Assoc Prof Brian Cox

Associate-Professor Brian Cox is director of the Hugh Adam Cancer Epidemiology Unit at University of Otago. His research interest revolves the causes of cancer.

Research interests

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Publications

Cox, B., & Sneyd, M. J. (2011). School milk and risk of colorectal cancer: A national case-control study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 173(4), 394-403. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwq390

Cox, B., Richardson, A., Graham, P., Gislefoss, R. E., Jellum, E., & Rollag, H. (2010). Breast cancer, cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus: A nested case-control study. British Journal of Cancer, 102, 1665-1669. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6605675

Cox, B., Sneyd, M. J., Paul, C., & Skegg, D. C. G. (2006). Risk factors for prostate cancer: A national case-control study. International Journal of Cancer, 119, 1690-1694.

Cox, B., Ballard-Barbash, R., Broeders, M., Dowling, E., Malila, N., Shumak, R., … Miglioretti, D. (2010). Recording of hormone therapy and breast density in breast screening programs: Summary and recommendations of the International Cancer Screening Network. Breast Cancer Research & Treatment, 124(3), 793-800. doi: 10.1007/s10549-010-0893-0

International Agency for Research on Cancer, including Cox, B., & Sneyd, M. J. (2008). Meta-analysis of observational studies on vitamin D levels and colorectal, breast and prostate cancer and colorectal adenoma. In Vitamin D and cancer [IARC Working Group Reports: Vol. 5]. (pp. 100-112). Lyon, France: IARC.

Chapter in Book - Research

International Agency for Research on Cancer, including Cox, B., & Sneyd, M. J. (2008). Meta-analysis of observational studies on vitamin D levels and colorectal, breast and prostate cancer and colorectal adenoma. In Vitamin D and cancer [IARC Working Group Reports: Vol. 5]. (pp. 100-112). Lyon, France: IARC.

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Journal - Research Article

Zhang, L. R., Morgenstern, H., Greenland, S., Chang, S.-C., Lazarus, P., Teare, M. D., … Cox, B., … Hung, R. J. (2015). Cannabis smoking and lung cancer risk: Pooled analysis in the International Lung Cancer Consortium. International Journal of Cancer, 136(4), 894-903. doi: 10.1002/ijc.29036

Coffey, S., Cox, B., & Williams, M. J. A. (2014). The prevalence, incidence, progression, and risks of aortic valve sclerosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JACC, 63(25), 2852-2861. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2014.04.018

Cox, B., Liu, C.-W., Sneyd, M. J., & Cameron, C. M. (2014). Epidemic of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in New Zealand remains unexplained. Journal of Cancer Epidemiology, 2014, 315378. doi: 10.1155/2014/315378

Coffey, S., Cox, B., & Williams, M. J. A. (2014). Lack of progress in valvular heart disease in the pre—transcatheter aortic valve replacement era: Increasing deaths and minimal change in mortality rate over the past three decades. American Heart Journal, 167(4), 562-567. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2013.12.030

Sneyd, M. J., Cameron, C., & Cox, B. (2014). Individual risk of cutaneous melanoma in New Zealand: Developing a clinical prediction aid. BMC Cancer, 14, 359. doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-14-359

McBride, D., Cox, B., Broughton, J., & Tong, D. (2013). The mortality and cancer experience of New Zealand Vietnam war veterans: A cohort study. BMJ Open, 3, e003379. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003379

Sneyd, M. J., & Cox, B. (2013). A comparison of trends in melanoma mortality in New Zealand and Australia: The two countries with the highest melanoma incidence and mortality in the world. BMC Cancer, 13, 372. doi: 10.1186/1471-2407-13-372

Cox, B., & Sneyd, M. J. (2013). Bias in breast cancer research in the screening era. The Breast, 22(6), 1041-1045. doi: 10.1016/j.breast.2013.07.046

Cox, B., & Sneyd, M. J. (2011). School milk and risk of colorectal cancer: A national case-control study. American Journal of Epidemiology, 173(4), 394-403. doi: 10.1093/aje/kwq390

Sneyd, M. J., & Cox, B. (2011). Clinical and histologic factors associated with melanoma thickness in New Zealand Europeans, Maori, and Pacific Peoples. Cancer, 117(11), 2489-2498. doi: 10.1002/cncr.25795

Gandini, S., Boniol, M., Haukka, J., Byrnes, G., Cox, B., Sneyd, M. J., … Autier, P. (2011). Meta-analysis of observational studies of serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D levels and colorectal, breast and prostate cancer and colorectal adenoma. International Journal of Cancer, 128(6), 1414-1424. doi: 10.1002/ijc.25439

Cox, B., Richardson, A., Graham, P., Gislefoss, R. E., Jellum, E., & Rollag, H. (2010). Breast cancer, cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus: A nested case-control study. British Journal of Cancer, 102, 1665-1669. doi: 10.1038/sj.bjc.6605675

Skegg, K., Firth, H., Gray, A., & Cox, B. (2010). Suicide by occupation: Does access to means increase the risk? Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 44(5), 429-434. doi: 10.3109/00048670903487191

Cox, B., Ballard-Barbash, R., Broeders, M., Dowling, E., Malila, N., Shumak, R., … Miglioretti, D. (2010). Recording of hormone therapy and breast density in breast screening programs: Summary and recommendations of the International Cancer Screening Network. Breast Cancer Research & Treatment, 124(3), 793-800. doi: 10.1007/s10549-010-0893-0

Stevens, G., Stevens, W., Purchuri, S., Kolbe, J., & Cox, B. (2009). Radiotherapy utilisation in lung cancer in New Zealand: Disparities with optimal rates explained. New Zealand Medical Journal, 122(1306). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/122-1306/3885/content.pdf

Beatty, S., Stevens, W., Stevens, G., Kolbe, J., & Cox, B. (2009). Lung cancer patients in New Zealand initially present to secondary care through the emergency department rather than by referral to a respiratory specialist. New Zealand Medical Journal, 122(1294). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/122-1294/3584/content.pdf

Sneyd, M. J., & Cox, B. (2009). Melanoma in Maori, Asian, and Pacific Peoples in New Zealand. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 18(6), 1706-1713. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-08-0682

Stevens, W., Stevens, G., Kolbe, J., & Cox, B. (2008). Varied routes of entry into secondary care and delays in the management of lung cancer in New Zealand. Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology, 4(2), 98-106. doi: 10.1111/j.1743-7563.2008.00158.x

Cox, B. (2008). The effect of service screening on breast cancer mortality rates. European Journal of Cancer Prevention, 17(4), 306-311.

Wright, C., Reeder, A. I., Gray, A., & Cox, B. (2008). Child sun protection: Sun-related attitudes mediate the association between children's knowledge and behaviours. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 44(12), 692-698. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2008.01408.x

Richardson, A., Fletcher, L., Sneyd, M. J., Cox, B., & Reeder, A. I. (2008). The incidence and thickness of cutaneous malignant melanoma in New Zealand 1994-2004. New Zealand Medical Journal, 121(1279). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/121-1279/3189/content.pdf

Stevens, W., Stevens, G., Kolbe, J., & Cox, B. (2008). Ethnic differences in the management of lung cancer in New Zealand. Journal of Thoracic Oncology, 3(3), 237-244. doi: 10.1097/JTO.0b013e3181653d08

Stevens, W., Stevens, G., Kolbe, J., & Cox, B. (2008). Comparison of New Zealand Cancer Registry data with an independent lung cancer audit. New Zealand Medical Journal, 121(1276). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/121-1276/3119/content.pdf

Stevens, W., Stevens, G., Kolbe, J., & Cox, B. (2008). Management of stages I and II non-small-cell lung cancer in a New Zealand study: Divergence from international practice and recommendations. Internal Medicine Journal, 38(10), 758-768. doi: 10.1111/j.1445-5994.2007.01523.x

Aldington, S., Harwood, M., Cox, B., Weatherall, M., Beckert, L., Hansell, A., … Beasley, R., for the Cannabis and Respiratory Disease Research Group. (2008). Cannabis use and cancer of the head and neck: Case-control study. Otolaryngology: Head & Neck Surgery, 138, 374-380. doi: 10.1016/j.otohns.2007.12.002

Dachs, G. U., Currie, M. J., Mckenzie, F., Jeffreys, M., Cox, B., Foliaki, S., … Robinson, B. A. (2008). Cancer disparities in indigenous Polynesian populations: Māori, Native Hawaiians, and Pacific people. Lancet Oncology, 9(5), 473-484. doi: 10.1016/S1470-2045(08)70127-X

Aldington, S., Harwood, M., Cox, B., Weatherall, M., Beckert, L., Hansell, A., … Beasley, R., on behalf of the Cannabis and Respiratory Disease Research Group. (2008). Cannabis use and risk of lung cancer: A case-control study. European Respiratory Journal, 31(2), 280-286. doi: 10.1183/09031936.00065707

Stevens, W., Stevens, G., Kolbe, J., & Cox, B. (2007). Lung cancer in New Zealand: Patterns of secondary care and implications for survival. Journal of Thoracic Oncology, 2(6), 481-493.

Wright, C. Y., Reeder, A. I., Bodeker, G. E., Gray, A., & Cox, B. (2007). Solar UVR exposure, concurrent activities and sun-protective practices among primary schoolchildren. Photochemistry & Photobiology, 83(3), 749-758.

Firth, H., Gray, A., Carpenter, L. M., & Cox, B. (2007). Cancer mortality by occupation among New Zealand women: 1988-1997. New Zealand Medical Journal, 120(1266). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/120-1266/2833/content.pdf

Blair, V., Martin, I., Shaw, D., Winship, I., Kerr, D., Arnold, J., … Cox, B., Humar, B., More, H., & Guilford, P. (2006). Hereditary diffuse gastric cancer: Diagnosis and management. Clinical Gastroenterology & Hepatology, 4, 262-275. doi: 10.1016/j.cgh.2005.12.003

Sneyd, M. J., & Cox, B. (2006). The control of melanoma in New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 119(1242). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/119-1242/2169/content.pdf

Cox, B., Sneyd, M. J., Paul, C., & Skegg, D. C. G. (2006). Risk factors for prostate cancer: A national case-control study. International Journal of Cancer, 119, 1690-1694.

Cox, B., & Sneyd, M. (2005). Prospects for cancer control: Colorectal cancer. New Zealand Medical Journal, 118(1221). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/118-1221/1632/content.pdf

Richardson, A., Cox, B., Brown, T., & Smale, P. (2005). The impact of breast cancer screening on breast cancer registrations in New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 118(1209). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/118-1209/1291/content.pdf

Richardson, A. K., Cox, B., McCredie, M. R. E., Dite, G. S., Chang, J. H., Gertig, D. M., … Hopper, J. L. (2004). Cytomegalovirus, Epstein-Barr virus and risk of breast cancer before age 40 years: A case-control study. British Journal of Cancer, 90, 2149-2152.

Richardson, A., Graham, P., Brown, T., Smale, P., & Cox, B. (2004). Breast cancer detection rates, and standardised detection ratios for prevalence screening in the New Zealand breast cancer screening programme. Journal of Medical Screening, 11(2), 65-69.

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Journal - Research Other

Sneyd, M. J., Cameron, C., & Cox, B. (2013). [Letter to the editor]. Australasian Journal of Dermatology, 54(4), e97. doi: 10.1111/ajd.12084

Coffey, S., Williams, M. J. A., & Cox, B. (2013). Letter by Coffey et al regarding article, Estimating deaths from cardiovascular disease: A review of global methodologies of mortality measurement. Circulation, 128(6), e84. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.113.002123

Cox, B., & Sneyd, M. J. (2011). A regional non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) collection as part of the National Cancer Registry [Letter]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 124(1346). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/124-1346/4981/content.pdf

Sneyd, M. J., & Cox, B. (2011). Commentary: Decreasing response rates require investigators to quantify and report the impact of selection bias in case-control studies. International Journal of Epidemiology, 40(5), 1355-1357. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyr123

Cox, B., & Sneyd, M. J. (2009). PSA testing in asymptomatic men to diagnose prostate cancer remains experimental [Editorial]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 122(1296). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/122-1296/3640/content.pdf

Sneyd, M. J., Cox, B., Reeder, A., & Richardson, A. (2008). European melanoma incidence: A response to Professor Shaw's melanoma editorial. New Zealand Medical Journal, 121(1285). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/121-1285/3359/content.pdf

Boyle, P., Anderson, B. O., Andersson, L. C., Ariyaratne, Y., Auleley, G.-R., Barbacid, M., … Cox, B., … Zheng, T. (2008). Need for global action for cancer control [Editorial]. Annals of Oncology, 19(9), 1519-1521. doi: 10.1093/ANNONC/MDN426

Cox, B. (2007). Trading PREDICTions [Editorial]. New Zealand Medical Journal, 120(1261). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/120-1261/2707/content.pdf

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Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Gavidi, R. O., Cox, B., King, T., & Rich, A. M. (2014). Epidemiological differences in oral squamous cell carcinoma in New Zealand and Fiji. Pathology, 46(Suppl. 1), (pp. S9). doi: 10.1097/01.PAT.0000443429.70369.cb

Gavidi, R., Rich, A., Cox, B., & King, T. (2013). Comparing the prevalence of oral cancer in Fiji and New Zealand (2000-2010). In C. Matthewson, M. Taumoepeau, G. Burnett & I. Iati (Eds.), Proceedings of the Pacific Postgraduate Symposium: Pacific Voices X. (pp. 25). Dunedin, New Zealand: Pacific Islands Centre, University of Otago. [Abstract]

Coffey, S., Cox, B., & Williams, M. J. A. (2012). The increasing mortality of valvular heart disease. European Heart Journal, 33, (pp. 526). doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehs282

Coffey, S., Cox, B., & Williams, M. J. A. (2012). Valvular heart disease mortality in New Zealand 1988 to 2007. Heart, Lung & Circulation, 21(8), (pp. 484). doi: 10.1016/j.hlc.2012.03.027

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