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Hauora: Māori Standards of Health IV, published in November 2007, is the latest edition in the Hauora series, and covers the period 2000 to 2005. The first three chapters situate the health statistics within the broader context, including the theoretical, demographic and socioeconomic contexts. This is followed by chapters on mortality, public hospitalisations, cancer and mental health. This volume of Hauora also includes a number of topic-based chapters from invited authors, including chapters on cardiovascular disease; diabetes; respiratory disease; oral health; disability; sleep problems; occupational safety and health; health in prisons; and the National Primary Medical Care Survey.


Hauora: Māori Standards of Health IV was funded by the Ministry of Health and the Health Research Council.


Download publication

This publication is available in PDF format below. It can be downloaded as a whole book or as individual chapters.

Hauora IV: Introduction (PDF 700k)

Chapter 1: Understanding Health Inequities (PDF 400k)

Chapter 2: The Māori Population (PDF 650k)

Chapter 3: Social and Economic Indicators (PDF 500k)

Chapter 4: Mortality (PDF 930k)

Chapter 5: Hospitalisations (PDF 1.1MB)

Chapter 6: Cancer (PDF 720k)

Chapter 7: Mental Health: Psychiatric Disorder and Suicide (PDF 1.2MB)

Chapter 8: Cardiovascular Disease (PDF 1.2MB)

Chapter 9: Diabetes (PDF 560k)

Chapter 10: Respiratory Disease (PDF 700k)

Chapter 11: Oral Health - Oranga Niho (PDF 620k)

Chapter 12: Māori Experience of Disability and Disability Support Services (PDF 580k)

Chapter 13: Sleep Problems (PDF 570k)

Chapter 14: Occupational Safety and Health (PDF 640k)

Chapter 15: Prison Health (PDF 550k)

Chapter 16: Primary Care and Māori: Findings from the National Primary Medical Care Survey (PDF 430k)

Appendices and Notes (PDF 1.7MB)

Whole book: Hauora IV: Māori Standards of Health (PDF 5MB)

How to read tables and graphs

How to read tables and graphs explains how to read the tables and graphs in Hauora IV: Māori Standards of Health, using examples from the book.

Segi and WHO standard population tables

In the main body of Hauora: Māori Standards of Health IV age-standardised rates were age-standardised to the 2001 Māori population. The rationale for this choice of standard population can be read on p. 232 in Appendix 1: Methods. These appendices provide a selection of tables from the book age-standardised to Segi's World population and the WHO World population. This will allow comparisons with other statistics using Segi or WHO as the standard population.

Publication details

Date of publication: November 2007
ISBN 978-0-9583608-1-4 (book)
ISBN 978-0-9583608-2-1 (internet)
HP number: 4497
Citation: Robson B, Harris R. (eds). 2007. Hauora: Māori Standards of Health IV. A study of the years 2000-2005. Wellington: Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora a Eru Pōmare.

Information about previous editions

Hauora: Māori Standards of Health

The first volume of Hauora was authored by Eru Pomare and published in 1980. It profiled patterns of mortality for Māori and non-Māori for the 20-year period from 1955 to 1975. This volume drew attention to the fact that incidence and mortality from most of the common amenable diseases in this country were still appreciably higher among Māori compared with non-Māori.

Hauora: Māori Standards of Health II

Hauora: Māori Standards of Health II was authored by Gail de Boer and Eru Pomare, and was published in 1988. This second volume of Hauora included analysis for the years 1970 to 1984, and found that morbidity and mortality continued to be higher for Māori than for non-Māori. In addition, the Treaty of Waitangi, Māori concepts of health, and socioeconomic factors were considered as important influences on health.

Hauora: Māori Standards of Health III

Hauora: Māori Standards of Health III, authored by Eru Pomare, Vera Keefe-Ormsby, Clint Ormsby, Neil Pearce, Papaarangi Reid, Bridget Robson and Naina Watene-Haydon, was published in 1995. It included analysis on Māori health trends for the years 1970 to 1991.


For more recent data on Māori mortality, public hospitalisations and cancer registrations, see Hauora online on:

The website is a collaboration between Massey University's Centre for Public Health Research, Te Kete Hauora, the Ministry of Health's Māori Health Business Unit and Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora a Eru Pōmare. It aims to become a repository for public health data from a wide range of organisations, via a series of interactive maps. The site provides data at DHB levels and in some cases presents time series charts.

Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora a Eru Pōmare
Department of Public Health
University of Otago, Wellington
PO Box 7343
Wellington South 6242
New Zealand
Tel: +64 4 385 5924
Fax: +64 4 389 5319

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