An introduction to the structure and function of the human cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, renal/urinary and reproductive systems including organ development.
How does your heart pump and your gut absorb nutrients and how do your kidneys control
water balance when you are sleeping, running a marathon at the equator or climbing
Mt Everest. This paper will introduce you to the structure (Anatomy) and function
(Physiology) of your body systems and begin to explain why the body operates as such
an efficient machine under a range of normal conditions.
HUBS 192 will build on the principle of homeostasis developed in HUBS 191 with consideration of the five main body systems: cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, renal/urinary and reproductive systems.
|Paper title||Human Body Systems 2|
|Subject||Human Body Systems|
|Teaching period||Second Semester|
|Domestic Tuition Fees (NZD)||$1,059.15|
|International Tuition Fees (NZD)||$4,914.00|
- HUBS 191
- ANAT 101, ANAT 120, PHSE 192, PHSL 101
- Schedule C
Course Administrator: Mr Philip Kelly, Professional Practice Fellow
- Teaching staff
- Academic Course Convenor: Professor Greg Jones
Anatomy Modules Convenor: Professor Greg Jones
Physiology Modules Convenor: Associate Professor Rajesh Katare
Lecturers include: Professor Greg Jones, Associate Professor Rajesh Katare, Dr Jeff Erickson, Ms Rachel Lissaman, Dr Matt Bevin, Dr Daryl Schwenke, Dr Ruth Napper, Dr Rebecca Bird, and Dr Megan Wilson
- Paper Structure
Human Body Systems II - HUBS 192
This paper specifically studies the cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal, renal and reproductive systems.
Self-directed learning is an important aspect of this paper, and students are expected to prepare for lectures by reading specified sections from the textbook.
Teaching Hours: There are a total of 54 hours of formal teaching split between lectures (36 hours) and laboratories (18 hours).
Lectures: There are three 50 minute lectures each week, and the paper runs for the entire semester. Integrated Context Lectures are held during the semester. Lectures are delivered by staff members from the departments of Anatomy and Physiology. Lectures are interlinked and videorecordings and livestreaming are available to students via Blackboard.
Laboratories: One 3-hour laboratory each fortnight (total of six lab sessions). All laboratories are compulsory and are terms requirements.
Progress Tests: There are two progress tests during the semester. Each consists of 25 multiple-choice questions to be completed within 30 minutes.
- Internal - 28%
- Final Exam - 72%
The final examination is three hours in duration and consists of multiple-choice and short- and long-answer written questions. Students must get a minimum of 40% in the final exam in order to pass the paper.
HUBS 192 Curriculum - Lectures
- Structure of the skin (Part 1)
- Structure of the skin (Part 2)
- Thermoregulation and sensory functions of the skin
- Anatomy of the Heart (Part 1)
- Anatomy of the Heart (Part 2)
- Circulatory system anatomy (Arteries and Veins)
- Circulatory system anatomy (Capillaries and Lymphatics)
- The Heart as a Pump
- The Excitable Heart
- Controlling the Heart and Blood Pressure
- Controlling 'Regional' Blood Flows
- Venous Blood Flow and the Heart
- Upper respiratory tract
- Lower respiratory tract
- Structures of Thorax and Ventilation
- Work of Breathing/Lung Volumes
- O2 and CO2 exchange
- O2 and CO2 transport
- Composition and general functions of blood; production of blood cells; anaemia
- The basic structure of the GI system
- The stomach and pancreas
- The structure of the small intestine
- The structure of the large intestine, and comments on the liver
- Motility of the GI tract
- Chemical digestion
- Overview of the urinary system
- The nephron
- Ureters, Bladder, and Urethra
- Urine composition, kidney functions, nephron processes
- Glomerular function
- Body water - distribution and regulation
Reproductive System and Developmental Biology
- Male reproductive system I
- Male reproductive system II and spermatogenesis
- Female reproductive system I
- Female reproductive system II and menstrual cycle
- Coitus -neurological and vascular components; contraception
HUBS 192 Curriculum - Laboratories:
- Cardiovascular System: Anatomy of the human heart and vasculature illustrated by dissection of a deer heart. Physiology of the human heart, including electrical activity during cardiac cycle and its relationship with mechanical activity.*
- Respiratory: Anatomy of the upper and the lower respiratory tract. Lung function and volumes.*
- Gastrointestinal: Anatomical components of the digestive system. Physiology of the gastrointestinal system: motility and secretions of the gastrointestinal tract, digestion and absorption of food.*
- Renal/Urinary: Gross and microscopic anatomical components of the urinary system. Volumes of fluids handled by the kidneys, maintenance of plasma volume and osmolarity and changes in urine composition.*
- Reproduction: Anatomical components of the male and female reproductive systems.*
*Please note, during these labs human cadaveric material will be on display and/or used as demonstration material.
- Teaching Arrangements
You will attend three lectures each week. Lectures are also video streamed to allow a large number of students to take part in this paper, and we ensure that the lecturer will be in your lecture room regularly. Video-casts of these lectures are placed on Blackboard at 5pm the day of the lecture for student revision. Material to be covered in the lecture is available on the day prior to the lecture to encourage some pre-lecture familiarity and enhance learning in the lecture.
You will attend a six 3-hour laboratory sessions on alternate weeks. These sessions are very interactive, with students working in groups in which discussion and problem solving is encouraged.
Required: Martini, Ober, Nath, Bartholomew, Petti (2018). Visual Anatomy and Physiology and Martini’s Atlas of the Human Body. 3rd Edn, Pearson.
- Graduate Attributes Emphasised
- Interdisciplinary perspective, Lifelong learning, Scholarship, Communication, Critical
thinking, Ethics, Information literacy, Self-motivation, Teamwork
View more information about Otago's graduate attributes
- Learning Outcomes
- To gain a broad understanding and knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the human body, including fundamental facts and concepts that will form a basis for study in a wide range of Health Science disciplines (e.g. Anatomy, Physiology, Professional Health Science qualifications)
- To become an active learner by taking part in laboratory class discussions and GLMs
- To develop a sense of the interconnectedness of knowledge about the body and the interdisciplinary nature of all biomedical knowledge
- To develop an awareness of the scientific basis of knowledge and current research undertaken in the disciplines you study
- To develop independence of learning that equips the student with life-long learning skills