Red X iconGreen tick iconYellow tick icon

Daphne LeeBSc PhD(Otago)

Paleobotany,  Paleontology and Paleoecology

Google Scholar: Daphne E. Lee
Tel +64 3 479 7525

Office – Geology 1S11

Research interests

  • Cenozoic paleobotany and paleoclimate
  • Cenozoic invertebrate paleontology
  • Brachiopoda
  • Cenozoic stratigraphy

Foulden Maar

A paleontological site of international significance, Foulden Maar in Otago, New Zealand is home to an amazing record of life on Earth.

Formed by a volcanic eruption 23 million years ago, the maar's undisturbed sedimentary layers are the resting places for countless rare, well-preserved fossils. The site is unsurpassed in the southern hemisphere as a scientific record of changing life and ecosystems at the beginning of the Miocene. Although excavations have been limited to an area the size of a tennis court, Daphne and colleagues have discovered hundreds of undescribed species. The sediments are rich in fossil flowers, fruits, seeds, pollen, and bark from plants, as well as fungi, fish, insects and spiders.

For further information see the publications listed below and the book: Fossil Treasures of Foulden Maar.


Vanner, M. R., Conran, J. G., Larcombe, M. J., & Lee, D. E. (2024). Mid-Cretaceous wood of Waihere Bay, Pitt Island, Chatham Islands, New Zealand. IAWA Journal. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1163/22941932-bja10149 Journal - Research Article

Smith, A. M., Freeman, D. F., Dixon-Anderson, I. S., & Lee, D. E. (2023). Review of skeletal carbonate mineralogy of brachiopods with new material from New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine & Freshwater Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/00288330.2023.2267486 Journal - Research Article

Kaulfuss, U., Bannister, J. M., Conran, J. G., Kennedy, E. M., Mildenhall, D. C., & Lee, D. E. (2023). Flowers, inflorescences and pollen from the Foulden and Hindon Konservat-Lagerstätten: Miocene biodiversity, ecology and pollination in New Zealand. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, 310, 104830. doi: 10.1016/j.revpalbo.2022.104830 Journal - Research Article

Thomas, D. B., & Lee, D. E. (Eds.). (2022). R. Ewan Fordyce: Tributes from a global community. Wellington, New Zealand: Geoscience Society of New Zealand, 92p. Edited Book - Other

Lee, D. E. (2022). A great legacy of fossil treasures. In D. B. Thomas & D. E. Lee (Eds.), R. Ewan Fordyce: Tributes from a global community. (pp. 3-4). Wellington, New Zealand: Geoscience Society of New Zealand. Chapter in Book - Other

Back to top