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Health Sciences profile

Professor Philip Hill

PositionMcAuley Professor of International Health
QualificationsBHB MB ChB MPH MD FRACP FAFPHM FNZCPHM
Research summaryInternational health

Research

Professor Philip Hill holds separate qualifications as a medical practitioner (MBChB), specialist public health physician (MPH; FAFPHM; FNZCPHM), specialist infectious diseases physician (FRACP), as well as a doctorate in the epidemiology of tuberculosis in The Gambia (MD). He is a fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand (FRSNZ). After completing specialty training in New Zealand, he spent 6 years working as a clinical epidemiologist at the Medical Research Council (UK) research unit in The Gambia, working on tuberculosis (TB) and pneumonia projects.

Professor Hill is the first holder of the McAuley Chair in International Health and is Founding Director and Co-Director of the Centre for International Health at the University of Otago. He is involved in research projects in Africa, Asia, Europe, South America and the Pacific. He is also Adjunct Professor in the new Communicable Diseases Research Centre at the Fiji National University, spending 20% of his time helping to build the new Centre. His major collaboration is in TB research with the TB-HIV research centre of the University of Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia. This collaboration is focusing on moving from observational studies to intervention trials, with a number intervention projects now underway.

Professor Hill has published around 250 articles in peer reviewed journals. His research interests include studies of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and disease, Streptococcus pneumoniae carriage, disease and vaccination. Professor Hill has been a Lead or Co-Investigator on grants from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, MRC (UK), European Commission, DFID (UK), The Canadian Institutes of Health Research, The European and Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership, the New Zealand Health Research Council, the Marsden Fund (Royal Society of New Zealand), The National Health and Medical Research Council (Australia), the Department for Foreign Affaris and Trade (Australia) and the Global Fund.

In 2008 Professor Hill established the Otago International Health Research Network of over 100 researchers across all four divisions of the University, with an interest in health research in low-and middle-income countries. This Network has been renamed the Otago Global Health Institute and is now one of 12 flagship research centres of the University. He is currently Co-Director of the Institute.

Professor Hill has a special interest in training people from low resource settings at masters’ and PhD level, with a view to them becoming internationally competitive academic leaders back in their home country. He has supervised over 30 masters’ and PhD students, who have had a very high completion and publication rate. He welcomes new enquiries from prospective students.

Publications

Sonder, G. J. B., Grey, C., Anglemyer, A., Tukuitonga, C., Hill, P. C., Sporle, A., & Ryan, D. (2023). The August 2020 COVID-19 outbreak in Aotearoa New Zealand: Delayed contact tracing for Pacific people contributes to widening health disparities. IJID Regions. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.ijregi.2023.01.014

Koesoemadinata, R. C., McAllister, S. M., Soetedjo, N. N. M., Santoso, P., Dewi, N. F., Permana, H., … Hill, P. C., & van Crevel, R. (2023). Diabetes characteristics and long-term management needs in diabetic TB patients. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 27(2), 113-120. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.22.0367

Nartey, Y., Amo-Antwi, K., Hill, P. C., Dassah, E. T., Asmah, R. H., Nyarko, K. M., … Cox, B. (2023). Human papillomavirus genotype distribution among women with and without cervical cancer: Implication for vaccination and screening in Ghana. PLoS ONE, 18(1), e0280437. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0280437

Al-Darraji, H., Hill, P., Sharples, K., Altice, F. L., & Kamarulzaman, A. (2023). Intensified pulmonary tuberculosis case finding among HIV-infected new entrants of a prison in Malaysia: Implications for a holistic approach to control tuberculosis in prisons. International Journal of Prisoner Health. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1108/IJPH-01-2022-0001

Green, E. W., Ndiaye, M., Hossain, I. M., Olatunji, Y. A., Sahito, S. M., Salaudeen, R., … Hill, P. C., … Mackenzie, G. A. (2023). Pneumonia, meningitis, and septicaemia in adults and older children in rural Gambia: Eight years of population-based surveillance. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 76, 694-703. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciac603

Al-Darraji, H., Hill, P., Sharples, K., Altice, F. L., & Kamarulzaman, A. (2023). Intensified pulmonary tuberculosis case finding among HIV-infected new entrants of a prison in Malaysia: Implications for a holistic approach to control tuberculosis in prisons. International Journal of Prisoner Health. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1108/IJPH-01-2022-0001

Journal - Research Article

Green, E. W., Ndiaye, M., Hossain, I. M., Olatunji, Y. A., Sahito, S. M., Salaudeen, R., … Hill, P. C., … Mackenzie, G. A. (2023). Pneumonia, meningitis, and septicaemia in adults and older children in rural Gambia: Eight years of population-based surveillance. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 76, 694-703. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciac603

Journal - Research Article

Koesoemadinata, R. C., McAllister, S. M., Soetedjo, N. N. M., Santoso, P., Dewi, N. F., Permana, H., … Hill, P. C., & van Crevel, R. (2023). Diabetes characteristics and long-term management needs in diabetic TB patients. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 27(2), 113-120. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.22.0367

Journal - Research Article

Nartey, Y., Amo-Antwi, K., Hill, P. C., Dassah, E. T., Asmah, R. H., Nyarko, K. M., … Cox, B. (2023). Human papillomavirus genotype distribution among women with and without cervical cancer: Implication for vaccination and screening in Ghana. PLoS ONE, 18(1), e0280437. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0280437

Journal - Research Article

Sonder, G. J. B., Grey, C., Anglemyer, A., Tukuitonga, C., Hill, P. C., Sporle, A., & Ryan, D. (2023). The August 2020 COVID-19 outbreak in Aotearoa New Zealand: Delayed contact tracing for Pacific people contributes to widening health disparities. IJID Regions. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.ijregi.2023.01.014

Journal - Research Article

Apriani, L., Koesoemadinata, R. C., Bastos, M. L., Wulandari, D. A., Santoso, P., Alisjahbana, B., Rutherford, M. E., Hill, P. C., … Ruslami, R. (2022). Implementing the 4R and 9H regimens for TB preventive treatment in Indonesia. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 26(2), 103-110. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.21.0318

Journal - Research Article

Apriani, L., McAllister, S., Sharples, K., Nurhasanah, H., Nurul Aini, I., Susilawati, N., … Hill, P. C. (2022). Tuberculosis infection control measures and knowledge in primary health centres in Bandung, Indonesia. Journal of Infection Prevention, 23(2), 49-58. doi: 10.1177/17571774211046880

Journal - Research Article

Apriani, L., McAllister, S., Sharples, K., Nurul Aini, I., Nurhasanah, H., Ruslami, R., … Hill, P. C., & Alisjahbana, B. (2022). Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and disease in healthcare workers in a tertiary referral hospital in Bandung, Indonesia. Journal of Infection Prevention. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/17571774211046887

Journal - Research Article

Hamijoyo, L., Sahiratmadja, E., Ghassani, N. G., Darmawan, G., Susandi, E., van Crevel, R., Hill, P. C., & Alisjahbana, B. (2022). Tuberculosis among patients with systemic lupus erythematosus in Indonesia: A cohort study. Open Forum Infectious Diseases, 9(7), ofac201. doi: 10.1093/ofid/ofac201

Journal - Research Article

Ikumapayi, U. N., Hill, P. C., Hossain, I., Olatunji, Y., Ndiaye, M., Badji, H., … Mackenzie, G. A. (2022). Childhood meningitis in rural Gambia: 10 years of population-based surveillance. PLoS ONE, 17(8), e0265299. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0265299

Journal - Research Article

Khadka, P., Dummer, J., Hill, P. C., Katare, R., & Das, S. C. (2022). A review of formulations and preclinical studies of inhaled rifampicin for its clinical translation. Drug Delivery & Translational Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s13346-022-01238-y

Journal - Research Article

Kibirige, D., Chamba, N., Andia-Biraro, I., Kilonzo, K., Laizer, S. N., Sekitoleko, I., … Sharples, K., Hill, P., … on behalf of the PROTID Consortium. (2022). Indicators of optimal diabetes care and burden of diabetes complications in Africa: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMJ Open, 12(11), e060786. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2022-060786

Journal - Research Article

Mackenzie, G. A., McLellan, J., Machuka, E., Ndiaye, M., Pathirana, J., Fombah, A., … Hill, P. (2022). Aetiology of lobar pneumonia determined by multiplex molecular analyses of lung and pleural aspirate specimens in the Gambia: Findings from population-based pneumonia surveillance. BMJ Open, 12, e056706. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2021-056706

Journal - Research Article

Martinez, L., Cords, O., Liu, Q., Acuna-Villaorduna, C., Bonnet, M., Fox, G. F., … Hill, P. C., … Andrews, J. R. (2022). Infant BCG vaccination and risk of pulmonary and extrapulmonary tuberculosis throughout the life course: A systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis. Lancet Global Health, 10, e1307-e1316. doi: 10.1016/S2214-109X(22)00283-2

Journal - Research Article

Setiabudiawan, T. P., Reurink, R. K., Hill, P. C., Netea, M. G., van Crevel, R., & Koeken, V. A. C. M. (2022). Protection against tuberculosis by Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccination: A historical perspective. Med, 3(1), 6-24. doi: 10.1016/j.medj.2021.11.006

Journal - Research Article

Uruamo, S., McAllister, S., Scott, N., Hancox, R. J., Hayudini, R., Baxter, J., & Hill, P. C. (2022). Feasibility study of the prevalence of latent tuberculosis infection for Māori in the Waikato region, Aotearoa New Zealand. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.13274

Journal - Research Article

van Doom, C. L. R., Eckold, C., Ronacher, K., Ruslami, R., van Veen, S., Lee, J.-S., … Hill, P. C., … on behalf of the TANDEM Consortium. (2022). Transcriptional profiles predict treatment outcome in patients with tuberculosis and diabetes at diagnosis and at two weeks after initiation of anti-tuberculosis treatment. EBioMedicine, 82, 104173. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2022.104173

Journal - Research Article

Alisjahbana, B., McAllister, S. M., Ugarte-Gil, C., Panduru, N. M., Ronacher, K., Koesoemadinata, R. C., … Hill, P. C., on behalf of the TANDEM consortium, including Verrall, A. (2021). Screening diabetes mellitus patients for pulmonary tuberculosis: A multisite study in Indonesia, Peru, Romania and South Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 115, 634-643. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/traa100

Journal - Research Article

Apriani, L., McAllister, S., Sharples, K., Nurul Aini, I., Nurhasanah, H., Ratnaningsih, D. F., … Hill, P. C. (2021). High risk of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection among medical and nursing students in Indonesia: A 1-year prospective study. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 116, 10-18. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trab038

Journal - Research Article

Aung, H. L., Nyunt, W. W., Fong, Y., Biggs, P. J., Winkworth, R. C., Lockhart, P. J., … Hill, P. C., Cook, G. M., & Aung, S. T. (2021). Genomic profiling of Mycobacterium tuberculosis strains, Myanmar. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 27(11), 2847-2855. doi: 10.3201/eid2711.210726.

Journal - Research Article

Hossain, I., Hill, P., Bottomley, C., Jasseh, M., Bojang, K., Kaira, M., … MacKenzie, G. (2021). Healthcare seeking and access to care for pneumonia, sepsis, meningitis, and malaria in rural Gambia. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene. Advance online publication. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.21-0362

Journal - Research Article

Khadka, P., Sinha, S., Tucker, I. G., Dummer, J., Hill, P. C., Katare, R., & Das, S. C. (2021). Pharmacokinetics of rifampicin after repeated intra-tracheal administration of amorphous and crystalline powder formulations to Sprague Dawley rats. European Journal of Pharmaceutics & Biopharmaceutics, 162, 1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpb.2021.02.011

Journal - Research Article

Khadka, P., Sinha, S., Tucker, I. G., Dummer, J., Hill, P. C., Katare, R., & Das, S. C. (2021). Studies on the safety and the tissue distribution of inhaled high-dose amorphous and crystalline rifampicin in a rat model. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 597, 120345. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2021.120345

Journal - Research Article

Koesoemadinata, R. C., McAllister, S. M., Soetedjo, N. N. M., Santoso, P., Ruslami, R., Damayanti, H., … Hill, P. C. (2021). Educational counselling of patients with combined TB and diabetes mellitus: A randomised trial. Public Health Action, 11(4), 202-208. doi: 10.5588/pha.21.0064

Journal - Research Article

McAllister, S., Thorn, L., Boladuadua, S., Gil, M., Audas, R., Edmonds, T., … Hill, P. C., & Howie, S. R. C. (2021). Cost analysis and critical success factors of the use of oxygen concentrators versus cylinders in sub-divisional hospitals in Fiji. BMC Health Services Research, 21(1), 636. doi: 10.1186/s12913-021-06687-8

Journal - Research Article

Oxlade, O., Benedetti, A., Adjobimey, M., Alsdurf, H., Anagonou, S., Cook, V. J., … Hill, P. C., … Menzies, D. (2021). Effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a health systems intervention for latent tuberculosis infection management (ACT4): A cluster-randomised trial. Lancet Public Health, 6, e272-e282. doi: 10.1016/S2468-2667(20)30261-9

Journal - Research Article

Ruslami, R., Koesoemadinata, R. C., Soetedjo, N. N. M., Imaculata, S., Gunawan, Y., Permana, H., … Hill, P. C., & van Crevel, R. (2021). The effect of a structured clinical algorithm on glycemic control in patients with combined tuberculosis and diabetes in Indonesia: A randomized trial. Diabetes Research & Clinical Practice, 173, 108701. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2021.108701

Journal - Research Article

The Gambia Pneumococcal Surveillance Group, Mackenzie, G. A., Hill, P. C., Jeffries, D. J., Ndiaye, M., Sahito, S. M., … Corrah, T. (2021). Impact of the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccination on invasive pneumococcal disease and pneumonia in The Gambia: 10 years of population-based surveillance. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 21, 1293-1302. doi: 10.1016/s1473-3099(20)30880-x

Journal - Research Article

Usuf, E., Bottomley, C., Gladstone, R., Bojang, E., Jawneh, K., Cox, I., … Hill, P. C., & Roca, A. (2021). Persistent and emerging pneumococcal carriage serotypes in a rural Gambian community after 10 years of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine pressure. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 73(11), e3825-e3835. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciaa856

Journal - Research Article

Bastos, M. L., Oxlade, O., Benedetti, A., Fregonese, F., Valiquette, C., Lira, S. C. C., … Hill, P. C., … Trajman, A. (2020). A public health approach to increase treatment of latent TB among household contacts in Brazil. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 24(10), 1000-1008. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.19.0728

Journal - Research Article

Gurung, G., Derrett, S., Hill, P. C., & Gauld, R. (2020). The role of social audit as a social accountability mechanism for strengthening governance and service delivery in the primary health care setting of Nepal: A qualitative study. Critical Public Health, 30(5), 612-623. doi: 10.1080/09581596.2019.1667487

Journal - Research Article

Khadka, P., Hill, P. C., Zhang, B., Katare, R., Dummer, J., & Das, S. C. (2020). A study on polymorphic forms of rifampicin for inhaled high dose delivery in tuberculosis treatment. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 587, 119602. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2020.119602

Journal - Research Article

Koeken, V. A. C. M., Verrall, A. J., Ardiansyah, E., Apriani, L., dos Santos, J. C., Kumar, V., Hill, P. C., … van Laarhoven, A. (2020). IL-32 and its splice variants are associated with protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection and skewing of Th1/Th17 cytokines. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 107, 113-118. doi: 10.1002/JLB.4AB0219-071R

Journal - Research Article

Lestari, B. W., McAllister, S., Hadisoemarto, P. F., Afifah, N., Jani, I. D., Murray, M., … Hill, P. C., & Alisjahbana, B. (2020). Patient pathways and delays to diagnosis and treatment of tuberculosis in an urban setting in Indonesia. Lancet Regional Health: Western Pacific, 5, 100059. doi: 10.1016/j.lanwpc.2020.100059

Journal - Research Article

McAllister, S. M., Koesoemadinata, R. C., Santoso, P., Soetedjo, N. N. M., Kamil, A., Permana, H., … Hill, P. C., & Alisjahbana, B. (2020). High tuberculosis incidence among people living with diabetes in Indonesia. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 114, 79-85. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trz100

Journal - Research Article

McAllister, S. M., Lestari, B. W., Sullivan, T., Hadisoemarto, P. F., Afifah, N., Apip, A. R., … Hill, P. C., & Alisjahbana, B. (2020). Out-of-pocket costs for patients diagnosed with tuberculosis in different healthcare settings in Bandung, Indonesia. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 103(3), 1057-1064. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.19-0848

Journal - Research Article

Nadiah, Z., Koesoemadinata, R. C., McAllister, S. M., Putriyani, G., Chaidir, L., Ruslami, R., … Hill, P. C., … Alisjahbana, B. (2020). Early chest X-ray in persons with presumptive tuberculosis increases Xpert® MTB/RIF diagnostic yield and efficiency. Public Health Action, 10(1), 17-20. doi: 10.5588/pha.19.0052

Journal - Research Article

Verrall, A. J., Alisjahbana, B., Apriani, L., Novianty, N., Nurani, A. C., van Laarhoven, A., Ussher, J. E., … Sharples, K., … Hill, P. C. (2020). Early clearance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis: The INFECT case contact cohort study in Indonesia. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 221, 1351-1360. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiz168

Journal - Research Article

Verrall, A. J., Schneider, M., Alisjahbana, B., Apriani, L., van Laarhoven, A., Koeken, V. A. C. M., … Hannaway, R. F., … Sharples, K., Hill, P. C., Ussher, J. E., & van Crevel, R. (2020). Early clearance of Mycobacterium tuberculosis is associated with increased innate immune responses. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 221, 1342-1350. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiz147

Journal - Research Article

Weiner, J., Domaszewska, T., Donkor, S., Kaufmann, S. H. E., Hill, P. C., & Sutherland, J. S. (2020). Changes in transcript, metabolite and antibody reactivity during the early protective immune response in humans to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 71(1), 30-40. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciz785

Journal - Research Article

Chaidir, L., Ruesen, C., Dutilh, B. E., Ganiem, A. R., Andryani, A., Apriani, L., … Hill, P. C., … Alisjahbana, B. (2019). Use of whole genome sequencing to predict Mycobacterium tuberculosis drug resistance in Indonesia. Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, 16, 170-177. doi: 10.1016/j.jgar.2018.08.018

Journal - Research Article

Handel, A., Martinez, L., Sekandi, J. N., Bellan, S. E., Zhu, L., Chen, C., … Hill, P. C., … Whalen, C. C. (2019). Evidence for supercoughers in an analysis of six tuberculosis cohorts from China, Peru, The Gambia and Uganda. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 23(12), 1286-1292. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.18.0819

Journal - Research Article

Huangfu, P., Laurence, Y. V., Alishjahbana, B., Ugarte-Gil, C., Riza, A.-L., Walzl, G., … McAllister, S., … Hill, P. C., … on behalf of the TANDEM consortium. (2019). Point of care HbA1c level for diabetes mellitus management and its accuracy among tuberculosis patients: A study in four countries. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 23(3), 283-292. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.18.0359

Journal - Research Article

Mazraani, R., Timms, P., Hill, P. C., Suaalii-Sauni, T., Niupulusu, T., Temese, S. V. A., … Righarts, A., … Huston, W. M. (2019). Evaluation of a PGP3 ELISA for surveillance of the burden of Chlamydia infection in women from Australia and Samoa. Pathogens & Disease, 77(3), ftz031. doi: 10.1093/femspd/ftz031

Journal - Research Article

Odutola, A., Bottomley, C., Zaman, S. A., Lindsay, J., Shah, M., Hossain, I., … Hill, P. C., … Mackenzie, G. A. (2019). Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia in children of rural areas of The Gambia, 2008-2015. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 25(4), 701-709. doi: 10.3201/eid2504.180935

Journal - Research Article

Soeroto, A. Y., Lestari, B. W., Santoso, P., Chaidir, L., Andriyoko, B., Alishjahbana, B., … Hill, P. C. (2019). Evaluation of Xpert MTB-RIF guided diagnosis and treatment of rifampicin-resistant tuberculosis in Indonesia: A retrospective cohort study. PLoS ONE, 14(2), e0213017. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0213017

Journal - Research Article

Trajman, A., Wakoff-Pereira, M. F., Ramos-Silva, J., Cordeiro-Santos, M., de Fátima Militão de Albuquerque, M., Hill, P. C., & Menzies, D. (2019). Knowledge, attitudes and practices on tuberculosis transmission and prevention among auxiliary healthcare professionals in three Brazilian high-burden cities: A cross-sectional survey. BMC Health Services Research, 19, 532. doi: 10.1186/s12913-019-4231-x

Journal - Research Article

Usuf, E., Bottomley, C., Bojang, E., Cox, I., Bojang, A., Gladstone, R., … Hill, P. C., & Roca, A. (2019). Persistence of nasopharyngeal pneumococcal vaccine serotypes and increase of nonvaccine serotypes among vaccinated infants and their mothers 5 years after introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine 13 in The Gambia. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 68(9), 1512-1521. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy726

Journal - Research Article

van Laarhoven, A., Dian, S., van Dorp, S., Purnama, F., Koeken, V. A. C. M., Diandini, E., … Hill, P. C., … Verrall, A., … van Crevel, R. (2019). Immune cell characteristics and cytokine responses in adult HIV-negative tuberculous meningitis: An observational cohort study. Scientific Reports, 9, 884. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-36696-3

Journal - Research Article

Diallo, T., Adjobimey, M., Ruslami, R., Trajman, A., Sow, O., Obeng Baah, J., … Hill, P. C., … Menzies, D. (2018). Safety and side effects of rifampin versus isoniazid in children. New England Journal of Medicine, 379(5), 454-463. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1714284

Journal - Research Article

Grint, D., Alisjhabana, B., Ugarte-Gil, C., Riza, A.-L., Walzl, G., Pearson, F., … McAllister, S., … Hill, P. C., … on behalf of the TANDEM consortium, including Verrall, A. (2018). Accuracy of diabetes screening methods used for people with tuberculosis, Indonesia, Peru, Romania, South Africa. Bulletin of the World Health Organization, 96(11), 738-749. doi: 10.2471/blt.17.206227

Journal - Research Article

Gurung, G., Derrett, S., Hill, P. C., & Gauld, R. D. (2018). Nepal's health facility operation and management committees: Exploring community participation and influence in the Dang district's primary care clinics. Primary Health Care Research & Development, 19(5), 492-502. doi: 10.1017/S1463423618000026

Journal - Research Article

Gurung, G., Gauld, R., Hill, P. C., & Derrett, S. (2018). Citizen's charter in a primary health-care setting of Nepal: An accountability tool or a "mere wall poster"? Health Expectations, 21(1), 149-158. doi: 10.1111/hex.12596

Journal - Research Article

Khadka, P., Dummer, J., Hill, P. C., & Das, S. C. (2018). Considerations in preparing for clinical studies of inhaled rifampicin to enhance tuberculosis treatment. International Journal of Pharmaceutics, 548(1), 244-254. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2018.07.011

Journal - Research Article

Koesoemadinata, R. C., Kranzer, K., Livia, R., Susilawati, N., Annisa, J., Soetedjo, N. N. M., … Hill, P. C. (2018). Computer-assisted chest radiography reading for tuberculosis screening in people living with diabetes mellitus. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 22(9), 1088-1094. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.17.0827

Journal - Research Article

Menzies, D., Adjobimey, M., Ruslami, R., Trajman, A., Sow, O., Kim, H., … Apriani, L., … Hill, P. C., … Benedetti, A. (2018). Four months of Rifampin or nine months of Isoniazid for latent tuberculosis in adults. New England Journal of Medicine, 379, 440-453. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa1714283

Journal - Research Article

Nartey, Y., Hill, P. C., Amo-Antwi, K., Nyarko, K. M., Yarney, J., & Cox, B. (2018). Characteristics of women diagnosed with invasive cervical cancer in Ghana. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention, 19(2), 357-363. doi: 10.22034/APJCP.2018.19.2.357

Journal - Research Article

Soetedjo, N. N. M., McAllister, S. M., Ugarte-Gil, C., Firanescu, A. G., Ronacher, K., Alisjahbana, B., … Hill, P. C., … on behalf of the TANDEM consortium, including Verrall, A. (2018). Disease characteristics and treatment of patients with diabetes mellitus attending government health services in Indonesia, Peru, Romania and South Africa. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 23(10), 1118-1128. doi: 10.1111/tmi.13137

Journal - Research Article

Suliman, S., Thompson, E., Sutherland, J., Weiner, III, J., Ota, M. O. C., Shankar, S., … Hill, P. C., … and ACS cohort study groups. (2018). Four-gene pan-African blood signature predicts progression to tuberculosis. American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine, 197(9), 1198-1208. doi: 10.1164/rccm.201711-2340OC

Journal - Research Article

van Crevel, R., Koesoemadinata, R., Hill, P. C., & Harries, A. D. (2018). Clinical management of combined tuberculosis and diabetes. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 22(12), 1404-1410. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.18.0340

Journal - Research Article

Adetifa, I. M. O., Kendall, L., Donkor, S., Lugos, M. D., Hammond, A. S., Owiafe, P. K., … Hill, P. C. (2017). Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in close childhood contacts of adults with pulmonary tuberculosis is increased by secondhand exposure to tobacco. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 97(2), 429-432. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.16-0611

Journal - Research Article

Bojang, A., Kendall, L., Usuf, E., Egere, U., Mulwa, S., Antonio, M., … Hill, P. C., & Roca, A. (2017). Prevalence and risk factors for Staphylococcus aureus nasopharyngeal carriage during a PCV trial. BMC Infectious Diseases, 17(1), 588. doi: 10.1186/s12879-017-2685-1

Journal - Research Article

Egere, U., Togun, T., Sillah, A., Mendy, F., Otu, J., Hoelscher, M., … Hill, P. C., & Kampmann, B. (2017). Identifying children with tuberculosis among household contacts in The Gambia. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 21(1), 46-52. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.16.0289

Journal - Research Article

Gurung, G., Derrett, S., Gauld, R., & Hill, P. C. (2017). Why service users do not complain or have 'voice': A mixed-methods study from Nepal's rural primary health care system. BMC Health Services Research, 17, 81. doi: 10.1186/s12913-017-2034-5

Journal - Research Article

Koesoemadinata, R. C., McAllister, S. M., Soetedjo, N. N. M., Ratnaningsih, D. F., Ruslami, R., Kerry, S., Verrall, A. J., … Hill, P. C. (2017). Latent TB infection and pulmonary TB disease among patients with diabetes mellitus in Bandung, Indonesia. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 111(2), 81-89. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trx015

Journal - Research Article

Mackenzie, G. A., Hill, P. C., Sahito, S. M., Jeffries, D. J., Hossain, I., Bottomley, C., … Corrah, T. (2017). Impact of the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccination on pneumonia in The Gambia: Population-based surveillance and case-control studies. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 17(9), 965-973. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(17)30321-3

Journal - Research Article

Martinez, L., Shen, Y., Mupere, E., Kizza, A., Hill, P. C., & Whalen, C. C. (2017). Transmission of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in households and the community: A systematic review and meta-analysis. American Journal of Epidemiology, 185(12), 1327-1339. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwx025

Journal - Research Article

McAllister, S., Weim Lestari, B., Sujatmiko, B., Siregar, A., Sihaloho, E. D., Fathania, D., … Hill, P. C., & Alisjahbana, B. (2017). Feasibility of two active case finding approaches for detection of tuberculosis in Bandung City, Indonesia. Public Health Action, 7(3), 206-211. doi: 10.5588/pha.17.0026

Journal - Research Article

Nartey, Y., Hill, P. C., Amo-Antwi, K., Nyarko, K. M., Yarney, J., & Cox, B. (2017). Factors contributing to the low survival among women with a diagnosis of invasive cervical cancer in Ghana. International Journal of Gynecological Cancer, 27(9), 1926-1934. doi: 10.1097/igc.0000000000001088

Journal - Research Article

Salame, F. M., Ferreira, M. D., Belo, M. T., Teixeira, E. G., Cordeiro-Santos, M., Ximenes, R. A., … Hill, P. C., … Trajman, A. (2017). Knowledge about tuberculosis transmission and prevention and perceptions of health service utilization among index cases and contacts in Brazil: Understanding losses in the latent tuberculosis cascade of care. PLoS ONE, 12(9), e0184061. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0184061

Journal - Research Article

Alsdurf, H., Hill, P. C., Matteelli, A., Getahun, H., & Menzies, D. (2016). The cascade of care in diagnosis and treatment of latent tuberculosis infection: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 16(11), 1269-1278. doi: 10.1016/s1473-3099(16)30216-x

Journal - Research Article

Aung, H. L., Tun, T., Moradigaravand, D., Köser, C. U., Nyunt, W. W., Aung, S. T., … Crump, J. A., … Cook, G. M., & Hill, P. C. (2016). Whole-genome sequencing of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Myanmar. Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, 6, 113-117. doi: 10.1016/j.jgar.2016.04.008

Journal - Research Article

Egere, U., Sillah, A., Togun, T., Kandeh, S., Cole, F., Jallow, A., … Hill, P. C., & Kampmann, B. (2016). Isoniazid preventive treatment among child contacts of adults with smear-positive tuberculosis in The Gambia. Public Health Action, 6(4), 226-231. doi: 10.5588/pha.16.0073

Journal - Research Article

Gurung, G., Derrett, S., Hill, P. C., & Gauld, R. (2016). Governance challenges in the Nepalese primary health care system: Time to focus on greater community engagement? International Journal of Health Planning & Management, 31(2), 167-174. doi: 10.1002/hpm.2290

Journal - Research Article

Howie, S. R. C., Schellenberg, J., Chimah, O., Ideh, R. C., Ebruke, B. E., Oluwalana, C., … Hill, P. C., … Mulholland, K. (2016). Childhood pneumonia and crowding, bed-sharing and nutrition: A case-control study from The Gambia. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 20(10), 1405-1415. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.15.0993

Journal - Research Article

MacKenzie, G. A., Hill, P. C., Jeffries, D. J., Hossain, I., Uchendu, U., Ameh, D., … Corrah, T. (2016). Effect of the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccination on invasive pneumococcal disease in The Gambia: A population-based surveillance study. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 16(6), 703-711. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(16)00054-2

Journal - Research Article

Menon, S., Stansfield, S. H., Walsh, M., Hope, E., Isaia, L., Righarts, A. A., … Hill, P. C., & Huston, W. M. (2016). Sero-epidemiological assessment of Chlamydia trachomatis infection and sub-fertility in Samoan women. BMC Infectious Diseases, 16, 175. doi: 10.1186/s12879-016-1508-0

Journal - Research Article

Seitio-Kgokgwe, O. S., Gauld, R., Hill, P. C., & Barnett, P. (2016). Understanding human resource management practices in Botswana's public health sector. Journal of Health Organization & Management, 30(8), 1284-1300. doi: 10.1108/jhom-05-2015-0076

Journal - Research Article

Seitio-Kgokgwe, O., Gauld, R. D. C., Hill, P. C., & Barnett, P. (2016). Analysing the stewardship function in Botswana's health system: Reflecting on the past, looking to the future. International Journal of Health Policy & Management, 5(12), 705-713. doi: 10.15171/ijhpm.2016.67

Journal - Research Article

Seitio-Kgokgwe, O., Gauld, R. D. C., Hill, P. C., & Barnett, P. (2016). Redesigning a Ministry of Health's organizational structure: Exploring implementation challenges through Botswana's experiences. International Journal of Health Planning & Management, 31(2), 191-207. doi: 10.1002/hpm.2275

Journal - Research Article

Silva, A. P. B., Hill, P., Belo, M. T. C. T., Rabelo, S. G., Menzies, D., & Trajman, A. (2016). Non-completion of latent tuberculous infection treatment among children in Rio de Janeiro State, Brazil. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 20(4), 479-486. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.15.0609

Journal - Research Article

Sowerby, S. J., Crump, J. A., Johnstone, M. C., Krause, K. L., & Hill, P. C. (2016). Smartphone microscopy of parasite eggs accumulated into a single field of view. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 94(1), 227-230. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0427

Journal - Research Article

Togun, T. O., Egere, U., Gomez, M. P., Sillah, A. K., Daramy, M., Tientcheu, L. D., … Hill, P. C., & Kampmann, B. (2016). No added value of interferon-γ release to a prediction model for childhood tuberculosis. European Respiratory Journal, 47, 223-232. doi: 10.1183/13993003.00890-2015

Journal - Research Article

Usuf, E., Bojang, A., Hill, P. C., Bottomley, C., Greenwood, B., & Roca, A. (2016). Nasopharyngeal colonisation of Gambian infants by Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus pneumoniae before the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines. New Microbes & New Infections, 10, 13-18. doi: 10.1016/j.nmni.2015.12.002

Journal - Research Article

Bojang, A., Jafali, J., Egere, U. E., Hill, P. C., Antonio, M., Jeffries, D., … Roca, A. (2015). Seasonality of pneumococcal nasopharyngeal carriage in rural Gambia determined within the context of a cluster randomized pneumococcal vaccine trial. PLoS ONE, 10(7), e0129649. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0129649

Journal - Research Article

Chhibber, A. V., Hill, P. C., Jafali, J., Jasseh, M., Hossain, M. I., Ndiaye, M., … MacKenzie, G. A. (2015). Child mortality after discharge from a health facility following suspected pneumonia, meningitis or septicaemia in rural Gambia: A cohort study. PLoS ONE, 10(9), e0137095. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0137095

Journal - Research Article

Ebruke, C., Roca, A., Egere, U., Darboe, O., Hill, P. C., Greenwood, B., … Antonio, M. (2015). Temporal changes in nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 1 genotypes in healthy Gambians before and after the 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine. PeerJ, 3, e903. doi: 10.7717/peerj.903

Journal - Research Article

Elliott, T. O. J. P., Owolabi, O., Donkor, S., Kampmann, B., Hill, P. C., Ottenhoff, T. H. M., … Sutherland, J. S. (2015). Dysregulation of apoptosis is a risk factor for TB disease progression. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 212, 1469-1479. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiv238

Journal - Research Article

Mathias, K. R., Mathias, J. M. P., & Hill, P. C. (2015). An asset-focused health needs assessment in a rural community in north India. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health, 27(2), NP2623-NP2634. doi: 10.1177/1010539511421193

Journal - Research Article

Seitio-Kgokgwe, O., Gauld, R. D. C., Hill, P. C., & Barnett, P. (2015). Development of the national health information systems in Botswana: Pitfalls, prospects and lessons. Online Journal of Public Health Informatics, 7(2), e210. doi: 10.5210/ojphi.v7i2.5630

Journal - Research Article

Togun, T. O., Egere, U., Sillah, A. K., Ayorinde, A., Mendy, F., Tientcheu, L., … Hill, P. C., & Kampmann, B. (2015). Contribution of Xpert® MTB/RIF to the diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis among TB-exposed children in The Gambia. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 19(9), 1091-1097. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.15.0228

Journal - Research Article

Walsh, M. S., Hope, E., Isaia, L., Righarts, A., Niupulusu, T., Temese, S. V. A., … Edwards, C., Wernick, M., … Hill, P. C. (2015). Prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis infection in Samoan women aged 18 to 29 and assessment of possible risk factors: A community-based study. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 109, 245-251. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trv014

Journal - Research Article

Adegbola, R. A., DeAntonio, R., Hill, P. C., Roca, A., Usuf, E., Hoet, B., & Greenwood, B. M. (2014). Carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae and other respiratory bacterial pathogens in low and lower-middle income Countries: A systematic review and meta analysis. PLoS ONE, 9(8), e103293. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0103293

Journal - Research Article

Fonua, L., Bissell, K., Vivili, P., Gounder, S., & Hill, P. C. (2014). Sputum smear microscopy referral rates and turnaround time in the Tonga Islands. Public Health Action, 4(Suppl. 1), S29-S33. doi: 10.5588/pha.13.0087

Journal - Research Article

Hill, P. C., Dye, C., Viney, K., Tabutoa, K., Kienene, T., Bissell, K., … Harries, A. D. (2014). Mass treatment to eliminate tuberculosis from an island population. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 18(8), 899-904. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.14.0007

Journal - Research Article

Howie, S. R. C., Morris, G. A. J., Tokarz, R., Ebruke, B. E., Machuka, E. M., Ideh, R. C., … Hill, P. C., … Adegbola, R. A. (2014). Etiology of severe childhood pneumonia in The Gambia, West Africa, determined by conventional and molecular microbiological analyses of lung and pleural aspirate samples. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 59(5), 682-685. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu384

Journal - Research Article

Itogo, N., Hill, P. C., Bissell, K., Harries, A. D., Viney, K., & Gounder, S. (2014). Tuberculosis notifications, characteristics and treatment outcomes: Urban vs. rural Solomon Islands, 2000–2011. Public Health Action, 4(Suppl. 1), S25-S28. doi: 10.5588/pha.13.0078

Journal - Research Article

Jacobs, C., Chiluba, C., Phiri, C., Lisulo, M. M., Chomba, M., Hill, P. C., … Kelly, P. (2014). Seroepidemiology of hepatitis E virus infection in an urban population in Zambia: Strong association with HIV and environmental enteropathy. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 209(5), 652-657. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jit409

Journal - Research Article

Riza, A. L., Pearson, F., Ugarte-Gil, C., Alisjahbana, B., van de Vijver, S., Panduru, N. M., Hill, P. C., … van Crevel, R. (2014). Clinical management of concurrent diabetes and tuberculosis and the implications for patient services. Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 2(9), 740-753. doi: 10.1016/S2213-8587(14)70110-X

Journal - Research Article

Seitio-Kgokgwe, O., Gauld, R. D. C., Hill, P. C., & Barnett, P. (2014). Assessing performance of Botswana's public hospital system: The use of the World Health Organization Health System Performance Assessment Framework. International Journal of Health Policy & Management, 3(4), 179-189. doi: 10.15171/ijhpm.2014.85

Journal - Research Article

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