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    An introduction to the survey methods and analyses that require an understanding of geodetic principles. Includes angle, EDM and GPS measurements.

    About this paper

    Paper title Surveying Methods 2
    Subject Surveying
    EFTS 0.1334
    Points 18 points
    Teaching period 1st Non standard period (15 July 2024 - 29 November 2024) (On campus)
    Domestic Tuition Fees ( NZD ) $1,206.20
    International Tuition Fees Tuition Fees for international students are elsewhere on this website.
    (SURV 201 or SURV 211) and (SURV 202 or SURV 212)
    Pre or Corequisite
    SURV 302 or SURV 312
    SURV 311
    Schedule C

    A required paper for students undertaking the BSurv and BSc (Survey Measurement)
    Suitable for students with a good understanding of fundamental survey methods and survey mathematics

    Teaching staff

    Lecturer: Dr Paul Denys, Dr Don Grant
    Demonstrators: Craig Tidey, Mike Denham, Judy Roda
    Software Support: Mr Kelly Gragg

    Paper Structure

    The paper covers the following topics:

    • History of geodesy in New Zealand and geodetic surveys
    • GPS observables and errors
    • GPS models and techniques
    • Control survey methods and analysis
    • Terrestrial observations (horizontal and vertical angles, distance)
    • Land deformation in New Zealand
    Teaching Arrangements

    Lectures:  Three 1-hour lectures - Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday 

    Practicals: One 5-hour practical - Monday 



    • Denys, P. H., (2024) Geodesy and GPS - Survey Methods 2, School of Surveying, University of Otago


    • Uren and Price, Surveying for Engineers. 5th Edition, Palgrave Macmillian.Hofmann-Wellenhof, GPS Theory and Practice
    • Leick, GPS Surveying. Wiley, New York
    • Anderson and Mikhail, Surveying Theory and Practice. 7th Edition, McGraw-Hill
    Graduate Attributes Emphasised
    Scholarship, Critical thinking, Information literacy, Teamwork.
    View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
    Learning Outcomes

    Students who successfully complete the paper will:

    • Understand geodetic angle and distance observations and reductions
    • Understand the GPS observables and errors
    • Understand GPS techniques and models
    • Develop an appreciation of geodesy applications for GNSS
    • Combine and analyse terrestrial and GNSS survey data and precision estimates using least squares estimation


    1st Non standard period (15 July 2024 - 29 November 2024)

    Teaching method
    This paper is taught On Campus
    Learning management system


    Stream Days Times Weeks
    A1 Monday 11:00-11:50 29-35, 37-42
    Tuesday 11:00-11:50 29-35, 37-42
    Wednesday 11:00-11:50 29-35, 37-42


    Stream Days Times Weeks
    A1 Monday 12:00-16:50 29-35, 37-42
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