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Senior Lecturer
Paediatric EndocrinologistMartin de Bock

PhD FRACP

Tel 64 3 372 6763
Email martin.debock@otago.ac.nz

Affiliations

  • Australasian Paediatric Endocrine Group; diabetes subcommittee
  • Australasian Paediatric Endocrine Group; Scientific Program Organising Committee
  • International Society of Paediatric and Adolescent Diabetes; Diabetes technologies guidelines writing group
  • Examination Writing Committee, RACP
  • NZ Clinical Network for Children and Young People with Diabetes.

Clinical interests

  • Type 1 diabetes
  • Adolescent diabetes
  • Paediatric Endocrinology

Teaching interests

  • Paediatric diabetes and endocrinology
  • Professional skills

Research interests

  • Emerging diabetes technology
  • Adolescent diabetes management
  • Nutrition in diabetes

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Publications

Burnside, M. J., Lewis, D. M., Crocket, H. R., Wilson, R. A., Williman, J. A., Sanders, O. J., Jefferies, C. A., Faherty, A. M., Paul, R. G., Lever, C. S., Price, S. K. J., Frewen, C. M., Jones, S. D., … Lampey, C., Wheeler, B. J., & de Bock, M. I. (2022). Open-Source automated insulin delivery in type 1 diabetes. New England Journal of Medicine, 387(10), 869-881. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2203913

Phillip, M., Nimri, R., Bergenstal, R. M., Barnard-Kelly, K., Danne, T., Hovorka, R., … de Bock, M. I., … Battelino, T. (2022). Consensus recommendations for the use of automated insulin delivery (AID) technologies in clinical practice. Endocrine Reviews. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1210/endrev/bnac022

Rose, S., Haszard, J. J., Galland, B. C., Wiltshire, E. J., de Bock, M. I., Smart, C. E., Ketu-Mckenzie, M., … Jefferies, C. A., Wheeler, B. J., & Styles, S. E. (2022). The OPTIMISE study protocol: A multicentre optimisation trial comparing continuous glucose monitoring, snacking habits, sleep extension and values-guided self-care interventions to improve glucose time-in-range in young people (13–20 years) with type 1 diabetes. Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders. doi: 10.1007/s40200-022-01089-x

França, M. M., Reeve, L., Dumitrescu, A. M., de Bock, M., & Refetoff, S. (2022). A novel pathogenic variant in PAX8 leads to familial congenital hypothyroidism. Thyroid. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1089/thy.2022.0117

Rose, S., Haszard, J. J., Galland, B. C., Wiltshire, E. J., de Bock, M. I., Smart, C. E., Ketu-Mckenzie, M., … Thomson, R., Jefferies, C. A., Wheeler, B. J., & Styles, S. E. (2022). The OPTIMISE study protocol: A multicentre optimisation trial comparing continuous glucose monitoring, snacking habits, sleep extension and values-guided self-care interventions to improve glucose time-in-range in youth with type 1 diabetes. Proceedings of the New Zealand Society for the Study of Diabetes (NZSSD) Annual Scientific Meeting. (pp. 44). Retrieved from https://www.ivvy.com.au/event/NZSSD22/welcome.html

Burnside, M. J., Lewis, D. M., Crocket, H. R., Wilson, R. A., Williman, J. A., Sanders, O. J., Jefferies, C. A., Faherty, A. M., Paul, R. G., Lever, C. S., Price, S. K. J., Frewen, C. M., Jones, S. D., … Lampey, C., Wheeler, B. J., & de Bock, M. I. (2022). Open-Source automated insulin delivery in type 1 diabetes. New England Journal of Medicine, 387(10), 869-881. doi: 10.1056/NEJMoa2203913

Journal - Research Article

Elbalshy, M. M., Styles, S., Haszard, J. J., Galland, B. C., Crocket, H., Jefferies, C., Wiltshire, E., Tomlinson, P., de Bock, M. I., & Wheeler, B. J. (2022). The effect of do-it-yourself real-time continuous glucose monitoring on psychological and glycemic variables in children with type 1 diabetes: A randomized crossover trial. Pediatric Diabetes. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/pedi.13331

Journal - Research Article

Elbalshy, M., Haszard, J., Smith, H., Kuroko, S., Galland, B., Oliver, N., … de Bock, M. I., & Wheeler, B. J. (2022). Effect of divergent continuous glucose monitoring technologies on glycaemic control in type 1 diabetes mellitus: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. Diabetic Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/dme.14854

Journal - Research Article

Groves, M., Styles, S., & de Bock, M. (2022). Insulin pump special eligibility criteria in New Zealand: A survey of prescriber opinion and practice. New Zealand Medical Journal, 135(1552), 82-88. Retrieved from https://journal.nzma.org.nz/

Journal - Research Article

Phillip, M., Nimri, R., Bergenstal, R. M., Barnard-Kelly, K., Danne, T., Hovorka, R., … de Bock, M. I., … Battelino, T. (2022). Consensus recommendations for the use of automated insulin delivery (AID) technologies in clinical practice. Endocrine Reviews. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1210/endrev/bnac022

Journal - Research Article

Collyns, O. J., Meier, R. A., Betts, Z. L., Chan, D. S. H., Frampton, C., Frewen, C. M., Hewapathirana, N. M., Jones, S. D., … Wheeler, B. J., & de Bock, M. I. (2021). Improved glycemic outcomes with Medtronic MiniMed Advanced Hybrid Closed-Loop delivery: Results from a randomized crossover trial comparing automated insulin delivery with predictive low glucose suspend in people with type 1 diabetes. Diabetes Care, 44, 969-975. doi: 10.2337/dc20-2250

Journal - Research Article

Crocket, H., Elbashy, M. M., Kavanagh, T., Styles, S., Galland, B., Haszard, J. J., Wiltshire, E., Jefferies, C., de Bock, M., Tomlinson, P., Jones, S., & Wheeler, B. J. (2021). Parental experiences of short term supported use of a do-it-yourself continuous glucose monitor (DIYrtCGM): A qualitative study. Diabetic Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/dme.14731

Journal - Research Article

Crocket, H., Lewis, D. M., Burnside, M., Faherty, A., Wheeler, B., Frewen, C., Lever, C., Jefferies, C., Williman, J., Sanders, O., Wilson, R., Paul, R., Price, S., Jones, S., & de Bock, M. (2021). Learning challenges of health care professionals supporting open-source automated insulin delivery. Diabetic Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/dme.14750

Journal - Research Article

Danne, T., Lanzinger, S., de Bock, M., Rhodes, E. T., Alonso, G. T., Barat, P., … on behalf of the SWEET Study Group. (2021). A worldwide perspective on COVID-19 and diabetes management in 22,820 children from the SWEET project: Diabetic ketoacidosis rates increase and glycemic control is maintained. Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, 23(9), 632-641. doi: 10.1089/dia.2021.0110

Journal - Research Article

Holmes-Walker, J., Abraham, M. B., Chee, M., Jones, T. W., on behalf of the ADDN Group, including de Bock, M., Jefferies, C., Wheeler, B., & Wiltshire, E. (2021). Glycaemic outcomes in Australasian children and adults with Type 1 diabetes: Failure to meet targets across the age spectrum. Internal Medicine Journal. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/imj.15426

Journal - Research Article

Lu, J. C., Vogrin, S., McAuley, S. A., Lee, M. H., Paldus, B., Bach, L. A., … de Bock, M. I., … for the Australian JDRF Closed-Loop Research Group. (2021). Meal-time glycaemia in adults with type 1 diabetes using multiple daily injections vs insulin pump therapy following carbohydrate-counting education and bolus calculator provision. Diabetes Research & Clinical Practice, 179, 109000. doi: 10.1016/j.diabres.2021.109000

Journal - Research Article

McAuley, S. A., Vogrin, S., Lee, M. H., Paldus, B., Trawley, S., de Bock, M. I., … for the Australian JDRF Closed-Loop Research Group. (2021). Less nocturnal hypoglycemia but equivalent time in range among adults with type 1 diabetes using insulin pumps versus multiple daily injections. Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, 23(6), 460-466. doi: 10.1089/dia.2020.0589

Journal - Research Article

Rose, S., Boucher, S. E., Galland, B. C., Wiltshire, E. J., Stanley, J., Smith, C., de Bock, M. I., … MacKenzie, K. E., & Wheeler, B. J. (2021). Impact of high-risk glycemic control on habitual sleep patterns and sleep quality among youth (13-20 years) with type 1 diabetes mellitus compared to controls without diabetes. Pediatric Diabetes, 22, 823-831. doi: 10.1111/pedi.13215

Journal - Research Article

Rose, S., Styles, S. E., Wiltshire, E. J., Stanley, J., Galland, B. C., de Bock, M. I., Tomlinson, P. A., … MacKenzie, K. E., & Wheeler, B. J. (2021). Use of intermittently scanned continuous glucose monitoring in young people with high-risk type 1 diabetes: Extension phase outcomes following a 6-month randomized control trial. Diabetic Medicine, e14756. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/dme.14756

Journal - Research Article

Wheeler, B. J., Collyns, O. J., Meier, R. A., Betts, Z. L., Frampton, C., Frewen, C. M., Galland, B., Hewapathirana, N. M., Jones, S. D., Chan, D. S. H., … de Bock, M. I. (2021). Improved technology satisfaction and sleep quality with Medtronic MiniMed® Advanced Hybrid Closed-Loop delivery compared to predictive low glucose suspend in people with Type 1 Diabetes in a randomized crossover trial. Acta Diabetologica. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1007/s00592-021-01789-5

Journal - Research Article

Willis, J., Cunningham-Tisdall, C., Griffin, C., Scott, R., Darlow, B. A., Owens, N., Ferguson, J., … Williman, J., & de Bock, M. (2021). Type 1 Diabetes diagnosed before age 15 years in Canterbury, New Zealand: A fifty year record of increasing incidence. Pediatric Diabetes. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/pedi.13305

Journal - Research Article

Boucher, S. E., Aum, S. H., Crocket, H. R., Wiltshire, E. J., Tomlinson, P. A., de Bock, M. I., & Wheeler, B. J. (2020). Exploring parental perspectives after commencement of flash glucose monitoring for type 1 diabetes in adolescents and young adults not meeting glycaemic targets: A qualitative study. Diabetic Medicine, 37(4), 657-664. doi: 10.1111/dme.14188

Journal - Research Article

Boucher, S. E., Gray, A. R., Wiltshire, E. J., de Bock, M. I., Galland, B. C., Tomlinson, P. A., … Rose, S., & Wheeler, B. J. (2020). Effect of 6 months of flash glucose monitoring in youth with type 1 diabetes and high-risk glycemic control: A randomized controlled trial. Diabetes Care, 43, 2388-2395. doi: 10.2337/dc20-0613

Journal - Research Article

Boucher, S., Blackwell, M., Galland, B., de Bock, M., Crocket, H., Wiltshire, E., Tomlinson, P., … Wheeler, B. (2020). Initial experiences of adolescents and young adults with type 1 diabetes and high-risk glycemic control after starting flash glucose monitoring: A qualitative study. Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders, 19, 37-46. doi: 10.1007/s40200-019-00472-5

Journal - Research Article

Burnside, M., Crocket, H., Mayo, M., Pickering, J., Tappe, A., & de Bock, M. (2020). Do-it-yourself automated insulin delivery: A leading example of the democratization of medicine. Journal of Diabetes Science & Technology, 14(5), 878-882. doi: 10.1177/1932296819890623

Journal - Research Article

Elbalshy, M., Boucher, S., Crocket, H., Galland, B., MacKenzie, C., de Bock, M. I., … Wiltshire, E., & Wheeler, B. J. (2020). Exploring parental experiences of using a do-it-yourself solution for continuous glucose monitoring among children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes: A qualitative study. Journal of Diabetes Science & Technology, 14(5), 844-853. doi: 10.1177/1932296819895290

Journal - Research Article

Marsters, B. L., Boucher, S. E., Galland, B. C., de Lange, M., Wiltshire, E. J., de Bock, M. I., Elbalshy, M. M., Tomlinson, P. A., … Wheeler, B. J. (2020). The 'flash' adhesive study: A randomized crossover trial using an additional adhesive patch to prolong freestyle libre sensor life among youth with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Acta Diabetologica, 57(11), 1307-1314. doi: 10.1007/s00592-020-01556-y

Journal - Research Article

Marsters, B. L., Boucher, S. E., Galland, B. C., Wiltshire, E. J., de Bock, M. I., Tomlinson, P. A., … MacKenzie, K. E., … Wheeler, B. J. (2020). Cutaneous adverse events in a randomized controlled trial of flash glucose monitoring among youth with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Pediatric Diabetes, 21, 1516-1524. doi: 10.1111/pedi.13121

Journal - Research Article

McAuley, S. A., Lee, M. H., Paldus, B., Vogrin, S., de Bock, M. I., Abraham, M. B., … for the Australian JDRF Closed-Loop Research Group. (2020). Six months of hybrid closed-loop versus manual insulin delivery with fingerprick blood glucose monitoring in adults with type 1 diabetes: A randomized, controlled trial. Diabetes Care, 43, 3024-3033. doi: 10.2337/dc20-1447

Journal - Research Article

Mohd Asarani, N. A., Reynolds, A. N., Boucher, S. E., de Bock, M., & Wheeler, B. J. (2020). Cutaneous complications with continuous or flash glucose monitoring use: Systematic review of trials and observational studies. Journal of Diabetes Science & Technology, 14(2), 328-337. doi: 10.1177/1932296819870849

Journal - Research Article

Robertson, C., Lin, A., Smith, G., Yeung, A., Strauss, P., Nicholas, J., … de Bock, M. (2020). The impact of externally worn diabetes technology on sexual behavior and activity, body image, and anxiety in type 1 diabetes. Journal of Diabetes Science & Technology, 14(2), 303-308. doi: 10.1177/1932296819870541

Journal - Research Article

de Bock, M., Jones, T. W., Fairchild, J., Mouat, F., & Jefferies, C. (2019). Children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes in Australasia: An online survey of model of care, workforce and outcomes. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 55, 82-86. doi: 10.1111/jpc.14122

Journal - Research Article

de Bock, M., Lobley, K., Anderson, D., Davis, E., Donaghue, K., Pappas, M., … Smart, C. (2018). Endocrine and metabolic consequences due to restrictive carbohydrate diets in children with type 1 diabetes: An illustrative case series. Pediatric Diabetes, 19(1), 129-137. doi: 10.1111/pedi.12527

Journal - Research Article

Derraik, J. G. B., Albert, B. B., de Bock, M., Butler, E. M., & Cutfield, W. S. (2018). Socioeconomic status is not associated with health-related quality of life in a group of overweight middle-aged men. PeerJ, 6, e5193. doi: 10.7717/peerj.5193

Journal - Research Article

Cooper, M. N., de Bock, M. I., Carter, K. W., de Klerk, N. H., Jones, T. W., & Davis, E. A. (2017). Incidence of and risk factors for hospitalisations due to vascular complications: A population-based type 1 diabetes cohort (n=1316) followed into early adulthood. Journal of Diabetes & Its Complications, 31(5), 843-849. doi: 10.1016/j.jdiacomp.2016.11.022

Journal - Research Article

de Bock, M., Dart, J., Roy, A., Davey, R., Soon, W., Berthold, C., … Jones, T. (2017). Exploration of the performance of a hybrid closed loop insulin delivery algorithm that includes insulin delivery limits designed to protect against hypoglycemia. Journal of Diabetes Science & Technology, 11(1), 68-73. doi: 10.1177/1932296816668876

Journal - Research Article

Selvakumar, D., Al-Sallami, H. S., de Bock, M., Ambler, G. R., Benitez-Aguirre, P., Wiltshire, E., … Willis, J., Wheeler, B. J., on behalf of the Paediatric Society of New Zealand Diabetes Clinical Network. (2017). Insulin regimens for newly diagnosed children with type 1 diabetes mellitus in Australia and New Zealand: A survey of current practice. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 53(12), 1208-1214. doi: 10.1111/jpc.13631

Journal - Research Article

Abraham, M. B., de Bock, M., Paramalingam, N., O'Grady, M. J., Ly, T. T., George, C., … Jones, T. W. (2016). Prevention of insulin-induced hypoglycemia in type 1 diabetes with predictive low glucose management system. Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, 18(7), 436-443. doi: 10.1089/dia.2015.0364

Journal - Research Article

Albert, B. B., de Bock, M., Derraik, J. G. B., Brennan, C. M., Biggs, J. B., Hofman, P. L., & Cutfield, W. S. (2016). Non-dipping and cardiometabolic profile: A study on normotensive overweight middle-aged men. Heart, Lung & Circulation, 25(12), 1218-1225. doi: 10.1016/j.hlc.2016.04.012

Journal - Research Article

de Bock, M., Cooper, M., Retterath, A., Nicholas, J., Ly, T., Jones, T., & Davis, E. (2016). Continuous glucose monitoring adherence: Lessons from a clinical trial to predict outpatient behavior. Journal of Diabetes Science & Technology, 10(3), 627-632. doi: 10.1177/1932296816633484

Journal - Research Article

Sharifi, A., de Bock, M. I., Jayawardene, D., Loh, M. M., Horsburgh, J. C., Berthold, C. L., … O'Neal, D. N. (2016). Glycemia, treatment satisfaction, cognition, and sleep quality in adults and adolescents with type 1 diabetes when using a closed-loop system overnight versus sensor-augmented pump with low-glucose suspend function: A randomized crossover study. Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics, 18(12), 772-783. doi: 10.1089/dia.2016.0288

Journal - Research Article

Albert, B. B., de Bock, M., Derraik, J. G. B., Brennan, C. M., Biggs, J. B., Hofman, P. L., & Cutfield, W. S. (2015). Increasing parental age at childbirth is associated with greater insulin sensitivity and more favorable metabolic profile in overweight adult male offspring. American Journal of Human Biology, 27(3), 380-386. doi: 10.1002/ajhb.22654

Journal - Research Article

Albert, B. B., de Bock, M., Derraik, J. G. B., Brennan, C. M., Biggs, J. B., Hofman, P. L., & Cutfield, W. S. (2014). Among overweight middle-aged men, first-borns have lower insulin sensitivity than second-borns. Scientific Reports, 4, 3906. doi: 10.1038/srep03906

Journal - Research Article

Derraik, J. G. B., de Bock, M., Hofman, P. L., & Cutfield, W. S. (2014). Increasing BMI is associated with a progressive reduction in physical quality of life among overweight middle-aged men. Scientific Reports, 4, 3677. doi: 10.1038/srep03677

Journal - Research Article

Simpkin, A., Cochran, E., Cameron, F., Dattani, M., de Bock, M., Dunger, D. B., … Bockenhauer, D. (2014). Insulin receptor and the kidney: Nephrocalcinosis in patients with recessive INSR mutations. Nephron Physiology, 128, 55-61. doi: 10.1159/000366225

Journal - Research Article

de Bock, M., Derraik, J. G. B., Brennan, C. M., Biggs, J. B., Morgan, P. E., Hodgkinson, S. C., … Cutfield, W. S. (2013). Olive (Olea europaea L.) leaf polyphenols improve insulin sensitivity in middle-aged overweight men: A randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. PLoS ONE, 8(3), e57622. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0057622

Journal - Research Article

de Bock, M., Thorstensen, E. B., Derraik, J. G. B., Henderson, H. V., Hofman, P. L., & Cutfield, W. S. (2013). Human absorption and metabolism of oleuropein and hydroxytyrosol ingested as olive (Olea europaea L.) leaf extract. Molecular Nutrition & Food Research, 57(11), 2079-2085. doi: 10.1002/mnfr.201200795

Journal - Research Article

de Bock, M., Derraik, J. G. B., Brennan, C. M., Biggs, J. B., Smith, G. C., Cameron-Smith, D., … Cutfield, W. S. (2012). Psyllium supplementation in adolescents improves fat distribution & lipid profile: A randomized, participant-blinded, placebo-controlled, crossover trial. PLoS ONE, 7(7), e41735. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0041735

Journal - Research Article

de Bock, M., Gunn, A. J., Holt, J.-A., Derraik, J. G. B., Reed, P., Cutfield, W., … Jefferies, C. (2011). Impact of insulin pumps on glycaemic control in a pump-naïve paediatric regional population. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 48(3), 247-252. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1754.2011.02245.x

Journal - Research Article

Burnside, M., & de Bock, M. (2022). New tubeless, automated insulin pump improves HgA1c and time in pre-defined glucose range [Current best evidence]. Journal of Pediatrics, 240, 313. doi: 10.1016/j.jpeds.2021.10.043

Journal - Research Other

França, M. M., Reeve, L., Dumitrescu, A. M., de Bock, M., & Refetoff, S. (2022). A novel pathogenic variant in PAX8 leads to familial congenital hypothyroidism. Thyroid. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1089/thy.2022.0117

Journal - Research Other

Rose, S., Haszard, J. J., Galland, B. C., Wiltshire, E. J., de Bock, M. I., Smart, C. E., Ketu-Mckenzie, M., … Jefferies, C. A., Wheeler, B. J., & Styles, S. E. (2022). The OPTIMISE study protocol: A multicentre optimisation trial comparing continuous glucose monitoring, snacking habits, sleep extension and values-guided self-care interventions to improve glucose time-in-range in young people (13–20 years) with type 1 diabetes. Journal of Diabetes & Metabolic Disorders. doi: 10.1007/s40200-022-01089-x

Journal - Research Other

Stafford, K., Pattemore, P. K., de Bock, M., & Isles, V. (2022). Continuous glucose monitoring and dysglycaemia in young children with cystic fibrosis: A case series. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/jpc.16003

Journal - Research Other

de Bock, M., Ó Giolláin, D., Curran, R. J., Ridderbeks, J. G. U., & Zegers, R. H. C. (2021). Correct nomenclature is important, as highlighted by inappropriate interchangeability of "leprechaunism" with Donohue syndrome. Pediatric Diabetes, 22, 122-123. doi: 10.1111/pedi.13127

Journal - Research Other

de Bock, M., Swan, C., & Gunn, A. J. (2021). Insulin pump use and diabetic retinopathy: Is technology the key to preventing retinopathy in young people with type 1 diabetes? [Invited]. JAMA Network Open, 4(9), e2127955. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.27955

Journal - Research Other

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