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    Anatomy of relevance to the clinical practice of ophthalmology. In particular the eye, the visual pathways, the orbit, its contents and periorbital structures. The anatomy of the head and neck, neuro-anatomy and histology as it pertains to the visual system.

    The Department of Medicine offers the Postgraduate Diploma in Ophthalmic Basic Sciences (PGDipOphthBS), taught in conjunction with the University of Sydney. This consists of four 30-point papers, which can be taken full time over a year or part time up to five years. This diploma is intended for medical graduates with at least two years' experience who are either wishing to embark on a career in ophthalmology or in a recognised training programme and wish to enhance their understanding of the ophthalmic basic sciences. The diploma is based on the Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Ophthalmologists' curriculum, which has been extended to include clinical correlations where appropriate.

    About this paper

    Paper title Ophthalmic Anatomy
    Subject Ophthalmology
    EFTS 0.25
    Points 30 points
    Teaching period(s) 1st Non standard period (19 February 2024 - 15 June 2024) (Distance learning)
    2nd Non standard period (29 July 2024 - 23 November 2024) (Distance learning)
    Domestic Tuition Fees ( NZD ) $3,103.25
    International Tuition Fees Tuition Fees for international students are elsewhere on this website.
    OPHX 801
    Limited to
    Must be admitted to the PGDipOphthBS or a Certificate of Proficiency.
    Application enquiries to:
    Postgraduate Administrator
    Teaching staff

    Course Co-ordinator: Dr Francesc March de Ribot

    Other practising ophthalmologists with a particular interest in basic sciences have been selected from throughout Australasia to teach on this course.

    Paper Structure

    This paper will be assessed by way of:

    • Major Essay 20%
    • Presentation 20%
    • Journal Club 10%
    • Written examination 50%

    The examination will be held at the end of the semester in which the paper has been taught. All examinations are conducted under the regulations of the University of Otago.

    Teaching Arrangements

    This Distance Learning paper is taught remotely.

    This paper is offered through Distance Learning using web-based teaching and interactive online tutorials. The lectures are available via the University of Sydney Canvas website, in which you will be enrolled.


    Some reference texts are expensive. It is suggested that the student should consult local hospital and medical school libraries to see if any of the following texts are available. It is also suggested that online bookstores may be able to provide the texts at a cheaper price than local bookstores (beware of security issues). Have a look in local second-hand university bookstores or ask local previous candidates (or ophthalmology registrars) if they wish to part with their pre-loved texts (if they allow it, we may be able to provide you contact details). The Medical Society Bookshop and the Coop Bookshop (Sydney) both have been informed of the essential texts for the course. On the ophthalmology forum you may be able to pick up second copies of textbooks or borrow them for the term. The lectures will reference relevant texts and will provide additional relevant material (copyright allowing).

    Prescribed text:

    • Clinical Anatomy of the Eye Snell RS and Lemp MAWolff's Anatomy of the Eye and Orbit (8th ed). AJ Bron et al (eds) HK Lewis, London 1997

    Additional texts:

    • Histology of the Human Eye M Hogan J Alvarado, J Wedell WB Saunders, Philadelphia, 1971. (Photocopies of this text are kept by past Part 1 holders)
    • Gray's Anatomy (38th Ed) Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, 1989
    • The Eye Basic Sciences in Practice (Chapters 1 and 2) J Forrester et al Saunders Company Ltd London 1996.
    • The Human Nervous System, An Anatomical Viewpoint (5th Ed) ML Barr and JA Kiernan Harper and Row, Philadelphia 1988
    Graduate Attributes Emphasised
    Global perspective, Critical thinking.
    View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
    Learning Outcomes

    Students who successfully complete the paper will be able to:

    • Describe the normal anatomical organisation of the human eye, orbit, and its contents and the head and neck in terms of cells, tissues, organs and systems
    • Describe the principal components of the human visual system and their function in detail
    • Describe how diagnostic imaging may be used in ophthalmic practice


    1st Non standard period (19 February 2024 - 15 June 2024)

    Teaching method
    This paper is taught through Distance Learning
    Learning management system

    2nd Non standard period (29 July 2024 - 23 November 2024)

    Teaching method
    This paper is taught through Distance Learning
    Learning management system
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