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HUBS191 Human Body Systems 1

2021 information for papers will be published in early September. 

An introduction to the structure and function of the musculoskeletal, nervous, endocrine and immune systems in the human body, and to biostatistics.

We all take for granted that our body functions under so many different conditions whether we are sitting at a desk, playing sport, eating or resting. In HUBS 191 you will have the opportunity to develop conceptual learning skills about the structure (Anatomy) and function (Physiology) of your body and how these systems work under different conditions Modules include movement and the nervous system (Human Movement and Sensation), hormones (Endocrine system) and response to injury (Immune System). The paper integrates this material to help you understand how and why our bodies are such amazingly efficient machines.

Paper title Human Body Systems 1
Paper code HUBS191
Subject Human Body Systems
EFTS 0.1500
Points 18 points
Teaching period First Semester
Domestic Tuition Fees (NZD) $1,080.30
International Tuition Fees (NZD) $5,159.70

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ANAT 101, ANAT 120, PHSE 191, PHSL 101
Schedule C
Essential for Health Sciences First Year; BSc majors in Anatomy, Physiology, Neuroscience, Human Nutrition and Microbiology; and BBiomedSc majors in Functional Human Biology, Infection and Immunity, Reproduction, Genetics and Development, Molecular Basis of Health and Disease, Drugs and Human Health and Nutrition and Metabolism in Human Health.
Course Administrator: Mr Philip Kelly Professional Practice Fellow
Teaching staff

Academic Course Convenor: Dr Brad Hurren
Anatomy Modules Convenor: Dr Brad Hurren
Physiology Modules Convenor: Professor Ruth Empson
Lecturers include: Dr Brad Hurren, Dr Charlotte King, Dr Tanya Cully, Professor Christine Jasoni, Dr Phil Heyward, Abigail Walker, Associate Professor Joanna Kirman, Associate Professor Bruce Russell, and Professor Alexander McLellan

Paper Structure

Human Body Systems I - HUBS 191

Course Structure

This paper introduces the fundamental concepts of the disciplines of anatomy, physiology and immunology. Specific topics studied include; the musculoskeletal, nervous and endocrine systems; and immunology.

Self-directed learning is an important aspect of this paper, and students are expected to prepare for lectures by reading specified sections from the text.

Teaching Hours: There are a total of 57 hours of formal teaching, split between lectures (39 hours) and laboratories (18 hours).

Lectures: There are three 50 minute lectures each week, and the paper runs for the entire semester. Integrated Context Lectures will be held during the semester. Lectures are delivered by staff members from the departments of Anatomy, Physiology, and Immunology, and the Biostatistics Unit. Lectures are interlinked, and videorecordings and livestreaming are available to students via Blackboard.

Laboratories: One 3-hour laboratory each fortnight (total of six lab sessions). All laboratories are compulsory and are terms requirements.

Progress Tests: There are two progress tests during the semester. Each consists of 25 multiple-choice questions to be completed within 30 minutes. 


  • Internal assessment - 30%
  • Final Exam - 70%

The final examination is three hours in duration and consists of multiple-choice and long-answer written questions. Students must achieve a minimum of 40% in the final exam in order to pass the paper.

HUBS 191 Curriculum - Lectures

Introduction, Levels of Organisation, Homeostatic Principles

  • Introduction to HUBS 191

Musculoskeletal Tissues and Movement

  • Anatomical terms
  • Bones I - Structure of the skeleton
  • Bone II - Bone tissue, microscopic structure


  • Biostatistics I
  • Biostatistics II
  • Biostatistics III


  • Joints I - Bone growth and pathology; joint tissues and structure
  • Joints II - Joint classifications; synovial joint structure and movements

Active Cellular Physiology

  • Osmolarity, tonicity, membrane/synapse/action potentials


  • Muscle I - Contraction, contractile state
  • Muscle II - Innervation and force generation


  • Muscle III - Muscle form and action at joints
  • Muscle IV - Complex movements (standing and gait)

Nervous System

  • Nervous I - Cells and organisation of the nervous system
  • Nervous II - Functional information flow
  • Nervous III - Action potentials
  • Nervous IV - Synpatic transmission
  • Nervous V - Spinal cord/nerves
  • Nervous VI - Brain layout
  • Nervous VII - Somatosensory and motor pathways
  • Nervous VIII - Motor function - stretch reflex, voluntary movement, power
  • Nervous IX - Sensory integrative function - sensation


  • Biostatistics IV

Endocrine System

  • Endocrine I - Intrdouction, insulin and glucagon
  • Endocrine II - Hypothalamus and pituitary
  • Endocrine III - Cortisol and adrenaline
  • Endocrine IV - Thyroid and parathyroid
  • Endocrine V - Homeostasis examples

Immune System

  • Immunology I - Introduction to immunology and the immune system
  • Immunology II - Innate Immunity - immune cells in the blood
  • Immunology III - Innate Immunity - inflammation, fever
  • Immunology IV - Linking innate and adaptive immunity
  • Immunology V - T-cells
  • Immunology VI - B cells
  • Immunology VII -  Clonal selection and memory
  • Immunology VIII - Immune response to bacterial infection
  • Immunology IX - Immune response to viral infection

HUBS 191 Curriculum - Laboratories:

  1. Musculoskeletal Tissues and Movement 1 Orientation to the HUBS laboratory and Health and Safety; legal and ethical issues; basic human tissue types; anatomical terminology and the human skeleton.
  2. Biostatistics - interpretation and understanding of measurements and measurement variations.
  3. Musculoskeletal Tissues and Movement 2 Structure and functions of joints; selected muscles of the upper and lower limb; dissection of deer knee joint.*
  4. Anatomy and Physiology of the Nervous System Gross and microscopic organisation of the peripheral and central nervous system; neural pathways involved in reflex and voluntary movements.*
  5. Sensory and Motor Physiology Physiology of nervous system; coding of sensory information; properties of sensory receptors for touch and temperature; properties of peripheral nerves and skeletal muscle; recording an EMG; calculation of nerve conduction velocity.
  6. Immunology Innate and adaptive immune responses; how host immune responses can lead to destruction of invading microbes; laboratory measurement of immune responses.

*Please note, during these labs, human cadaveric material will be on display and/or used as demonstration material.

Teaching Arrangements

You will attend three lectures each week. Lectures are also video streamed and recorded. You will participate in a 3-hour laboratory session on alternate weeks.


Required: Martini, Ober, Nath, Bartholomew, Petti (2018). Visual Anatomy and Physiology and Martini’s Atlas of the Human Body. 3rd Edn, Pearson.

Graduate Attributes Emphasised
Global perpective, Interdisciplinary perspective, Lifelong learning, Scholarship, Communication, Critical thinking, Cultural understanding, Ethics, Environmental literacy, Information literacy, Research, Self-motivation, Teamwork.
View more information about Otago's graduate attributes.
Learning Outcomes

HUBS 191 gives you the essential building blocks of knowledge of the anatomy and physiology of the human body. This knowledge will underpin your further study in a wide range of Health Science disciplines. These include science majors and minors, as well as providing access to a range of Professional Health Science qualifications.

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First Semester

Teaching method
This paper is taught On Campus
Learning management system


Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend one stream from
A1 Monday 16:00-16:50 9-13, 19-22
Tuesday 16:00-16:50 9-12, 18-22
Wednesday 16:00-16:50 9-12, 18-22
A2 Monday 16:00-16:50 9-13, 19-22
Tuesday 16:00-16:50 9-12, 18-22
Wednesday 16:00-16:50 9-12, 18-22
A3 Monday 17:00-17:50 9-13, 19-22
Tuesday 17:00-17:50 9-12, 18-22
Wednesday 17:00-17:50 9-12, 18-22
A4 Monday 17:00-17:50 9-13, 19-22
Tuesday 17:00-17:50 9-12, 18-22
Wednesday 17:00-17:50 9-12, 18-22
A5 Monday 17:00-17:50 9-13, 19-22
Tuesday 17:00-17:50 9-12, 18-22
Wednesday 17:00-17:50 9-12, 18-22
A6 Monday 16:00-16:50 9-13, 19-22
Tuesday 16:00-16:50 9-12, 18-22
Wednesday 16:00-16:50 9-12, 18-22


Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend one stream from
P1 Monday 09:00-11:50 11, 13, 20, 22
Tuesday 18:00-20:50 18
P2 Monday 14:00-16:50 10, 12, 19, 21
P3 Monday 14:00-16:50 11, 13, 20, 22
P4 Tuesday 09:00-11:50 10, 12, 19, 21
P5 Tuesday 09:00-11:50 11, 18, 20, 22
P6 Tuesday 14:00-16:50 10, 12, 19, 21
P7 Thursday 14:00-16:50 11, 18, 20, 22
P8 Tuesday 14:00-16:50 11, 18, 20, 22
P9 Wednesday 09:00-11:50 10, 12, 19, 21
P10 Wednesday 09:00-11:50 11, 18, 20, 22
P11 Wednesday 14:00-16:50 10, 12, 19, 21
P12 Wednesday 14:00-16:50 11, 18, 20, 22
P13 Wednesday 18:00-20:50 10, 12, 19, 21
P14 Wednesday 18:00-20:50 11, 18, 20, 22
P15 Thursday 09:00-11:50 10, 12, 19, 21
P16 Thursday 09:00-11:50 11, 18, 20, 22
P17 Thursday 14:00-16:50 10, 12, 19, 21
P18 Thursday 18:00-20:50 10, 12, 19, 21
P19 Thursday 18:00-20:50 11, 18, 20, 22

Other Teaching

Stream Days Times Weeks
Attend one stream from
A1 Wednesday 18:00-19:50 10-12, 18-22
Friday 18:00-19:50 9-12, 18-22
A2 Friday 18:00-19:50 9-12, 18-22
AND one stream from
B1 Friday 09:00-09:50 9-12, 18-22
B2 Friday 10:00-10:50 9-12, 18-22
B3 Friday 11:00-11:50 9-12, 18-22
B4 Friday 12:00-12:50 9-12, 18-22