Accessibility Skip to Global Navigation Skip to Local Navigation Skip to Content Skip to Search Skip to Site Map Menu

Nicolas Cullen

Associate ProfessorNicolas Cullen 2020 image

MSc(Cant)
PhD(Colorado)

 

 

 

Richardson Building room 4C12a
Office Hours: email to make an appointment
Tel +64 3 479 3069
Email nicolas.cullen@otago.ac.nz


Teaching

^ Top of Page

Research interests

Nicolas' research interests are in all aspects of meteorology and climatology. The study of the atmosphere inevitably involves an understanding of other components of the global environment, which for Nicolas has been primarily the cryosphere.  Much of his research has focused on the interactions of the atmosphere with snow and ice surfaces in the high and mid-latitudes, as well as on a number of high mountains in the tropics (e.g. Kilimanjaro). Nicolas is also interested in the impacts of atmospheric processes on human behaviour, in particular air pollution meteorology, utilizing wind for energy through turbine development and issues related to climate change on local to global scales.  The research that Nicolas undertakes is dependent on a combination of field data, remote sensing observations and modelling.

^ Top of Page

Current postgraduate supervision

  • Nariefa Abrahim (PhD), PhD thesis topic: Determining the atmospheric footprint on glacier mass balance in the Southern Alps of New Zealand (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen, co-supervisor: Ralf Ohlemüller).
  • Morgan Bennet (PhD), PhD thesis topic: Development of an extreme hydrometeorological event index (Primary Supervisor: Daniel Kingston, co-supervisor: Nicolas Cullen).
  • Felix Cook (PhD), PhD thesis topic: Marine heatwaves around New Zealand: identification and causes (Primary Supervisor: Rob Smith, co-supervisors: Nicolas Cullen, Moninya Roughan).
  • Aubrey Miller (PhD), PhD thesis topic: Snow avalanche hazards in Aotearoa New Zealand: Using extreme events from the past to plan for the future (Primary Supervisor: Pascal Sirguey, co-supervisors: Nicolas Cullen, Yves Bühler).
  • Tamara Pletzer (PhD), PhD thesis topic: The impacts of meteorological and climate forcing on glacier surface mass balance and meltwater production in the McMurdo Dry Valleys and other glaciated landscapes within the RSR of Antarctica (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen, co-supervisors: Marwan Katurji, Jono Conway).
  • Matt Shepherd (MSc), MSc thesis topic: An assessment of the topographic and atmospheric controls on terrestrial meltwater occurrence in the Ross Sea Region identified in the Geological Mapping Update of Antarctica (GeoMAP) (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen, co-supervisor: Marwan Katurji).

^ Top of page

Completed postgraduate supervision

  • 2020, Hamish Prince (MSc), Title of thesis: A climatology of New Zealand atmospheric rivers. (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen).
  • 2019, Todd Redpath (PhD), Title of PhD thesis: A multi-scale approach to assessing the spatio-temporal variability of seasonal snow in the Clutha Catchment, New Zealand (Primary Supervisors: Pascal Sirguey and Nicolas Cullen, co-supervisor: Sean Fitzsimons).
  • 2019, Lucy Just (MSc), Title of thesis: Snow distribution and melt of a seasonal snowpack, Central Otago, New Zealand (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen, co-supervisor: Pascal Sirguey).
  • 2019, Mitch Rawlyk (MSc) Title of thesis: A synoptic scale meteorological investigation of springtime frost incidence in Cromwell (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen).
  • 2018, Angus Dowson (MSc), Title of thesis: Glacier surface albedo from MODIS data and links to annual mass balance for the Gardens of Eden and Allah, New Zealand (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen, co-supervisor: Pascal Sirguey).
  • 2018, Kerryn Little (MSc), Title of thesis: Climate controls on the mass balance of Brewster Glacier, Southern Alps (Primary Supervisor: Daniel Kingston, co-supervisors: Nicolas Cullen, Pascal Sirguey).
  • 2018, Florence Mills (MSc) Title of thesis: Hydrologic implications of woody vegetation change in indigenous snow tussock grasslands: a case study at Glendhu (Primary Supervisor: Sarah Mager, co-supervisor: Nicolas Cullen).
  • 2018, Inka Koch (PhD), Title of PhD thesis: Marine ice formation and deformation at the Southern McMurdo Ice Shelf, Antarctica (Primary Supervisor: Sean Fitzsimons, co-supervisor: Nicolas Cullen).
  • 2017, Xiaolin Wu (PhD), Title of PhD thesis: Understanding the past, current and future transport and fate of semi-volatile organic compounds in remote alpine glacier-fed lakes in New Zealand (Primary Supervisor: Kimberly Hageman, co-supervisor: Nicolas Cullen).
  • 2016, Andreas Jobst (PhD), Title of PhD thesis: The potential impacts of climate change on the hydro-climate of the Clutha/Mata-Au catchment (Primary Supervisor: Daniel Kingston, co-supervisor: Nicolas Cullen).
  • 2015, Jeremy Bell (MSc), Title of thesis: Avalanche awareness and decision making in backcountry terrain, Craigieburn Valley Ski Area, New Zealand (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen).
  • 2014, Peter Gibson (MSc), Title of thesis: Multi-scale atmospheric and climate phenomena in the context of the wind resource assessment: a case study in complex, coastal terrain (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen). Received the New Zealand Geographical Society's President's award for Best Master's thesis in Geography in 2014.
  • 2014, Nick Price (MSc), Title of thesis: A multi-scale assessment of the air pollution climatology of Alexandra, New Zealand using a combination of field observations and statistical and physical based modelling (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen).
  • 2013, Nicolle Britland (MSc), Title of thesis: Surface climatology and ablation on the floating section of the Petermann Glacier, Greenland (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen).
  • 2013, Jono Conway (PhD), Title of PhD thesis: Constraining cloud and airmass controls on the surface energy and mass balance of Brewster Glacier, Southern Alps of New Zealand (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen, co-supervisors: Sean Fitzsimons, Rachel Spronken-Smith).
  • 2012, Gregor Macara (MSc), Title of thesis: Spatial and temporal variability of snowpack stability in the Craigieburn Valley, New Zealand (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen).
  • 2012, Seth Gorrie (MSc), Title of thesis: The scientific and cultural aspects of renewable energy development success in Samoa (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen, co-supervisor: Jenny Bryant-Tokalau).
  • 2011, Michael Winkler (PhD), Title of PhD thesis: Kilimanjaro Ice Cliffs morphology, recession, micro-climate, and how they determine glacier area loss (Primary Supervisor: Georg Kaser University of Innsbruck, Austria, co-supervisors: Nicolas Cullen and Thomas Mölg).
  • 2011, Dorothea Stumm (PhD), Title of PhD thesis: The mass balance of selected glaciers of the Southern Alps in New Zealand (Primary Supervisor: Sean Fitzsimons, co-supervisor: Nicolas Cullen).
  • 2010, Alice Bowden (MSc), Title of MSc thesis: Wind resource assessment in Waitati, Otago, New Zealand (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen, co-supervisor: Rachel Spronken-Smith).
  • 2010, Ashley Broadbent (MSc), Title of MSc thesis: Measurements and modelling of wintertime PM10 air pollution, Milton, Otago (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen).
  • 2010, Amber Tate (MSc), Title of MSc thesis: Wintertime PM10 measurement and modelling in Alexandra and Mosgiel, Otago (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen, co-supervisor: Rachel Spronken-Smith).
  • 2009, Andrea Barrueto (MSc), Title of MSc thesis: Accumulation on the Brewster Glacier in New Zealand (Primary Supervisor: Martin Hoelzle, co-supervisor: Nicolas Cullen).
  • 2008, Sarah Gillett (MSc), Title of MSc thesis: Modelling summer ablation on the Brewster Glacier, New Zealand (Primary Supervisor: Nicolas Cullen).

^ Top of page

Publications

Alam, A., Binns, T., Cullen, N., Freeman, C., Nel, E., & Roche, M. (2021). Celebrating 75 years of geography teaching and research at the University of Otago. New Zealand Geographer. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/nzg.12306

Abrahim, B. N., Cullen, N. J., & Conway, J. P. (2021). A decade of surface meteorology and radiation exchanges at Brewster Glacier in the Southern Alps of New Zealand. International Journal of Climatology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/joc.7323

Kropač, E., Mölg, T., Cullen, N. J., Collier, E., Pickler, C., & Turton, J. V. (2021). A detailed, multi-scale assessment of an atmospheric river event and its impact of extreme glacier melt in the Southern Alps of New Zealand. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2020JD034217. doi: 10.1029/2020JD034217

Miller, A., Sirguey, P., Cullen, N., & Bühler, Y. (2021). Snow avalanche hazards in Aotearoa New Zealand: Using extreme events from the past to plan for the future. Proceedings of the 18th Snow & Ice Research Group (SIRG) Annual Workshop: Understanding Mountain Climate II. (pp. 23). Retrieved from https://www.sirg.org.nz

Abrahim, N., Cullen, N., Conway, J., & Sirguey, P. (2021). An examination of the surface energetics controlling the recent and dramatic loss of ice on Brewster Glacier. Proceedings of the 18th Snow & Ice Research Group (SIRG) Annual Workshop: Understanding Mountain Climate II. (pp. 15). Retrieved from https://www.sirg.org.nz

Mölg, T., Hardy, D. R., Cullen, N. J., & Kaser, G. (2008). Tropical glaciers, climate change, and society: Focus on Kilimanjaro (East Africa). In B. Orlove, E. Wiegandt & B. H. Luckman (Eds.), Darkening peaks: Glacier retreat, science, and society. (pp. 168-182). Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

Chapter in Book - Research

Abrahim, B. N., Cullen, N. J., & Conway, J. P. (2021). A decade of surface meteorology and radiation exchanges at Brewster Glacier in the Southern Alps of New Zealand. International Journal of Climatology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/joc.7323

Journal - Research Article

Alam, A., Binns, T., Cullen, N., Freeman, C., Nel, E., & Roche, M. (2021). Celebrating 75 years of geography teaching and research at the University of Otago. New Zealand Geographer. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/nzg.12306

Journal - Research Article

Kropač, E., Mölg, T., Cullen, N. J., Collier, E., Pickler, C., & Turton, J. V. (2021). A detailed, multi-scale assessment of an atmospheric river event and its impact of extreme glacier melt in the Southern Alps of New Zealand. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 126, e2020JD034217. doi: 10.1029/2020JD034217

Journal - Research Article

Prince, H. D., Cullen, N. J., Gibson, P. B., Conway, J., & Kingston, D. G. (2021). A climatology of atmospheric rivers in New Zealand. Journal of Climate, 1-56. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-20-0664.1

Journal - Research Article

Dowson, A. J., Sirguey, P., & Cullen, N. J. (2020). Variability in glacier albedo and links to annual mass balance for the gardens of Eden and Allah, Southern Alps, New Zealand. Cryosphere, 14, 3425-3448. doi: 10.5194/tc-14-3425-2020

Journal - Research Article

Mölg, T., Hardy, D. R., Collier, E., Kropač, E., Schmid, C., Cullen, N. J., … Winkler, M. (2020). Mesoscale atmospheric circulation controls of local meteorological elevation gradients on Kersten Glacier near Kilimanjaro summit. Earth System Dynamics, 11, 653-672. doi: 10.5194/esd-11-653-2020

Journal - Research Article

Cullen, N. J., Gibson, P. B., Mölg, T., Conway, J. P., Sirguey, P., & Kingston, D. G. (2019). The influence of weather systems in controlling mass balance in the Southern Alps of New Zealand. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 124, 4514-4529. doi: 10.1029/2018JD030052

Journal - Research Article

Little, K., Kingston, D. G., Cullen, N. J., & Gibson, P. B. (2019). The role of atmospheric rivers for extreme ablation and snowfall events in the Southern Alps of New Zealand. Geophysical Research Letters, 46, 2761-2771. doi: 10.1029/2018GL081669

Journal - Research Article

Redpath, T. A. N., Sirguey, P., & Cullen, N. J. (2019). Characterising spatio-temporal variability in seasonal snow cover at a regional scale from MODIS data: The Clutha Catchment, New Zealand. Hydrology & Earth System Sciences, 23, 3189-3217. doi: 10.5194/hess-23-3189-2019

Journal - Research Article

Salinger, M. J., Renwick, J., Behrens, E., Mullan, A. B., Diamond, H. J., Sirguey, P., Smith, R. O., … Cullen, N. J., Fitzharris, B. B., Hepburn, C. D., … Sutton, P. J. (2019). The unprecedented coupled ocean-atmosphere summer heatwave in the New Zealand region 2017/18: Drivers, mechanisms and impacts. Environmental Research Letters, 14(4). doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab012a

Journal - Research Article

Jobst, A. M., Kingston, D. G., Cullen, N. J., & Schmid, J. (2018). Intercomparison of different uncertainty sources in hydrological climate change projections for an alpine catchment (upper Clutha River, New Zealand). Hydrology & Earth System Sciences, 22(6), 3125-3142. doi: 10.5194/hess-22-3125-2018

Journal - Research Article

Redpath, T. A. N., Sirguey, P., & Cullen, N. J. (2018). Repeat mapping of snow depth across an alpine catchment with RPAS photogrammetry. Cryosphere, 12, 3477-3497. doi: 10.5194/tc-12-3477-2018

Journal - Research Article

Bohleber, P., Sold, L., Hardy, D. R., Schwikowski, M., Klenk, P., Fischer, A., Sirguey, P., Cullen, N. J., … Mayewski, P. (2017). Ground-penetrating radar reveals ice thickness and undisturbed englacial layers at Kilimanjaro's Northern Ice Field. Cryosphere, 11, 469-482. doi: 10.5194/tc-11-469-2017

Journal - Research Article

Cullen, N. J., Anderson, B., Sirguey, P., Stumm, D., Mackintosh, A., Conway, J. P., … Fitzsimons, S. J., & Lorrey, A. (2017). An 11-year record of mass balance of Brewster Glacier, New Zealand, determined using a geostatistical approach. Journal of Glaciology, 63(238), 199-217. doi: 10.1017/jog.2016.128

Journal - Research Article

Hofer, M., Nemec, J., Cullen, N. J., & Weber, M. (2017). Evaluating predictor strategies for regression-based downscaling with a focus on glacierized mountain environments. Journal of Applied Meteorology & Climatology, 56(6), 1707-1729. doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-16-0215.1

Journal - Research Article

Jobst, A. M., Kingston, D. G., Cullen, N. J., & Sirguey, P. (2017). Combining thin-plate spline interpolation with a lapse rate model to produce daily air temperature estimates in a data-sparse alpine catchment. International Journal of Climatology, 37(1), 214-229. doi: 10.1002/joc.4699

Journal - Research Article

Schlögl, S., Lehning, M., Nishimura, K., Huwald, H., Cullen, N. J., & Mott, R. (2017). How do stability corrections perform in the stable boundary layer over snow? Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 165(1), 161-180. doi: 10.1007/s10546-017-0262-1

Journal - Research Article

Wu, X., Davie-Martin, C. L., Steinlin, C., Hageman, K. J., Cullen, N. J., & Bodgal, C. (2017). Understanding and predicting the fate of semivolatile organic pesticides in a glacier-fed lake using a multimedia chemical fate model. Environmental Science & Technology, 51(20), 11752-11760. doi: 10.1021/acs.est.7b03483

Journal - Research Article

Conway, J. P., & Cullen, N. J. (2016). Cloud effects on surface energy and mass balance in the ablation area of Brewster Glacier, New Zealand. Cryosphere, 10(1), 313-328. doi: 10.5194/tc-10-313-2016

Journal - Research Article

Sirguey, P., Still, H., Cullen, N. J., Dumont, M., Arnaud, Y., & Conway, J. P. (2016). Reconstructing the mass balance of Brewster Glacier, New Zealand, using MODIS-derived glacier-wide albedo. Cryosphere, 10, 2465-2484. doi: 10.5194/tc-2016-98

Journal - Research Article

Conway, J. P., Cullen, N. J., Spronken-Smith, R. A., & Fitzsimons, S. J. (2015). All-sky radiation over a glacier surface in the Southern Alps of New Zealand: Characterizing cloud effects on incoming shortwave, longwave and net radiation. International Journal of Climatology, 35(5), 699-713. doi: 10.1002/joc.4014

Journal - Research Article

Cullen, N. J., & Conway, J. P. (2015). A 22 month record of surface meteorology and energy balance from the ablation zone of Brewster Glacier, New Zealand. Journal of Glaciology, 61(229), 931-946. doi: 10.3189/2015JoG15J004

Journal - Research Article

Gibson, P. B., & Cullen, N. J. (2015). Regional variability in New Zealand's wind resource linked to synoptic-scale circulation: Implications for generation reliability. Journal of Applied Meteorology & Climatology, 54(5), 944-958. doi: 10.1175/JAMC-D-14-0273.1

Journal - Research Article

Gibson, P. B., & Cullen, N. J. (2015). Synoptic and sub-synoptic circulation effects on wind resource variability: A case study from a coastal terrain setting in New Zealand. Renewable Energy, 78, 253-263. doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2015.01.004

Journal - Research Article

Oliphant, A. J., Hindmarsh, R. C. A., Cullen, N. J., & Lawson, W. (2015). Microclimate and mass fluxes of debris-laden ice surfaces in Taylor Valley, Antarctica. Antarctic Science, 27(1), 85-100. doi: 10.1017/S0954102014000534

Journal - Research Article

Cullen, N. J., Mölg, T., Conway, J., & Steffen, K. (2014). Assessing the role of sublimation in the dry snow zone of the Greenland ice sheet in a warming world. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 119(11), 6563-6577. doi: 10.1002/2014JD021557

Journal - Research Article

Pfeffer, W. T., Arendt, A. A., Bliss, A., Bolch, T., Cogley, J. G., Gardner, A. S., … The Randolph Consortium, including Cullen, N. J., & Sirguey, P. (2014). The Randolph Glacier Inventory: A globally complete inventory of glaciers. Journal of Glaciology, 60(221), 537-552. doi: 10.3189/2014joG13J176

Journal - Research Article

Sirguey, P., & Cullen, N. J. (2014). A very high resolution DEM of Kilimanjaro via photogrammetry of Geoeye-1 images (Kilisosdem2012). New Zealand Surveyor, 303, 19-25.

Journal - Research Article

Conway, J. P., & Cullen, N. J. (2013). Constraining turbulent heat flux parameterization over a temperate maritime glacier in New Zealand. Annals of Glaciology, 54(63), 41-51. doi: 10.3189/2013AoG63A604

Journal - Research Article

Cullen, N. J., Sirguey, P., Mölg, T., Kaser, G., Winkler, M., & Fitzsimons, S. J. (2013). A century of ice retreat on Kilimanjaro: The mapping reloaded. Cryosphere, 7(2), 419-431. doi: 10.5194/tc-7-419-2013

Journal - Research Article

Cullen, N. J., Conway, J., Zawar-Reza, P., & Spronken-Smith, R. A. (2012). Further assessment of the atmospheric controls on night-time air pollution dispersion in Alexandra, Central Otago, New Zealand from idealized modelling experiments. Air Quality & Climate Change, 46(1), 29-36.

Journal - Research Article

Cullen, N., Bowden, A., & Spronken-Smith, R. (2012). Partnering between a geography department and a community initiative to provide a wind resource assessment for the Blueskin Bay region, Otago, New Zealand. New Zealand Geographer, 68(1), 49-61. doi: 10.1111/j.1745-7939.2012.01220.x

Journal - Research Article

Clark, M., Hendrikx, J., Slater, A. G., Kavetski, D., Anderson, B., Cullen, N. J., … Woods, R. A. (2011). Representing spatial variability of snow water equivalent in hydrologic and land-surface models: A review. Water Resources Research, 47, W07539. doi: 10.1029/2011wr010745

Journal - Research Article

Gillett, S., & Cullen, N. J. (2011). Atmospheric controls on summer ablation over Brewster Glacier, New Zealand. International Journal of Climatology, 31, 2033-2048. doi: 10.1002/joc.2216

Journal - Research Article

Tate, A., Cullen, N. J., & Spronken-Smith, R. (2011). Wintertime PM10 measurements and modelling in Alexandra, Central Otago, New Zealand: Understanding the bi-modal peak in evening air pollution. Air Quality & Climate Change, 45(3), 19-25.

Journal - Research Article

Broadbent, A., Cullen, N. J., & Zawar-Reza, P. (2010). Wintertime numerical modelling of PM10 air pollution in Milton, Otago, New Zealand: Boundary layer structure, effects of data assimilation, and reaching national environmental standards. Air Quality & Climate Change, 44(4), 22-28.

Journal - Research Article

Kaser, G., Mölg, T., Cullen, N. J., Hardy, D. R., & Winkler, M. (2010). Is the decline of ice on Kilimanjaro unprecedented in the Holocene? Holocene, 20(7), 1079-1091. doi: 10.1177/0959683610369498

Journal - Research Article

Winkler, M., Kaser, G., Cullen, N. J., Mölg, T., Hardy, D. R., & Pfeffer, W. T. (2010). Land-based marginal ice cliffs: Focus on Kilimanjaro. Erdkunde, 64(2), 179-193. doi: 10.3112/erdkunde.2010.02.05

Journal - Research Article

Mölg, T., Chiang, J. C. H., Gohm, A., & Cullen, N. J. (2009). Temporal precipitation variability versus altitude on a tropical high mountain: Observations and mesoscale atmospheric modelling. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, 135(643), 1439-1455. doi: 10.1002/qj.461

Journal - Research Article

Mölg, T., Cullen, N. J., & Kaser, G. (2009). Solar radiation, cloudiness and longwave radiation over low-latitude glaciers: Implications for mass-balance modelling. Journal of Glaciology, 55(190), 292-302. doi: 10.3189/002214309788608822

Journal - Research Article

Mölg, T., Cullen, N. J., Hardy, D. R., Winkler, M., & Kaser, G. (2009). Quantifying climate change in the tropical midtroposphere over East Africa from glacier shrinkage on Kilimanjaro. Journal of Climate, 22(15), 4162-4181. doi: 10.1175/2009jcli2954.1

Journal - Research Article

Mölg, T., Cullen, N. J., Hardy, D. R., Kaser, G., & Klok, L. (2008). Mass balance of a slope glacier on Kilimanjaro and its sensitivity to climate. International Journal of Climatology, 28(7), 881-892.

Journal - Research Article

Cullen, N. J., Mölg, T., Kaser, G., Steffen, K., & Hardy, D. R. (2007). Energy-balance model validation on the top of Kilimanjaro, Tanzania, using eddy covariance data. Annals of Glaciology, 46, 227-233. doi: 10.3189/172756407782871224

Journal - Research Article

Cullen, N. J., Steffen, K., & Blanken, P. D. (2007). Nonstationarity of turbulent heat fluxes at Summit, Greenland. Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 122, 439-455. doi: 10.1007/s10546-006-9112-2

Journal - Research Article

Cullen, N. J., Mölg, T., Kaser, G., Hussein, K., Steffen, K., & Hardy, D. R. (2006). Kilimanjaro glaciers: Recent areal extent from satellite data and new interpretation of observed 20th century retreat rates. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L16502. doi: 10.1029/2006GL027084

Journal - Research Article

Mölg, T., Renold, M., Vuille, M., Cullen, N. J., Stocker, T. F., & Kaser, G. (2006). Indian Ocean zonal mode activity in a multicentury integration of a coupled AOGCM consistent with climate proxy data. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L18710. doi: 10.1029/2006GL026384

Journal - Research Article

Cullen, N. J., & Spronken-Smith, R. (2002). Synoptic controls on surface energetics in the Port Hills, Canterbury, New Zealand. Weather & Climate, 22, 3-18.

Journal - Research Article

Cullen, N. J., & Steffen, K. (2001). Unstable near-surface boundary conditions in summer on top of the Greenland ice sheet. Geophysical Research Letters, 28(23), 4491-4493. doi: 10.1029/2001GL013417

Journal - Research Article

Mölg, T., Hardy, D. R., Collier, E., Kropač, E., Schmid, C., Cullen, N. J., … Winkler, M. (2019). Mesoscale atmospheric circulation controls of local meteorological elevation gradients on Kersten Glacier near Kilimanjaro summit. Earth System Dynamics Discussions. doi: 10.5194/esd-2019-51

Journal - Research Other

More publications...