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James Stanley, UOW

PhD
Biostatistician, Research Associate Professor

Contact details  

Tel +64 4 918 6044
Fax +64 4 389 5319
Email james.stanley@otago.ac.nz

Research interests and activities  

I joined the University of Otago, Wellington as a Research Fellow in April 2007. In 2019 I was promoted to Research Associate Professor. I am also currently the Director of the Biostatistical Group at the University of Otago, Wellington.

Since joining Otago as a biostatistician, I have been a coinvestigator on over 20 large externally funded projects, including work with the C3 research group (led by Professor Diana Sarfati) on multimorbidity in New Zealand, and multiple projects on cancer-related outcomes. I also work with Associate Professor Ricci Harris and Dr Donna Cormack on several projects on how racism influences health (including an HRC project for which I am the Principal Investigator, HRC 17/066), and with Professor Richard Edwards and Andrew Waa on several tobacco control projects through the ASPIRE research group. I am also a co-director of the Integrated Data Research Group.

I am currently Director of the Biostatistical Group for the Wellington campus, where my role includes coordinating colleagues and collaborating with researchers across the campus and the broader community. As well as these roles, I teach biostatistical and research methods in several formal courses at UOW (including co-convening the HASC417 Research Methods paper), as well as developing and running practical workshops on statistical methods for staff and students.

Prior to joining the University of Otago as a biostatistician, I trained and worked as an experimental psychologist, with a PhD from the University of Otago (graduated 2004) and post-doctoral experience in cognitive neuroscience (University of Birmingham in the UK, 2004-2006).

Research groups

Other research links

Our work on comorbidity and multimorbidity has included several indices for adjusting for morbidity load in epidemiological and population-level studies.
We have SAS code available for these indices (C3, PBCI, M3 and P3).

Google Scholar James Stanley
Publons James Stanley

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Publications

Edwards, R., Johnson, E., Stanley, J., Waa, A., Ouimet, J., & Fong, G. T. (2021). Support for New Zealand's Smokefree 2025 goal and key measures to achieve it: Findings from the ITC New Zealand Survey. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.13129

Rose, S., Boucher, S. E., Galland, B. C., Wiltshire, E. J., Stanley, J., Smith, C., de Bock, M. I., … MacKenzie, K. E., & Wheeler, B. J. (2021). Impact of high-risk glycemic control on habitual sleep patterns and sleep quality among youth (13-20 years) with type 1 diabetes mellitus compared to controls without diabetes. Pediatric Diabetes. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/pedi.13215

Darlow, B., Abbott, H., Bennell, K., Briggs, A. M., Brown, M., Clark, J., … Stanley, J., & Whittaker, J. L. (2021). Consumers’ knowledge about hip and knee osteoarthritis: Development of the Hip and Knee Osteoarthritis Knowledge Scales and protocol for testing their measurement properties. Osteoarthritis & Cartilage Open. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.ocarto.2021.100160

Jenkins, M., Hoek, J., Jenkin, G., Gendall, P., Stanley, J., Beaglehole, B., Bell, C., Rapsey, C., & Every-Palmer, S. (2021). Silver linings of the COVID-19 lockdown in New Zealand. PLoS ONE, 16(4), e0249678. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0249678

Ball, J., Stanley, J., Zhang, J., Gurram, N., Waa, A., & Edwards, R. (2021). Time to revisit school decile groupings in health research? New Zealand Medical Journal, 134(1531), 120-122. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Stanley, J., & Miall, R. C. (2009). Using predictive motor control processes in a cognitive task: Behavioral and neuroanatomical perspectives. In D. Sternad (Ed.), Progress in motor control: Advances in experimental medicine and biology (Vol. 629, Part III). (pp. 337-357). New York: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-0-387-77064-2_17

Chapter in Book - Research

Darlow, B., Abbott, H., Bennell, K., Briggs, A. M., Brown, M., Clark, J., … Stanley, J., & Whittaker, J. L. (2021). Consumers’ knowledge about hip and knee osteoarthritis: Development of the Hip and Knee Osteoarthritis Knowledge Scales and protocol for testing their measurement properties. Osteoarthritis & Cartilage Open. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.ocarto.2021.100160

Journal - Research Article

Edwards, R., Johnson, E., Stanley, J., Waa, A., Ouimet, J., & Fong, G. T. (2021). Support for New Zealand's Smokefree 2025 goal and key measures to achieve it: Findings from the ITC New Zealand Survey. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.13129

Journal - Research Article

Gray, L., Rose, S. B., Stanley, J., Zhang, J., Tassell-Matamua, N., Puloka, V., Kvalsvig, A., … Murton, S. A., … Baker, M. G. (2021). Factors influencing individual ability to follow physical distancing recommendations in Aotearoa New Zealand during the COVID-19 pandemic: A population survey. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/03036758.2021.1879179

Journal - Research Article

Jenkins, M., Hoek, J., Jenkin, G., Gendall, P., Stanley, J., Beaglehole, B., Bell, C., Rapsey, C., & Every-Palmer, S. (2021). Silver linings of the COVID-19 lockdown in New Zealand. PLoS ONE, 16(4), e0249678. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0249678

Journal - Research Article

Rose, S., Boucher, S. E., Galland, B. C., Wiltshire, E. J., Stanley, J., Smith, C., de Bock, M. I., … MacKenzie, K. E., & Wheeler, B. J. (2021). Impact of high-risk glycemic control on habitual sleep patterns and sleep quality among youth (13-20 years) with type 1 diabetes mellitus compared to controls without diabetes. Pediatric Diabetes. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/pedi.13215

Journal - Research Article

Cormack, D., Harris, R., & Stanley, J. (2020). Māori experiences of multiple forms of discrimination: Findings from Te Kupenga 2013. Kōtuitui, 15(1), 106-122. doi: 10.1080/1177083X.2019.1657472

Journal - Research Article

Cunningham, R., Crowe, M., Stanley, J., Haitana, T., Pitama, S., Porter, R., Baxter, J., Huria, T., Mulder, R., Clark, M. T. R., & Lacey, C. (2020). Gender and mental health service use in bipolar disorder: National cohort study. BJPsych Open, 6(6), 138. doi: 10.1192/bjo.2020.117

Journal - Research Article

Cunningham, R., Stanley, J., Haitana, T., Pitama, S., Crowe, M., Mulder, R., Porter, R., & Lacey, C. (2020). The physical health of Māori with bipolar disorder. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/0004867420954290

Journal - Research Article

Edwards, R., Stanley, J., Waa, A. M., White, M., Kaai, S. C., Ouimet, J., … Fong, G. T. (2020). Patterns of use of vaping products among smokers: Findings from the 2016–2018 International Tobacco Control (ITC) New Zealand Surveys. International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 17(18), 1-15. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17186629

Journal - Research Article

Every-Palmer, S., Jenkins, M., Gendall, P., Hoek, J., Beaglehole, B., Bell, C., Williman, J., Rapsey, C., & Stanley, J. (2020). Psychological distress, anxiety, family violence, suicidality, and wellbeing in New Zealand during the COVID-19 lockdown: A cross-sectional study. PLoS ONE, 15(11), e0241658. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0241658

Journal - Research Article

Freeman, N., Gage, R., Chambers, T., Blaschke, P., Cook, H., Stanley, J., Pearson, A., Smith, M., … Signal, L. (2020). Where do the children play? An objective analysis of children's use of green space. Health Promotion International. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/heapro/daaa106

Journal - Research Article

Gray, L., MacDonald, C., Tassell-Matamua, N., Stanley, J., Kvalsvig, A., Zhang, J., Murton, S., … Puloka, V., … Baker, M. G. (2020). Wearing one for the team: Views and attitudes to face covering in New Zealand/Aotearoa during COVID-19 Alert Level 4 lockdown. Journal of Primary Health Care, 12(3), 199-206. doi: 10.1071/HC20089

Journal - Research Article

Gurney, J. K., McLeod, M., Stanley, J., Campbell, D., Boyle, L., Dennett, E., … Sarfati, D. (2020). Postoperative mortality in New Zealand following general anaesthetic: Demographic patterns and temporal trends. BMJ Open, 10(9), e036451. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036451

Journal - Research Article

Gurney, J., Stanley, J., & Sarfati, D. (2020). The inequity of morbidity: Disparities in the prevalence of morbidity between ethnic groups in New Zealand. Journal of Comorbidity, 10, 1-11. doi: 10.1177/2235042x20971168

Journal - Research Article

Gurney, J., Stanley, J., Jackson, C., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Stage at diagnosis for Māori cancer patients: Disparities, similarities and data limitations. New Zealand Medical Journal, 133(1508), 43-64. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

Gurney, J., Stanley, J., McLeod, M., Koea, J., Jackson, C., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Disparities in cancer-specific survival between Māori and non-Māori New Zealanders, 2007-2016. JCO Global Oncology, 6, 766-774. doi: 10.1200/go.20.00028

Journal - Research Article

Kennedy, J. D., Moran, S., Garrett, S., Stanley, J., Visser, J., & McKinlay, E. (2020). Refugee-like migrants have similar health needs to refugees: A New Zealand post-settlement cohort study. BJGP Open, 4(1), bjgpopen20X101013. doi: 10.3399/bjgpopen20X101013

Journal - Research Article

Krägeloh, C., Medvedev, O. N., Dean, S., Stanley, J., Dowell, A., & Darlow, B. (2020). Rasch analysis of the Back Pain Attitudes Questionnaire (Back-PAQ). Disability & Rehabilitation. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/09638288.2020.1861484

Journal - Research Article

Kuehl, S., Stanley, J., Nelson, K., & Collings, S. (2020). The serious self-harm risk of “Mixed Presenters,” people who presented to New Zealand emergency departments for self-harm and other reasons: A cohort study. Archives of Suicide Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/13811118.2020.1715904

Journal - Research Article

Lawton, B., Filoche, S., MacDonald, E. J., Stanley, J., Meeks, M., Stone, P., Storey, F., & Geller, S. E. (2020). Examining adverse fetal/neonatal outcomes associated with severe maternal morbidity. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 60, 865-870. doi: 10.1111/ajo.13163

Journal - Research Article

McKerchar, C., Smith, M., Stanley, J., Barr, M., Chambers, T., Abel, G., Lacey, C., Gage, R., … Signal, L. (2020). Food store environment examination: FoodSee: A new method to study the food store environment using wearable cameras. Global Health Promotion, 27(3), 73-81. doi: 10.1177/1757975919859575

Journal - Research Article

McLeod, M., Stanley, J., Signal, V., Stairmand, J., Thompson, D., Henderson, K., Davies, C., Krebs, J., Dowell, A., Grainger, R., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Impact of a comprehensive digital health programme on HbA1c and weight after 12 months for people with diabetes and prediabetes: A randomised controlled trial. Diabetologia. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s00125-020-05261-x

Journal - Research Article

Paine, S.-J., Cormack, D., Stanley, J., & Harris, R. (2020). Caregiver experiences of racism are associated with adverse health outcomes for their children: A cross-sectional analysis of data from the New Zealand Health Survey. Critical Public Health, 30(5), 509-520. doi: 10.1080/09581596.2019.1626003

Journal - Research Article

Rose, S. B., Garrett, S. M., Stanley, J., & Pullon, S. R. H. (2020). Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae retesting and reinfection rates in New Zealand health care settings: Implications for sexually transmitted infection control. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 47(3), 151-157. doi: 10.1097/olq.0000000000001112

Journal - Research Article

Sam, F. A.-L., Akinremi, A., Mery, L., Sarfati, D., Stanley, J., & Gurney, J. (2020). Cancer Incidence in Samoa: A 10-Year Retrospective Survey (2007-2016). Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/1010539520975261

Journal - Research Article

Signal, V., McLeod, M., Stanley, J., Stairmand, J., Sukumaran, N., Thompson, D.-M., Henderson, K., Davies, C., Krebs, J., Dowell, A., Grainger, R., & Sarfati, D. (2020). A mobile- and web-based health intervention program for diabetes and prediabetes self-management (BetaMe/Melon): Process evaluation following a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(12), e19150. doi: 10.2196/19150

Journal - Research Article

Stanley, J., Doughty, R. N., & Sarfati, D. (2020). A pharmaceutical dispensing-based index of mortality risk from long-term conditions performed as well as hospital record-based indices. Medical Care, 58(2), e9-e16. doi: 10.1097/mlr.0000000000001217

Journal - Research Article

Chambers, T., Stanley, J., Pearson, A. L., Smith, M., Barr, M., Ni Mhurchu, C., & Signal, L. (2019). Quantifying children's non-supermarket exposure to alcohol marketing via product packaging using wearable cameras. Journal of Studies on Alcohol & Drugs, 80(2), 158-166. doi: 10.15288/jsad.2019.80.158

Journal - Research Article

Darlow, B., Stanley, J., Dean, S., Abbott, J. H., Garrett, S., Wilson, R., Mathieson, F., & Dowell, A. (2019). The Fear Reduction Exercised Early (FREE) approach to management of low back pain in general practice: A pragmatic cluster-randomised controlled trial. PLoS Medicine, 16(9), e1002897. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002897

Journal - Research Article

Gage, R., Leung, W., Stanley, J., Reeder, A., Mackay, C., Chambers, T., Smith, M., Barr, M., & Signal, L. (2019). Studying third-parties and environments: New Zealand sun-safety research. Health Promotion International, 34(3), 440-446. doi: 10.1093/heapro/dax094

Journal - Research Article

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., York, S., & Sarfati, D. (2019). Regional variation in the risk of lower-limb amputation among patients with diabetes in New Zealand. ANZ Journal of Surgery, 89, 868-873. doi: 10.1111/ans.15079

Journal - Research Article

Harris, R. B., Cormack, D. M., & Stanley, J. (2019). Experience of racism and associations with unmet need and healthcare satisfaction: The 2011/12 adult New Zealand Health Survey. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 43(1), 75-80. doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12835

Journal - Research Article

Lawton, B. A., MacDonald, E. J., Stanley, J., Daniells, K., & Geller, S. E. (2019). Preventability review of severe maternal morbidity. Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica, 98, 515-522. doi: 10.1111/aogs.13526

Journal - Research Article

Mathieson, F., Stanley, J., Collings, C., Tester, R., & Dowell, A. (2019). Cluster randomised controlled trial of a guided self-help mental health intervention in primary care. BMJ Open, 9(2), e023481. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023481

Journal - Research Article

McKiernan, A., Stanley, J., Waa, A. M., Kaai, S. C., Quah, A. C. K., Fong, G. T., & Edwards, R. (2019). Beliefs among adult smokers and quitters about nicotine and de-nicotinized cigarettes in the 2016-17 ITC New Zealand Survey. Tobacco Regulatory Science, 5(5), 400-409. doi: 10.18001/TRS.5.5.1

Journal - Research Article

Millar, E., Gurney, J., Stanley, J., Stairmand, J., Davies, C., Semper, K., Dowell, A., … Sarfati, D. (2019). Pill for this and a pill for that: A cross-sectional survey of use and understanding of medication among adults with multimorbidity. Australasian Journal on Ageing, 36(2), 91-97. doi: 10.1111/ajag.12606

Journal - Research Article

Paine, S.-J., Harris, R., Cormack, D., & Stanley, J. (2019). Self-reported sleep complaints are associated with adverse health outcomes: Cross-sectional analysis of the 2002/03 New Zealand Health Survey. Ethnicity & Health, 24(1), 44-56. doi: 10.1080/13557858.2017.1315368

Journal - Research Article

Chambers, T., Pearson, A. L., Kawachi, I., Stanley, J., Smith, M., Barr, M., … Signal, L. (2018). Children's home and school neighbourhood exposure to alcohol marketing: Using wearable camera and GPS data to directly examine the link between retailer availability and visual exposure to marketing. Health & Place, 54, 102-109. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.09.012

Journal - Research Article

Chambers, T., Stanley, J., Signal, L., Pearson, A. L., Smith, M., Barr, M., & Ni Mhurchu, C. (2018). Quantifying the nature and extent of children's real-time exposure to alcohol marketing in their everyday lives using wearable cameras: Children's exposure via a range of media in a range of key places. Alcohol & Alcoholism, 53(5), 626-633. doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agy053

Journal - Research Article

Collings, S., Jenkin, G., Stanley, J., McKenzie, S., & Hatcher, S. (2018). Preventing suicidal behaviours with a multilevel intervention: A cluster randomised controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 18, 140. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5032-6

Journal - Research Article

Cormack, D., Harris, R., Stanley, J., Lacey, C., Jones, R., & Curtis, E. (2018). Ethnic bias amongst medical students in Aotearoa/New Zealand: Findings from the Bias and Decision Making in Medicine (BDMM) study. PLoS ONE, 13(8), e0201168. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0201168

Journal - Research Article

Cormack, D., Stanley, J., & Harris, R. (2018). Multiple forms of discrimination and relationships with health and wellbeing: Findings from national cross-sectional surveys in Aotearoa/New Zealand. International Journal for Equity in Health, 17, 26. doi: 10.1186/s12939-018-0735-y

Journal - Research Article

Edwards, R., Tu, D., Stanley, J., Martin, G., Gifford, H., & Newcombe, R. (2018). Smoking prevalence among doctors and nurses: 2013 New Zealand census data. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1471), 48-57. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

Gage, R., Barr, M., Stanley, J., Reeder, A., Mackay, C., Smith, M., Chambers, T., Leung, W., & Signal, L. (2018). Sun protection and shade availability in New Zealand's outdoor recreation spaces. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1484), 30-37. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

Gage, R., Leung, W., Stanley, J., Reeder, A., Mackay, C., Smith, M., Barr, M., Chambers, T., & Signal, L. (2018). Sun protection among New Zealand primary school children. Health Education & Behavior, 45(5), 800-807. doi: 10.1177/1090198117741943

Journal - Research Article

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., & Sarfati, D. (2018). The M3 multimorbidity index outperformed both Charlson and Elixhauser indices when predicting adverse outcomes in people with diabetes. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 99, 144-152. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2018.04.002

Journal - Research Article

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., York, S., Rosenbaum, D., & Sarfati, D. (2018). Risk of lower limb amputation in a national prevalent cohort of patients with diabetes. Diabetologia, 61(3), 626-635. doi: 10.1007/s00125-017-4488-8

Journal - Research Article

Gurney, J., Stanley, J., Rumball-Smith, J., York, S., & Sarfati, D. (2018). Postoperative death after lower-limb amputation in a national prevalent cohort of patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care, 41(6), 1204-1211. doi: 10.2337/dc17-2557

Journal - Research Article

Harris, R. B., Stanley, J., & Cormack, D. (2018). Racism and health in New Zealand: Prevalence over time and associations between recent experience of racism and health and wellbeing measures using national survey data. PLoS ONE, 13(5), e0196476. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0196476

Journal - Research Article

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