Accessibility Skip to Global Navigation Skip to Local Navigation Skip to Content Skip to Search Skip to Site Map Menu

Professor Neil Carr

Office OBS 2.52
Email neil.carr@otago.ac.nz

Background

Since obtaining his PhD in tourism geography from the University of Exeter in 1998, Neil has worked at the University of Hertfordshire (UK), the University of Queensland and the University of Otago which he joined in 2004. In 2009 he was promoted to Associate Professor, and in 2014 he took on the part time position of Associate Dean (postgraduate) in the Otago Business School. He served as the Head of Department of Tourism at the University of Otago between 2015 and 2020.

Research interests

Neil’s research encompasses a variety of interests that utilise tourism and leisure experiences as a cross-disciplinary lens through which to view behaviour; with a particular emphasis on children and families, identity formation, risk, gender, animals (particularly, but not exclusively, dogs) and animal rights, zoos, freedom, and sex and the sexual. As such, his research is firmly situated within a social science/humanities framework but at the same time clearly links into the applied reality of tourism and leisure as both social phenomena, areas of academic research, and global industries.

Recent external research funding

  • Latin American international working holiday visitors to New Zealand: A mechanism for establishing international business linkages. Latin America Centre of Asia-Pacific Excellence (2018). NZ$122,221. Neil Carr & Craig Lee.
  • Identifying the business needs of Tourism SMEs for the Latin America market. Latin America Centre of Asia-Pacific Excellence (2018). NZ$12,435.55. Neil Carr, Craig Lee & Mingming Cheng.
  • Identifying the business needs of Tourism SMEs for the Southeast Asian market. Southeast Asia Centre of Asia-Pacific Excellence (2018). NZ$18,599.28. Neil Carr, Craig Lee & Mingming Cheng.
  • Cultural acumen tourism training. Latin America Centre of Asia-Pacific Excellence (2018). NZ$29,669. Neil Carr, Craig Lee & Mingming Cheng.
  • Cultural acumen tourism training. Southeast Asia Centre of Asia-Pacific Excellence (2018). NZ$29,669. Neil Carr, Craig Lee & Mingming Cheng.
  • Cultural acumen tourism training. North Asia Centre of Asia-Pacific Excellence (2018). NZ$306,893. Neil Carr, Craig Lee & Mingming Cheng.
  • Identifying the business needs of tourism SMEs for the north Asian market. North Asia Centre of Asia-Pacific Excellence (2017). NZ$26,720.25. Neil Carr, Craig Lee & Mingming Cheng.
  • Virtual Assistance Dogs: Improving Learning for Disadvantaged Youth. Vodafone Innovation Fund (2019). NZ$11,500. Neil Carr, Wiebke Finkler & Brendon Woodford.
  • International tourists’ road rule and safety awareness. Transport Research and Educational Trust (2018). NZ$5,000. Neil Carr.

Journal editor/associate editor

Served as the editor of Annals of Leisure Research between 2013 and 2019.

PHENex/phenEPS (Physical & Health Education Academic Journal)

^ Top of Page

Current PhD and DBA supervision

Taufik Abdullah. Culinary tourism attributes: its influence towards tourists’ intention to purchase traditional street food.

Golnaz Nazem. How can waste reduction practices become institutionalized among food festival organizers and vendors?

Mei Yaojiong (DBA). Study on the Impact of the Theme Park Route Planning on the Secondary Family Consumption from the Perspective of Tourist Satisfaction.

Karun Rawat. The silent Choreographers of Mount Everest: An ethnography study about Sherpa as Mountain Tour Guide.

Parisa Saadat. How age impacts the photos we take on holiday.

Shiraani Fathimath. Able-ling the Disabled: A Study of New Zealand Travel and Tourism.

Kishor Chitrakar. Community Based Home-Stay Tourism as a Sustainable Tourism Model in Nepal.

^ Top of Page

Past PhD and DBA supervision

Xiaofeng Kan (DBA). Examine the Motivation and Involvement for Chinese Recreational Diving Consumer.

Reni Binti Polus. The spiritual journey of international volunteer tourists​.

David Adeloye. When is close too close? Geographical perception of terrorism and its influence on domestic tourists’ travel behaviour.

Leonardo Nava. Territorial analysis of New Zealand’s recreational camping system under the paradigm of Sustainable Development.

Ismail Shaheer. The impact of tourism boycotts on destination image.

Kevin Bigham. An Ethnography of Urban Exploration: Unpacking its Social Spaces and Understanding its Communities.

Maureen Ukaegbu. Heritage tourism and authenticity in the middle belt region of Nigeria.

Sandeep Basnyat. Post-Conflict Violence And Tourism: The Nepalese Experience.

Samuel Spector. Ski resort environmental communications and the shaping of environmental awareness.

Felix Bello. Socio-cultural impacts of tourism development and community planning in developing countries: The case of Malawi.

Gabriella Nagy. Institutionalisation of tourism services: Hop on, hop off services and their influence on the tourism industry.

Fernando Oyarzun Lillo. Comparative Analysis of Public Policies for Development and Competitiveness of Special Interest Tourism: New Zealand and Chile.

Neil Walsh. The relationship between the guidebook, backpacker-culture and place in New Zealand. PhD awarded March, 2014

Norhanim Abdul Razak. Tourism and mythology. PhD awarded May, 2013

Sandro Carnicelli. Emotional Labor: Pleasure and fear at work for Whitewater Rafting guides. PhD awarded June, 2011

Julie Tate-Libby. Tourism and commoditisation of religion. PhD awarded September, 2010

Andrea Valentin. Role of personal political values in tourism destination decision making process. PhD awarded April, 2010

Paolo Mura. Tourists’ perception of fear. PhD awarded July, 2009

Scott Cohen. Long term travellers in search of ‘self’. PhD awarded July, 2009

Daniela Schilcher. Influence of super-national organisations on national tourism development policies in the South Pacific. PhD awarded March, 2008.

Supatcharajit Jitpraphai. Gambling tourism in Thailand. PhD awarded, March, 2008.

Filipo Tokalau. Assessing the impact of communal use of land on tourism development in Fiji. PhD awarded January, 2008

Chompunch Jittithavorn. Cross border international tourism marketing in Southeast Asia. PhD awarded July, 2007.

Therdchai Choibamroog. Civil society as a strategic factor in collaborative tourism planning for sustainable tourism development in Thailand. Awarded May, 2003.

^ Top of Page

Past Masters supervision

Li, Zhi, "A Study into International University Students as Tourists in New Zealand", 2011-

Lau, Sze-En, "Ecotourism and Learning", 2011-

Emma Lowe "Novel destinations: Dunedin, city of literature?", 2009-

James Jesudhass "Couchsurfing beyond Borders: A Qualitative Study on Couchsurfing Members and Their Practice in Hanoi, Vietnam", 2008 - 2011

Simone Eisenhauer "Sports Events and Risk Management in New Zealand: How Safe is Safe Enough?", 2004 – 2005.

^ Top of page

Books and edited volumes

^ Top of page

Publications

Tully, P. A. G., & Carr, N. (2021). Farm animals' participation in tourism experiences: A time for proper respect. In J. M. Rickly & C. Kline (Eds.), Exploring non-human work in tourism: From beasts of burden to animal ambassadors. (pp. 83-102). Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110664058-007

Carr, N. (2021). Redefining the work of working animals in the tourism industry: An animal-centric reflection. In J. M. Rickly & C. Kline (Eds.), Exploring non-human work in tourism: From beasts of burden to animal ambassadors. (pp. 37-52). Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110664058-004

Saadat Abadi Nasab, P., Walters, T., & Carr, N. (2021). Examining gender roles in family leisure food provisions: A longitudinal photographic analysis. Leisure/Loisir. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/14927713.2021.1886868

Shaheer, I., Lee, C., & Carr, N. (2021). Factors motivating working holiday travel: The case of Latin American visitors to New Zealand. Tourism & Hospitality Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/14673584211003630

Carr, N., & Schänzel, H. (2020). Social tourism in New Zealand: Uncovering ‘hidden’ needs. In A. Diekmann & S. McCabe (Eds.), Handbook of social tourism. (pp. 256-266). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.

Authored Book - Research

Carr, N. (2014). Dogs in the leisure experience. Wallingford, UK: CABI, 171p.

Carr, N. (2011). Children's and families' holiday experiences. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 204p.

Ritchie, B. W., Carr, N., & Cooper, C. (2003). Managing educational tourism. Clevedon, UK: Channel View, 280p.

^ Top of page

Edited Book - Research

Carr, N., & Young, J. (Eds.). (2018). Wild animals and leisure: Rights and wellbeing. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 242p.

Carr, N. (Ed.). (2015). Domestic animals and leisure. Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan, 296p.

Walker, C., & Carr, N. (Eds.). (2013). Tourism and archaeology: Sustainable meeting grounds. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press, 301p.

Carr, N., & Poria, Y. (Eds.). (2010). Sex and the sexual during people's leisure and tourism experiences. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars, 210p.

^ Top of page

Chapter in Book - Research

Tully, P. A. G., & Carr, N. (2021). Farm animals' participation in tourism experiences: A time for proper respect. In J. M. Rickly & C. Kline (Eds.), Exploring non-human work in tourism: From beasts of burden to animal ambassadors. (pp. 83-102). Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110664058-007

Carr, N. (2021). Redefining the work of working animals in the tourism industry: An animal-centric reflection. In J. M. Rickly & C. Kline (Eds.), Exploring non-human work in tourism: From beasts of burden to animal ambassadors. (pp. 37-52). Berlin, Germany: De Gruyter. doi: 10.1515/9783110664058-004

Carr, N., & Schänzel, H. (2020). Social tourism in New Zealand: Uncovering ‘hidden’ needs. In A. Diekmann & S. McCabe (Eds.), Handbook of social tourism. (pp. 256-266). Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar.

Carr, N. (2019). The impacts of tourism on animals. In D. Gursoy & R. Nunkoo (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of tourism impacts: Theoretical and applied perspectives. (pp. 72-81). Abindgon, UK: Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9781351025102

Adeloye, D., & Carr, N. (2019). Terrorism and tourism recovery cases: A study of Tunisia and Egypt. In M. Mkono (Ed.), Positive tourism in Africa. (pp. 197-210). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Carr, N. (2018). Tourist desires and animal rights and welfare within tourism: A question of obligations. In B. S. R. Grimwood, K. Caton & L. Cooke (Eds.), New moral natures in tourism. (pp. 116-130). Abingdon, UK: Routledge. doi: 10.4324/9781315265117

Carr, N., & Young, J. (2018). Zoos and animal encounters: To touch or not to touch, that is the question. In N. Carr & J. Young (Eds.), Wild animals and leisure: Rights and wellbeing. (pp. 80-95). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Carr, N., & Young, J. (2018). Wild animals and leisure: An introduction. In N. Carr & J. Young (Eds.), Wild animals and leisure: Rights and wellbeing. (pp. 1-11). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Carr, N., & Young, J. (2018). Conclusion: Charting a way forward. In N. Carr & J. Young (Eds.), Wild animals and leisure: Rights and wellbeing. (pp. 225-233). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Bello, F. G., Lovelock, B., & Carr, N. (2016). Malawi. In J. Jafari & H. Xiao (Eds.), Encyclopedia of tourism. (pp. 571-572). Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-01384-8

Carr, N. (2015). Conclusions. In N. Carr (Ed.), Domestic animals and leisure. (pp. 283-293). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Carr, N. (2015). In search of 'dog': Fictional media constructions of dogs in the leisure environment. In N. Carr (Ed.), Domestic animals and leisure. (pp. 17-34). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Carr, N. (2015). Speaking of the underrepresented other: Looking beyond dogs and horses. In N. Carr (Ed.), Domestic animals and leisure. (pp. 261-282). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Carr, N. (2015). The greyhound: A story of fashion, finances, and animal rights. In N. Carr (Ed.), Domestic animals and leisure. (pp. 109-126). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Carr, N. (2015). Defining domesticated animals and exploring their uses by and relationships with humans within the leisure experience. In N. Carr (Ed.), Domestic animals and leisure. (pp. 1-13). Basingstoke, UK: Palgrave Macmillan.

Walker, C., & Carr, N. (2013). Tourism and archaeology: An introduction. In C. Walker & N. Carr (Eds.), Tourism and archaeology: Sustainable meeting grounds. (pp. 11-35). Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.

Walker, C., & Carr, N. (2013). Conclusion: Manifesting sustainable meeting grounds. In C. Walker & N. Carr (Eds.), Tourism and archaeology: Sustainable meeting grounds. (pp. 235-251). Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press.

Carr, N., & Taylor, S. (2010). Sex shops of the 21st century: Are 'you' being served? In N. Carr & Y. Poria (Eds.), Sex and the sexual during people's leisure and tourism experiences. (pp. 17-33). Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars.

Poria, Y., & Carr, N. (2010). What have we done and where should we go? In N. Carr & Y. Poria (Eds.), Sex and the sexual during people's leisure and tourism experiences. (pp. 181-196). Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars.

Carr, N., & Poria, Y. (2010). Introduction: Provision, marketing, and consumption of sex and the sexual in the leisure and tourism environment. In N. Carr & Y. Poria (Eds.), Sex and the sexual during people's leisure and tourism experiences. (pp. 1-13). Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars.

Carr, N., & Carr, S. (2009). Selling tantalisation and titillation: A history of camouflage. In A. Moore & C. Zuccarini (Eds.), Persons and sexuality. (pp. 17-29). Oxford, UK: Inter-Disciplinary.

Carr, N. (2009). Unstructured play. In R. P. Carlisle (Ed.), Encyclopedia of play in today's society: Vol. 2. (pp. 767-768). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Byeon, M., Carr, N., & Hall, C. M. (2009). The South Korean hotel sector's perspectives on the 'pre-' and 'post-event' impacts of the co-hosted 2002 Football World Cup. In J. Ali-Knight, M. Robertson, A. Fyall & A. Ladkin (Eds.), International perspectives of festivals and events: Paradigms of analysis. (pp. 65-93). San Diego, CA: Elsevier.

Carr, N. (2009). Sex play. In R. P. Carlisle (Ed.), Encyclopedia of play in today's society: Vol. 2. (pp. 631-633). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Ritchie, B. W., Carr, N., & Cooper, C. (2008). School excursion tourism and attraction management. In A. Fyall, B. Garrod, A. Leask & S. Wanhill (Eds.), Managing visitor attractions. (2nd ed.) (pp. 181-196). Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Carr, N. (2008). Pets. In M. Lück (Ed.), The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments. (pp. 359-360). Wallingford, UK: CABI.

Carr, N. (2008). Rowing boat. In M. Lück (Ed.), The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments. (pp. 406-407). Wallingford, UK: CABI.

Carr, N. (2008). Leisure. In M. Lück (Ed.), The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments. (pp. 268-269). Wallingford, UK: CABI.

Carr, N. (2007). Partying, getting drunk, laid, and high: Gender and university students' holiday behaviour. In C. M. Hall (Ed.), Introduction to tourism in Australia: Development, issues and change. (5th ed.) Frenchs Forest, Australia: Pearson Education. Retrieved from http://www.pearsoned.com.au/wpsBridge/hall_5/Files/Partying,%20getting%20drunk.pdf

Carr, N. (2007). Australian university students use and trust of tourism information sources. In C. M. Hall (Ed.), Introduction to tourism in Australia: Development, issues and change. (5th ed.) Frenchs Forest, Australia: Pearson Education. Retrieved from http://www.pearsoned.com.au/wpsBridge/hall_5/Files/Australian%20University%20students.pdf

Carr, N. (2006). Creating tourism experiences for the 12-17 years old. In K. Weiermair & A. Brunner-Sperdin (Eds.), Erlebnisinszenierung im Tourismus: Erfolgreich mit emotionalen produkten und dienstleistungen. (pp. 229-243). Berlin, Germany: Erich Schmidt Verlag.

Carr, N. (2003). University students' holiday behaviour: A case study from New Zealand. In Introduction to tourism: Dimensions and issues. (4th ed.) Australia: Hospitality Press, Pearson Education.

Carr, N. (2003). Use and trust of tourism information sources amongst university students. In B. W. Ritchie, N. Carr & C. Cooper (Eds.), Managing educational tourism. (pp. 215-220). Clevedon, USA: Channel View Publications.

Ritchie, B. W., Carr, N., & Cooper, C. (2003). Schools' educational tourism. In B. W. Ritchie, N. Carr & C. Cooper (Eds.), Managing educational tourism. (pp. 130-180). Clevedon, USA: Channel View Publications.

Carr, N. (2003). University and college students' tourism. In B. W. Ritchie, N. Carr & C. Cooper (Eds.), Managing educational tourism. (pp. 181-225). Clevedon, USA: Channel View Publications.

Carr, N. (2001). Bridging the gender gap? A study of young people's use of leisure spaces. In J. Anderson & L. Lawrence (Eds.), Gender issues in work and leisure. (pp. 3-12). UK: Leisure Studies Association.

^ Top of page

Chapter in Book - Other

Carr, N. (2003). Youth. In J. M. Jenkins & J. J. Pigram (Eds.), Encyclopedia of leisure and outdoor recreation. (pp. 572-574). London: Routledge.

Carr, N. (2003). Children. In J. M. Jenkins & J. J. Pigram (Eds.), Encyclopedia of leisure and outdoor recreation. (pp. 49-51). London: Routledge.

^ Top of page

Journal - Research Article

Saadat Abadi Nasab, P., Walters, T., & Carr, N. (2021). Examining gender roles in family leisure food provisions: A longitudinal photographic analysis. Leisure/Loisir. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/14927713.2021.1886868

Shaheer, I., Lee, C., & Carr, N. (2021). Factors motivating working holiday travel: The case of Latin American visitors to New Zealand. Tourism & Hospitality Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/14673584211003630

Tully, P. A. G., & Carr, N. (2020). Presenting the donkey at the seaside: A move towards tackling speciesism in the tourism industry. Annals of Leisure Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/11745398.2020.1737549

Chitrakar, K., Carr, N., & Albrecht, J. N. (2020). Community-based homestay tourism and its influence on indigenous gastronomic heritage. Journal of Gastronomy & Tourism, 4(2), 81-96. doi: 10.3727/216929719X15736343324850

Nava, L., Carr, N., Miller, A., & Coetzee, W. (2020). Redefining ‘freedom camping’ in New Zealand: The role of the Rugby World Cup. Annals of Leisure Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/11745398.2020.1818591

More publications...