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AGRI221 New Zealand Agricultural Systems

A survey of New Zealand’s leadership role in agriculture, including farm types, financial models, and agricultural science and technology, and the social and environmental imperatives that result.

New Zealand Agricultural Systems highlight farmers continuing need to retain their Licence to Operate in Agriculture through the introduction of innovative systems to manage soil and water, to sustain biodiversity, limit soil erosion, reverse climate change and sequester carbon.

Paper title New Zealand Agricultural Systems
Paper code AGRI221
Subject Agriculture
EFTS 0.1500
Points 18 points
Teaching period Semester 2 (On campus)
Domestic Tuition Fees (NZD) $1,141.35
International Tuition Fees Tuition Fees for international students are elsewhere on this website.

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AGRI 101 or 108 points
Schedule C
Arts and Music, Commerce, Science

This is appropriate for a BApplSci AGRI Major or Minor, BASc or BSc, when combined with papers in Science. It provides for dual qualifications in Science (B AGRI - TECH), Environmental studies (B AGRI - ENV) or Commerce (B AGRI- BUS).


Professor Craig Bunt -

Teaching staff

Convenor: Professor Craig Bunt

Lecturers from Commerce, Business, Humanites, Sciences and Industry will teach different modules.

Paper Structure

Students will develop an understanding of Indigenous and European models of agriculture. They will understand the limitations of commodified food production where Volume rather than Value is the driver. They will appreciate that NZ farmers continuing Licence to Operate in Agriculture demand critical management of soil and water, to sustain biodiversity, limit climate change and sequester carbon.


  • Case study reports - 15%
  • Mid term test - 10%
  • Laboratory test - 15%
  • Final exam - 60%
Teaching Arrangements

Lectures: 26x1h

Tutorials: 6x1h

Case studies: 2x3 h

Laboratories: 3x3h

Field work 1x6h


No course text is sufficient to cover the diversity of topics covered in the AGRI papers. Electronic links to specific publications will be used as the literature resource.

Graduate Attributes Emphasised
Global perspective, Lifelong learning, Scholarship, Communication, Critical thinking, Ethics, Information literacy, Research, Self-motivation, Teamwork.
View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
Learning Outcomes

Students who successfully complete this paper will

  • Understand how indigenous models of farming complemented European models post colonization
  • Have an understanding of the pre-eminent role of farmers in the NZ economy and political agencies for most of the 20th Century
  • Appreciate how NZ has developed a reputation as the most successful pastoral economy globally
  • Have an appreciation of the development of pastoral farming and the challenges faced exporting perishable food over vast distances
  • Understanding the ongoing technical developments in NZ farming that has allowed Kiwi farming to remain the central plank in its economic platform

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Semester 2

Teaching method
This paper is taught On Campus
Learning management system


Stream Days Times Weeks
A1 Wednesday 14:00-14:50 28-34, 36-41
Thursday 14:00-14:50 28-34, 36-41


Stream Days Times Weeks
A1 Friday 14:00-16:50 30, 34, 39


Stream Days Times Weeks
A1 Friday 14:00-14:50 29, 31, 33, 36, 38, 40