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    Historical context, development, structure of sustainably managed nature tourism and ecotourism. Definitions, principles, concepts and issues. Business and tourism management implications for ecotourism operations; ecotourism/nature tourism destinations; indigenous, community development reliant on the sustainable use of natural resources.

    This paper will engage students and practitioners interested in working in areas related to nature-based tourism/ecotourism or protected-area management. Past graduates have worked for nature-based operators, local authorities and government agencies such as the Department of Conservation.

    About this paper

    Paper title Ecotourism and Sustainable Development
    Subject Tourism
    EFTS 0.15
    Points 18 points
    Teaching period Semester 1 (On campus)
    Domestic Tuition Fees ( NZD ) $937.50
    International Tuition Fees Tuition Fees for international students are elsewhere on this website.
    54 200-level points
    TOUX 306
    Schedule C
    Suitable for third-year and postgraduate students and for exchange students at third-year level and above.
    Teaching staff

    Dr Stu Hayes

    Paper Structure

    12 lectures and a fieldtrip to an operation site (if practical).

    Teaching Arrangements

    12 lectures x 1 hour and 50 minutes and a field trip.


    Fennell, D. (2020). Ecotourism: An Introduction. Routledge, New York. 5th Edition.

    Other readings as recommended in class.

    Course outline

    The course outline will be available in the first class and available on Blackboard at the start of the paper.

    Graduate Attributes Emphasised
    Global perspective, Interdisciplinary perspective, Communication, Critical thinking, Environmental literacy.
    View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
    Learning Outcomes

    Students who successfully complete the paper will be able to:

    • Identify, critique and discuss the role of stakeholders involved in ecotourism/sustainable nature tourism provision
    • Examine and critique principles of sustainable development and their implications for nature-based tourism/ecotourism
    • Understand the development of the ecotourism sector and its specific nature within the wider tourism industry
    • Identify issues associated with ecotourism visitor operations and other relevant settings (e.g. indigenous or community development)
    • Critique ecotourism and sustainable management alongside case studies of nature-based tourism businesses or community development


    Semester 1

    Teaching method
    This paper is taught On Campus
    Learning management system


    Stream Days Times Weeks
    A1 Thursday 13:00-14:50 9-13, 15-16, 18-22
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