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    The structural and functional organisation of the human body at cellular, tissue, system and regional levels.

    MELS 241 provides a structured introduction to modern anatomy and cell biology by giving a hierarchical description of the human body, spanning cells and tissues through to systems and regional anatomy. Topical examples are used to illustrate each hierarchical level.

    About this paper

    Paper title Human Biology: Cells to Systems (for BMLSc)
    Subject Medical Laboratory Science
    EFTS 0.1425
    Points 18 points
    Teaching period Semester 1 (On campus)
    Domestic Tuition Fees ( NZD ) $1,288.49
    International Tuition Fees Tuition Fees for international students are elsewhere on this website.
    CELS 191, CHEM 191, (HUBS 191 or PTWY 131) and 18 further 100-level points
    ANAT 241
    Limited to
    Anatomy Office
    Room 231, 2nd Floor
    Lindo Ferguson Building (LFB)
    Tel 479 7362

    Teaching staff

    2024 teaching staff to be confirmed - please contact the Department for more information.

    Paper Structure


    • Module 1: Cell Structure and Function
    • Module 2: Cells in Tissues
    • Module 3: The Musculoskeletal System
    • Module 4: Regional Anatomy of the Thorax
    Teaching Arrangements
    All teaching is undertaken on campus.

    Marieb and Hoehn "Human Anatomy & Physiology" (10th ed.; Pearson/Benjamin Cummings)

    Young, Lowe, Stevens and Heath "Wheater's Functional Histology: A Text and Colour Atlas" (6th ed.; Churchill Livingstone/Elsevier)

    Graduate Attributes Emphasised
    Interdisciplinary perspective, Lifelong learning, Scholarship, Communication, Critical thinking, Ethics, Information literacy, Research, Self-motivation, Teamwork.
    View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
    Learning Outcomes

    Students who successfully complete the paper will develop:

    • Knowledge of and the ability to identify cellular organelles and structures and an understanding of their function and importance to selected research examples
    • An understanding of the relationship between cellular structure and function, the interactions of cells at the molecular level and their organisation into tissues and organs to meet specific structural and functional demands
    • Knowledge of the main body tissues and the skills to identify their normal histological features
    • An understanding of the structure and function of the human skeleton, with detailed coverage of musculature and joint anatomy in selected regions of the musculo-skeletal system
    • An understanding of how various tissues and organs are organised in the thoracic region


    Semester 1

    Teaching method
    This paper is taught On Campus
    Learning management system


    Stream Days Times Weeks
    A1 Monday 12:00-12:50 9-13, 15-22
    B1 Tuesday 11:00-11:50 9-13, 15-22
    E1 Friday 12:00-12:50 9-12, 15-22


    Stream Days Times Weeks
    A1 Monday 14:00-15:50 9-13, 15-21
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