issues.  My background is in herpetology (the study of reptiles and amphibians) and behavioural ecology, but I now work on a range of terrestrial fauna, including bats, birds and invertebrates. My major projects at present involve:

  1.  the implications of social and genetic structuring for conservation of threatened taxa;
  2. developing and validating monitoring techniques for cryptic taxa;
  3. research to support conservation management in alpine ecosystems;
  4.  translocation stategies for lizards 


Monks, A., Monks J.M. and A. Tanentzap (2016). Resource limitation underlying multiple masting models makes mast seeding sensitive to future climate change. New Phytologist. DOI 10.1111/nph.13817

Dool, S.E., O’Donnell, C.F.J., Monks, J.M., Puechmaille, S.J. and G. Kerth (2016). Phylogeographic-based conservation implications for the NewZealand long-tailed bat, (Chalinolobus tuberculatus): identification of a single ESU and a candidate population for genetic rescue. Conservation Genetics. DOI 10.1007/s10592-016-0844-3

Carpenter J.K., Monks J.M. and N. Nelson (2016). The effect of two glyphosate formulations on a small, diurnal lizard (Oligosoma polychroma). Ecotoxicology 25(3): 548-54. DOI 10.1007/s10646-016-1613-2

Lettink M. and J.M. Monks (2016). Survey and monitoring methods for New Zealand lizards. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 46(1): 16-28. DOI 10.1080/03036758.2015.1108343

Hitchmough, R.A., Adams, L.K., Reardon, J.T. and J.M. Monks (2016). Current challenges and future directions in lizard conservation in New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand 46(1): 29-39. DOI 10.1080/03036758.2015.1108923

Weir, S.M., Yu, S., Knox, A., Talent, L.G. and J.M. Monks (2016). Acute toxicity and risk to lizards of rodenticides and herbicides commonly used in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 40(3): 342-350. PDF:

Carpenter, J.K., O’Donnell, C.F.J. and J.M. Monks (2016). Developing indices of relative abundance for monitoring cave weta (Orthoptera) in southern beech forest, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Zoology, in press

Bogisch, M., Cree, A. and J.M. Monks (2016). Short-term success of a translocation of Otago skinks (Oligosoma otagense) to Orokonui Ecosanctuary. New Zealand Journal of Zoology, in press

O’Donnell, C.F.J., Richter, S., Dool, S., Monks, J.M., Kerth, G. (2016). Genetic diversity is maintained in the endangered New Zealand long-tailed bat (Chalinolobus tuberculatus) despite a closed social structure and regular population crashes. Conservation Genetics 17(1): 91-102. DOI 10.​1007/​s10592-015-0763-8

O’Donnell, C.F.J., Clapperton, B.K., Monks, J.M. (2015) Impacts of introduced mammalian predators on indigenous birds of freshwater wetlands in New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 39: 19-33.

Weblink to PDF:

Batson, W.G., Nelson, N.J., O'Donnell, C.F.J., Monks, J.M. (2015) Permanent placement of artificial retreats affects the number and demographic composition, but not the body condition, of skinks. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 39: 273-279.

Weblink to PDF:

Bennett, J.R., Elliott, G., Mellish, B., Joseph, L.N., Tulloch, A.I.T., Probert, W., Di Fonzo, M.M.I., Monks, J.M., Possingham, H.P., Maloney, R. (2014) Balancing phylogenetic diversity and species numbers in conservation prioritization. Biological Conservation 174: 47-54.

DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2014.03.013

Weblink to DOI:

Grayson, K.L., Mitchell, N.J., Monks, J.M., Keall, S.N., Wilson, J.N., Nelson, N.J. (2014) Sex ratio bias and extinction risk in an isolated population of tuatara (Sphenodon punctatus). PLOS One 9: e94214.

DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0094214

Weblink to DOI:

Knox, C.D., Monks, J.M. (2014) Penning prior to release decreases post-translocation dispersal of jewelled geckos. Animal Conservation 17: 18-26.

DOI: 10.1111/acv.12149

Weblink to PDF:

Nelson, N.J., Hitchmough, R.A., Monks, J.M. (2014) New Zealand Reptiles and their Conservation. In, Stow, A., Holwell, G., Maclean, N. (Editors), Austral Ark, pp 382-404. Canterbury University Press, Cambridge, UK.

DOI (book): 10.1017/CBO9781139519960

Buckley, H.L., Sciligo, A.R., Adair, K.L., Case, B.S., Monks, J.M. (2014) Is there gender bias in reviewer selection and publication success rates for the New Zealand Journal of Ecology? New Zealand Journal of Ecology 38: 335-339.

Weblink to PDF:

Jarvie, S., Monks, J.M. (2014) Step on it, can footprints from tracking tunnels be used to identify lizard species? New Zealand Journal of Zoology 41: 210-217.

DOI 10.1080/03014223.2014.911753

Monks, J.M., Monks, A. and D. R. Towns (2014). Correlated recovery of five lizard populations following eradication of invasive mammals. Biological Invasions 16: 167-175.

DOI 10.1007/s10530-013-0511-2

Weblink to DOI:

Monks, J.M. (2013) Prediction based on data derived from expert elicitation may hinder understanding of extinction risk - Reply to Tingley et al. Biological Conservation 168, 222-223 (Letter to the Editor)

Weblink to article:

Curran, T.J., Cieraad, E., Monks, J.M. (2013) Fostering the next generation of reviewers in New Zealand ecology. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 37: 161 (Editorial)

Weblink to PDF:

Romijn, R.L., Nelson, N.J., Monks, J.M. (2013) Forest geckos (Mokopirirakau ‘Southern North Island’) display diurno-nocturnal activity and are not reliant on retreats. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 41: 103-113

DOI 10.1080/03014223.2013.860041

Monks, J.M., O'Donnell, C.F.J., Wright, E.F. (2013) Selection of potential indicator species for measuring and reporting on trends in widespread native taxa in New Zealand. DOC Research & Development Series 338. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 18 pp.

Weblink to PDF:

Hitchmough, R., Anderson, P., Barr, B., Monks, J., Lettink, M., Reardon, J., Tocher, M., Whitaker, T. (2013) Conservation status of New Zealand reptiles, 2012. New Zealand Threat Classification Series 2. Department of Conservation, Wellington. 16 pp.

Weblink to PDF:

Monks, J.M., O’Donnell, C.F.J. and E.B. Spurr (2013). Population trends in black-fronted terns (Chlidonias albostriatus) on the Ashley River, North Canterbury. Notornis 60(2): 171-172 

Powlesland, R. G., Bell, M., Tuanui, E. A., Tuanui, B. M. & Monks, J. M. (2013). Translocation of juvenile Chatham Islands tomtits (Petroica macrocephala chathamensis) from Rangatira and Pitt Islands to Chatham Island, January 201. Notornis 60: 41-48


Hoare, J.M., Monks, A. and C.F.J. O’Donnell (2013). Do population indicators work? Investigating correlated responses of bird populations in relation to predator management. Ecological Indicators 25(2013): 23-34

DOI 10.1016/j.ecolind.2012.09.007



Hoare, J.M., Melgren, P. and E.E. Chavel (2013). Habitat use by southern forest geckos, Mokopirirakau “Southern Forest”, in the Catlins, Southland. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 40(2): 129-136

DOI 10.1080/03014223.2012.707663



Hoare, J.M., Monks, A. and C.F.J. O’Donnell (2012). Can correlated population trends among forest birds be predicted by similarity in traits? Wildlife Research 39(6): 469-477

DOI 10.1071/WR11087



O’Donnell, C.F.J. and J.M. Hoare (2012). Quantifying the benefits of long-term integrated pest control for forest bird populations in a New Zealand temperate rainforest. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 36(2): 131-140



O’Donnell, C.F.J. and J.M. Hoare (2012). Monitoring trends in skink sightings from artificial retreats: influences of retreat design, placement period and predator abundance. Herpetological Conservation Biology 7(1): 58-66



Chavel, E.E., Hoare, J.M., Batson, W.G. and C.F.J. O’Donnell (2012). The effect of microhabitat on skink sightings beneath artificial retreats. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 39(1): 71-75

DOI 10.1080/03014223.2011.617375



Lettink, M., O’Donnell, C.F.J. and J.M. Hoare (2011). Accuracy and precision of skink counts from artificial retreats. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 35(3): 236-243



O’Donnell, C.F.J., Edmonds, H., and J.M. Hoare (2011). Survival of PIT-tagged lesser short-tailed bats (Mystacina tuberculata) through a pest control operation using the toxin pindone in bait stations. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 35(3): 291-295



Hoare, J.M., O’Donnell, C.F.J. and E.F. Wright (2010). Selection of indicator species for State of the Environment reporting: A case study from New Zealand. Pacific Conservation Biology 16(2): 76-82



O’Donnell, C.F.J. and J.M. Hoare (2010). Meta-analysis of status and trends in breeding populations of black-fronted terns, Sterna albostriata, 1962-2008. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 35: 30-43



Hitchmough, R.A., Hoare, J.M., Jamieson, H., Newman, D., Tocher, M.D., Anderson, P.J., Lettink, M. and A.H. Whitaker (2010). Conservation status of New Zealand reptiles, 2009. New Zealand Journal of Zoology 37(3): 203-224

DOI 10.1080/03014223.2010.496487



Hoare, J.M., O’Donnell, C.F.J., Westbrooke, I., Hodapp, D. and M. Lettink (2009). Optimising the sampling of skinks using artificial retreats based on weather conditions and time of day. Applied Herpetology 6: 379-390

DOI 10.1163/157075309X12531848432985



Hoare, J.M., Adams, L.K., Bull, L.S., and D.R. Towns (2007). Attempting to manage complex predator-prey interactions fails to avert imminent extinction. Journal of Wildlife Management 71(5): 1576-1584

DOI 10.2193/2006-488



Hoare, J.M., Pledger, S., Nelson, N.J. and C.H. Daugherty (2007). Avoiding aliens: behavioural plasticity in habitat use may enable large, nocturnal geckos to survive Pacific rat invasions. Biological Conservation 136(4): 510-519

DOI 10.1016/j.biocon.2006.12.022


Hoare, J.M., Pledger, S., Nelson, N.J. and C.H. Daugherty (2007). Chemical discrimination of food, conspecifics and predators by visually-oriented diurnal geckos, Naultinus manukanus. Herpetologica 63(2): 184-192

DOI 10.1655/0018-0831



Moore, J.A., Hoare, J.M., Nelson, N.J. and C.H. Daugherty (2007).  Waiting reveals waning weight: monitoring over 54 years shows a decline in body condition of a long-lived reptile (tuatara, Sphenodon punctatus). Biological Conservation 135(2): 181-188

DOI 10.1016/j.biocon.2006.10.029


Hare, K.M., Hoare, J.M. and R.A. Hitchmough (2007).  Investigating natural population dynamics of Naultinus manukanus to inform conservation management of New Zealand's cryptic diurnal geckos. Journal of Herpetology 41(2): 80-92

DOI 10.2307/4498555



Hoare, J.M., Pledger, S., Keall, S.N., Nelson, N.J., Mitchell, N.J. and C.H. Daugherty (2006). Conservation implications of a long-term decline in body condition of the Brothers Island tuatara, Sphenodon guntheri. Animal Conservation 9(4): 456-462

DOI 10.1111/j.1469-1795.2006.00061.x



Hoare, J.M. and K.M. Hare (2006). The impact of brodifacoum on non-target wildlife: gaps in knowledge. New Zealand Journal of Ecology 30(2): 157-167