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James Stanley

BA(Hons) PhDJames Stanley, UOW
Senior Research Fellow & Biostatistician

I joined the University of Otago, Wellington as a Research Fellow in April 2007, and have been employed as a full time consulting biostatistician since 2008. As well as my consulting role, I teach biostatistical methods for postgraduate courses at UOW, as well as developing and running practical workshops on statistical methods for staff and students. I am involved as a co-investigator on several projects at the University of Otago, Wellington, including looking at multimorbidity in New Zealand (with Assoc Professor Diana Sarfati, leader of the Cancer Control and Screening Research Group webpages here,) work with members of the Eru Pomare Maori Health Research Centre on breast cancer screening and the impact of racial discrimination on health (webpages here,) and several projects with the Women's Health Research Centre (with Assoc Professor Beverley Lawton, project webpages here.)

Prior to becoming a biostatistician, I was an experimental psychologist and neuroscientist: I have a PhD from the University of Otago (graduated 2004) and also spent three years as a post-doctoral research fellow in sensorimotor neuroscience, working with Professor Chris Miall in the PRiSM research group at the University of Birmingham in the U.K. (website here.)

Offsite Links

My full publication list is available at my GoogleScholar homepage; my CrossValidated profile is also online here, although I'm not so actively involved in that community.

Contact details

University of Otago, Wellington
PO Box 7343 Wellington South
Email james.stanley@otago.ac.nz
Tel +64 4 918 6044

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Publications

Paine, S.-J., Harris, R., Cormack, D., & Stanley, J. (2019). Self-reported sleep complaints are associated with adverse health outcomes: Cross-sectional analysis of the 2002/03 New Zealand Health Survey. Ethnicity & Health, 24(1), 44-56. doi: 10.1080/13557858.2017.1315368

Stanley, J., Semper, K., Millar, E., & Sarfati, D. (2018). Epidemiology of multimorbidity in New Zealand: A cross-sectional study using national-level hospital and pharmaceutical data. BMJ Open, 8(5), e021689. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-021689

Harris, R. B., Stanley, J., & Cormack, D. (2018). Racism and health in New Zealand: Prevalence over time and associations between recent experience of racism and health and wellbeing measures using national survey data. PLoS ONE, 13(5), e0196476. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0196476

Chambers, T., Pearson, A. L., Kawachi, I., Stanley, J., Smith, M., Barr, M., … Signal, L. (2018). Children's home and school neighbourhood exposure to alcohol marketing: Using wearable camera and GPS data to directly examine the link between retailer availability and visual exposure to marketing. Health & Place, 54, 102-109. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.09.012

Huang, S., Signal, V., Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., Stanley, J., McGlynn, K., & Gurney, J. (2018). Physical activity and risk of testicular cancer: A systematic review. BMC Cancer, 18, 189. doi: 10.1186/s12885-018-4093-3

Chapter in Book - Research

Stanley, J., & Miall, R. C. (2009). Using predictive motor control processes in a cognitive task: Behavioral and neuroanatomical perspectives. In D. Sternad (Ed.), Progress in motor control: Advances in experimental medicine and biology (Vol. 629, Part III). (pp. 337-357). New York: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-0-387-77064-2_17

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Journal - Research Article

Paine, S.-J., Harris, R., Cormack, D., & Stanley, J. (2019). Self-reported sleep complaints are associated with adverse health outcomes: Cross-sectional analysis of the 2002/03 New Zealand Health Survey. Ethnicity & Health, 24(1), 44-56. doi: 10.1080/13557858.2017.1315368

Stanley, J., Semper, K., Millar, E., & Sarfati, D. (2018). Epidemiology of multimorbidity in New Zealand: A cross-sectional study using national-level hospital and pharmaceutical data. BMJ Open, 8(5), e021689. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-021689

Huang, S., Signal, V., Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., Stanley, J., McGlynn, K., & Gurney, J. (2018). Physical activity and risk of testicular cancer: A systematic review. BMC Cancer, 18, 189. doi: 10.1186/s12885-018-4093-3

Chambers, T., Pearson, A. L., Kawachi, I., Stanley, J., Smith, M., Barr, M., … Signal, L. (2018). Children's home and school neighbourhood exposure to alcohol marketing: Using wearable camera and GPS data to directly examine the link between retailer availability and visual exposure to marketing. Health & Place, 54, 102-109. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.09.012

Harris, R. B., Stanley, J., & Cormack, D. (2018). Racism and health in New Zealand: Prevalence over time and associations between recent experience of racism and health and wellbeing measures using national survey data. PLoS ONE, 13(5), e0196476. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0196476

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., & Sarfati, D. (2018). The M3 multimorbidity index outperformed both Charlson and Elixhauser indices when predicting adverse outcomes in people with diabetes. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 99, 144-152. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2018.04.002

Gurney, J., Stanley, J., Rumball-Smith, J., York, S., & Sarfati, D. (2018). Postoperative death after lower-limb amputation in a national prevalent cohort of patients with diabetes. Diabetes Care. Advance online publication. doi: 10.2337/dc17-2557

Edwards, R., Tu, D., Stanley, J., Martin, G., Gifford, H., & Newcombe, R. (2018). Smoking prevalence among doctors and nurses: 2013 New Zealand census data. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1471), 48-57. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Millar, E., Stanley, J., Gurney, J., Stairmand, J., Davies, C., Semper, K., Dowell, A., … Sarfati, D. (2018). Effect of multimorbidity on health service utilisation and health care experiences. Journal of Primary Health Care, 10(1), 44-53. doi: 10.1071/HC17074

Stairmand, J., Gurney, J., Stanley, J., Millar, E., Davies, C., Semper, K., Dowell, A., Mangin, D., Lawrenson, R., & Sarfati, D. (2018). The impact of multimorbidity on people's lives: A cross-sectional survey. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1477), 78-90. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Gage, R., Leung, W., Stanley, J., Reeder, A., Mackay, C., Smith, M., Barr, M., Chambers, T., & Signal, L. (2018). Sun protection among New Zealand primary school children. Health Education & Behavior, 45(5), 800-807. doi: 10.1177/1090198117741943

Cormack, D., Harris, R., Stanley, J., Lacey, C., Jones, R., & Curtis, E. (2018). Ethnic bias amongst medical students in Aotearoa/New Zealand: Findings from the Bias and Decision Making in Medicine (BDMM) study. PLoS ONE, 13(8), e0201168. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0201168

Collings, S., Jenkin, G., Stanley, J., McKenzie, S., & Hatcher, S. (2018). Preventing suicidal behaviours with a multilevel intervention: A cluster randomised controlled trial. BMC Public Health, 18, 140. doi: 10.1186/s12889-018-5032-6

Chambers, T., Stanley, J., Signal, L., Pearson, A. L., Smith, M., Barr, M., & Ni Mhurchu, C. (2018). Quantifying the nature and extent of children's real-time exposure to alcohol marketing in their everyday lives using wearable cameras: Children's exposure via a range of media in a range of key places. Alcohol & Alcoholism, 53(5), 626-633. doi: 10.1093/alcalc/agy053

Shaw, C., Hales, S., Edwards, R., Howden-Chapman, P., & Stanley, J. (2018). What can fuel price increases tell us about the air pollution health co-benefits of a carbon price? Journal of Transport & Health, 8, 81-90. doi: 10.1016/j.jth.2017.11.002

Harris, R. B., Cormack, D. M., & Stanley, J. (2018). Experience of racism and associations with unmet need and healthcare satisfaction: The 2011/12 adult New Zealand Health Survey. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.12835

Harris, R., Cormack, D., Stanley, J., Curtis, E., Jones, R., & Lacey, C. (2018). Ethnic bias and clinical decision-making among New Zealand medical students: An observational study. BMC Medical Education, 18, 18. doi: 10.1186/s12909-018-1120-7

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., York, S., Rosenbaum, D., & Sarfati, D. (2018). Risk of lower limb amputation in a national prevalent cohort of patients with diabetes. Diabetologia, 61(3), 626-635. doi: 10.1007/s00125-017-4488-8

Gage, R., Barr, M., Stanley, J., Reeder, A., Mackay, C., Smith, M., Chambers, T., Leung, W., & Signal, L. (2018). Sun protection and shade availability in New Zealand's outdoor recreation spaces. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1484), 30-37. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Paine, S.-J., Harris, R., Stanley, J., & Cormack, D. (2018). Caregiver experiences of racism and child healthcare utilisation: Cross-sectional analysis from New Zealand. Archives of Disease in Childhood. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1136/archdischild-2017-313866

Cormack, D., Stanley, J., & Harris, R. (2018). Multiple forms of discrimination and relationships with health and wellbeing: Findings from national cross-sectional surveys in Aotearoa/New Zealand. International Journal for Equity in Health, 17, 26. doi: 10.1186/s12939-018-0735-y

Smith, M., Stanley, J., Signal, L., Barr, M., Chambers, T., Balina, A., … Wilson, N. (2018). Children's healthy and unhealthy beverage availability, purchase and consumption: A wearable camera study. Appetite, 133, 240-251. doi: 10.1016/j.appet.2018.11.004

McLeod, M., King, P., Stanley, J., Lacey, C., & Cunningham, R. (2017). Ethnic disparities in the use of seclusion for adult psychiatric inpatients in New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 130(1454), 30-39. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Rose, S. B., Garrett, S. M., Stanley, J., & Pullon, S. R. H. (2017). Retesting and repeat positivity following diagnosis of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoea in New Zealand: A retrospective cohort study. BMC Infectious Diseases, 17, 526. doi: 10.1186/s12879-017-2635-y

Signal, L. N., Smith, M. B., Barr, M., Stanley, J., Chambers, T. J., Zhou, J., … Jenkin, G. L. S., Pearson, A. L., … Hoek, J., & Ni Mhurchu, C. (2017). Kids'Cam: An objective methodology to study the world in which children live. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 53(3), e89-e95. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2017.02.016

Chambers, T., Pearson, A. L., Stanley, J., Smith, M., Barr, M., Ni Mhurchu, C., & Signal, L. (2017). Children's exposure to alcohol marketing within supermarkets: An objective analysis using GPS technology and wearable cameras. Health & Place, 46, 274-280. doi: 10.1016/j.healthplace.2017.06.003

Robinson, A., Hulme-Moir, S., Puloka, V., Smith, M., Stanley, J., & Signal, L. (2017). Housing as a determinant of Tongan children's health: Innovative methodology using wearable cameras. International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 14(10), 1170. doi: 10.3390/ijerph14101170

Chambers, T., Pearson, A. L., Kawachi, I., Rzotkiewicz, Z., Stanley, J., Smith, M., Barr, M., … Signal, L. (2017). Kids in space: Measuring children’s residential neighborhoods and other destinations using activity space GPS and wearable camera data. Social Science & Medicine, 193, 41-50. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2017.09.046

Devane, P. A., Horne, J. G., Foley, G., & Stanley, J. (2017). Measuring the migration of the components and polyethylene wear after total hip arthroplasty: Beads and specialised radiographs are not necessary. Bone & Joint Journal, 99-B(10), 1290-1297. doi: 10.1302/0301-620x.99b10.bjj-2016-1169.r1

Pearson, A. L., Bottomley, R., Chambers, T., Thornton, L., Stanley, J., Smith, M., Barr, M., & Signal, L. (2017). Measuring blue space visibility and ‘blue recreation’ in the everyday lives of children in a capital city. International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 14(6), 563. doi: 10.3390/ijerph14060563

Every-Palmer, S., Ellis, P. M., Nowitz, M., Stanley, J., Grant, E., Huthwaite, M., & Dunn, H. (2017). The Porirua Protocol in the treatment of clozapine-induced gastrointestinal hypomotility and constipation: A pre- and post-treatment study. CNS Drugs, 31(1), 75-85. doi: 10.1007/s40263-016-0391-y

Signal, L. N., Stanley, J., Smith, M., Barr, M. L., Chambers, T. J., Zhou, J., … McKerchar, C., Pearson, A. L., Hoek, J., Jenkin, G. L. S., & Ni Mhurchu, C. (2017). Children's everyday exposure to food marketing: An objective analysis using wearable cameras. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity, 14, 137. doi: 10.1186/s12966-017-0570-3

Gage, R., Leung, W., Stanley, J., Reeder, A., Mackay, C., Chambers, T., Smith, M., Barr, M., & Signal, L. (2017). Studying third-parties and environments: New Zealand sun-safety research. Health Promotion International. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/heapro/dax094

Romans, S. E., Clarkson, R. F., Einstein, G., Kreindler, D., Laredo, S., Petrovic, M. J., & Stanley, J. (2017). Crying, oral contraceptive use and the menstrual cycle. Journal of Affective Disorders, 208, 272-277. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2016.08.044

Gage, R., Leung, W., Stanley, J., Reeder, A., Barr, M., Chambers, T., Smith, M., & Signal, L. (2017). Clothing protection from ultraviolet radiation: A new method for assessment. Photochemistry & Photobiology, 93(6), 1513-1518. doi: 10.1111/php.12803

O'Sullivan, K. C., Howden-Chapman, P., Sim, D., Stanley, J., Rowan, R. L., Harris Clark, I. K., … the Waiopehu College 2015 Research Team. (2017). Cool? Young people investigate living in cold housing and fuel poverty: A mixed methods action research study. SSM Population Health, 3, 66-74. doi: 10.1016/j.ssmph.2016.12.006

Devane, P. A., Horne, J. G., Ashmore, A., Mutimer, J., Kim, W., & Stanley, J. (2017). Highly cross-linked polyethylene reduces wear and revision rates in total hip arthroplasty. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery (Am), 99(20), 1703-1714. doi: 10.2106/JBJS.16.00878

Stanley, J., & Sarfati, D. (2017). The new measuring multimorbidity index predicted mortality better than Charlson and Elixhauser indices amongst the general population. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology, 92, 99-110. doi: 10.1016/j.jclinepi.2017.08.005

Rose, S. B., Garrett, S. M., Stanley, J., & Pullon, S. R. H. (2017). Chlamydia testing and diagnosis following initiation of long-acting reversible contraception: A retrospective cohort study. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 57(6), 665-675. doi: 10.1111/ajo.12685

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., Shaw, C., & Sarfati, D. (2016). Ethnic patterns of hypospadias in New Zealand do not resemble those observed for cryptorchidism and testicular cancer: Evidence of differential aetiology? Andrology, 4(1), 82-86. doi: 10.1111/andr.12121

Wernham, E., Gurney, J., Stanley, J., Ellison-Loschmann, L., & Sarfati, D. (2016). A comparison of midwife-led and medical-led models of care and their relationship to adverse fetal and neonatal outcomes: A retrospective cohort study in New Zealand. PLoS Medicine, 13(9), e1002134. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1002134

O'Sullivan, K. C., Stanley, J., Fougere, G., & Howden-Chapman, P. (2016). Heating practices and self-disconnection among electricity prepayment meter consumers in New Zealand: A follow-up survey. Utilities Policy, 41, 139-147. doi: 10.1016/j.jup.2016.07.002

Clews, C., Brajkovich-Payne, R., Dwight, E., Fauzul, A. A., Burton, M., Carleton, O., Cook, J., Deroles, C., Faulkner, R., Furniss, M., Herewini, A., Huband, D., Jones, N., Kim, C. W., Stanley, J., Li, A., Wilson, N., Lu, J., & Thomson, G. (2016). Alcohol in urban streetscapes: A comparison of the use of Google Street View and on-street observation. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 442. doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3115-9

Ball, J., Stanley, J., Wilson, N., Blakely, T., & Edwards, R. (2016). Smoking prevalence in New Zealand from 1996–2015: A critical review of national data sources to inform progress toward the Smokefree 2025 goal. New Zealand Medical Journal, 129(1439), 11-22. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Dean, S., Britt, E., Bell, E., Stanley, J., & Collings, S. (2016). Motivational interviewing to enhance adolescent mental health treatment engagement: A randomized clinical trial. Psychological Medicine, 46(9), 1961-1969. doi: 10.1017/s0033291716000568

Harris, R., Cormack, D., Curtis, E., Jones, R., Stanley, J., & Lacey, C. (2016). Development and testing of study tools and methods to examine ethnic bias and clinical decision-making among medical students in New Zealand: The Bias and Decision-Making in Medicine (BDMM) study. BMC Medical Education, 16, 173. doi: 10.1186/s12909-016-0701-6

Paine, S.-J., Harris, R., Cormack, D., & Stanley, J. (2016). Racial discrimination and ethnic disparities in sleep disturbance: The 2002/03 New Zealand Health Survey. Sleep, 39(2), 477-485. doi: 10.5665/sleep.5468

Filoche, S. K., Lawton, B., & Stanley, J. (2016). Access to secondary mental health services in a cohort of New Zealand mothers. Community Mental Health Journal, 52(8), 964-971. doi: 10.1007/s10597-016-0042-2

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., Baker, M. G., Wilson, N. J., & Sarfati, D. (2016). Estimating the risk of acute rheumatic fever in New Zealand by age, ethnicity and deprivation. Epidemiology & Infection, 144(14), 3058-3067. doi: 10.1017/s0950268816001291

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