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Dr Claire Smith

BSc (Human Nutrition) BA (History) MSc (Human Nutrition) PhD (Human Nutrition)

Claire Smith 186

Email claire.smith@otago.ac.nz

I have a background in Human Nutrition and my research has focused on issues relating to food insecurity and food poverty in New Zealand. I have also worked on National Nutrition Surveys and have been interested in trends relating to food intake and nutritional status for many years.

I work within the Kidzz Sleep Health research group and am particularly interested in the link between diet and sleep.

I am leading a large study of pre-bedtime behaviours in adolescents. While my research interests started in the nutrition field, I have developed an interest and expertise in the rapidly expanding field of sleep and how it relates to diet and lifestyle. Automated wearable cameras have potential to enhance traditional dietary assessment techniques but also measure screen use. The SNAP IT project (Measurement of Sleep, Screen use, Nutrition, and Activity using Photo Image in Teens) aims to use novel technologies to better capture diet and screen use in NZ adolescents, with the aim of increasing our understanding of how recreational screen time, physical activity, and diet impact on sleep in adolescents.

One further focus of my current research is to develop new methods of measuring diet and behaviour to improve on traditional techniques in respect to both respondent burden and increased accuracy.

Additional details

My role is funded through a Lotteries Health Grant and University of Otago Research Grant.

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Publications

Ward, A. L., Jospe, M., Morrison, S., Reynolds, A. N., Kuroko, S., Fangupo, L. J., Smith, C., Galland, B. C., & Taylor, R. W. (2021). Bidirectional associations between sleep quality or quantity, and dietary intakes or eating behaviors in children 6-12 years old: A systematic review with evidence mapping. Nutrition Reviews. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/nutrit/nuaa125

Idris, G., Smith, C., Galland, B., Taylor, R., Robertson, C. J., Bennani, H., & Farella, M. (2020). Relationship between chewing features and body mass index in young adolescents. Pediatric Obesity. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/ijpo.12743

Galland, B. C., de Wilde, T., Taylor, R. W., & Smith, C. (2020). Sleep and pre-bedtime activities in New Zealand adolescents: Differences by ethnicity. Sleep Health, 6, 23-31. doi: 10.1016/j.sleh.2019.09.002

Smith, C., de Wilde, T., Taylor, R. W., & Galland, B. C. (2020). Prebedtime screen use in adolescents: A survey of habits, barriers, and perceived acceptability of potential interventions. Journal of Adolescent Health, 66, 725-732. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2019.12.007

Parackal, S., Smith, C., & Skidmore, P. (2020). Diet quality, nutrient intakes and biochemical status of New Zealand women of childbearing age according to alcohol consumption patterns. Public Health Nutrition, 23(16), 2952-2962. doi: 10.1017/s1368980019003781

Commissioned Report for External Body

Smith, C., Parnell, W., & Brown, R. (2010). Family food environment: Barriers to acquiring affordable and nutritious food in New Zealand households: Blue Skies Report No. 32/10. Commissioned by Families Commission/Blue Skies Fund. Wellington, New Zealand: Families Commission. 48p.

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Working Paper; Discussion Paper; Technical Report

Smith, C. (Ed.). (2019). Information package for users of the New Zealand estimated food costs 2019. Dunedin, New Zealand: University of Otago, 20p. Retrieved from https://ourarchive.otago.ac.nz/handle/10523/9819

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Journal - Research Article

Ward, A. L., Jospe, M., Morrison, S., Reynolds, A. N., Kuroko, S., Fangupo, L. J., Smith, C., Galland, B. C., & Taylor, R. W. (2021). Bidirectional associations between sleep quality or quantity, and dietary intakes or eating behaviors in children 6-12 years old: A systematic review with evidence mapping. Nutrition Reviews. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/nutrit/nuaa125

Idris, G., Smith, C., Galland, B., Taylor, R., Robertson, C. J., Bennani, H., & Farella, M. (2020). Relationship between chewing features and body mass index in young adolescents. Pediatric Obesity. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/ijpo.12743

Parackal, S., Smith, C., & Skidmore, P. (2020). Diet quality, nutrient intakes and biochemical status of New Zealand women of childbearing age according to alcohol consumption patterns. Public Health Nutrition, 23(16), 2952-2962. doi: 10.1017/s1368980019003781

Smith, C., de Wilde, T., Taylor, R. W., & Galland, B. C. (2020). Prebedtime screen use in adolescents: A survey of habits, barriers, and perceived acceptability of potential interventions. Journal of Adolescent Health, 66, 725-732. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2019.12.007

Galland, B. C., de Wilde, T., Taylor, R. W., & Smith, C. (2020). Sleep and pre-bedtime activities in New Zealand adolescents: Differences by ethnicity. Sleep Health, 6, 23-31. doi: 10.1016/j.sleh.2019.09.002

Macaulay, G. C., Galland, B. C., Boucher, S. E., Wiltshire, E. J., Haszard, J. J., Campbell, A. J., Black, S. M., Smith, C., Elder, D., & Wheeler, B. J. (2020). Impact of type 1 diabetes mellitus, glucose levels, and glycaemic control on sleep in children and adolescents: A case-control study. Sleep, 43(2), 1-11. doi: 10.1093/sleep/zsz226

Smith, C., Galland, B. C., de Bruin, W. E., & Taylor, R. W. (2019). Feasibility of automated cameras to measure screen use in adolescents. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 57(3), 417-424. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2019.04.012

Smith, C., Galland, B., Taylor, R., & Meredith-Jones, K. (2019). ActiGraph GT3X+ and Actical wrist and hip worn accelerometers for sleep and wake indices in young children using an automated algorithm: Validation with polysomnography. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 10, 958. doi: 10.3389/fpsyt.2019.00958

Galland, B. C., Gray, A. R., Penno, J., Smith, C., Lobb, C., & Taylor, R. W. (2017). Gender differences in sleep hygiene practices and sleep quality in New Zealand adolescents aged 15 to 17 years. Sleep Health, 3(2), 77-83. doi: 10.1016/j.sleh.2017.02.001

Brown, R. C., Tey, S. L., Gray, A. R., Chisholm, A., Smith, C., Fleming, E., & Parnell, W. (2016). Nut consumption is associated with better nutrient intakes: Results from the 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey. British Journal of Nutrition, 115(1), 105-112. doi: 10.1017/S0007114515004122

Prentice, C. A., Smith, C., & McLean, R. M. (2016). Sodium in commonly consumed fast foods in New Zealand: A public health opportunity. Public Health Nutrition, 19(6), 958-966. doi: 10.1017/S1368980015001731

Miller, J. C., Smith, C., Williams, S. M., Mann, J. I., Brown, R. C., Parnell, W. R., & Skeaff, C. M. (2016). Trends in serum total cholesterol and dietary fat intakes in New Zealand between 1989 and 2009. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 40(3), 263-269. doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12504

Smith, C., Gray, A. R., Mainvil, L. A., Fleming, E. A., & Parnell, W. R. (2015). Secular changes in intakes of foods among New Zealand adults from 1997 to 2008/09. Public Health Nutrition, 18(18), 3249-3259. doi: 10.1017/S1368980015000890

Brown, R. C., Tey, S. L., Gray, A. R., Chisholm, A., Smith, C., Fleming, E., & Parnell, W. (2015). Association of nut consumption with cardiometabolic risk factors in the 2008/2009 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey. Nutrients, 7(9), 7523-7542. doi: 10.3390/nu7095351

Parackal, S. M., Smith, C., & Parnell, W. R. (2015). A profile of New Zealand 'Asian' participants of the 2008/09 Adult National Nutrition Survey: Focus on dietary habits, nutrient intakes and health outcomes. Public Health Nutrition, 18(5), 893-904. doi: 10.1017/S1368980014001049

Smith, C., Gray, A. R., Fleming, E. A., & Parnell, W. R. (2014). Characteristics of fast-food/takeaway-food and restaurant/café-food consumers among New Zealand adults. Public Health Nutrition, 17(10), 2368-2377. doi: 10.1017/S1368980013002681

Brown, R. C., Tey, S. L., Gray, A. R., Chisholm, A., Smith, C., Fleming, E., Blakey, C., & Parnell, W. (2014). Patterns and predictors of nut consumption: Results from the 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey. British Journal of Nutrition, 112(12), 2028-2040. doi: 10.1017/s0007114514003158

Smith, C., Parnell, W. R., Brown, R. C., & Gray, A. R. (2013). Providing additional money to food-insecure households and its effect on food expenditure: A randomized controlled trial. Public Health Nutrition, 16(8), 1507-1515. doi: 10.1017/s1368980012003680

Smith, C., Parnell, W. R., Brown, R. C., & Gray, A. R. (2013). Balancing the diet and the budget: Food purchasing practices of food-insecure families in New Zealand. Nutrition & Dietetics, 70(4), 278-285. doi: 10.1111/1747-0080.12043

Parnell, W. R., Wilson, N. C., & Smith, C. (2006). Dietary supplements: Prevalence of use in the New Zealand population. Nutrition & Dietetics, 63, 199-205.

Smith, C., Wilson, N. C., & Parnell, W. R. (2005). Dietary supplements: Characteristics of supplement users in New Zealand. Nutrition & Dietetics, 62(4), 123-129. doi: 10.1111/j.1747-0080.2005.00020.x

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Journal - Research Other

Ward, A. L., Galland, B. C., Haszard, J. J., Meredith-Jones, K., Morrison, S., McIntosh, D. R., Jackson, R., … Fangupo, L., Richards, R., Te Morenga, L., Smith, C., Elder, D. E., & Taylor, R. W. (2019). The effect of mild sleep deprivation on diet and eating behaviour in children: Protocol for the Daily Rest, Eating, and Activity Monitoring (DREAM) randomized cross-over trial. BMC Public Health, 19, 1347. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-7628-x

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Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Full paper

Parnell, W. R., & Smith, C. (2008). Food security: Current research initiatives, globally and in New Zealand. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society of New Zealand, 33, (pp. 4-13). [Full Paper]

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Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Haszard, J., Scott, T., Smith, C., Horwath, C., & Peddie, M. (2020). Earlier shuteye time is more strongly associated with healthy dietary habits than bedtime in adolescent females. Proceedings of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity (ISBNPA) XChange. (pp. 816). International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. Retrieved from https://venuewest.eventsair.com/isbnpa-xchange-initiative

Smith, C., Cox, A., Galland, B., de Bruin, W., Morrison, S., McIntosh, D., & Taylor, R. (2020). Using automated wearable cameras with 24-hour in to capture diet in adolescents. Proceedings of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity (ISBNPA) XChange. (pp. 807). International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. Retrieved from https://venuewest.eventsair.com/isbnpa-xchange-initiative

Macaulay, G., Galland, B., Boucher, S., Wiltshire, E., Haszard, J., Campbell, A., Black, S., Smith, C., Elder, D., & Wheeler, B. (2019). Sleep states, habitual sleep and glycaemic control in children and adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes. Journal of Sleep Research, 28(Suppl. 1), O003. doi: 10.1111/jsr.02_12912

Meredith-Jones, K., Galland, B. C., Smith, C., Williams, S., & Taylor, R. W. (2019). Issues and practicalities of sleep assessment using large accelerometry data sets in children. Proceedings of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity (ISBNPA) Annual Meeting: Healthy People, Healthy Planet. (pp. 417). International Society of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity. Retrieved from http://isbnpa2019.venuewest.com

Smith, C., Galland, B. C., de Bruin, W., & Taylor, R. W. (2018). A square world: Exploring the use of automated wearable cameras to capture screen use in adolescents. Proceedings of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity (ISBNPA) Annual Meeting: Advancing Behaviour Change Science. (pp. 448). International Society of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity. Retrieved from http://isbnpa2018.venuewest.com

Smith, C., Taylor, R., de Wilde, T., & Galland, B. (2017). Demographic factors related to sleep outcomes among New Zealand adolescents. Journal of Sleep Research, 26(Suppl. 1), (pp. 24-25). doi: 10.1111/jsr.12617

Harrex, H., Taylor, R., Smith, C., & Galland, B. (2017). Utilizing new technologies to capture infant sleep-wake behaviour: Protocol for the Babycam Pilot Study. Journal of Sleep Research, 26(Suppl. 1), (pp. 56). doi: 10.1111/jsr.12617

Smith, C., & Parnell, W. R. (2015). Types of sweetened beverages consumed and contribution to energy intake in New Zealand adults. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society of Australia, 39, (pp. 56). Sydney, Australia: Nutrition Society of Australia. [Abstract]

Prentice, C. A., Smith, C., & McLean, R. M. (2014). Salted: Sodium in commonly consumed fast food in New Zealand. Nutrients, 6(11), (pp. 4741). doi: 10.3390/nu6114731

August, C. R., Smith, C., Fleming, E. A., & Parnell, W. R. (2014). Changes in portion sizes of snack foods consumed by New Zealand adults. Nutrients, 6(11), (pp. 4731-4732). doi: 10.3390/nu6114731

Smith, C., Mainvil, L. A., Walker, L. M., McPike, L. J., Gray, E. A., & Parnell, W. R. (2014). Update of the New Zealand Food Cost Survey: 2014. Nutrients, 6(11), (pp. 4744). doi: 10.3390/nu6114731

Smith, C., Gray, A. R., Fleming, E. A., & Parnell, W. R. (2013). Secular trends in consumption of food groups among New Zealand adults. Australasian Medical Journal, 6(11), (pp. 624). [Abstract]

Tey, S. L., Brown, R. C., Gray, A. R., Chisholm, A., Smith, C., Fleming, L., Blakey, C., & Parnell, W. R. (2013). Association of nut consumption with nutrient intakes and cardio-metabolic risk factors: Results from the 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutrition Survey. Australasian Medical Journal, 6(11), (pp. 674). [Abstract]

Brown, R. C., Tey, S. L., Gray, A. R., Chisholm, A., Smith, C., Fleming, L., Blakey, C., & Parnell, W. R. (2013). Prevalence and predictors of nut consumption: Results from the 2008/09 New Zealand Adult Nutritional Survey. Australasian Medical Journal, 6(11), (pp. 640). [Abstract]

Smith, C., Parnell, W. R., & Brown, R. C. (2011). Food expenditure of food insecure families: A reality check. Australasian Medical Journal, 4(12), (pp. 804). [Abstract]

Smith, C., Parnell, W. R., & Brown, R. C. (2011). Food expenditure of food insecure families: A reality check. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society of Australia, 35, (pp. 16). [Abstract]

Smith, C., Parnell, W., & Brown, R. (2010). Achieving food security for New Zealand families: How far can behavioural change take us? Nutrition & Dietetics. 67(Suppl. 2), (pp. 8). doi: 10.1261/j.1747-0080.2010.01440.x

Smith, C., Parnell, W., & Brown, R. (2010). Food purchasing practices of families by socio-economic and food security status. Australasian Medical Journal, 3(1), (pp. 84). doi: 10.4066/AMJ.2010.207

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Conference Contribution - Verbal presentation and other Conference outputs

Smith, C. (2019, November). Food insecurity and food poverty in New Zealand. Verbal presentation at the Postgraduate & Early Career Nutrition Conference: Beyond Nutrition, Napier, New Zealand.

Smith, C. (2019, February). Dish it up: Highlights of research using NZ National Nutrition Survey data. Verbal presentation at the Focus on Fibre & Food Monitoring Symposium, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Macaulay, G., Galland, B. C., Boucher, S. E., Wiltshire, E. J., Haszard, J., Campbell, A. J., Black, S. M., Smith, C., Elder, D., & Wheeler, B. J. (2019, September). Sleep and glycaemic control in children and adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus. Verbal presentation at the Australasian Pediatric Endocrine Group (APEG) Annual Scientific Meeting, Adelaide, Australia.

Smith, C. (2016, November). Can automated cameras provide an easy but accurate way of measuring energy intake in adolescents? Verbal presentation at the Women's and Children's Health Research Symposium, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Miller, J. C., Smith, C., Williams, S., Mann, J. I., Brown, R. C., Parnell, W. R., & Skeaff, C. M. (2013, August). Trends in serum cholesterol and dietary fat intakes of New Zealand adults, 1989 to 2009. Verbal presentation at the Queenstown Molecular Biology (QMB) Meetings, Queenstown, New Zealand.

Smith, C., Parnell, W. R., & Brown, R. C. (2011, November-December). Food expenditure of food insecure families: A reality check. Verbal presentation at the Joint Annual Scientific Meeting of the Nutrition Society of New Zealand and the Nutrition Society of Australia: Green & Lean, Queenstown, New Zealand.

Smith, C., Parnell, W., & Brown, R. (2010, June). Family food environment: Barriers to acquiring affordable and nutritious food in New Zealand households. Verbal presentation at the Families Commission Research Seminar, Wellington, New Zealand.

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