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Melissa McLeod, Department of Public Health

MBChB, MPH, FNZCPHM

Senior Research Fellow; TRRHAEP, BODE³

Teaches PUBH711 Principles of Epidemiology

Contact Details 

Tel: +64 4 918 6144
Fax: +64 4 389 5319
Email: melissa.mcleod@otago.ac.nz

Research Interests and Activities 

Melissa McLeod (Ngāi Tahu) is a public health physician and senior research fellow working at Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora a Eru Pōmare, University of Otago, Wellington. Melissa is a fellow of the New Zealand College of Public Health Medicine and a member of Te ORA (Māori Medical Practitioners Association). Melissa’s research interests include Māori health, epidemiology and the investigation and elimination of ethnic health inequalities in Aotearoa/New Zealand.

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Publications

Gurney, J., McLeod, M., Stanley, J., Sarfati, D., Campbell, D., Davies, C., Dennett, E., … Ongley, D., Robson, B., Rumball-Smith, J., Signal, V., Stairmand, J., Thomas, C., & Koea, J. (2021). Disparities in post-operative mortality between Māori and non-indigenous ethnic groups in New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 134(1542), 15-28. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

McLeod, M., Harris, R., Paine, S.-J., Crengle, S., Cormack, D., Scott, N., & Robson, B. (2021). Bowel cancer screening age range extension for Māori: What is all the fuss about? New Zealand Medical Journal, 134(1535), 71-77. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Signal, V., McLeod, M., Stanley, J., Stairmand, J., Sukumaran, N., Thompson, D.-M., Henderson, K., Davies, C., Krebs, J., Dowell, A., Grainger, R., & Sarfati, D. (2020). A mobile- and web-based health intervention program for diabetes and prediabetes self-management (BetaMe/Melon): Process evaluation following a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(12), e19150. doi: 10.2196/19150

Gurney, J. K., McLeod, M., Stanley, J., Campbell, D., Boyle, L., Dennett, E., … Sarfati, D. (2020). Postoperative mortality in New Zealand following general anaesthetic: Demographic patterns and temporal trends. BMJ Open, 10(9), e036451. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036451

McLeod, M., Sandiford, P., Kvizhinadze, G., Bartholomew, K., & Crengle, S. (2020). Impact of low-dose CT screening for lung cancer on ethnic health inequities in New Zealand: A cost-effectiveness analysis. BMJ Open, 10, e037145. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-037145

McLeod, M., & Cormack, D. (2013). Primary care ethnicity data audit toolkit: A toolkit for assessing ethnicity data quality. Commissioned by Ministry of Health. Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Health. 39p. Retrieved from http://www.health.govt.nz/publication/primary-care-ethnicity-data-audit-toolkit

Commissioned Report for External Body

Cormack, D., & McLeod, M. (2010). Improving and maintaining quality in ethnicity data collections in the health and disability sector. Commissioned by Ministry of Health. Wellington, New Zealand: Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora a Eru Pōmare, University of Otago. 75p.

Commissioned Report for External Body

King, P., Cormack, D., McLeod, M., Harris, R., Gurney, J. (2020, April). COVID-19 and Māori health: When equity is more than a word. Public Health Expert blog. Retrieved from https://blogs.otago.ac.nz/pubhealthexpert/2020/04/10/covid-19-and-maori-health-when-equity-is-more-than-a-word/

Other Research Output

Teng, A., McLeod, M., Blakely, T., Wilson, N. (2017, April). Is it time to pilot a test and treat programme for reducing the stomach cancer burden and inequalities in NZ? University of Otago Public Health Expert blog. Retrieved from https://blogs.otago.ac.nz/pubhealthexpert/2017/04/18/is-it-time-to-pilot-a-test-and-treat-programme-for-reducing-the-stomach-cancer-burden-and-inequalities-in-nz/

Other Research Output

Gurney, J., McLeod, M., Stanley, J., Sarfati, D., Campbell, D., Davies, C., Dennett, E., … Ongley, D., Robson, B., Rumball-Smith, J., Signal, V., Stairmand, J., Thomas, C., & Koea, J. (2021). Disparities in post-operative mortality between Māori and non-indigenous ethnic groups in New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 134(1542), 15-28. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

Gurney, J. K., McLeod, M., Stanley, J., Campbell, D., Boyle, L., Dennett, E., … Sarfati, D. (2020). Postoperative mortality in New Zealand following general anaesthetic: Demographic patterns and temporal trends. BMJ Open, 10(9), e036451. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2019-036451

Journal - Research Article

Gurney, J., Stanley, J., McLeod, M., Koea, J., Jackson, C., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Disparities in cancer-specific survival between Māori and non-Māori New Zealanders, 2007-2016. JCO Global Oncology, 6, 766-774. doi: 10.1200/go.20.00028

Journal - Research Article

McLeod, M., Sandiford, P., Kvizhinadze, G., Bartholomew, K., & Crengle, S. (2020). Impact of low-dose CT screening for lung cancer on ethnic health inequities in New Zealand: A cost-effectiveness analysis. BMJ Open, 10, e037145. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2020-037145

Journal - Research Article

McLeod, M., Stanley, J., Signal, V., Stairmand, J., Thompson, D., Henderson, K., Davies, C., Krebs, J., Dowell, A., Grainger, R., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Impact of a comprehensive digital health programme on HbA1c and weight after 12 months for people with diabetes and prediabetes: A randomised controlled trial. Diabetologia, 63, 2559-2570. doi: 10.1007/s00125-020-05261-x

Journal - Research Article

Signal, V., McLeod, M., Stanley, J., Stairmand, J., Sukumaran, N., Thompson, D.-M., Henderson, K., Davies, C., Krebs, J., Dowell, A., Grainger, R., & Sarfati, D. (2020). A mobile- and web-based health intervention program for diabetes and prediabetes self-management (BetaMe/Melon): Process evaluation following a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(12), e19150. doi: 10.2196/19150

Journal - Research Article

Steyn, N., Binny, R. N., Hannah, K., Hendy, S. C., James, A., Kukutai, T., … McLeod, M., … Sporle, A. (2020). Estimated inequities in COVID-19 infection fatality rates by ethnicity for Aotearoa New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 133(1521), 28-39. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

Cleghorn, C. L., Wilson, N., Nair, N., Kvizhinadze, G., Nghiem, N., McLeod, M., & Blakely, T. (2019). Health benefits and costs of weight-loss dietary counselling by nurses in primary care: A cost-effectiveness analysis. Public Health Nutrition, 23(1), 83-93. doi: 10.1017/s1368980019002945

Journal - Research Article

Cleghorn, C., Wilson, N., Nair, N., Kvizhinadze, G., Nghiem, N., McLeod, M., & Blakely, T. (2019). Health benefits and cost-effectiveness from promoting smartphone apps for weight loss: Multistate life table modeling. JMIR mHealth & uHealth, 7(1), e11118. doi: 10.2196/11118

Journal - Research Article

Hider, P., Dempster-Rivett, K., Williman, J., Dempster-Rivett, M., Sadler, L., McLeod, M., Miller, A., & Sykes, P. (2018). A review of cervical cancer occurrences in New Zealand 2008–2012. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1472), 53-63. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

McLeod, M., King, P., Stanley, J., Lacey, C., & Cunningham, R. (2017). Ethnic disparities in the use of seclusion for adult psychiatric inpatients in New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 130(1454), 30-39. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

McLeod, M., Kvizhinadze, G., Boyd, M., Barendregt, J., Sarfati, D., Wilson, N., & Blakely, T. (2017). Colorectal cancer screening: How health gains and cost-effectiveness vary by ethnic group, the impact on health inequalities, and the optimal age range to screen. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention, 26(9), 1391-1400. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.epi-17-0150

Journal - Research Article

Teng, A. M., Kvizhinadze, G., Nair, N., McLeod, M., Wilson, N., & Blakely, T. (2017). A screening program to test and treat for Helicobacter pylori infection: Cost-utility analysis by age, sex and ethnicity. BMC Infectious Diseases, 17(1), 156. doi: 10.1186/s12879-017-2259-2

Journal - Research Article

Collinson, L., Kvizhinadze, G., Nair, N., McLeod, M., & Blakely, T. (2016). Economic evaluation of single-fraction versus multiple-fraction palliative radiotherapy for painful bone metastases in breast, lung and prostate cancer. Journal of Medical Imaging & Radiation Oncology, 60, 650-660. doi: 10.1111/1754-9485.12467

Journal - Research Article

Teng, A. M., Atkinson, J., Disney, G., Wilson, N., Sarfati, D., McLeod, M., & Blakely, T. (2016). Ethnic inequalities in cancer incidence and mortality: Census-linked cohort studies with 87 million years of person-time follow-up. BMC Cancer, 16, 755. doi: 10.1186/s12885-016-2781-4

Journal - Research Article

Blakely, T., Cobiac, L. J., Cleghorn, C. L., Pearson, A. L., van der Deen, F. S., Kvizhinadze, G., Nghiem, N., McLeod, M., & Wilson, N. (2015). Health, health inequality, and cost impacts of annual increases in tobacco tax: Multistate life table modeling in New Zealand. PLoS Medicine, 12(7), e1001856. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1001856

Journal - Research Article

Kvizhinadze, G., Wilson, N., Nair, N., McLeod, M., & Blakely, T. (2015). How much might a society spend on life-saving interventions at different ages while remaining cost-effective? A case study in a country with detailed data. Population Health Metrics, 13, 15. doi: 10.1186/s12963-015-0052-2

Journal - Research Article

McLeod, M., Blakely, T., Kvizhinadze, G., & Harris, R. (2014). Why equal treatment is not always equitable: The impact of existing ethnic health inequalities in cost-effectiveness modeling. Population Health Metrics, 12, 15. doi: 10.1186/1478-7954-12-15

Journal - Research Article

Neuwelt, P., Crengle, S., Cormack, D., McLeod, M., & Bramley, D. (2014). General practice ethnicity data: Evaluation of a tool. Journal of Primary Health Care, 6(1), 49-55.

Journal - Research Article

McLeod, M., Cormack, D., Harris, R., Robson, B., Sykes, P., & Crengle, S. (2011). Achieving equitable outcomes for Māori women with cervical cancer in New Zealand: Health provider views. New Zealand Medical Journal, 124(1334). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/124-1334/4661/content.pdf

Journal - Research Article

McLeod, M., Harris, R., Purdie, G., Cormack, D., Robson, B., Sykes, P., Crengle, S., Iupati, D., & Walker, N. (2010). Improving survival disparities in cervical cancer between Māori and non-Māori women in New Zealand: A National Retrospective Cohort Study. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 34(2), 193-199. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2010.00506.x

Journal - Research Article

Blakely, T., & McLeod, M. (2009). Will the financial crisis get under the skin and affect our health? Learning from the past to predict the future. New Zealand Medical Journal, 122(1307). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/122-1307/3915/content.pdf

Journal - Research Article

McLeod, M., Mason, K., White, P., & Read, D. (2009). The 2005 Wellington influenza outbreak: Syndromic surveillance of Wellington Hospital Emergency Department activity may have provided early warning. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 33(3), 289-294. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-6405.2009.00391.x

Journal - Research Article

McLeod, M., Kelly, H., Wilson, N., & Baker, M. G. (2008). Border control measures in the influenza pandemic plans of six South Pacific nations: A critical review. New Zealand Medical Journal, 121(1278). Retrieved from http://journal.nzma.org.nz/journal/121-1278/3163/content.pdf

Journal - Research Article

McLeod, M., Harris, R., Paine, S.-J., Crengle, S., Cormack, D., Scott, N., & Robson, B. (2021). Bowel cancer screening age range extension for Māori: What is all the fuss about? New Zealand Medical Journal, 134(1535), 71-77. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

McLeod, M., Gurney, J., Harris, R., Cormack, D., & King, P. (2020). COVID-19: We must not forget about Indigenous health and equity. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 44(4), 253-256. doi: 10.1111/1753-6405.13015

Journal - Research Other

McLeod, M., Signal, V., Gurney, J., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Postoperative mortality of indigenous populations compared with nonindigenous populations: A systematic review. JAMA Surgery, 155(7), 636-656. doi: 10.1001/jamasurg.2020.0316

Journal - Research Other

Signal, V., Gurney, J., Inns, S., McLeod, M., Sika-Paotonu, D., Sowerbutts, S., Teng, A., & Sarfati, D. (2020). Helicobacter pylori, stomach cancer and its prevention in New Zealand. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 50(3), 397-417. doi: 10.1080/03036758.2019.1650081

Journal - Research Other

Gurney, J. K., Stanley, J., McGlynn, K., Richiardi, L., Shaw, C., Edwards, R., Merriman, T. R., Robson, B., … McLeod, M., Kennedy, M. A., & Sarfati, D. (2018). Testicular Cancer in New Zealand (TCNZ) study: Protocol for a national case-control study. BMJ Open, 8, e025212. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-025212

Journal - Research Other

Sarfati, D., McLeod, M., Stanley, J., Signal, V., Stairmand, J., Krebs, J., Dowell, A., Leung, W., Davies, C., & Grainger, R. (2018). BetaMe: Impact of a comprehensive digital health programme on HbA1c and weight at 12 months for people with diabetes and pre-diabetes: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 19, 161. doi: 10.1186/s13063-018-2528-4

Journal - Research Other

Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., McLeod, M., Blakely, T., & Bissett, I. (2016). Screening for colorectal cancer: Spoiled for choice? New Zealand Medical Journal, 129(1440), 120-128. Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Other

McLeod, M. A., Baker, M., Wilson, N., Kelly, H., Kiedrzynski, T., & Kool, J. L. (2008). Protective effect of maritime quarantine in South Pacific jurisdictions, 1918-19 influenza pandemic [Dispatch]. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 14(3), 468-470.

Journal - Research Other

Sarfati, D., Shaw, C., McLeod, M., Blakely, T., & Bissett, I. (2016). Response to Cox letter. New Zealand Medical Journal, 129(1446), 116-118. Retrieved from http://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Professional & Other Non-Research Articles

Kvizhinadze, G., Wilson, N., Nair, N., McLeod, M., & Blakely, T. (2014). A new framework for identifying cost-effective life-saving interventions by stage of the life course, a refinement on standard VSL approaches. Proceedings of the New Zealand Population Health Congress: Connecting Communities, Policy and Science. (pp. 262). Retrieved from http://www.pophealthcongress.org.nz/nzphc14/programme/programme

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Cormack, D., McLeod, M., & Harris, R. (2011). The impacts of racism on health, training and careers of Indigenous medical students and physicians. Proceedings of the Leaders in Indigenous Medical Education Conference: LIME Connection IV: Medical Education for Indigenous Health: Building the Evidence Base. (pp. 59-60). Retrieved from http://www.limenetwork.net.au/content/post-conference-report-2011

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Robson, B., Purdie, G., McLeod, M., Harwood, M., Reid, P., Curtis, E., & Barnes, A. (2011). Overcoming racism to improve indigenous cardiovascular health: Tackling inequalities in cardiac health care. Heart, Lung & Circulation, 20(Suppl. 1), (pp. S2). doi: 10.1016/j.hlc.2011.04.011

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Baker, M. G., McLeod, M., Kelly, H., Wilson, N., Alvarado-Ramy, F., & CDC funded NZ Pandemic Influenza Research Team. (2008). Protective effect of maritime quarantine in South Pacific islands during the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic. Proceedings of the International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases (ICEID). (pp. 158). ICEID. Retrieved from http://www.iceid.org/images/stories/2008program.pdf

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Wilson, N., McLeod, M., Kelly, H., & Baker, M. (2008). Influenza pandemic planning among South Pacific nations: A critical review of available plans from a border control perspective. Proceedings of the International Conference on Emerging Infectious Diseases (ICEID). (pp. 52-53). ICEID. Retrieved from http://www.iceid.org/images/stories/2008program.pdf

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

McLeod, M. (2018, February). Inequalities in screening: Bowel cancer. Verbal presentation at the Indigenous People and Cancer Symposium: A Shared Agenda for Aotearoa, Australia, and Pacific Nations, Wellington, New Zealand.

Conference Contribution - Verbal presentation and other Conference outputs

McLeod, M. (2018, October). A framework for considering health equity for Maori in cancer screening. Verbal presentation at the World Cancer Congress: Strengthen, Inspire, Deliver, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Conference Contribution - Verbal presentation and other Conference outputs

McLeod, M. (2016, April). Colorectal cancer screening: How will it impact on Māori? Verbal presentation at the World Indigenous Cancer Conference, Brisbane, Australia.

Conference Contribution - Verbal presentation and other Conference outputs

Nair, N., McLeod, M., Al-Murrani, A., & Metcalfe, S. (2016, September). More bang for your buck: An introduction to cost-effectiveness analysis for public health practice. Workshop presentation at the New Zealand College of Public Health Medicine (NZCPHM) Annual Scientific Meeting and Workshop, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Conference Contribution - Verbal presentation and other Conference outputs

Teng, A. M., Atkinson, J., Disney, G., Wilson, N., Sarfati, D., McLeod, M., & Blakely, T. (2016, September). Ethnic inequalities in cancer incidence and mortality: Census-linked cohort studies with 87 million years of person-time follow-up. Verbal presentation at the New Zealand College of Public Health Medicine (NZCPHM) Annual Scientific Meeting and Workshop, Christchurch, New Zealand.

Conference Contribution - Verbal presentation and other Conference outputs

Blakely, T., McLeod, M., Nghiem, N., Kvizhinadze, G., Quirke, T., Bartholomew, N., & Tobias, M. (2013, July). Using expected years of life lived with disability (YLDs) from a burden of disease study to account for expected comorbidity by sex, age and ethnic group in economic evaluations. Verbal presentation at the 9th World Congress on Health Economics: Celebrating Health Economics, Sydney, Australia.

Conference Contribution - Verbal presentation and other Conference outputs

McLeod, M., Blakely, T., & Kvizhinadze, G. (2013, July). How do you quantitatively incorporate equity into cost effectiveness analyses? First understand the heterogeneity. Verbal presentation at the 9th World Congress on Health Economics: Celebrating Health Economics, Sydney, Australia.

Conference Contribution - Verbal presentation and other Conference outputs

McLeod, M. (2018). Making health equity count: Incorporating health equity for Māori into cost-utility analyses (PhD). University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Retrieved from https://ourarchive.otago.ac.nz/handle/10523/8737

Awarded Doctoral Degree

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