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Mark HamptonPrincipal Investigator

PhD (Otago) MSc(Hons) (Canterbury)

Email mark.hampton@otago.ac.nz
Tel +64 3 378 6225

Research interests

Oxidants (also called reactive oxygen species or free radicals) are continuously generated in our body, and we rely on sophisticated antioxidant systems to prevent them from causing damage. However, oxidants also have beneficial roles. They can act as signalling molecules that regulate a number of life and death pathways in cells, and they are generated by the immune system to fight microbes. My research is focused on how understanding how cells sense and respond to oxidants, and how these pathways might be modulated to prevent and treat human disease.

Computer-generated image of a mitochondrionMitochondria are the small organelles inside cells that convert food into energy. These powerhouses are also a major site of oxidant production. Mitochondrial oxidants can cause damage, and they have been linked to various cardiovascular and neurodegenerative diseases as well as ageing, but they also regulate normal biological processes. We measure mitochondrial function in human cells, and study mitochondrial antioxidant defenses, including the peroxiredoxins, which act as sensors and markers of oxidative stress. We are also interested in a class of dietary compounds called isothiocyanates that can influence antioxidant networks and mitochondrial function.

All of our cells have self-destruct programs that ensure removal when they become damaged or are no longer needed in the body. Mitochondria are central players in these cell death pathways, and it appears that mitochondrial oxidants are involved in regulating cell death, but it is not clear exactly how this happens. Cancer cells are often resistant to undergoing cell death, and it has been proposed that their antioxidant defenses are more powerful. It may be possible to target these defenses, making it easier to kill cancer cells.

White blood cells generate oxidants to destroy pathogenic bacteria, but these oxidants also appear to regulate the lifespan of immune cells and the resolution of inflammation. We are studying the effects of oxidants on the function of white blood cells and other cells and mediators present at an inflammatory site.

In the media

Professor Mark Hampton was featured on Radio New Zealand's Our Changing World series in April 2013.

Major review articles 

  1. Winterbourn C.C., Kettle A.J. and Hampton M.B. Reactive oxygen species and neutrophil function. Ann. Rev. Biochem. in press, 2016.
  2. Hampton M.B. and O’Connor K.M. Peroxiredoxins and the regulation of cell death. Mol. Cells 39:72-76, 2016.
  3. Poynton R.A. and Hampton M.B. Peroxiredoxins as biomarkers of oxidative stress. Biochim Biophys Acta 1840:906-912, 2014.
  4. Brown K.K. and Hampton M.B. Biological targets of isothiocyanates. Biochim. Biophys. Acta. 1810:888-894, 2011.
  5. Cox A.G., Winterbourn C.C. and Hampton M.B. Mitochondrial peroxiredoxin involvement in antioxidant defence and redox signalling. Biochem. J. 425:313-325, 2010.
  6. Winterbourn C.C. and Hampton M.B. Thiol chemistry and specificity in redox signalling. Free Rad. Biol. Med. 45:549-561, 2008.
  7. Low F.M., Hampton M.B. and Winterbourn C.C. Peroxiredoxin 2 and peroxide metabolism in the erythrocyte. Antioxid. Redox Signal. 10:1621-1629, 2008.
  8. Hampton, M.B., Fadeel, B, and Orrenius S. Redox regulation of the caspases during apoptosis. Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 854:328-335, 1998.
  9. Hampton, M.B. and Orrenius S. Redox regulation of apoptotic cell death. BioFactors 8:1-5, 1998.
  10. Hampton, M.B., Kettle, A.J., and Winterbourn C.C. Inside the neutrophil phagosome: oxidants, myeloperoxidase and bacterial killing. Blood 92:3007-3017, 1998.

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Publications

Smith-Díaz, C. C., Magon, N. J., McKenzie, J. L., Hampton, M. B., Vissers, M. C. M., & Das, A. B. (2021). Ascorbate inhibits proliferation and promotes myeloid differentiation in TP53-mutant leukemia. Frontiers in Oncology, 11, 709543. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2021.709543

Pearson, A. G., Pullar, J. M., Cook, J., Spencer, E. S., Vissers, M. C. M., Carr, A. C., & Hampton, M. B. (2021). Peroxiredoxin 2 oxidation reveals hydrogen peroxide generation within erythrocytes during high-dose vitamin C administration. Redox Biology, 43, 101980. doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2021.101980

Seddon, A. R., Liau, Y., Pace, P. E., Miller, A. L., Das, A. B., Kennedy, M. A., Hampton, M. B., & Stevens, A. J. (2021). Genome-wide impact of hydrogen peroxide on maintenance DNA methylation in replicating cells. Epigenetics & Chromatin, 14(1), 17. doi: 10.1186/s13072-021-00388-6

Schindler, L., Smyth, L. C. D., Bernhagen, J., Hampton, M. B., & Dickerhof, N. (2021). Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) enhances hypochlorous acid production in phagocytic neutrophils. Redox Biology, 41, 101946. doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2021.101946

Parker, H. A., Dickerhof, N., Forrester, L., Ryburn, H., Smyth, L., Messens, J., Aung, H. L., Cook, G. M., Kettle, A. J., & Hampton, M. B. (2021). Mycobacterium smegmatis resists the bactericidal activity of hypochlorous acid produced in neutrophil phagosomes. Journal of Immunology, 206, 1901-1912. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.2001084

Vissers, M. C. M., Hampton, M. B., & Kettle, A. J. (Eds.). (2018). Hydrogen peroxide metabolism in health and disease. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press, 456p.

Edited Book - Research

Magon, N. J., Parker, H. A., Ashby, L. V., Springer, R. J., & Hampton, M. B. (2020). Analysis of neutrophil bactericidal activity. In M. T. Quinn & F. R. DeLeo (Eds.), Neutrophil: Methods and protocols: Methods in molecular biology (Vol. 2087). (3rd ed.) (pp. 149-164). New York, NY: Humana Press. doi: 10.1007/978-1-0716-0154-9_12

Chapter in Book - Research

Hampton, M. B. (2018). Hydrogen peroxide-dependent redox signaling: Basic concepts and unanswered questions. In M. C. M. Vissers, M. B. Hampton & A. J. Kettle (Eds.), Hydrogen peroxide metabolism in health and disease. (pp. 353-364). Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.

Chapter in Book - Research

Parker, H. A., Magon, N. J., Green, J. N., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2014). Analysis of neutrophil bactericidal activity. In M. T. Quinn & F. R. DeLeo (Eds.), Neutrophil methods and protocols: Methods in Molecular Biology (Vol. 1124). (2nd ed.) (pp. 291-306). New York, NY: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-1-62703-845-4_19

Chapter in Book - Research

Cox, A. G., Winterbourn, C. C., & Hampton, M. B. (2010). Measuring the redox state of cellular peroxiredoxins by immunoblotting. In E. Cadenas & L. Packer (Eds.), Methods in enzymology: Thiol redox transitions in cell signaling: Part B: Cellular localization and signaling (Vol. 474). (pp. 51-66). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. doi: 10.1016/S0076-6879(10)74004-0

Chapter in Book - Research

Requejo, R., Chouchani, E. T., Hurd, T. R., Menger, K. E., Hampton, M. B., & Murphy, M. P. (2010). Measuring mitochondrial protein thiol redox state. In E. Cadenas & L. Packer (Eds.), Methods in enzymology: Thiol redox transitions in cell signaling: Part B: Cellular localization and signaling (Vol. 474). (pp. 123-147). San Diego, CA: Academic Press. doi: 10.1016/S0076-6879(10)74004-0

Chapter in Book - Research

Green, J. N., Winterbourn, C. C., & Hampton, M. B. (2007). Analysis of neutrophil bactericidal activity. In M. T. Quinn, F. R. DeLeo & G. M. Bokoch (Eds.), Neutrophil methods and protocols. (pp. 319-332). Totowa, USA: Humana Press.

Chapter in Book - Research

Hampton, M. B., Baty, J. W., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2006). Use of a proteomic technique to identify oxidant-sensitive thiol proteins in cultured cells. In I. Dalle-Donne, A. Scaloni & D. A. Butterfield (Eds.), Redox Proteomics: From protein modifications to cellular dysfunction and diseases. (pp. 253-265). Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.

Chapter in Book - Research

Winterbourn, C. C., van Dalen, C. J., Hampton, M. B., & Kettle, A. J. (2000). Reactions of myeloperoxidase and production of hypochlorous acid in neutrophil phagosomes. In P. E. Petrides & W. M. Nauseef (Eds.), The Peroxidase Multigene Family of Enzymes. (pp. 58-67). Berlin: Springer.

Chapter in Book - Research

Das, A. B., Seddon, A. R., O'Connor, K. M., & Hampton, M. B. (2021). Regulation of the epigenetic landscape by immune cell oxidants. Free Radical Biology & Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2020.12.453

Journal - Research Article

Königstorfer, A., Ashby, L. V., Bollar, G. E., Billiot, C. E., Gray, M. J., Jakob, U., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2021). Induction of the reactive chlorine-responsive transcription factor RclR in Escherichia coli following ingestion by neutrophils. Pathogens & Disease, 79, ftaa079. doi: 10.1093/femspd/ftaa079

Journal - Research Article

Parker, H. A., Dickerhof, N., Forrester, L., Ryburn, H., Smyth, L., Messens, J., Aung, H. L., Cook, G. M., Kettle, A. J., & Hampton, M. B. (2021). Mycobacterium smegmatis resists the bactericidal activity of hypochlorous acid produced in neutrophil phagosomes. Journal of Immunology, 206, 1901-1912. doi: 10.4049/jimmunol.2001084

Journal - Research Article

Pearson, A. G., Pullar, J. M., Cook, J., Spencer, E. S., Vissers, M. C. M., Carr, A. C., & Hampton, M. B. (2021). Peroxiredoxin 2 oxidation reveals hydrogen peroxide generation within erythrocytes during high-dose vitamin C administration. Redox Biology, 43, 101980. doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2021.101980

Journal - Research Article

Schindler, L., Smyth, L. C. D., Bernhagen, J., Hampton, M. B., & Dickerhof, N. (2021). Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) enhances hypochlorous acid production in phagocytic neutrophils. Redox Biology, 41, 101946. doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2021.101946

Journal - Research Article

Schindler, L., Zwissler, L., Krammer, C., Hendgen-Cotta, U., Rassaf, T., Hampton, M. B., Dickerhof, N., & Bernhagen, J. (2021). Macrophage migration inhibitory factor inhibits neutrophil apoptosis by inducing cytokine release from mononuclear cells. Journal of Leukocyte Biology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/JLB.3A0420-242RRR

Journal - Research Article

Seddon, A. R., Liau, Y., Pace, P. E., Miller, A. L., Das, A. B., Kennedy, M. A., Hampton, M. B., & Stevens, A. J. (2021). Genome-wide impact of hydrogen peroxide on maintenance DNA methylation in replicating cells. Epigenetics & Chromatin, 14(1), 17. doi: 10.1186/s13072-021-00388-6

Journal - Research Article

Smith-Díaz, C. C., Magon, N. J., McKenzie, J. L., Hampton, M. B., Vissers, M. C. M., & Das, A. B. (2021). Ascorbate inhibits proliferation and promotes myeloid differentiation in TP53-mutant leukemia. Frontiers in Oncology, 11, 709543. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2021.709543

Journal - Research Article

Mayyas, I. M., Weeks, R. J., Day, R. C., Magrath, H. E., O’Connor, K. M., Kardailsky, O., Hore, T. A., Hampton, M. B., & Morison, I. M. (2020). Hairpin-bisulfite sequencing of cells exposed to decitabine documents the process of DNA demethylation. Epigenetics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/15592294.2020.1861169

Journal - Research Article

Meng, Y., Sheen, C. R., Magon, N. J., Hampton, M. B., & Dobson, R. C. J. (2020). Structure-function analyses of alkylhydroperoxidase D from Streptococcus pneumoniae reveal an unusual three-cysteine active site architecture. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 295(10), 2984-2999. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA119.012226

Journal - Research Article

O'Connor, K. M., Das, A. B., Winterbourn, C. C., & Hampton, M. B. (2020). Inhibition of DNA methylation in proliferating human lymphoma cells by immune cell oxidants. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 295(23), 7839-7848. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA120.013092

Journal - Research Article

Pearson, A. G., Zawari, M., Pearson, J. F., & Hampton, M. B. (2020). Quantifying mitochondrial respiration in human lymphocytes and monocytes challenged with hydrogen peroxide. Free Radical Research, 54(4), 271-279. doi: 10.1080/10715762.2020.1753722

Journal - Research Article

Van Leeuwen, E., Hampton, M. B., & Smyth, L. C. D. (2020). Redox signalling and regulation of the blood-brain barrier. International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology, 125, 105794. doi: 10.1016/j.biocel.2020.105794

Journal - Research Article

de Souza, L. F., Pearson, A. G., Pace, P. E., Dafre, A. L., Hampton, M. B., Meotti, F. C., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2019). Peroxiredoxin expression and redox status in neutrophils and HL-60 cells. Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 135, 227-234. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2019.03.007

Journal - Research Article

Dickerhof, N., Isles, V., and also Pattemore, P., Hampton, M. B., & Kettle, A. J. (2019). Exposure of Pseudomonas aeruginosa to bactericidal hypochlorous acid during neutrophil phagocytosis is compromised in cystic fibrosis. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 294(36), 13502-13514. doi: 10.1074/jbc.RA119.009934

Journal - Research Article

Talla, U., Bozonet, S. M., Parker, H. A., Hampton, M. B., & Vissers, M. C. M. (2019). Prolonged exposure to hypoxia induces an autophagy-like cell survival program in human neutrophils. Journal of Leukocyte Biology, 106, 1367-1379. doi: 10.1002/jlb.4a0319-079rr

Journal - Research Article

Hampton, M. B., Vick, K. A., Skoko, J. J., & Neumann, C. A. (2018). Peroxiredoxin involvement in the initiation and progression of human cancer. Antioxidants & Redox Signaling, 28(7), 591-608. doi: 10.1089/ars.2017.7422

Journal - Research Article

Pace, P. E., Peskin, A. V., Konigstorfer, A., Jasoni, C. L., Winterbourn, C. C., & Hampton, M. B. (2018). Peroxiredoxin interaction with the cytoskeletal-regulatory protein CRMP2: Investigation of a putative redox relay. Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 129, 383-393. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2018.10.407

Journal - Research Article

Richards, S. J. G., Frizelle, F. A., Geddes, J. A., Eglinton, T. W., & Hampton, M. B. (2018). Frailty in surgical patients. International Journal of Colorectal Disease, 33(12), 1657-1666. doi: 10.1007/s00384-018-3163-y

Journal - Research Article

Yewdall, N. A., Peskin, A. V., Hampton, M. B., Goldstone, D. C., Pearce, F. G., & Gerrard, J. A. (2018). Quaternary structure influences the peroxidase activity of peroxiredoxin 3. Biochemical & Biophysical Research Communications, 497(2), 558-563. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2018.02.093

Journal - Research Article

Dagnell, M., Pace, P. E., Cheng, Q., Frijhoff, J., Östman, A., Arnér, E. S. J., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2017). Thioredoxin reductase 1 and NADPH directly protect protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B from inactivation during H2O2 exposure. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 292(35), 14371-14380. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M117.793745

Journal - Research Article

Schindler, L., Dickerhof, N., Hampton, M. B., & Bernhagen, J. (2017). Post-translational regulation of macrophage migration inhibitory factor: Basis for functional fine-tuning. Redox Biology, 15, 135-142. doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2017.11.028

Journal - Research Article

Bayer, S. B., Low, F. M., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2016). Interactions between peroxiredoxin 2, hemichrome and the erythrocyte membrane. Free Radical Research, 50(12), 1329-1339. doi: 10.1080/10715762.2016.1241995

Journal - Research Article

Cuddihy, S. L., Drake, S., Harwood, T., Selwood, A. I., McNabb, P. S., & Hampton, M. B. (2016). The marine cytotoxin portimine is a potent and selective inducer of apoptosis. Apoptosis, 21(12), 1447-1452. doi: 10.1007/s10495-016-1302-x

Journal - Research Article

Poynton, R. A., Peskin, A. V., Haynes, A. C., Lowther, W. T., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2016). Kinetic analysis of structural influences on the susceptibility of peroxiredoxins 2 and 3 to hyperoxidation. Biochemical Journal, 473, 411-421. doi: 10.1042/bj20150572

Journal - Research Article

Yewdall, N. A., Venugopal, H., Desfosses, A., Abrishami, V., Yosaatmadja, Y., Hampton, M. B., … Radjainia, M. (2016). Structures of human peroxiredoxin 3 suggest self-chaperoning assembly that maintains catalytic state. Structure, 24(7), 1120-1129. doi: 10.1016/j.str.2016.04.013

Journal - Research Article

Balasubramanain, D., Deng, A. X., Doudney, K., Hampton, M. B., & Kennedy, M. A. (2015). Valproic acid exposure leads to upregulation and increased promoter histone acetylation of sepiapterin reductase in a serotonergic cell line. Neuropharmacology, 99, 79-88. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropharm.2015.06.018

Journal - Research Article

Bayer, S. B., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2015). Accumulation of oxidized peroxiredoxin 2 in red blood cells and its prevention. Transfusion, 55(8), 1909-1918. doi: 10.1111/trf.13039

Journal - Research Article

Dickerhof, N., Schindler, L., Bernhagen, J., Kettle, A. J., & Hampton, M. B. (2015). Macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) Is rendered enzymatically inactive by myeloperoxidase-derived oxidants but retains its immunomodulatory function. Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 89, 498-511. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2015.09.009

Journal - Research Article

Jodczyk, S., Pearson, J. F., Aitchison, A., Miller, A. L., Hampton, M. B., & Kennedy, M. A. (2015). Telomere length measurement on the Roche LightCycler 480 platform. Genetic Testing & Molecular Biomarkers, 19(2), 63-68. doi: 10.1089/gtmb.2014.0208

Journal - Research Article

Magon, N. J., Turner, R., Gearry, R. B., Hampton, M. B., Sly, P. D., & Kettle, A. J. (2015). Oxidation of calprotectin by hypochlorous acid prevents chelation of essential metal ions and allows bacterial growth: Relevance to infections in cystic fibrosis. Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 86, 133-144. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2015.05.022

Journal - Research Article

Newman, T. A. C., Carleton, C. R., Leeke, B., Hampton, M. B., & Horsfield, J. A. (2015). Embryonic oxidative stress results in reproductive impairment for adult zebrafish. Redox Biology, 6, 648-655. doi: 10.1016/j.redox.2015.10.010

Journal - Research Article

Radjainia, M., Venugopal, H., Desfosses, A., Phillips, A. M., Yewdall, N. A., Hampton, M. B., … Mitra, A. K. (2015). Cryo-electron microscopy structure of human peroxiredoxin-3 filament reveals the assembly of a putative chaperone. Structure, 23(5), 912-920. doi: 10.1016/j.str.2015.03.019

Journal - Research Article

Spencer, E. S., Dale, E. J., Gommans, A. L., Rutledge, M. T., Vo, C. T., Nakatani, Y., Gamble, A. B., Smith, R. A. J., Wilbanks, S. M., Hampton, M. B., & Tyndall, J. D. A. (2015). Multiple binding modes of isothiocyanates that inhibit macrophage migration inhibitory factor. European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, 93, 501-510. doi: 10.1016/j.ejmech.2015.02.012

Journal - Research Article

Wilkie-Grantham, R. P., Magon, N. J., Harwood, D. T., Kettle, A. J., Vissers, M. C., Winterbourn, C. C., & Hampton, M. B. (2015). Myeloperoxidase-dependent lipid peroxidation promotes the oxidative modification of cytosolic proteins in phagocytic neutrophils. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 290(15), 9896-9905. doi: 10.1074/jbc.M114.613422

Journal - Research Article

Dickerhof, N., Magon, N. J., Tyndall, J. D. A., Kettle, A. J., & Hampton, M. B. (2014). Potent inhibition of macrophage migration inhibitory factor (MIF) by myeloperoxidase-dependant oxidation of epicatechins. Biochemical Journal, 462(2), 303-314. doi: 10.1042/BJ20140612

Journal - Research Article

Poynton, R. A., & Hampton, M. B. (2014). Peroxiredoxins as biomarkers of oxidative stress. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta: General Subjects, 1840(2), 906-912. doi: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2013.08.001

Journal - Research Article

Bayer, S. B., Maghzal, G., Stocker, R., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2013). Neutrophil-mediated oxidation of erythrocyte peroxiredoxin 2 as a potential marker of oxidative stress in inflammation. FASEB Journal, 27(8), 3315-3322. doi: 10.1096/fj.13-227298

Journal - Research Article

Falvey, J. D., Bentley, R. W., Merriman, T. R., Hampton, M. B., Barclay, M. L., Gearry, R. B., & Roberts, R. L. (2013). Macrophage migration inhibitory factor gene polymorphisms in inflammatory bowel disease: An association study in New Zealand Caucasians and meta-analysis. World Journal of Gastroenterology, 19(39), 6656-6664. doi: 10.3748/wjg.v19.i39.6656

Journal - Research Article

Kumar, V., Kleffmann, T., Hampton, M. B., Cannell, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2013). Redox proteomics of thiol proteins in mouse heart during ischemia/reperfusion using ICAT reagents and mass spectrometry. Free Radical Biology & Medicine, 58, 109-117. doi: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2013.01.021

Journal - Research Article

Pace, P. E., Peskin, A. V., Han, M.-H., Hampton, M. B., & Winterbourn, C. C. (2013). Hyperoxidized peroxiredoxin 2 interacts with the protein disulphide isomerase ERp46. Biochemical Journal, 453, 475-485. doi: 10.1042/BJ20130030

Journal - Research Article

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