Red X iconGreen tick iconYellow tick icon


John Zerilli, John Danaher, James Maclaurin, Colin Gavaghan, Alistair Knott, Joy Liddicoat and Merel Noorman: (Feb 2021). A Citizen's Guide to Artificial Intelligence. MIT Press.


Alistair Knott, Dino Pedreschi, Raja Chatila, Susan Leavy, Ricardo Baeza-Yates, Tapabrata Chakraborti, David Eyers, Andrew Trotman, Lama Saouma, Virginia Morini, Valentina Pansanella, Paul D. Teal, Przemyslaw Biecek, Ivan Bratko, Stuart Russell, and Yoshua Bengio. State-of-the-art Foundation AI Models Should be Accompanied by Detection Mechanisms as a Condition of Public Release (PDF). Global Partnership on AI, July 2023.

Alistair Knott, Dino Pedreschi, Tapabrata Chakraborti, David Eyers, Raja Chatila, Andrew Trotman, Ricardo Baeza-Yates, Lama Saouma, Virginia Morini, and Valentina Pansanella. Transparency Mechanisms for Social Media Recommender Algorithms: From Proposals to Action (PDF). Global Partnership on AI, November 2022.

Alistair Knott, Kate Hannah, Dino Pedreschi, Tapabrata Chakraborti, Sanjana Hattotuwa, Andrew Trotman, Ricardo Baeza-Yates, Rituparna Roy, David Eyers, Virginia Morin and Valentina Pansanella. Responsible AI for Social Media Governance: A proposed collaborative method for studying the effects of social media recommender systems on users (PDF). Global Partnership on AI, November 2021.

Tom Barraclough and Curtis Barnes. Legal  and  public  policy considerations: proposal by Global Partnership on AI for collaborative study of TVEC and social media recommender systems. Brainbox report, November 2021.

Gavaghan, C., Knott, A. and Maclaurin, J. The impact of Artificial Intelligence on Jobs and Work in New Zealand (PDF). University of Otago, May 2021.

Colin Gavaghan, Alistair Knott, James Maclaurin, John Zerilli and Joy Liddicoat. “Government Use of Artificial Intelligence in New Zealand” (PDF) (2019).

Conference/Workshop organisation

  • Alistair Knott, Colin Gavaghan, James Maclaurin and Joy Liddicoat organised the roundtable on AI and Employment held in both Oxford and Dunedin, in November 2018 and September 2019
  • James Maclaurin gave a Philosophy Seminar “Why Work?” at the University of Otago 11 September 2019.
    Predictions about the future of work vary greatly — from the grim pronouncements of Rifkin's The End of Work, to the guarded techno-optimism of Brynjolfsson and McAffee's The Second Machine Age, to the bring-it-on attitude of Salmon's recent New Zealand-focussed Jobs, Robots and Us. All agree that the nature, and perhaps the availability of work will change radically in coming decades. If we are to adapt successfully, we must first understand the value of work. This talk contrasts current fears about loss of work with Bertrand Russell's famous claim that far too much work is done in the world — immense harm is caused by the belief that work is virtuous.
  • Alistair Knott, John Zerilli  and Joy Liddicoat were selected to co-organise a presentation on AI and Law at the In-house Lawyers Association of New Zealand annual conference held in Dunedin, 9 May 2019. The workshop met the continuing professional development requirements for lawyers.    

CAIPP also sponsors the Artificial Intelligence and Society Seminar series. Topics, slides and other materials are available on the AI and Society wiki.

Selected peer-reviewed publications

Zerilli, J., Knott, A., Maclaurin, J. and Gavaghan, C. (2019). Algorithmic Decision-Making and the Control Problem. Minds and Machines 29:555–578.

Keddell, E. and  Stanley, T. (2019) Critical debates in child protection: The production of risk in changing times. In Webb, S. (ed) Handbook of Critical Social Work. London: Routledge.

Zerilli, J., Knott, A., Maclaurin, J. & Gavaghan, C. (2018) Transparency in algorithmic and human decision-making: Is there a double standard?Philosophy and Technology.

Gavaghan, C. (2017) Lex machina: Techno-regulatory mechanisms and "rules by design." Otago Law Review 15(1): 123-145.

Keddell, E. (2016) Substantiation, decision-making and risk prediction in child protection systems. Policy Quarterly 12: 2-16.

Keddell, E. (2015) The ethics of predictive risk modelling in child welfare: child abuse prevention or neo-liberal tool? Critical Social Policy 35(1): 69-88.

Blog posts

Knott, A. (2021, Mar 22) Moving Towards Responsible Government Use of AI in New Zealand. Produced as part of the World Economic Forum's 'Reimagining Regulation for the Age of AI' project.

Liddicoat, J. (2019, Mar 7) Responding to the Christchurch Call. Association for Progressive Communications.

Keddell, E. (2018, April 6) Risk prediction tools in child welfare contexts: The devil in the detail. Human services and information technology association.

Keddell, E. & Stanley, T. (2018, March 29) Artificial intelligence in children's services: The ethical and practical issues. Community Care.

Keddell, E. (2015, June 4) Predictive risk modelling: On data, rights and politics. Reimagining Social Work.

Case studies


Christchurch terrorist attack

Establishment of the Centre for AI and Public Policy

Proposal for a regulatory body to oversee the use of predictive analytics in NZ government departments

AI related topics

Comments on ACC's predictive tool

Other topics

Selected talks

  • James Maclaurin spoke at the Parliamentary Speaker’s Science Forum, to an audience of MPs on “Data Governance in the age of ChatGPT.  7 June 2023.
  • David Eyers, James Maclaurin, and Daniel Guppy presented an panel discussion on AI in the Workforce for the New Zealand International Science Festival which will be broadcast by Radio New Zealand.
  • James Maclaurin and Colin Gavaghan spoke about AI (and other new technologies) at Otago's 2022 National Security School which is organised by the University's Politics Programme.
  • James Maclaurin spoke on Job and Work to the Economic Development, Science and Innovation Select Committee at parliament on 29 August 2019.
  • Joy Liddicoat gave a presentation “AI and Employment: New Zealand labour laws – a preliminary assessment” to the AI and Society Forum on 16 August 2019.
  • Ali Knott have a presentation “A survey of labour law issues relating to AI” to the AI and Society Forum on 9 August 2019.
  • Joy Liddicoat and Colin Gavaghan both appeared as panellists and chairs at the Identity Conference, organised by Victoria University of Wellington, the Department of Internal Affairs Te Tari Taiwhenua, the Office of the Privacy Commissioner and Digital Identity New Zealand.
  • Joy Liddicoat gave a presentation to the New Zealand Law Librarians annual conference on 29 August 2019.
  • James Maclaurin spoke at the Parliamentary Speaker’s Science Forum, to an audience of MPs on the effects of AI on jobs and work in Aotearoa. 10 April 2019.
  • Colin Gavaghan delivered a seminar on the project, entitled 'Thinking outside the (black) box', as part of the Inland Revenue's “Future thinking” series.
  • "AI Technologies: Maximising benefits, minimising potential harms." James Maclaurin and Colin Gavaghan delivered a talk at the Data Summit in Wellington. 27 September 2018.
  • "Transparency in algorithmic and human decision-making: Is there a double standard?" The AI and Law in New Zealand Project's Postdoctoral Fellow, John Zerilli, delivered a talk at the Neuroscience and Society Conference in Sydney. 24 August 2018.
  • AI and Computer Vision: Applications, impacts, ethics. Ali Knott delivered a talk with Steven Mills for TechWeek in Auckland. 23 May 2018.
  • Colin Gavaghan delivered the Kirby seminar at the University of New England, Armidale, Australia, on the topic "Thinking Outside the (Black) Box." 14 May 2018.
  • Colin Gavaghan delivered a talk and participated in a panel discussion at Privacy Week, Wellington. 9 May 2018.
  • Colin Gavaghan spoke at the Parliamentary Speaker's Science Forum, to an audience of MPs. The subject matter included legal issues around driverless cars and other challenges of autonomous machines. 9 May 2018.
  • The impact of AI on people and society. Ali Knott participated in a panel discussion at AI day. 28 March 2018.
  • James Maclaurin participated in a panel discusison on Driverless Cars as part of IPWEA NZ's 2017 conference. Radio NZ. 24 September 2017.
  • Colin Gavaghan attended and presented at Neuroscience and Society conference, co-hosted by Universities of Sydney and Macquarie. 14-15 September​ 2017.
  • How should society prepare for advances in Artificial Intelligence? Royal Society Te Apārangi 150th Anniversary Regional Lecture, given by Ali Knott. 4 August 2017.

Professional service

2023: James Maclaurin and Ali Knott were appointed to a panel on AI and Health in Aotearoa organised by the Office of the Prime Minister’s Chief Science Advisor in conjunction with the Ministry of Health.

2021: Colin Gavaghan was selected by the New Zealand Police as chair of a panel of independent experts to advise on technology matters in 2021.

Colin Gavaghan joined the Digital Council for Aotearoa in 2020.

Alistair Knott was selected as one of the NZ representatives on the Global Partnership on AI'sResponsible Use of AI working group in 2020.

The 'Law, Ethics and Society' working group of the AI Forum, of which Ali Knott is a member, released  'Trustworthy AI in Aotearoa New Zealand: AI Principles' on 4 March 2020.
Read the report online at AI Forum

The AI and Law in New Zealand Project's Postdoctoral Fellow, John Zerilli, served on the AI Forum's 'Adoption' working group, September 2018 – May 2019.

Joy Liddicoat joined the AI Forum's Working Group 4 “Trust Data Accessibility” in August 2019.

The AI and Law in New Zealand Project's Postdoctoral Fellow, John Zerilli, reviewed the final report of the IEEE Global Initiative on Ethics of Autonomous and Intelligent Systems, Ethically Aligned Design.

The AI and Law in New Zealand Project's Associate Research Fellow, Joy Liddicoat, contributed a foreword to the​ AI publication, FABRICS.
Read the FABRICS - Emerging AI Readiness document. (PDF)

Back to top