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Bioethics Centre staff profile

Professor Jing-Bao Nie

PositionProfessor
DepartmentBioethics Centre
QualificationsBMed MMed(Hunan) MA(Queen’s) PhD(Texas)
Research summaryMedical ethics in China and Asia, transcultural and global bioethics, medical humanities, traditional Chinese medicine
Teaching
  • BITC 401 Theories of Biomedical Ethics
  • BITC 301 Bioethics
  • Jointly teaching ethics to medical students
  • Supervising PhD and master's students
Memberships
  • Consulting Editor of Asian Bioethics Review; Member of the Editorial/Advisory Boards of journals including Bioethics, Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, Indian Journal of Medical Ethics, Medicine and Society, and Medicine and Philosophy (the last two in Chinese); the Human Ethics Advisory Board of PLOS One
  • Adjunct Professor, Peking University Health Science Center and Wuhan University, China
  • Fellow, The Hastings Center, USA
  • Associate, Asia Center, Harvard University, USA

Research

Jing-Bao Nie was trained originally as a physician in Chinese medicine in China. He then studied sociology in Canada, and the medical humanities and bioethics in the USA. His extensive research takes a distinctive transcultural approach to bioethics and cultural studies, and provides unique insights into the Asian (particularly Chinese) socio-cultural context.

He is the author of Medical Ethics in China (Routledge 2011), Behind the Silence: Chinese Voices on Abortion (Rowman & Littlefield 2005), and three chapters in The Cambridge World History of Medical Ethics (Cambridge UP 2009). He has co-edited Japan's Wartime Medical Atrocities (Routledge 2010) and several thematic journal issues including one on the methodologies of transcultural and global bioethics for Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal (2016) and the other on feminist perspectives for Bioethics (2007). His numerous articles are published in such periodicals as American Journal of Bioethics, Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, Developing World Bioethics, Asian Bioethics Review, Journal of Clinical Ethics, British Medical Bulletin, and The Lancet.

Two research projects (one on Japan's wartime human experimentation and the other on China's birth control program) have been supported by the Marsden Fund of the Royal Society of NZ. Currently, he is co-conducting a Harvard China Fund project on rebuilding patient–physician trust in China and serves as a consultant and collaborator of an US NIH project on social and ethical issues of HIV cure research. He co-chaired the 6th International Congress of Feminist Bioethics and was on the Board of Directors of the International Association of Bioethics.

His books have been internationally hailed in dozens of reviews by scholars in different fields as "landmark contribution" (The Lancet), "truly pioneering" and 'no less than astounding" (China Review International), "relevance far beyond its specific subject" (China Journal), "extremely important" (Pacific Affairs), "insightful" (Developing World Bioethics), and "essential reading" (Asian Bioethics Review). His academic findings have been cited or featured on Radio French and in Weekendvisen (in Danish), BioEdge, The Guardian, The New York Times, and Nanfang Zhoumo (in Chinese). He has delivered numerous invited lectures in Asia, Europe and North America.

Additional details

He welcomes proposals for postgraduate studies, especially PhD, of prospective students from New Zealand, Asia–Pacific and other parts of the world in the areas of his expertise.

Publications

Nie, J.-B., Tucker, J. D., Zhu, W., Cheng, Y., Wong, B., & Kleinman, A. (2017). Rebuilding patient-physician trust in China, developing a trust-oriented bioethics [Guest editorial]. Developing World Bioethics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/dewb.12172

Nie, J.-B., Li, L., Gillett, G., Tucker, J. D., & Kleinman, A. (2017). The crisis of patient-physician trust and bioethics: Lessons and inspirations from China. Developing World Bioethics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/dewb.12169

Nie, J.-B., Cheng, Y., Zou, X., Gong, N., Tucker, J. D., Wong, B., & Kleinman, A. (2017). The vicious circle of patient-physician mistrust in China: Health professionals' perspectives, institutional conflict of interest, and building trust through medical professionalism. Developing World Bioethics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/dewb.12170

Nie, J.-B. (2016). Erosion of eldercare in China: A socio-ethical inquiry in aging, elderly suicide and the Government's responsibilities in the context of the one-child policy. Ageing International, 41(4), 350-365. doi: 10.1007/s12126-016-9261-7

Nie, J.-B., Gilbertson, A., de Roubaix, M., Staunton, C., van Niekerk, A., Tucker, J. D., & Rennie, S. (2016). Healing without waging war: Beyond military metaphors in medicine and HIV cure research. American Journal of Bioethics, 16(10), 3-11. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2016.1214305

Authored Book - Research

Nie, J.-B. (2011). Medical ethics in China: A transcultural interpretation. London: Routledge, 276p.

Nie, J.-B. (2005). Behind the silence: Chinese voices on abortion. Lanham, ML, USA and Oxford UK: Rowman and Littlefield, 293p.

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Edited Book - Research

Nie, J.-B., Guo, N., Selden, M., & Kleinman, A. (Eds.). (2010). Japan's wartime medical atrocities: Comparative inquiries in science, history, and ethics. London and New York: Routledge, 254p.

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Chapter in Book - Research

Nie, J.-B., & Walker, S. (2015). Truth telling. In H. ten Have (Ed.), Encyclopedia of global bioethics. Springer International. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-05544-2_427-1

Nie, J.-B. (2015). Confucian universalism for human rights and global bioethics. In W. Behr, L. Di Giacinto, O. Döring & C. Moll-Murata (Eds.), Bochumer jahrbuch zur ostasienforschung (Vol. 38). (pp. 115-127). Munich, Germany: IUDICIUM.

Nie, J.-B. (2011). The “cultural differences” argument and its misconceptions: The return of medical truth-telling in China. In A. Rudnick (Ed.), Bioethics in the 21st Century. (pp. 103-120). InTech. Retrieved from http://www.intechopen.com/articles/show/title/the-cultural-differences-argument-and-its-misconceptions-the-return-of-medical-truth-telling-in-chin

Kleinman, A., Nie, J.-B., & Selden, M. (2010). Introduction: Medical atrocities, history and ethics. In J.-B. Nie, N. Guo, M. Selden & A. Kleinman (Eds.), Japan's wartime medical atrocities: Comparative inquiries in science, history, and ethics. (pp. 1-20). London and New York: Routledge.

Nie, J.-B. (2010). On the alter of nationalism and the nation-state: Japan's wartime medical atrocities, the American cover-up, and postwar Chinese responses. In J.-B. Nie, N. Guo, M. Selden & A. Kleinman (Eds.), Japan's wartime medical atrocities: Comparative inquiries in science, history, and ethics. (pp. 123-138). London and New York: Routledge.

Nie, J.-B. (2010). China's birth control program through feminist lenses. In J. L. Scully, L. E. Baldwin-Ragaven & P. Fitzpatrick (Eds.), Feminist bioethics: At the center, on the margins. (pp. 257-277). Baltimore, MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Guo, N., & Nie, J.-B. (2010). Annotated bibliography: Primary sources and secondary literature in Japanese, Chinese and English. In J.-B. Nie, N. Guo, M. Selden & A. Kleinman (Eds.), Japan's wartime medical atrocities: Comparative inquiries in science, history, and ethics. (pp. 205-231). London and New York: Routledge.

Nie, J.-B. (2009). Radical disagreements of Chinese views on fetal life and implications for bioethics. In K.-T. Ip (Ed.), The bioethics of regenerative medicine. (pp. 63-73). New York: Springer.

Nie, J.-B. (2009). Medical ethics through the life cycle in China. In R. B. Baker & L. B. McCullough (Eds.), The Cambridge world history of medical ethics. (pp. 126-131). Cambridge University Press.

Nie, J.-B., Tsuchiya, T., & Li, L. (2009). Japanese doctors' experimentation, 1932-1945, and medical ethics. In R. B. Baker & L. B. McCullough (Eds.), The Cambridge world history of medical ethics. (pp. 589-594). Cambridge University Press.

Nie, J.-B. (2009). The discourses of practitioners in China. In R. B. Baker & L. B. McCullough (Eds.), The Cambridge world history of medical ethics. (pp. 335-344). Cambridge University Press.

Nie, J.-b. (2008). Exploring the core of humanity: Cross-cultural perspectives on the concept of personhood. In T.-W. Kwan (Ed.), Responsibility and commitment: Eighteen essays in honor of Gerhold K. Becker. (pp. 17-27). Waldkirch: Edition Gorz.

Nie, J.-B. (2007). The specious idea of an Asian bioethics: Beyond dichotomizing East and West. In R. E. Ashcroft, A. Dawson, H. Draper & J. R. McMillan (Eds.), Principles of health care ethics. (2nd ed.) (pp. 143-149). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons.

Nie, J.-B. (2006). After Cheng (Sincerity): The professional ethics of traditional Chinese medicine. In K. Parsi & M. N. Sheehan (Eds.), Healing as vocation: A medical professionalism primer. (pp. 61-76). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Nie, J.-B. (2005). State violence in twentieth-century China: Some shared features of Japanese army's atrocities and the cultural revolution's terror. In L. Kühnhardt & M. Takayama (Eds.), Menschenrechte, kulturen und gewalt: Ansätze einer interkulturellen ethik [Human rights, cultures, and violence: Perspectives of intercultural ethics]. (pp. 161-176). Baden-Baden, Germany: Nomos.

Nie, J.-B. (2004). Feminist bioethics and the language of human rights in the Chinese context. In R. Tong, A. Donchin & S. Dodds (Eds.), Linking visions: Feminist bioethics, human rights, and the developing world. (pp. 73-88). Lanham, USA: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, Inc..

Nie, J.-B., & Anderson, L. C. (2003). Bioethics in New Zealand: A historical and sociological review. In J. F. Peppin & M. J. Cherry (Eds.), The annals of bioethics: Regional perspectives in bioethics. (pp. 341-361). Lisse, Netherlands: Swets & Zeitlinger.

Nie, J.-B. (2001). So bitter that no word can describe it: Mainland Chinese women's moral experience and narratives of abortion. In R. Tong (Ed.), Globalizing Feminist Bioethics: Crosscultural Perspectives. (pp. 151-164). Boulder & London: Westview Press.

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Journal - Research Article

Nie, J.-B., Li, L., Gillett, G., Tucker, J. D., & Kleinman, A. (2017). The crisis of patient-physician trust and bioethics: Lessons and inspirations from China. Developing World Bioethics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/dewb.12169

Nie, J.-B., Cheng, Y., Zou, X., Gong, N., Tucker, J. D., Wong, B., & Kleinman, A. (2017). The vicious circle of patient-physician mistrust in China: Health professionals' perspectives, institutional conflict of interest, and building trust through medical professionalism. Developing World Bioethics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/dewb.12170

Roberts, K., Nie, J.-B., & Dowell, T. (2017). From knowing silence to curious engagement: The role of general practitioners to discuss and refer to complementary and alternative medicine. Journal of Interprofessional Education & Practice, 9, 104-107. doi: 10.1016/j.xjep.2017.09.004

Zou, X., Cheng, Y., & Nie, J.-B. (2017). The social practice of medical guanxi (personal connections) and patient-physician trust in China: An anthropological and ethical study. Developing World Bioethics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/dewb.12164

Thirthalli, J., Zhou, L., Kumar, K., Gao, J., Vaid, H., Liu, H., … Nie, J.-B., & Nichter, M. (2016). Traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine approaches to mental health care and psychological wellbeing in India and China. Lancet Psychiatry, 3(7), 660-672. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(16)30025-6

Nie, J.-B., Gilbertson, A., de Roubaix, M., Staunton, C., van Niekerk, A., Tucker, J. D., & Rennie, S. (2016). Healing without waging war: Beyond military metaphors in medicine and HIV cure research. American Journal of Bioethics, 16(10), 3-11. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2016.1214305

Nie, J.-B., & Fitzgerald, R. P. (2016). Connecting the East and the West, the local and the universal: The methodological elements of a transcultural approach to bioethics. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 26(3), 219-247. doi: 10.1353/ken.2016.0023

Nie, J.-B. (2016). Erosion of eldercare in China: A socio-ethical inquiry in aging, elderly suicide and the Government's responsibilities in the context of the one-child policy. Ageing International, 41(4), 350-365. doi: 10.1007/s12126-016-9261-7

Pickering, N., & Nie, J.-B. (2016). Transcultural ADHD and bioethics: Reformulating a double dichotomized debate. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 26(3), 249-275. doi: 10.1353/ken.2016.0024

Nie, J.-B. (2015). The benevolent polity: A Confucian socio-ethical vision of eldercare. Asian Bioethics Review, 7(3), 260-276. doi: 10.1353/asb.2015.0025

Tucker, J. D., Cheng, Y., Wong, B., Gong, N., Nie, J.-B., Zhu, W., … and the Patient-Physician Trust Project Team. (2015). Patient–physician mistrust and violence against physicians in Guangdong Province, China: A qualitative study. BMJ Open, 5, e008221. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008221

Nie, J.-B., Walker, S. T., Qiao, S., Li, X., & Tucker, J. D. (2015). Truth-telling to the patient, family, and the sexual partner: A rights approach to the role of healthcare providers in adult HIV disclosure in China. AIDS Care, 27(Suppl. 1), 83-89. doi: 10.1080/09540121.2015.1071772

Qiao, S., Nie, J.-B., Tucker, J., Rennie, S., & Li, X.-M. (2015). The role of social relationship in HIV healing and its implication in HIV cure in China. Health Psychology & Behavioral Medicine, 3(1), 115-127. doi: 10.1080/21642850.2015.1040405

Nie, J.-B. (2015). Tormented by competing moral duties: A "lost" Chinese abortion doctor. [Çatişan ahlaki ödevlerin eziyeti: "Yitik" Çinli kürtaj doktoru]. Türkiye Biyoetik Dergisi [Turkish Journal of Bioethics], 2(1), 73-81. doi: 10.5505/tjob.2015.91300

Nie, J.-B., Smith, K. L., Cong, Y., Hu, L., & Tucker, J. D. (2015). Medical professionalism in China and the United States: A transcultural interpretation. Journal of Clinical Ethics, 26(1), 48-60.

Gillett, G., MacMurdo, M., & Nie, J.-B. (2015). The human spirit and responsive equilibrium: End of life care and uncertainty. Asian Bioethics Review, 7(3), 292-305. doi: 10.1353/asb.2015.0019

Brody, H., Leonard, S. E., Nie, J.-B., & Weindling, P. (2014). U.S. responses to Japanese wartime inhuman experimentation after World War II: National security and wartime exigency. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 23(2), 220-230. doi: 10.1017/S0963180113000753

Nie, J.-B. (2014). China's one-child policy, a policy without a future: Pitfalls of the "common good" argument and the authoritarian model. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 23(3), 272-287. doi: 10.1017/S0963180113000881

Hu, L., Yin, X., Bao, X., & Nie, J.-B. (2014). Chinese physicians' attitudes toward and understanding of medical professionalism: Results of a national survey. Journal of Clinical Ethics, 25(2), 135-147.

Nie, J.-B. (2012). The fallacy and danger of dichotomizing cultural differences: The truth about medical truth telling in China. Virtual Mentor, 14(4), 338-343.

Nie, J.-B. (2011). Non-medical sex-selective abortion in China: Ethical and public policy issues in the context of 40 million missing females. British Medical Bulletin, 98(1), 7-20. doi: 10.1093/bmb/ldr015

Nie, J.-B. (2010). Limits of state intervention in sex-selective abortion: The case of China. Culture, Health & Sexuality, 12(2), 205-219. doi: 10.1080/13691050903108431

Nie, J.-B., & Campbell, A. V. (2007). Multiculturalism and Asian bioethics: Cultural war or creative dialogue? Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 4(3), 163-167. doi: 10.1007/s11673-007-9061-6

Nie, J.-B. (2006). The United States cover-up of Japanese wartime medical atrocities: Complicity committed in the national interest and two proposals for contemporary action. American Journal of Bioethics, 6(3), 21-33.

Nie, J.-B. (2005). Cultural values embodying universal norms: A critique of a popular assumption about cultures and human rights. Developing World Bioethics, 4(3), 251-257.

Nie, J.-B. (2004). The West's dismissal of the Khabarovsk Trial as 'communist propaganda': Ideology, evidence and international bioethics. Journal of Bioethical Inquiry, 1(1), 32-42.

Nie, J.-B. (2003). Let's never stop bashing inhumanity: A reply to Frank Leavitt and an appeal for further ethical studies on Japanese doctors' wartime experimentation. Eubios Journal of Asian & International Bioethics, 13, 162-166.

Nie, J.-B. (2002). Chinese moral perspectives on abortion and foetal life: An historical account. New Zealand Bioethics Journal, 3(3), 15-31.

Nie, J.-B. (2002). Japanese doctors' experimentation in wartime China. Lancet, 360, S5-S6.

Nie, J.-B. (2001). Refutation of the claim that the ancient Chinese described the circulation of blood: A critique of scientism in the historiography of Chinese medicine. New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies, 3(2), 119-135.

Nie, J.-B. (2001). Is informed consent not applicable to China?: Intellectual flaws of the "cultural difference argument". Formosa Journal of Medical Humanities, 2(1 & 2), 67-74.

Nie, J.-B. (2000). Toward a medical humanities/social sciences centered with the individual patient and the deprived groups (in Chinese). Medicine & Philosophy, 21(10), 8-9.

Nie, J.-B. (2000). The plurality of Chinese and American medical moralities: Toward an interpretive cross-cultural bioethics. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 10(3), 239-260. doi: 10.1353/ken.2000.0020

Nie, J.-B. (1999). The Problem of Coerced Abortion in China and Related Ethical Issues. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics, 8, 463-479.

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Journal - Research Other

Nie, J.-B., Tucker, J. D., Zhu, W., Cheng, Y., Wong, B., & Kleinman, A. (2017). Rebuilding patient-physician trust in China, developing a trust-oriented bioethics [Guest editorial]. Developing World Bioethics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/dewb.12172

Nie, J.-B., Rennie, S., Gilbertson, A., & Tucker, J. D. (2016). No more militaristic and violent language in medicine: Response to open peer commentaries on "Healing without waging war: Beyond military metaphors in medicine and HIV cure research". American Journal of Bioethics, 16(12), W9-w11. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2016.1226988

Tucker, J. D., Wong, B., Nie, J.-B., Kleinman, A., and the Patient-Physician Trust Team. (2016). Rebuilding patient-physician trust in China. Lancet, 388(10046), 755. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31362-9

Nie, J.-B., & Fitzgerald, R. (2016). Editorial note [Guest editorial]. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal, 26(3), ix-xiii. doi: 10.1353/ken.2016.0021

Nie, J.-B. (2015). The U.S. complicity in Japan's medical war crimes: A restatement on why the U.S. Government should apologize and the U.S. community of bioethics should respond. American Journal of Bioethics, 15(6), 50-52. doi: 10.1080/15265161.2015.1028672

Peart, N., & Nie, J.-B. (2015). A patients' rights approach: The New Zealand perspective. Asian Bioethics Review, 7(4), 413-416. [Commentary].

Tucker, J. D., Nie, J.-B., Cheng, Y., Zhu, W., & Kleinman, A. (2014). Reviving medicine as the art of humanity in China. Lancet, 383(9927), 1462-1463. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60715-7

Tucker, J. D., Rennie, S., the Social and Ethical Working Group on HIV Cure, including Nie, J.-B. (2014). Social and ethical implications of HIV cure research. AIDS, 28(9), 1247-1250. doi: 10.1097/QAD.0000000000000210

Nie, J.-B. (2013). [Review of the book Confluences of medicine in medieval Japan: Buddhist healing, Chinese knowledge, Islamic formula, and wounds of war]. New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies, 15(1), 131-133. [Book Review].

Nie, J.-B. (2013). [Review of the book The afterlife of images: Translating the pathological body between China and the West]. New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies, 15(1), 136-138. [Book Review].

Nie, J.-B. (2008). The search for an Asian Bioethics [Review of the books The family, medical decision-making, and biotechnology: Critical reflections on Asian moral perspectives and The way of Asian bioethics]. Asian Bioethics Review, 1(1), 86-94.

Nie, J.-B. (2003). [Review of the book Huang Di Nei Jing Su Wen: Nature, knowledge, imagery in an ancient Chinese medical text]. New Zealand Journal of Asian Studies, 5(2), 174-176.

Nie, J.-B. (2003). [Review of the book Interests in abortion: A new perspective on foetal potential and the abortion]. Bioethics, 17(3), 294-296.

Nie, J.-B. (2003). [Review of the book Birth control in China 1949-2000: Population policy and demographic development]. East Asia, 20(4), 117-119.

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