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Anna Carr 2023 imageCo-Director, Centre for Recreation Research
Ngāpuhi, Ngati Ruanui, Ngāruahine

Office OBS 8.01
Tel +64 3 479 8057

Read more about Anna on the CRR Otago website.


Before academia Anna was owner-operator of two adventure tourism businesses. She worked in various NZ national parks for the Departments of Conservation and Lands and Survey.

From 2008 she has been co-director of the Centre for Recreation Research with Professor Brent Lovelock. From 2014–2020 she held a government Ministerial appointment to the Otago Conservation Board.

Anna is a member of the Canadian Mountain Network and affiliate of the University of Otago Bioethics Department. She has been a visiting researcher at University of Edinburgh (UK), Harstad Hogskollin and University of Stavanger (Norway), Wakayama University (Japan), Thompson Rivers University, University of Alberta, and University of Northern British Columbia (Canada).

She serves on the editorial boards of Tourism in Marine Environments, Journal of Ecotourism and the Journal of Heritage Tourism.

Research interests

Anna's research interests are focused on three areas:

  • Tourism and recreation in protected areas
  • Cultural landscapes
  • Indigenous/community tourism development

Current research projects

  • Royal Society New Zealand Marsden (2020–2024), "Bad nature": The social dimensions of invasive alien species and their management in New Zealand. Prof. B. Lovelock, PI. Anna is involved as an associate investigator with a three year Marsden project investigating the intersections between tourism/recreation, invasive species and ecosystems.
    Bad Nature research project
  • Assoc. Prof. C. Mason, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, and W. Snow, Nakoda First Nations, Indigenous Peoples and Mountain Parks, Canadian Mountain Research Network.

For further information please visit:

Completed research projects (last 5 years)

  • Co-investigator with Dr Courtney Mason, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, and William Snow, Nakoda First Nations, SSHRC Insight Development Grant, Canadian Government “Contested Boundaries, Indigenous Peoples, Tourism and Protected Areas in Canada and New Zealand”.  (2017–2019).
  • Associate Investigator with Primary Investigator Dr Anne Ford, Professor Glenn Summerhayes (Dept. of Anthropology and Archaeology), Nyssa Mildwaters (Otago Museum), “Promoting Cultural Heritage for Sustainable Tourism Development”, New Zealand Institute for Pacific Research, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.  (2017–2019).
  • Associate Investigator Nga Pae o Te Maramatanga The intergenerational reality for Māori Small and medium sized enterprises (SME): Building resilience of Māori SMEs for the future. Affairs and Trade. (2016–2020)

PhD supervision: current

  • Eska Sarinastiti (2023-) Integrated interpretation for sustainable marine mammal tourism, Carr: Finkler 70:30, Indonesian Education Scholarship recipient
  • Mercede Shavandasht, Gender and geotourism
  • Dowsett, C, (2020–) Bad Nature, RSNZ Marsden, (Carr: Lovelock 50:50)
  • Spall, M. (2020–) Bad Nature, RSNZ Marsden, (Carr: Lovelock 50:50)
  • Nautiyal, R. (2019–) Yoga, wellbeing and destination development. (Albrecht: Carr 50:50)

PhD supervision: completed

  • Rahmani, Z. (2019–2023)  Online retreats and wellbeing. University of Otago International Scholarship recipient.
  • Johansen, K. (2022) WOOFERS: Volunteer Tourism or Service Learning? An Examination of Sustainable Food Consumption and Alternative Food Network Participation Trends Pre and Post Experience (primary supervisor, Thompson Duncan 50:50)
  • Massacesi, C. (2021) Food Heritagisation and Tourism. Following the Cheese in the Italian Dolomites.
  • Arif Hoque, (2020) Community-based indigenous tourism, NGOs and indigenous poverty in Bangladesh.
  • Steve Parker (2020) Yoga experiences of New Zealand men.
  • Zhu, Lei (2020) Visual appeal: How the characteristics of photographs can affect science communication in Chinese national parks.
  • Prasetyo, N. (2019) Dive tourism and indigenous Traditional Ecological Knowledge; a case study of Raja Ampat Indonesia.
  • Kutzner, D. (2018) Climate Change and nature tourism sector responsiveness.
  • Hagen, S. (2017) Mountain Bike Affect Mud, Mayhem, Mountain Bikes and Moustaches.
  • Cavaliere, C. (2014), Agro-ecoforestry and ecotourism.
  • Whitney-Squire, K. (2014) The Role of Language in Sustainable Community - based on Aboriginal Tourism Development.
  • Ananayo, Jovel (2013) World Heritage Management and Stakeholder collaboration/perception – The Ifuago Rice Terraces, the Philippines
  • Boonabaana, B. (2012), Entrepreneurial women in community based tourism in Uganda, Lecturer at Makarere University, Uganda.
  • Carnicelli Filho, S. (2011) White-water rafting guides and emotional labour, now Lecturer at University of Western Scotland.
  • Chaderopa, C. (2011) Social Space and Grand Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area, University of Otago international scholarship recipient. Lecturer at Waiareki Polytechnic.
  • Taylor, S. (2010) Mountain bikers and Destination Choice Theory, Researcher University of Highlands and Islands, Fort William.
  • Reis, A. (2010) Stewart Island wildlife tourism interactions, Post Doctoral Research Fellow Southern Cross University, Australia, 2011.
  • Amoamo, M. (2009) Cultural Tourism and Regional Identity, Awarded Post Doctoral Fellowship, Te Tumu, University of Otago, 2010–2012.
  • Haase, D. (2008) Monitoring Tourism in Antarctica, awarded December 2008 Academic Dean's List. Lecturer at University of Canterbury.
  • Grahn, A. (2011) Edu-cultural tourists in Africa, Lecturer at University of Stavanger.

Masters supervision: current

  • Eru Metcalfe (Marsden scholarship recipient), Sociocultural values for Coarse Fishing

Masters supervision: completed

  • Lakhan, N. (2020) Online Museum Experiences.
  • Chan T. (2020) Taught Masters in Tourism, Exchange Students experiences of Dunedin NZ.
  • Dong, S. (2020) Taught Masters in Tourism, Heritage Architourism.
  • Li, Y. (2019) Taught Masters in Tourism, Chinese Visitors' Cultural values and Destination Choice.
  • Heinz, L. (2019) Taught Masters in Tourism dissertation awarded with Distinction, Accommodation providers in the Waitaki Valley and sustainable management.
  • Zhou, R. (2018) Taught Masters in Tourism dissertation Chinese cycle tourism in NZ.
  • H. Cao, Taught Masters in Tourism thesis Chinese Demand for Great Walks, October 2016–March 2017
  • Han Zhang, Taught Masters in Tourism thesis Dark Sky Tourism and the Chinese Visitor Market, October 2016–March 2017
  • V Leslie. Reaching for the Stars, an examination of Dark Sky tourism, 2013–2014.
  • T Staffeld. Experiences of the Central Otago Rail Trail, 2012–2013.
  • Breidi Hodge. Prison Tourism: Cashing in on Crime, 2011–2012.
  • Tupe Tagamoa. Samoa and Ecotourism, 2009–2010.
  • Magnus Kjelsberg. Aircraft management and recreational experiences in Aoraki Mt Cook National Park, 2008–2009.
  • Gillian Stein. Transport access in the Catlins, 2007–2008.
  • Iklee Ismail. Ecotourism in the Maldives, 2007–2008.
  • Fiona MacDonald. SMEs and Business Planning (Ministry of Tourism scholarship recipient).
  • Dan Benn. Wellness Tourism, 2005–2008.
  • Gerald Sides. Genealogy Tourism, 2005–2007.
  • Yuthasak Chatkaewnapanon. A tourism historiography of Koh Samui.
  • Michael Grace. Antarctic Gateways - Hobart and Christchurch, 2004–2005.


Indiginous Tourism, Anna CarrWhitford, M. Ruhanen, A. and Carr, A. (Eds) Indigenous Tourism, Australia and New Zealand, Goodfellows Publications, forthcoming October 2017.

SustainableTourism_IndigenousPeoples_ACCarr, A., Ruhanen, L. & Whitford, M. (2016) "Indigenous Peoples and Tourism: The Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Tourism", Journal of Sustainable Tourism. pp. 1047 - 1069.

Political_Ecology_ACMostafhanazad, M., Norum, R., Shelton, E and Thompson-Carr, A. (eds.) (2016), “Political Ecology of Tourism: Communities, Power and the Environment”, Routledge Contemporary Geographies of Leisure, Tourism and Mobilities Series.

Mountaineering_Tourism_ACMusa, G., Higham, J. and Thompson-Carr, A. (eds.) (2015), "Mountaineering Tourism", Contemporary Geographies of Lesisure, Tourism and Mobilities Series, Routledge: Oxon.


Carr, A., Ruhanen, L., Whitford, M., & Lane, B. (Eds.). (2018). Sustainable tourism and indigenous peoples. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 318p. Edited Book - Research

Carr, A., Ruhanen, L., & Whitford, M. (2016). Indigenous peoples and tourism: The challenges and opportunities for sustainable tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(8-9), 1067-1079. doi: 10.1080/09669582.2016.1206112 Journal - Research Article

Carr, A. (2020). COVID-19, indigenous peoples and tourism: A view from New Zealand. Tourism Geographies, 22(3), 491-502. doi: 10.1080/14616688.2020.1768433 Journal - Research Article

Carr, A. (2020). AOTEAROA: A post-COVID nature-centric world. ATLAS Tourism & Leisure Review, 2020(2), 30-36. Retrieved from Journal - Research Article

Melubo, K., & Carr, A. (2019). Developing indigenous tourism in the bomas: Critiquing issues from within the Maasai community in Tanzania. Journal of Heritage Tourism, 14(3), 219-232. doi: 10.1080/1743873X.2018.1533557 Journal - Research Article

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