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Cross-cultural variation and patterns in religious systems, contemporary theories about the transmission and evolution of human culture, and analysis of prominent theories about the cultural evolution of religion.
Religions show variation between groups, they are transmitted and modified over
generations, and they differ in their ability to gain and retain members. In other
words, religions show the key properties of an evolutionary system. This paper will
identify structure and variation in religious systems across societies, and explore
how contemporary theories of cultural evolution help explain this structure and variation.
Students will study ritual practices and supernatural beliefs across hunter-gatherer,
pastoralist, agricultural and industrialised societies.
Students will also learn about contemporary theories of cultural evolution, such as meme theory, cultural attractor theory, and dual inheritance theory. This will provide a generalisable understanding of cultural evolution and its importance in human cognition and behaviour.
|Paper title||The Cultural Evolution of Religious Systems|
|Teaching period||Not offered in 2022, expected to be offered in 2023 (Distance learning)|
|Domestic Tuition Fees (NZD)||$929.55|
|International Tuition Fees||Tuition Fees for international students are elsewhere on this website.|
- 18 200-level ANTH, PHIL, PSYC or RELS points
- RELS 240
- Schedule C
- Arts and Music, Theology
Students are required to have undertaken at least one 200-level paper in RELS, ANTH, PSYC or PHIL (18 points at level 200).
- More information link
Contact: Dr Joseph Watts
- Teaching staff
- Paper Structure
The paper is divided into three modules:
- Cross-cultural comparative perspectives on religion
- Theories of cultural evolution
- The cultural evolution of religion in action
Culture surveys (20%)
Peer feedback (10%)
Final exam (30%)
- Teaching Arrangements
Campus: There is one 2-hour lecture per week, as well as optional weekly tutorials online.
Distance: Students will have access to recorded lectures as well as online interactive tutorials.
Textbooks are not required for this paper.
- Course outline
- Graduate Attributes Emphasised
- Global perspective, Interdisciplinary perspective, Scholarship, Critical thinking,
View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
- Learning Outcomes
On completing RELS 340 students are expected to meet the objectives of RELS 240; namely:
- Identify major schools of thought on the processes and patterns of cultural evolution in human culture
- Recognise the cross-cultural diversity of religious systems in historical and contemporary societies
- Identify systematic patterns in religious systems across cultures
- Understand how to locate and critically evaluate historic ethnographic source materials
- Understand how individual-level processes can scale up to produce population-level patterns of cultural change
- Evaluate assumptions about the role and importance of culture in human cognition
- Generate and accommodate constructive feedback from peers
- Produce clear, sound and original writing based on evidence-based arguments
In addition, RELS 340 students are expected to:
- Present an argument for one theory over another based on their explanatory scope, empirical support and soundness
- Relate literature on the cultural evolution of religion to other approaches to religious studies, human history, and human cognition