An introduction to the structure and function of the musculoskeletal, nervous, endocrine and immune systems in the human body.
We all take for granted that our body functions under so many different conditions whether we are sitting at a desk, playing sport, eating or resting. In HUBS 191 you will have the opportunity to develop conceptual learning skills about the structure (Anatomy) and function (Physiology) of your body and how these systems work under different conditions Modules include movement and the nervous system (Human Movement and Sensation), hormones (Endocrine system) and response to injury (Immune System). The paper integrates this material to help you understand how and why our bodies are such amazingly efficient machines.
|Paper title||Human Body Systems 1|
|Subject||Human Body Systems|
|Teaching period||First Semester|
|Domestic Tuition Fees (NZD)||$1,059.15|
|International Tuition Fees (NZD)||$4,914.00|
- ANAT 101, ANAT 120, PHSE 191, PHSL 101
- Schedule C
- Essential for Health Sciences First Year; BSc majors in Anatomy, Physiology, Neuroscience, Human Nutrition and Microbiology; and BBiomedSc majors in Functional Human Biology, Infection and Immunity, Reproduction, Genetics and Development, Molecular Basis of Health and Disease, Drugs and Human Health and Nutrition and Metabolism in Human Health.
- Course Administrator: Mr Philip Kelly Professional Practice Fellow
- More information link
- View more information on the Department of Physiology's website
- Teaching staff
Academic Course Convenor: Professor Ruth Empson
Anatomy Modules Convenor: Dr Brad Hurren
Physiology Modules Convenor: Professor Ruth Empson
Lecturers include: Professor Ruth Empson, Philip Kelly, Dr Phil Heyward, Associate Professor Fiona McDonald, Dr Joanna Kirman, Associate Professor Christine Jasoni, Dr Brad Hurren, Dr Louise Parr-Brownlie, Professor Hallie Buckley, Abigail Walker, Associate Professor Alexander McLellan and Associate Professor Bruce Russell
- Paper Structure
Human Body Systems I - HUBS 191
This paper introduces the fundamental concepts of the disciplines of anatomy, physiology and immunology. Specific topics studied include; the musculoskeletal, nervous and endocrine systems; and immunology.
The prescribed text is to be confirmed. Self-directed learning is an important aspect of this paper, and students are expected to prepare for lectures by reading specified sections from the text.
Teaching Hours: There are a total of 57 hours of formal teaching, split between lectures (39 hours) and laboratories (18 hours).
Lectures: There are three 50 minute lectures each week, and the paper runs for the entire semester. Integrated Context Lectures will be held during the semester. Lectures are delivered by staff members from the departments of Anatomy, Physiology and Immunology. Lectures are interlinked, and videorecordings and livestreaming are available to students via Blackboard.
Laboratories: One 3-hour laboratory each fortnight (total of six lab sessions). All laboratories are compulsory and are terms requirements.
Progress Tests: There are two progress tests during the semester. Each consists of 25 multiple-choice questions to be completed within 30 minutes.
- Internal assessment - 30%
- Final Exam - 70%
The final examination is three hours in duration and consists of multiple-choice and short- and long-answer written questions. Students must achieve a minimum of 40% in the final exam in order to pass the paper.
HUBS 191 Curriculum - Lectures
Introduction, Levels of Organisation, Homeostatic Principles
- Introduction to HUBS 191
Musculoskeletal Tissues and Movement
- Anatomical terms
- Bones - Structure of the skeleton
- Bone tissue - Microscopic structure
- Bone tissue - Cellular activity
- Biostatistics 1
- Biostatistics 2
- Biostatistics 3
Musculoskeletal Tissues and Movement
- Joints - Structure and function
- Muscle - Structure and function
- Complex movements
Integrating and Co-ordinating Roles of the Nervous System
- Cells and organisation of the nervous system
- Divisions of the nervous system
- Anatomy and function of the spinal cord and spinal nerves
- Support and protection of the nervous system
- Structure and layout of major brain areas; basic sensory and motor pathways
- Bioelectricity - Membrane potentials in neurones
- Bioelectricity - Action potentials in neurones
- Bioelectricity - The synapse, network integration
- Skeletal muscle: Structure and function
- Sensory functions: Sensory receptors and the somatosensory cortex
- Somatic control: Voluntary and reflex control of movement; Autonomic control: Sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems
- The importance of the internal environment and the concept of homeostasis
- Homeostatic control: Physiological control systems
- Integration of biostatistics
- What are hormones, and how do they work?
- Pancreatic Islets: How does the body regulate the storage and release of fuel?
- The pituitary gland and the hypothalamus: What is the connection? Growth hormone
- Adrenal glands and stress
- How does the body regulate basal metabolic rate (BMR) and the concentration of calcium?
- Introduction to immunology and the immune system
- Innate Immunity I: Mechanical and chemical barriers and inflammation and fever
- Innate Immunity II: Toll-like receptors, phagocytosis and complement
- Elements of adaptive immunity
- T lymphocytes (T cells)
- B Lymphocytes (B cells) and antibodies
- Antibody-mediated (humoral) immune response
- Immune responses to bacterial pathogens
- Immune responses to viral pathogens
HUBS 191 Curriculum - Laboratories:
- Musculoskeletal Tissues and Movement 1 Orientation to the HUBS laboratory and Health and Safety; legal and ethical issues; basic human tissue types; anatomical terminology and the human skeleton.
- Musculoskeletal Tissues and Movement 2 Structure and functions of joints; selected muscles of the upper and lower limb; dissection of deer knee joint.*
- Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System Gross and microscopic organisation of the peripheral and central nervous system; neural pathways involved in reflex and voluntary movements.*
- Sensory and Motor Physiology Physiology of nervous system; coding of sensory information; properties of sensory receptors for touch and temperature; properties of peripheral nerves and skeletal muscle; recording an EMG; calculation of nerve conduction velocity.
- Immunology Innate and adaptive immune responses; how host immune responses can lead to destruction of invading microbes; laboratory measurement of immune responses.
*Please note, during these labs, human cadaveric material will be on display and/or used as demonstration material.
- Teaching Arrangements
You will attend three lectures each week. Lectures are also video streamed and recorded. You will participate in a 3-hour laboratory session on alternate weeks.
Required: Martini, Ober, Nath, Bartholomew, Petti (2018). Visual Anatomy and Physiology and Martini’s Atlas of the Human Body. 3rd Edn, Pearson.
- Graduate Attributes Emphasised
- Global perpective, Interdisciplinary perspective, Lifelong learning, Scholarship,
Communication, Critical thinking, Cultural understanding, Ethics, Environmental literacy,
Information literacy, Research, Self-motivation, Teamwork.
View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
- Learning Outcomes
HUBS 191 gives you the essential building blocks of knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the human body. This knowledge will underpin your further study in a wide range of Health Science disciplines. These include science majors and minors, as well as providing access to a range of Professional Health Science qualifications.