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Professor Leigh Hale

Leigh HaleProfessor Leigh Hale is the Dean of the School of Physiotherapy.

Her research is focused on clinical neurorehabilitation, with specific interests in:

  • Community falls prevention programmes for older adults
  • Fall prevention in adults with intellectual disability
  • Self-management and stroke
  • Exercise and physical activity in people with long term conditions, particularly Multiple Sclerosis, Stroke, Parkinson's Disease, and Alzheimer's disease
  • The use of virtual reality in stroke rehabilitation

Read more about her research interests here.

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Preston, E., Chapple, C., Mayland, E., Ada, L., & Hale, L. (2020). The utility and value of the Physiotherapy eSkills Training Online resource during work-integrated learning: A mixed methods study. Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences & Practice, 18(2), 12.

Donnelly, J., Dykes, M., Griffioen, R., Moore, J., Hale, L., & Wilkinson, A. (2020). Self-management support training for undergraduate and graduate entry healthcare professional students: An integrative review. Physical Therapy Reviews. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/10833196.2020.1832720

Ravichandran, S., Jayakaran, P., Mani, R., Higgs, C., & Hale, L. (2020). Long-term clinical benefits of the diabetes community exercise programme (DCEP). New Zealand Medical Journal, 133(1518), (pp. 96). Retrieved from

Devan, H., Perry, M., Davies, C., Dean, S., Dowell, A., Grainger, R., Gray, A., … Ingham, T., Jones, B., Saipe, B., & Hale, L. (2020). Development of an online group pain management programme in Aotearoa: iSelf-Help. Proceedings of the Annual Centre for Health Systems and Technology (CHeST) Symposium: Improving Healthcare with Emerging Technologies. Retrieved from

Taylor, A., Monsanto, X., Kilgour, H., Smith, C., & Hale, L. (2019). Attitudes of healthcare professionals towards self-management for patients with stroke. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 47(1), 25-35. doi: 10.15619/NZJP/47.1.04

Chapter in Book - Research

Mirfin-Veitch, B., Conder, J., Treharne, G. J., Hale, L., & Richardson, G. (2018). Challenging methodological and ethical conventions to facilitate research that is responsive to people with learning disabilities. In C. I. Macleod, J. Marx, P. Mnyaka & G. J. Treharne (Eds.), The Palgrave handbook of ethics in critical research. (pp. 355-370). Cham, Switzerland: Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-74721-7_23

Smith, C. M., Treharne, G. J., Mulligan, H., & Hale, L. A. (2016). Using qualitative evidence to develop an intervention for enabling people with chronic disabling conditions to be more physically active. In K. Olson, R. A. Young & I. Z. Schultz (Eds.), Handbook of qualitative health research for evidence-based practice. (pp. 453-472). New York: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-1-4939-2920-7_27

Rutherford, G., Hale, L., & Powell, D. (2015). 'We put in a few ramps in here and there, that's about it': The need to ramp our minds in academia. In T. Corcoran, J. White & B. Whitburn (Eds.), Disability studies: Educating for inclusion. (pp. 137-153). Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Sense. doi: 10.1007/978-94-6300-199-1_9

Hoermann, S., Hale, L., Winser, S. J., & Regenbrecht, H. (2014). Patient engagement and clinical feasibility of augmented reflection technology for stroke rehabilitation. In P. M. Sharkey & J. Merrick (Eds.), Virtual reality: Rehabilitation in motor, cognitive and sensorial disorders. (pp. 95-106). New York: Nova Science.

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Chapter in Book - Other

Hale, L., Croker, A., & Tasker, D. (2009). The expansion of community-based physiotherapy. In J. Higgs, M. Smith, G. Webb, M. Skinner & A. Croker (Eds.), Contexts of physiotherapy practice. (pp. 139-150). Sydney, Australia: Churchill Livingstone.

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Journal - Research Article

Preston, E., Chapple, C., Mayland, E., Ada, L., & Hale, L. (2020). The utility and value of the Physiotherapy eSkills Training Online resource during work-integrated learning: A mixed methods study. Internet Journal of Allied Health Sciences & Practice, 18(2), 12.

Taylor, A., Monsanto, X., Kilgour, H., Smith, C., & Hale, L. (2019). Attitudes of healthcare professionals towards self-management for patients with stroke. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 47(1), 25-35. doi: 10.15619/NZJP/47.1.04

Devan, H., Godfrey, H. K., Perry, M. A., Hempel, D., Saipe, B., Hale, L., & Grainger, R. (2019). Current practices of health care providers in recommending online resources for chronic pain self-management. Journal of Pain Research, 12, 2457-2472. doi: 10.2147/JPR.S206539

Kanagasabai, P., Mulligan, H., Devan, H., Mirfin-Veitch, B., & Hale, L. (2019). Environmental factors influencing leisure participation of children with movement impairments in Aotearoa/New Zealand: A mixed method study. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 47(2), 105-117. doi: 10.15619/NZJP/47.2.05

Hale, L., Mayland, E., Jenkins, M., Buttery, Y., Norris, P., Butler, M., … Ngocha-Chaderopa, E., … Kayes, N. (2019). Constructing normalcy in dementia care: Carers' perceptions of their roles and the supports they need. Gerontologist, 60(5), 905-915. doi: 10.1093/geront/gnz151

Hale, L. A., Jenkins, M. L., Mayland, B., Buttery, Y., Norris, P., Butler, M., … Kayes, N. (2019). Living with dementia: The felt worth of support workers. Ageing & Society. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X19001636

Jayakaran, P., Perry, M., & Hale, L. (2019). Comparison of self-reported physical activity levels and quality of life between individuals with dysvascular and non-dysvascular below knee amputation: A cross-sectional study. Disability & Health Journal, 12, 235-241. doi: 10.1016/j.dhjo.2018.10.005

Teh, R., Kerse, N., Waters, D. L., Hale, L., Pillai, A., Leilua, E., … Heppenstall, C., & Connolly, M. J. (2019). Study protocol of a randomised controlled trial to examine the impact of a complex intervention in pre-frail older adults. Aging Clinical & Experimental Research, 31, 1407-1417. doi: 10.1007/s40520-018-1106-7

Sole, G., Skinner, M., Hale, L., & Golding, C. (2019). Developing a framework for teaching clinical reasoning skills to undergraduate physiotherapy students: A Delphi study. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 47(1), 49-58. doi: 10.15619/NZJP/47.1.06

Hale, L., Vollenhoven, E., Caiman, L., Dryselius, A., & Buttery, Y. (2019). Feasibility and acceptability of Otago Exercise Programme and Prevention of Falls for Adults with Intellectual Disability: A multiple case study design. International Journal of Therapy & Rehabilitation, 26(6), 1-15. doi: 10.12968/ijtr.2018.0054

Devan, H., Hale, L., Hempel, D., Saipe, B., & Perry, M. A. (2018). What works and does not work in a self-management intervention for people with chronic pain? Qualitative systematic review and meta-synthesis. Physical Therapy, 98(5), 381-397. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzy029

Kanagasabai, P. S., Mulligan, H., Hale, L. A., & Mirfin-Veitch, B. (2018). "I do like the activities which I can do..." Leisure participation experiences of children with movement impairments. Disability & Rehabilitation, 40(14), 1630-1638. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2017.1303093

Hale, L. A., Smith, C. M., Mulligan, H. F., Adhia, D., Siew, B., & Treharne, G. J. (2018). Exploring the Blue Prescription intervention to promote physical activity in people with long-term conditions. International Journal of Therapy & Rehabilitation, 25(7), 365-376. doi: 10.12968/ijtr.2018.25.7.365

Wilkinson, A., Meikle, N., Law, P., Yong, H. J., Butler, P., Kim, J., Mulligan, H., & Hale, L. (2018). How older adults and their informal carers prevent falls: An integrative review of the literature. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 82, 13-19. doi: 10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2018.03.002

Hale, L., Potiki Bryant, K., Ward, A. L., Falloon, A., Montgomery, A., Mirfin-Veitch, B., Tikao, K., & Milosavljevic, S. (2018). Organisational views on health care access for hauā (disabled) Māori in Murihiku (Southland), Aotearoa New Zealand: A mixed methods approach. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 46(2), 51-66. doi: 10.15619/NZJP/46.2.03

Kanagasabai, P. S., Mirfin-Veitch, B., Hale, L. A., & Mulligan, H. (2018). A child-centered method of interviewing children with movement impairments. Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics, 38(3), 255-268. doi: 10.1080/01942638.2017.1365322

Mulligan, H., Armstrong, A., Francis, R., Hitchcock, H., Hughes, E., Thompson, J., Wilkinson, A., & Hale, L. (2018). Engagement in exercise for people with Parkinson's: What is meaningful? New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 46(1), 19-28. doi: 10.15619/NZJP/46.1.04

Winser, S. J., Smith, C. M., Hale, L. A., Claydon, L. S., & Whitney, S. L. (2018). Clinical assessment of balance using BBS and SARAbal in cerebellar ataxia: Synthesis of findings of a psychometric property analysis. Hong Kong Physiotherapy Journal, 38(1), 53-61. doi: 10.1142/S1013702518500063

Devan, H., Hendrick, P., Hale, L., Carman, A., Dillon, M. P., & Ribeiro, D. C. (2017). Exploring factors influencing low back pain in people with non-dysvascular lower limb amputation: A national survey. PM&R, 9(10), 949-959. doi: 10.1016/j.pmrj.2017.02.004

Sole, G., Pataky, T., Sole, C. C., Hale, L., & Milosavljevic, S. (2017). Age-related plantar centre of pressure trajectory changes during barefoot walking. Gait & Posture, 57, 188-192. doi: 10.1016/j.gaitpost.2017.06.016

Mesbah, N., Perry, M., Hill, K. D., Kaur, M., & Hale, L. (2017). Postural stability in older adults with Alzheimer disease. Physical Therapy, 97(3), 290-309. doi: 10.2522/ptj.20160115

Devan, H., Dillon, M. P., Carman, A. B., Hendrick, P., Hale, L., Boocock, M., & Ribeiro, D. C. (2017). Spinal and pelvic kinematics during gait in people with lower-limb amputation, with and without low back pain: An exploratory study. Journal of Prosthetics and Orthotics, 29(3), 121-129. doi: 10.1097/JPO.0000000000000137

Bell, R., Smith, C., Hale, L., Kira, G., & Tumilty, S. (2017). Understanding obesity in the context of an Indigenous population: A qualitative study. Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, 11(5), 558-566. doi: 10.1016/j.orcp.2017.04.006

George, E., Hale, L., & Angelo, J. (2017). Valuing the health of the support worker in the aged care sector. Ageing & Society, 37(5), 1006-1024. doi: 10.1017/S0144686X16000131

Winser, S., Smith, C. M., Hale, L. A., Claydon, L. S., Whitney, S. L., Klatt, B., Mottershead, J., … Heyman, R. (2017). Psychometric properties of a core set of measures of balance for people with cerebellar ataxia secondary to multiple sclerosis. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 98(2), 270-276. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2016.07.023

Hoermann, S., Ferreira dos Santos, L., Morkisch, N., Jettkowski, K., Sillis, M., Devan, H., Kanagasabai, P. S., … Regenbrecht, H., Hale, L., & Cutfield, N. J. (2017). Computerised mirror therapy with Augmented Reflection Technology for early stroke rehabilitation: Clinical feasibility and integration as an adjunct therapy. Disability & Rehabilitation, 39(15), 1503-1514. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2017.1291765

Kanagasabai, P. S., Mulligan, H., Mirfin-Veitch, B., & Hale, L. (2017). Leisure participation patterns of children with movement impairments in New Zealand. Pediatric Physical Therapy, 29(1), 16-22. doi: 10.1097/pep.0000000000000334

Diab, A. S., Hale, L. A., Skinner, M. A., Hammond-Tooke, G., Ward, A. L., & Waters, D. L. (2016). Body composition and postural instability in people with idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Journal of Aging Research & Clinical Practice, 5(1), 14-19. doi: 10.14283/jarcp.2016.86

Baxter, S., Smith, C., Treharne, G., Stebbings, S., & Hale, L. (2016). What are the perceived barriers, facilitators and attitudes to exercise for women with rheumatoid arthritis? A qualitative study. Disability & Rehabilitation, 38(8), 773-780. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2015.1061602

Higgs, C., Skinner, M., & Hale, L. (2016). Outcomes of a community-based lifestyle programme for adults with diabetes or pre-diabetes. Journal of Primary Health Care, 8(2), 130-139. doi: 10.1071/HC15038

Whitehead, L. C., Trip, H. T., Hale, L. A., & Conder, J. (2016). Negotiated autonomy in diabetes self-management: The experiences of adults with intellectual disability and their support workers. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 60(4), 389-397. doi: 10.1111/jir.12257

Bell, R., Tumilty, S., Kira, G., Smith, C., & Hale, L. (2016). Using a community based participatory research model within an indigenous framework to establish an exploratory platform of investigation into obesity. Obesity Medicine, 2, 19-24. doi: 10.1016/j.obmed.2016.03.001

Trip, H., Conder, J., Hale, L., & Whitehead, L. (2016). The role of key workers in supporting people with intellectual disability in the self-management of their diabetes: A qualitative New Zealand study. Health & Social Care in the Community, 24(6), 789-798. doi: 10.1111/hsc.12262

Janssen, J., Hale, L., Mirfin-Veitch, B., & Harland, T. (2016). Perceptions of physiotherapists towards research: A mixed methods study. Physiotherapy, 102, 210-216. doi: 10.1016/

Wurzer, B., Waters, D. L., & Hale, L. A. (2016). Fall-related injuries in a cohort of community-dwelling older adults attending peer-led fall prevention exercise classes. Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy, 39(3), 110-116. doi: 10.1519/jpt.0000000000000061

Baxter, S. V., Hale, L. A., Stebbings, S., Gray, A. R., Smith, C. M., & Treharne, G. J. (2016). Walking is a feasible physical activity for people with rheumatoid arthritis: A feasibility randomized controlled trial. Musculoskeletal Care, 14(1), 47-56. doi: 10.1002/msc.1112

Sangelaji, B., Smith, C. M., Paul, L., Kovanur Sampath, K., Treharne, G. J., & Hale, L. A. (2016). The effectiveness of behaviour change interventions to increase physical activity participation in people with multiple sclerosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Rehabilitation, 30(6), 559-576. doi: 10.1177/0269215515595274

Hale, L. A., Mirfin-Veitch, B. F., & Treharne, G. J. (2016). Prevention of falls for adults with intellectual disability (PROFAID): A feasibility study. Disability & Rehabilitation, 38(1), 36-44. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2015.1017613

Potiki Bryant, K., Hale, L., Tikao, K., Milosavljevic, S., Wright-Tawha, T., Ward, A. L., & Mirfin-Veitch, B. F. (2016). Art as a tool for disseminating research outcomes: The Hauā Mana Māori Project and Participatory Action Research in New Zealand. Journal of Humanities in Rehabilitation. Retrieved from

Winser, S. J., Smith, C. M., Hale, L. A., Claydon, L. S., Whitney, S. L., & Mehta, P. (2015). COSMIN for quality rating systematic reviews on psychometric properties [Commentary]. Physical Therapy Reviews, 20(2), 132-134. doi: 10.1179/1743288X15Y.0000000003

Winser, S. J., Smith, C. M., Hale, L. A., Claydon, L. S., Whitney, S. L., & Mehta, P. (2015). Systematic review of the psychometric properties of balance measures for cerebellar ataxia. Clinical Rehabilitation, 29(1), 69-79. doi: 10.1177/0269215514536412

Devan, H., Carman, A. B., Hendrick, P. A., Ribeiro, D. C., & Hale, L. A. (2015). Perceptions of low back pain in people with lower limb amputation: A focus group study. Disability & Rehabilitation, 37(10), 873-883. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2014.946158

Walter, T., Hale, L., & Smith, C. (2015). Blue prescription: A single-subject design intervention to enable physical activity for people with stroke. International Journal of Therapy & Rehabilitation, 22(2), 87-95. doi: 10.12968/ijtr.2015.22.2.87

Devan, H., Carman, A., Hendrick, P., Hale, L., & Ribeiro, D. C. (2015). Spinal, pelvic, and hip movement asymmetries in people with lower-limb amputation: Systematic review. Journal of Rehabilitation Research & Development, 52(1), 1-20. doi: 10.1682/JRRD.2014.05.0135

Winser, S. J., Smith, C., Hale, L. A., Claydon, L. S., & Whitney, S. L. (2015). Balance outcome measures in cerebellar ataxia: A Delphi survey. Disability & Rehabilitation, 37(2), 165-170. doi: 10.3109/09638288.2014.913709

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