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GEOL263 Fossils, Strata and Hydrocarbon Basins

Foraminifera, other microfossils, and applied micropaleontology; stratigraphic techniques and paleoenvironmental analysis; coal deposits and coal resources, hydrocarbons, oil and gas exploration, basin history analysis.

Paper title Fossils, Strata and Hydrocarbon Basins
Paper code GEOL263
Subject Geology
EFTS 0.1500
Points 18 points
Teaching period Not offered in 2017
Domestic Tuition Fees (NZD) $1,018.05
International Tuition Fees (NZD) $4,320.00

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Prerequisite
(GEOL 112 or GEOX 112) and (EAOS 111 or EAOX 111)
Restriction
GEOL 363
Schedule C
Science
Contact
geology@otago.ac.nz
Teaching staff
Professor Ewan Fordyce
Associate Professor Andrew Gorman
Textbooks
Text books are not required for this paper.
Suggested readings will be identified.
Graduate Attributes Emphasised
Communication, Critical thinking, Environmental literacy, Information literacy, Research, Self-motivation, Teamwork.
View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
Learning Outcomes
  • Students should gain understanding of the variety and origins of hydrocarbon basins in and around New Zealand
  • The roles of litho- and biostratigraphy, paleoecology (depositional settings, emphasising stratigraphy and outcrop-level sedimentology), seismic imaging and basin modelling in hydrocarbon basin analysis will be examined

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Timetable

Not offered in 2017

Location
Dunedin
Teaching method
This paper is taught On Campus
Learning management system
Blackboard

Foraminifera, other microfossils, and applied micropaleontology; stratigraphic techniques and paleoenvironmental analysis; coal deposits and coal resources, hydrocarbons, oil and gas exploration, basin history analysis.

"Fossils, strata and hydrocarbon basins" introduces the geology (especially stratigraphy and history) of hydrocarbon basins. There is significant emphasis on fossils (for dating and paleoenvironmental study) and sedimentary rocks (paleoenvironments). Lab and field work will complement lecture topics, to integrate theory and practice in basin studies, and will include problem-solving using real examples. The course will give a sound basis for understanding the geological history of basins at the local, regional and international level.
Broader topics considered are case studies on New Zealand and international basins, microfossils as tools in dating and paleoenvironmental analysis, Cretaceous/Cenozoic stratigraphy, principles of basin evolution, subsurface (e.g. seismic) techniques, hydrocarbon maturation, and geohistory analysis.

Paper title Fossils, Strata and Hydrocarbon Basins
Paper code GEOL263
Subject Geology
EFTS 0.1500
Points 18 points
Teaching period First Semester
Domestic Tuition Fees Tuition Fees for 2018 have not yet been set
International Tuition Fees Tuition Fees for international students are elsewhere on this website.

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Prerequisite
(GEOL 112 or GEOX 112) and (EAOS 111 or EAOX 111)
Restriction
GEOL 363
Schedule C
Science
Paper Structure
  • Introduction to New Zealand basins: Canterbury basin and Taranaki basin - sequences and settings, tools for study.
  • Micropaleontology and stratigraphy: foraminifera - recognition, classification; characters and case study applications of; biostratigraphy and correlation; paleoenvironmental analysis; other microfossil groups; chronostratigraphic sections, graphic correlation, integrated stratigraphy (bio-, magneto-, oxygen, strontium etc).
  • Genetic stratigraphy: genetic stratigraphic units - sequence stratigraphy; seismic, downhole, and related approaches.
  • Petroleum: hydrocarbon geochemistry, formation, migration; overpressuring; reservoirs; organic maturity; petroleum occurrences in New Zealand and elsewhere.
  • Basins and geohistory analysis: basin evolution - tectonic settings, processes, and examples; broader pictures - deducing past history; theory and practice of backstripping techniques; simple thermal analyses of maturation.
Assessment is approximately an even split between internal (ongoing during the semester) and external (final exam).
Assessments for GEOL 363 are set and graded differently to GEOL 263 to reflect greater background knowledge and higher expectations of students taking the paper at 300-level.
Teaching Arrangements
Two lectures and one 3-hour laboratory per week.
Fieldwork: One weekend day trip to North Otago and another trip tbd.
Eligibility
Background requirements: Basic knowledge of stratigraphy, mapping, sedimentology and paleontology.
GEOL 263 is for students in their second year of a geology or equivalent degree. GEOL 363 is for students in their third year of a geology or equivalent degree.
Contact
geology@otago.ac.nz
Teaching staff
Coordinator: Prof Ewan Fordyce
Assoc Prof Andrew Gorman
Textbooks
Lectures will refer to varied general texts and to research articles, supplemented by handouts. There is no one required text for the course, but we strongly recommend you read relevant chapters in:
Boggs, S. 2000. Principles of sedimentology and stratigraphy . 3rd edition. Prentice Hall, 726 p.

You should also read relevant sections in the Encylopedia of Geology, accessible under E-journals/E-books via the Library web page.
Graduate Attributes Emphasised
Communication, Critical thinking, Environmental literacy, Information literacy, Research, Self-motivation, Teamwork.
View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
Learning Outcomes
Students should gain an understanding of:
  • The variety and origins of hydrocarbon basins in and around New Zealand and beyond
  • The roles of litho- and biostratigraphy, paleoecology (depositional settings, emphasising stratigraphy and outcrop-level sedimentology), seismic imaging and basin modelling in hydrocarbon basin analysis will be examined

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Timetable

First Semester

Location
Dunedin
Teaching method
This paper is taught On Campus
Learning management system
Blackboard

Lecture

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend
L1 Tuesday 08:00-08:50 9-12, 15-22
Tuesday 12:00-12:50 9-12, 15-22

Practical

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend one stream from
P1 Tuesday 09:00-11:50 9-12, 15-22
P2 Tuesday 14:00-16:50 9-12, 15-22