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    The body plans of, and the relationships among, major animal phyla are examined using local fauna. Up to three field trips generate data that is manipulated and presented in report form.

    This paper is essential for students majoring in Zoology, but also of importance to Ecology majors and indeed anyone wanting to understand the diversity of animal life in New Zealand and around the world.

    About this paper

    Paper title Animal Designs for Living
    Subject Zoology
    EFTS 0.15
    Points 18 points
    Teaching period Semester 1 (On campus)
    Domestic Tuition Fees ( NZD ) $1,173.30
    International Tuition Fees Tuition Fees for international students are elsewhere on this website.
    BIOL 112 or (HUBS 191 or HUBS 192 or PTWY 131with at least a B pass)
    Schedule C

    Teaching staff


    Associate Professor Mark Lokman (ZOOL221 convenor)

    Associate Professor Caroline Beck

    Dr Ludovic Dutoit

    Teaching fellows:

    Dr Anne Besson (ZOOL221 coordinator)

    Dr George Pickerell

    Dr Sheena Townsend

    Paper Structure

    Instruction is delivered via lectures, labs and field trips. Learning is supported with formative assignments, tutorials and online learning modules. 

    Teaching Arrangements

    Two lectures, one lab and one tutorial per week. 


    Highly Recommended: Hickman et al 2021, Animal Diversity (9th Ed), McGraw Hill

    Graduate Attributes Emphasised
    Lifelong learning, Scholarship, Communication, Critical thinking, Ethics, Information literacy, Research, Self-motivation, Teamwork.
    View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
    Learning Outcomes

    By the end of this paper students are expected to be able to:

    • Identify distinctive features of major animal taxa – from single-celled organisms to vertebrates – and apply this knowledge to observations of live and preserved specimens
    • Describe the taxonomic and hierarchical organisation of animals using a rich vocabulary of zoological terms
    • Compare animal body plan features and modications across taxa that live in diverse environments and relate these features and modications to function
    • Use structured scientic inquiry to address questions about animal form and function by generating testable hypotheses, making and recording observations, and thinking critically about experimental results
    • Prepare a formal research report with background information, purpose/hypotheses, methods, results and discussion, using conventions suitable for zoological disciplines
    • Appropriately use peer-reviewed, published information in written work


    Semester 1

    Teaching method
    This paper is taught On Campus
    Learning management system


    Stream Days Times Weeks
    Attend one stream from
    A1 Tuesday 12:00-17:50 18
    A2 Wednesday 12:00-17:50 18
    A3 Thursday 12:00-17:50 18


    Stream Days Times Weeks
    A1 Tuesday 09:00-09:50 9-13, 15-22
    Wednesday 09:00-09:50 9-13, 15-22


    Stream Days Times Weeks
    Attend one stream from
    A1 Tuesday 14:00-16:50 9-13, 15-16, 19-22
    A2 Wednesday 14:00-16:50 9-13, 15-16, 19-22


    Stream Days Times Weeks
    A1 Monday 11:00-12:50 9-13, 15-22
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