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Clinical Associate ProfessorRoss Kennedy



Research Interests


  • model volatile anaesthetic uptake and distribution
  • effect-site volatile anaesthetic levels needed for various levels of surgical stimulus
  • nitrous oxide kinetic analysis
  • the effect of depth of anaesthesia on long-term outcomes

Current projects

  • Quantifying the effect and variability of neuromuscular blocking drugs on patients undergoing surgery
    Summer Studentship study, thanks to the Anaesthetists' Instrument Pool for funding this study.
  • Retrospective audit of use of blood & blood products during cardiac surgery
  • Degree of recovery from muscle relaxation administration at the completion of cardiac surgery & relationship with time to extubation.
  • Epidural-Related Paraesthesia In Labouring Women
  • The BALANCED Study
  • A comparison of model-based predictions of first response after anaesthesia with observed responses and the influence of hypnosedative drugs not included in the models study – (Accuracy of Predictions for Awakening).
  • IRORA – the Nerve Block Study.
  • The Co-induction Study – Looking at the effect of low dose intravenous premedication (co-induction) on cardiac output and induction of anaesthesia.
  • Peri-operative Analgesic Requirements and Quality of Recovery.
  • The influence of surgery on sevoflurane brain levels and awakening from anaesthesia – The Sevoflurane Wakeup Study.
  • The Effect of Changes in Cardiac Output on Sevoflurane Delivery in the Aisys Anaesthetic Machine Study (COCAD)
  • METS/CPEX Study – Measurement of Exercise Tolerance for Surgery (METS) Study.
  • ISOS – International Surgical Outcomes Study. (Multi-national study, sponsored by the Queen Mary University, London)


Kennedy, R. R. (2023). Pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic drug display and simulation systems in anesthesia practice [Review]. Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology, 36(4), 407-413. doi: 10.1097/aco.0000000000001278

Kennedy, R. R., Macgregor, A., Currant, P., & van der Griend, B. F. H. (2022). An audit of patterns of inhalational anesthetic use during pediatric anesthesia. Anesthesia & Analgesia, 134(4, Suppl.), (pp. 24). doi: 10.1213/01.ane.0000825308.55890.5d

Kennedy, R., McKellow, M., Matthews, R., Shoorangiz, R., & Jones, R. (2022). EEG power and frailty: A preliminary investigation. Anaesthesia & Intensive Care, 50(1, Suppl.), (pp. 9-10). doi: 10.1177/0310057X211070785

Macgregor, A., Kennedy, R., Currant, P., & van der Griend, B. (2022). Volatile anaesthetic use in the paediatric population at Christchurch Hospital. Anaesthesia & Intensive Care, 50(1, Suppl.), (pp. 4). doi: 10.1177/0310057X211070785

Woirnarski, N. C. Z., Kennedy, R. R., Te, R., Agyekum, D. G., & Hao, D. (2021). Is low-flow anesthesia with sevoflurane safe? An interactive discussion. Translational Perioperative & Pain Medicine, 8(3), 359-364. doi: 10.31480/2330-4871/141

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