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Puka rangahau

Journal articles

Talamaivao N, Baker G, Harris R, Cormack D and Paine S-J (2021) 'Informing Anti-Racism Health Policy in Aotearoa New Zealand', Policy Quarterly,  17 (4), pp. 50-57. Appendix A: Central Government policy documents that refer to racism and health in AotearoaNZ

Morrell S, Taylor R, Roder D, Robson B, Gregory M, Craig K. Mammography service screening and breast cancer mortality in New Zealand: a national cohort study 1999-2011. British Journal of Cancer (2017) 116, 828–839 | doi:10.1038/bjc.2017.6

McLeod M, King P, Stanley J, Lacey C, Cunningham R.  Ethnic disparities in the use of seclusion for adult psychiatric inpatients in New Zealand.

Paine SJ, Harris R, Cormack D, Stanley J.  (2017) Self-reported sleep complaints are associated with adverse health outcomes: cross-sectional analysis of the 2002/03 New Zealand Health Survey.  Ethnicity & Health, 1-13

Paine SJ, Harris R, Cormack D, Stanley J. (2016). Racial discrimination and ethnic disparities in sleep disturbance: the 2002/03 New Zealand Health Survey.  Sleep, 39(3): 477-485

Harris R, Cormack D, Curtis E, Jones R, Stanley J, Lacey C.  Development and testing of study tools and methods to examine ethnic bias and clinical decision-making among medical students in New Zealand:  The Bias and Decision-Making in Medicine (BDMM) study.  BMC Medical Education 2016; 16:173. doi: 10.1186/s12909-016-0701-6

Robson, B. (2016) Te reo Māori is imperative for research and practice in Aotearoa. He Taonga te Reo. Kōrerotia! Tuhia! Nursing Praxis in New Zealand, 32(3), 5-6

Anderson I, Robson B, Connolly M, Al-Yamin F, Bjertness E, King A, Tynan M, Madden R, Bang A, Coimbra C, Pesantes M, et al.  (2016).  Indigenous and Tribal People's Health:  The Lancet-Lowitja Institute Global Collaboration.  The Lancet 387. Published Online April 20, 2016.

Lawton B, Makowharemahihi C, Cram F, Robson B, Ngata T. (2016).  E Hine: access to contraception for indigenous Māori teenage mothers. Journal of Primary Health Care8(1) 52-59

Gilmour, J., Huntington, A., & Robson, B. (2016) Oral health experiences of Māori with dementia and whānau perspectives - oranga waha mō ngā iwi katoa. Nursing Praxis in New Zealand, 32(1), 20-27

Lawton B, Stanley J, Filoche S, Garrett S, Rose S, Robson B, Elley R. (2016) Exploring the maternal infant continuum - ethnic disparities in infant hospital admissions for respiratory disease.  Australia New Zealand Journal of Public Health Mar 30. doi: 10.1111/ecc.12472 (Epub ahead of print)

Robson, B., Ellison-Loschmann, L. (2016) Māori and cancer care in Aotearo/New Zealand - responses to disparities.  European Journal of Cancer Care 25: 214-218 doi: 10.1111/ecc.12472 (Invited editorial for a themed issue on cancer in Indigenous populations)

Sarfati, D. Robson, B. (2015).  Equitable cancer control requires better data on indigenous peoples.  The Lancet Oncology. 2015;16(15):1442-1443.(Editorial)

Crampton, P., Robson, B. (2014) Ongoing effort and leadership needed to keep the focus on improving Māori health .  NZ Medical Journal, Vol 127 No 1393:6-7.  (Editorial)

Ryks J, Howden-Chapman P, Robson B, Stuart K, Waa A.  Māori participation in urban development:  challenges and opportunities for indigenous people in Aotearoa New Zealand.  Lincoln Planning Review 6 (1-2), 4-17.

Reid J, Cormack D, Crowe M. (2015). 'The significance of relational continuity of care for Māori patient engagement with predominantly non-Māori doctors: findings from a qualitative study'. ANZJPH, Article first published online: 3 SEP 2015, DOI: 10.1111/1753-6405.12447.

Harris R, Cormack D, Stanley J, Rameka R. (2015) Investigating the Relationship between Ethnic Consciousness, Racial Discrimination and Self-Rated Health in New Zealand. PLoS ONE 10(2): e0117343. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0117343

Reid J, Cormack D, Crowe M.  (2015).  The significance of socially-assigned ethnicity for self-identified Māori accessing and engaging with primary healthcare in New Zealand.  Health. (e-pub ahead of print).

McLeod M, Blakely T, Kvizhinadze G, Harris R. Why equal treatment is not always equitable: The impact of existing ethnic health inequalities in cost effectiveness modelling. Population Health Metrics 2014; 12:15. doi:10.1186/1478-7954-12-15

Neuwelt P, Crengle S, Cormack D, McLeod M, Bramley D. (2014). General practice ethnicity data:  evaluation of a tool. Journal of Primary Health Care. 6(1):  49-55

Lawton, B., Filoche, SK., Rose, S.B., Stanley J, Garret, S, Robson, B., Brown, S., Sykes, P. (2014) Uterine Cancer: Exploring access to services in the public health system. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 54(5), 457-461. doi:10.1111/ajo.12237

Makowharemahihi C, Lawton BZ, Cram F, Ngata T, Brown S, Robson B (2014). Initiation of maternity care for young Māori women under 20 years of age NZ Medical Journal, Vol 127.52-61

Cormack D, Harris RB, Stanley J. Investigating the Relationship between Socially-Assigned Ethnicity, Racial Discrimination and Health Disadvantage. PLOS One 2013.

Harris RB, Cormack D, Tobias M, Yeh L-C, Talamaivao N, Minster J, Timutimu R. The pervasive effects of racism: experiences of racial discrimination in New Zealand over time and associations with multiple health domains. Social Science and Medicine 2012; 74(3):408-415.

Harris RB, Cormack D, Tobias M, Yeh LC, Talamaivao N, Minster J, Timutimu R. Self-Reported Experience of racial Discrimination and Health Care Use in New Zealand: Results From the 2006/07 New Zealand Health Survey. American Journal of Public Health 2012; 102(5)

Becares L, Cormack D, Harris R. Ethnic density and area deprivation: Neighbourhood effects on Māori health and racial discrimination in Aotearoa/New ZealandSocial Science & Medicine 2013; 88:76–82. do: 10.1016/j-socscimed.201304.007

Harris R, Cormack D, Stanley J. The relationship between socially-assigned ethnicity, health and experience of racial discrimination for Māori: analysis of the 2006/07 New Zealand Health Survey. BMC Public Health 2013, 13:844.

McLeod M, Cormack D, Harris R, Robson B, Sykes P, Crengle S. Achieving equitable outcomes for Māori women with Cervical Cancer in New Zealand: health provider view. N Z Med J 2011; 124:1334.

Paine SJ, Harris RB, Mihaere KM.  Managing obstructive sleep apnoea and achieving equity: implications for health services, New Zealand Medical Journal 2011; 124(1334):97-104

McLeod M, Harris R, Purdie G, Cormack D, Robson B, Sykes P et al. Improving survival disparities in cervical cancer between Māori and non-Māori women in New Zealand: a national retrospective cohort study. Aust NZ J Public Health 2010; 34(2):193-99.

Hill S, Sarfati D, Blakely T, Robson B, Purdie G, Dennett E, Cormack D, Dew K, Ayanian J, Kawachi I. Race/ethnicity and management of colon cancer in New Zealand: Do Indigenous patients get a worse deal? Journal of Epidemiology Community 2009; 63:3205-3214.

Curtis E, Harwood M, Riddell T, Robson B, Harris R, Mills C, Reid P. Access and Society as Determinants of Ischaemic Heart Disease in Indigenous Populations. Heart, Lung and Circulation 2010; 19:316–324.

Hill S, Sarfati D, Blakely T Hill S, Sarfati D, Blakely T, Robson B, Purdie G, et al. Survival disparities in Indigenous and non-Indigenous New Zealanders with colon cancer: the role of patient comorbidity, treatment and health service factors. J Epidemiol Community Health 2010; 64:117-123.

Sarfati D, Hill S, Blakely T, Robson B, Purdie G, Dennett E, Cormack D, Dew K. The effect of comorbidity on the use of adjuvant chemotherapy and survival from colon cancer: a retrospective cohort study. BMC Cancer 2009, 9:116

Mihaere KM, Harris R, Gander P, Reid P, Purdie G, Robson B, Neill A. Obstructive sleep apnoea in New Zealand adults. Prevalence and risk factors among Māori and non-Māori. SLEEP 2009; 32:949-956

Hill S, Safarti D, Blakely T, Robson B. Ethnicity and Cancer Treatment in New Zealand: do Māori patients get a worse deal. Journal of Epidemiology Community Health 2009; 63;19

Simmonds S, Robson B, Cram F and Purdie G. Kaupapa Māori Epidemiology. Australasian Epidemiologist 2008;15(1)2-6

Robson B, Purdie G, Cram F, Simmonds S. Age Standardisation - An Indigenous Standard? Emerging Themes in Epidemiology. Emerging Themes in Epidemiology 2007; 4(3)

Harris R, Robson B, Curtis E, Purdie G, Cormack D, Reid P. Māori and non-Māori differences in caesarean section rates: a national review. NZ Med J 2007; 120(1250)

Bramley D, Broad J, Jackson R, Reid P, Harris R, Ameratunga S, Connor J. Cardiovascular risk factors and their associations with alcohol consumption: are there differences between Maori and non-Maori in Aotearoa (New Zealand). N Z Med J 2006; 116(1184):1-17

McLeod D, Cormack D, Love T, Salmond C, et al. Ethnicity, Socioeconomic deprivation and consultation rate in New Zealand general Practice. Journal of Health Services and Research & Policy 2006; 11(3):141–149.

Paine SJ, Gander PH, Harris R, Reid P. Prevalence and consequences of insomnia in New Zealand: disparities between Māori and non-Māori. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 2005; 29:1.

Blakely T, Tobias M, Robson B, Ajwanji S, Bonne M, Woodward A. Widening ethnic mortality disparities in New Zealand 1981-1999. Social Science and Medicine 2005; 2233-2251.

Gander PH, Marshall NS, Harris R, Reid P. The Epworth Sleepiness Scale: influence of age, ethnicity and socioeconomic deprivation. SLEEP 2005; 28(2):249-253.

Paine SJ, Gander PH, Harris R, Reid P. Who reports insomnia? Relationships with Age, Sex, Ethnicity and Socioeconomics, Deprivation. SLEEP 2004; 27(6):116-3-9.

Bramley D, Broad J, Harris R, Reid P, Jackson R.  For the Alcohol Burden of Disease and Disability Group.  Differences in patterns of alcohol consumption between Māori and non-Māori in Aotearoa (New Zealand).  New Zealand medical Journal 2003; 116(1184).  URL

Carr J, Robson B, Reid P, Purdie G, and Workman P. Heart failure: ethnic disparities in morbidity and mortality in New Zealand. N Z Med J 2002;115(1146):15-7.

Keefe V, Reid P, Ormsby C, Robson B, Purdie G, Ngāti Kahungunu Iwi Incorporated. Suicide and serious self-harm following involuntary job loss in New Zealand meat processing workers. International Journal of Epidemiology 2002; 31:1155-1161.

McLeod D, Mansell J, Harris R, Bailey T, Dowell A, Robson B, Reid P.  The collection of patient ethnicity data: a challenge for general practice.  new Zealand Family Physician 2000; 27(3): 51-57

Reid P, Robson B, Jones C. Disparities in Health: common myths and uncommon truths. Pacific Health Dialog 2000; 7:38-47.

Duncanson M, Woodward A, Langley J, Clements M, Harris R, Reid P. Domestic fire injuries treated in New Zealand hospitals 1988-1995.  New Zealand Medical Journal 2000; 113(1112)245-7

Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora A Eru Pōmare. Counting for nothing: Understanding the issues in monitoring disparities in health. Social Policy Journal of NZ 2000; 14:1-16.

Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora A Eru Pōmare. Mauri Tu: The Tomoana Resource Centre - An intervention following job loss. Social Policy Journal of NZ 2000; 15:55-68.

Keefe V, Ormsby C, Robson B, Reid P, Cram F, Purdie G, and Ngāti Kahungunu Iwi Authority Incorporated. Kaupapa Māori meets retrospective cohort. He Pūkenga Kōrero 1999; 5:12-17.


Robson B, Koopu P, Gilmour J, Rameka R, Stuart K, Simmonds S, Purdie G, Davies C, Paine S-J. Oranga Waha - oral Health Research Priorities for Māori: low-income adults, Kaumātua and Māori with disabilities, special needs and chronic health conditions. Wellington: Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora a Eru Pōmare 2011.

Robson B, Harris R. (eds) Hauora: Māori standards of Health IV. A study of the years 2000-2005. Wellington: Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora A Eru Pōmare 2007.

Book chapters

Robson B. What is driving the disparities? In: K. Dew, A. Matheson (eds) Health inequalities and need in Aotearoa New Zealand. Dunedin: Otago University Press 2008.

Robson B. Economic determinants of Māori health and disparities. Resistance: An Indigenous Response to Neoliberalism. Wellington: Huia. pp.45-61. 2007.

Reid P, Robson B. The State of Māori Health. In State of the Māori Nation: twenty-first-century issues in Aotearoa. Malcolm Mulholland and contributors. Auckland: Reed. pp. 17-31; 2006.

Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora a Eru Pōmare, Ngāti Kahungunu Iwi Incorporated and Dew, K. Experimental Research. In Social Science Research in New Zealand: Many paths to understanding 2nd edition. C. Davidson and M. Tolich (eds). Auckland:Pearson Education. pp 205-216; 2003.


Talamaivao N, Harris R, Cormack D, Paine S-J (2020). Interventions to address Racism and Health: Draft background paper. Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora a Eru Pōmare.

Cormack D, Harris R, Paine S-J. 2018. Racism and Child Health: A Strategic Review of Possible Interventions for the Health Sector. Unpublished report for the Ministry of Health. Wellington: Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora a Eru Pōmare.

Stanley J. (2019). The impact of racism on the future healthof adults: protocol for a prospective cohort studyBMC Public Health 19:346

Robson B, Stanley J. (2016). BreastScreen Aotearoa Programme Monitoring Report. For Maori, Pacific and Total women screened during the two or five years to June 2015. Prepared for the National Screening Unit, Ministry of Health.

Robson (2016).  Te toto o te tangata, te oranga o te iwi. Differential impact of income and wealth inequalities on Māori children and young people.  In:  Simpson J, Adams J, Oben G, Wicken A, Duncanson J.  Te Ohonga Ake:  The Determinants of Health For Māori Children and Young People in New Zealand Series Two.  Te Ohonga Ake series for the Ministry of Health.  Dunedin:  NZ Child & Youth Epidemiology Service, University; 2015;p32-34

District Health Board Māori Health Profiles 2015 - Reports for each of the 20 District Health Boards comparing the health of Māori to non-Māori across a range of indicators for whānau, household settings, and individuals.

Morrell S, Taylor R, Roder D, Robson B. (2015) Cohort and Case Control Analyses of Breast Cancer Mortality; BreastScreen Aotearoa 1999-2011.  Commissioned by Ministry of Health, Wellington, New Zealand. 119p.  Retrieved from

Moewaka Barnes H, Moewaka Barnes A, Baxter J, Crengle S, Pihama L, Ratima M, & Robson B. Hapū Ora: Wellbeing in the Early Stages of Life. Auckland: Te Ropu Whariki, SHORE and Whariki Research Centre, Massey University 2013.

Ministry of Health Mātātuhi Tuawhenua:  Rural Hospitalisations 2007 to 2011: Ministry of Health.

Ministry of Health 2012 Mātātuhi Tuawhenua:  Health of Rural Māori 2012 Wellington: Ministry of Health.

Stuart K, Gilmour J, Broadbent JM, Robson B. Oranga waha –Oral health research priorities for Māori: literature review. Wellington: Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora a Eru Pōmare 2011.

Robson B, Purdie G, Cormack D. Unequal Impact II: Māori and non-Māori Cancer Statistics by Deprivation and Rural-Urban Status 2002-2006. Wellington: Ministry of Health 2010.

Cormack D & McLeod M. Improving and maintaining quality in ethnicity data collections in the health and disability sector. Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora A Eru Pōmare: Wellington 2010.

Cormack D & Robson C. Classification and output of multiple ethnicities: issues for monitoring Māori health. Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora A Eru Pōmare: Wellington 2010.

Cormack D. The politics and practice of counting: ethnicity in official statistics in Aotearoa/New Zealand. Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora A Eru Pōmare: Wellington 2010.

Cormack D & Robson C. Ethnicity, national identity and 'New Zealanders': considerations for monitoring Māori health and ethnic inequalities. Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora A Eru Pōmare: Wellington 2010.

Cormack D & Harris R. Issues in monitoring Māori health and ethnic disparaties: an update. Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora A Eru Pōmare: Wellington 2009.

Paradies Y, Harris R, Anderson I  The Impact of Racism on Indigenous Health in Australia and Aotearoa: Towards a Research Agenda 2008.

Simmonds S, Robson B.  BreastScreen Aotearoa Independent Māori Monitoring Report 1. July 2004-June 2006, Age 50-64 years. Wellington: Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora A Eru Pōmare 2008.

Fawcett J, Blakely T, Robson B, Tobias M, Harris R, Pakipaki N, Ministry of Health and University of Otago. Decades of Disparity III: Ethnic and socioeconomic inequalities in mortality, New Zealand 1981–1999. Wellington. Ministry of Health 2006.

Robson B, Cormack D, Purdie G. Unequal Impact: Māori and non-Māori Cancer Statistics 1996-2001. Ministry of Health, Wellington 2006. Available at:

Rameka R. He Arakanihi ki te Oranga. Wellington: Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora A Eru Pōmare 2006.

Cormack D, Robson B, Purdie G, Ratima M, Brown R. Access to Cancer Services for Māori. Ministry of Health, Wellington 2005 (78 pages). Available at:

Robson B. Economic Determinants of Māori Health and Disparities. (A report for the Public Health Advisory Committee) Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora a Eru Pōmare 2004. Available at:


Simmonds, S. The implications of using different methods to measure ethnicity in a cohort study, 2010.

Keefe, V.  "Tīhei Mauri Ora:  The Human Stories of Whakatu" 2007.

Contact us

Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora a Eru Pōmare
Department of Public Health
University of Otago, Wellington
PO Box 7343
Wellington South 6242
New Zealand
Tel +64 4 385 5924
Fax +64 4 389 5319

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