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Health Sciences profile

Professor John Crump

PositionCo-Director, Otago Global Health Institute
DepartmentDepartment of Preventive and Social Medicine (Dunedin)
QualificationsMB ChB MD DTM&H FRACP FRCPA FRCP
Research summaryInfectious diseases in low-resource settings
Teaching
  • Global health
  • Global health ethics
Memberships
  • Fellow, Australasian College of Tropical Medicine
  • Fellow, Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
  • Fellow, American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
  • Fellow, Infectious Diseases Society of America
  • Member, American Society of Microbiology
Clinical
  • Infectious diseases
  • Medical microbiology

Research

My research is on the epidemiology, diagnosis, prevention, and management of major infectious causes of illness and death in low- and middle-income countries. I serve as the McKinlay Professor of Global Health and Co-Director of the Otago Global Health Institute, one of 12 flagship research centres of the University of Otago.

I graduated MB ChB and MD from the University of Otago in 1993 and 2011, respectively, and trained in both infectious diseases (FRACP, FRCP, DTM&H) and medical microbiology (FRCPA) in New Zealand, the United Kingdom, South Africa, Australia, and the United States.

My specific research interest is in the syndrome of fever and its management in low-resource areas, especially invasive bacterial diseases including the invasive salmonelloses. I lead efforts on global burden of disease estimates for both typhoidal and non-typhoidal Salmonella with related work on diarrhoeal diseases.

With partners in Myanmar and Tanzania, I lead research on causes of fever, febrile deaths, and infectious disease at that are major causes of both human febrile illness and production loss in animals. My work on these infections includes disease burden estimation, evaluation of new diagnostics, clinical management studies, risk factor research aimed at prevention interventions, and economic assessments. Goals of my work are to improve the health of individuals and populations in low- and middle-income countries through research and training in collaboration with local partners.

Publications

Bodenham, R. F., Mazeri, S., Cleaveland, S., Crump, J. A., Fasina, F. O., de Glanville, W. A., … Maze, M. J., … Thomas, K. M., … Halliday, J. E. B. (2021). Latent class evaluation of the performance of serological tests for exposure to Brucella spp. in cattle, sheep, and goats in Tanzania. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 15(8), e0009630. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0009630

Park, S. E., Pham, D. T., Pak, G. D., Panzner, U., Cruz Espinoza, L. M., von Kalckreuth, V., … Crump, J. A., … Marks, F. (2021). The genomic epidemiology of multi-drug resistant invasive non-typhoidal Salmonella in selected sub-Saharan African countries. BMJ Global Health, 6, e005659. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2021-005659

Marchello, C. S., Fiorino, F., Pettini, E., Crump, J. A., & Vacc-iNTS Consortium Collaborators. (2021). Incidence of non-typhoidal Salmonella invasive disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Infection. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2021.06.029

Schofield, M. R., Maze, M. J., Crump, J. A., Rubach, M. P., Galloway, R., & Sharples, K. J. (2021). On the robustness of latent class models for diagnostic testing with no gold standard. Statistics in Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/sim.8999

de Glanville, W. A., Davis, A., Allan, K. J., Buza, J., Claxton, J. R., Crump, J. A., … Cleaveland, S. (2020). Classification and characterisation of livestock production systems in northern Tanzania. PLoS ONE, 15(12), e0229478. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0229478

DeCamp, M., Crump, J. A., Sugarman, J., Todd, T., Walker, X., & Ali, A. (2018). Existing and emerging ethical standards in global health education. In A. N. Arya & J. Evert (Eds.), Global health experiential education: From theory to practice. (pp. 114-131). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Chapter in Book - Research

Crump, J. A., & Wain, J. (2017). Salmonella. In S. R. Quah & W. Cockerham (Eds.), International encyclopedia of public health (Vol. 6). (2nd ed.) (pp. 425-433). Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-803678-5.00394-5

Chapter in Book - Research

Crump, J. A., Newton, P. N., Baird, S. J., & Lubell, Y. (2017). Febrile illness in adolescents and adults. In K. K. Holmes, S. Bertozzi, B. R. Bloom & P. Jha (Eds.), Disease control priorities: Major infectious diseases (Vol. 6). (3rd ed.) (pp. 365-384). Washington, DC: World Bank. doi: 10.1596/978-1-4648-0524-0_ch14

Chapter in Book - Research

Crump, J. A. (2016). Salmonella infections (including enteric fever). In L. Goldman & A. I. Schafer (Eds.), Goldman-Cecil medicine. (25th ed.) Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders.

Chapter in Book - Research

Bodenham, R. F., Mazeri, S., Cleaveland, S., Crump, J. A., Fasina, F. O., de Glanville, W. A., … Maze, M. J., … Thomas, K. M., … Halliday, J. E. B. (2021). Latent class evaluation of the performance of serological tests for exposure to Brucella spp. in cattle, sheep, and goats in Tanzania. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 15(8), e0009630. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0009630

Journal - Research Article

Marchello, C. S., Fiorino, F., Pettini, E., Crump, J. A., & Vacc-iNTS Consortium Collaborators. (2021). Incidence of non-typhoidal Salmonella invasive disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Infection. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2021.06.029

Journal - Research Article

Park, S. E., Pham, D. T., Pak, G. D., Panzner, U., Cruz Espinoza, L. M., von Kalckreuth, V., … Crump, J. A., … Marks, F. (2021). The genomic epidemiology of multi-drug resistant invasive non-typhoidal Salmonella in selected sub-Saharan African countries. BMJ Global Health, 6, e005659. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2021-005659

Journal - Research Article

Schofield, M. R., Maze, M. J., Crump, J. A., Rubach, M. P., Galloway, R., & Sharples, K. J. (2021). On the robustness of latent class models for diagnostic testing with no gold standard. Statistics in Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/sim.8999

Journal - Research Article

Allan, K. J., Maze, M. J., Galloway, R. L., Rubach, M. P., Biggs, H. M., Halliday, J. E. B., … Crump, J. A. (2020). Molecular detection and typing of pathogenic Leptospira in febrile patients and phylogenetic comparison with Leptospira detected among animals in Tanzania. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene. Advance online publication. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.19-0703

Journal - Research Article

Althaus, T., Lubell, Y., Maro, V. P., Mmbaga, B. T., Lwezaula, B., Halleux, C., … Crump, J. A., & Rubach, M. P. (2020). Sensitivity of C-reactive protein for the identification of patients with laboratory-confirmed bacterial infections in northern Tanzania. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 25(3), 291-300. doi: 10.1111/tmi.13358

Journal - Research Article

Barr, D. A., Lewis, J. M., Feasey, N., Schutz, C., Kerkhoff, A. D., Jacob, S. T., … Crump, J. A., … Meintjes, G. (2020). Mycobacterium tuberculosis bloodstream infection prevalence, diagnosis, and mortality risk in seriously ill adults with HIV: A systematic review and meta-analysis of individual patient data. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 20, 742-752. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(19)30695-4

Journal - Research Article

Blum, L. S., Karia, F. P., Msoka, E. F., Oshosen Mwanga, M., Crump, J. A., & Rubach, M. P. (2020). An in-depth examination of reasons for autopsy acceptance and refusal in northern Tanzania. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 103(4), 1670-1680. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.20-0029

Journal - Research Article

Bodenham, R. F., Lukambagire, A. S., Ashford, R. T., Buza, J. J., Cash-Goldwasser, S., Crump, J. A., … Halliday, J. E. B. (2020). Prevalence and speciation of brucellosis in febrile patients from a pastoralist community of Tanzania. Scientific Reports, 10, 7081. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-62849-4

Journal - Research Article

Chanthavilay, P., Mayxay, M., Xongmixay, P., Roberts, T., Rattanavong, S., Vongsouvath, M., … Crump, J. A. (2020). Estimation of incidence of typhoid and paratyphoid fever in Vientiane, Lao People's Democratic Republic. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 102(4), 744-748. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.19-0634

Journal - Research Article

Crump, J. A., Thomas, K. M., Benschop, J., Knox, M. A., Wilkinson, D. A., Midwinter, A. C., … Zadoks, R. N. (2020). Investigating the meat pathway as a source of human nontyphoidal Salmonella bloodstream infections and diarrhea in East Africa. Clinical Infectious Diseases. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciaa1153

Journal - Research Article

de Glanville, W. A., Davis, A., Allan, K. J., Buza, J., Claxton, J. R., Crump, J. A., … Cleaveland, S. (2020). Classification and characterisation of livestock production systems in northern Tanzania. PLoS ONE, 15(12), e0229478. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0229478

Journal - Research Article

Elven, J., Dahal, P., Ashley, E. A., Thomas, N. V., Shrestha, P., Stepniewska, K., Crump, J. A., … Guérin, P. J. (2020). Non-malarial febrile illness: A systematic review of published aetiological studies and case reports from Africa, 1980-2015. BMC Medicine, 18, 279. doi: 10.1186/s12916-020-01744-1

Journal - Research Article

Madut, D. B., Rubach, M. P., Kalengo, N., Carugati, M., Maze, M. J., Morrissey, A. B., … Crump, J. A. (2020). A prospective study of Escherichia coli bloodstream infection among adolescents and adults in northern Tanzania. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 114, 378-384. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trz111

Journal - Research Article

Marchello, C. S., Birkhold, M., & Crump, J. A. (2020). Complications and mortality of typhoid fever: A global systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Infection, 81, 902-910. doi: 10.1016/j.jinf.2020.10.030

Journal - Research Article

Marchello, C. S., Carr, S. D., & Crump, J. A. (2020). A systematic review on antimicrobial resistance among Salmonella Typhi worldwide. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene. Advance online publication. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.20-0258

Journal - Research Article

Marchello, C. S., Dale, A. P., Pisharody, S., Rubach, M. P., and also Crump, J. A. (2020). A systematic review and meta-analysis of the prevalence of community-onset bloodstream infections among hospitalized patients in Africa and Asia. Antimicrobial Agents & Chemotherapy, 64(1), e01974-19. doi: 10.1128/aac.01974-19

Journal - Research Article

Maze, M. J., Glass Elrod, M., Biggs, H. M., Bonnewell, J., Carugati, M., Hoffmaster, A. R., … Crump, J. A. (2020). Investigation of melioidosis using blood culture and indirect hemagglutination assay serology among patients with fever, Northern Tanzania. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene. Advance online publication. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.20-0160

Journal - Research Article

Maze, M. J., Sharples, K. J., Allan, K. J., Biggs, H. M., Cash-Goldwasser, S., Galloway, R. L., … Crump, J. A. (2020). Estimating acute human leptospirosis incidence in northern Tanzania using sentinel site and community behavioural surveillance. Zoonoses & Public Health, 67, 496-505. doi: 10.1111/zph.12712

Journal - Research Article

Morrison, A. L., Lewthwaite, H., Houghton, L. A., Nasak, D. S. J., Sharples, K. J., Brown, P., Crump, J. A., & Jack, S. J. (2020). Child undernutrition in households with microbiologically safer drinking water and ‘improved water’ in Tanna, Vanuatu. Journal of Water & Health, 18(3), 416-429. doi: 10.2166/wh.2020.262

Journal - Research Article

Prinsen, G., Benschop, J., Cleaveland, S., Crump, J. A., French, N. P., Hrynick, T. A., … Thomas, K. M., … Waldman, L. (2020). Meat safety in Tanzania's value chain: Experiences, explanations and expectations in butcheries and eateries. International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 17(8), 2833. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17082833

Journal - Research Article

Shimelis, T., Tadesse, B. T., W/Gebriel, F., Crump, J. A., Schierhout, G., Dittrich, S., … Nery, S. V. (2020). Aetiology of acute febrile illness among children attending a tertiary hospital in southern Ethiopia. BMC Infectious Diseases, 20(1), 903. doi: 10.1186/s12879-020-05635-x

Journal - Research Article

Shrestha, P., Dahal, P., Ogbonnaa-Njoku, C., Das, D., Stepniewska, K., Thomas, N. V., … Crump, J. A., … Guérin, P. J. (2020). Non-malarial febrile illness: A systematic review of published aetiological studies and case reports from Southern Asia and South-eastern Asia, 1980-2015. BMC Medicine, 18, 299. doi: 10.1186/s12916-020-01745-0

Journal - Research Article

Sikorski, M. J., Desai, S. N., Tupua, S., Thomsen, R. E., Han, J., Rambocus, S., … Crump, J. A., … Levine, M. M. (2020). Tenacious endemic typhoid fever in Samoa. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 71(Suppl. 2), S120-S126. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciaa314

Journal - Research Article

Snavely, M. E., Oshosen, M., Msoka, E. F., Karia, F. P., Maze, M. J., Blum, L. S., … Crump, J. A., & Muiruri, C. (2020). "If you have no money, you might die": A qualitative study of sociocultural and health system barriers to care for decedent febrile inpatients in northern Tanzania. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 103(1), 494-500. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.19-0822

Journal - Research Article

Stanaway, J. D., Atuhebwe, P. L., Luby, S. P., & Crump, J. A. (2020). Assessing the feasibility of typhoid elimination. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 71(Suppl. 2), S179-S184. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciaa585

Journal - Research Article

Thomas, K. M., de Glanville, W. A., Barker, G. C., Benschop, J., Buza, J. J., Cleaveland, S., … French, N. P., … Crump, J. A. (2020). Prevalence of Campylobacter and Salmonella in African food animals and meat: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Food Microbiology, 315, 108382. doi: 10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2019.108382

Journal - Research Article

Thorn, L. M., Ussher, J. E., Broadbent, R. S., Manning, J. M., Sharples, K. J., & Crump, J. A. (2020). Risk factors for Staphylococcus capitis pulsotype NRCS-A colonisation among premature neonates in the neonatal intensive care unit of a tertiary-care hospital: A retrospective case-control study. Infection Prevention in Practice, 2, 100057. doi: 10.1016/j.infpip.2020.100057

Journal - Research Article

Waldman, L., Hrynick, T. A., Benschop, J., Cleaveland, S., Crump, J. A., Davis, M. A., … Thomas, K. M., & Zadoks, R. N. (2020). Meat safety in Northern Tanzania: Inspectors' and slaughter workers' risk perceptions and management. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 7, 309. doi: 10.3389/fvets.2020.00309

Journal - Research Article

GBD 2017 Non-Typhoidal Salmonella Invasive Disease Collaborators, including Crump, J. A. (2019). The global burden of non-typhoidal salmonella invasive disease: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 19(12), 1312-1324. doi: 10.1016/s1473-3099(19)30418-9

Journal - Research Article

GBD 2017 Typhoid and Paratyphoid Collaborators, including Crump, J. A. (2019). The global burden of typhoid and paratyphoid fevers: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet Infectious Diseases, 19(4), 369-381. doi: 10.1016/s1473-3099(18)30685-6

Journal - Research Article

Getahun S, A., Parry, C. M., Crump, J. A., Rosa, V., Jenney, A., Naidu, R., … Strugnell, R. A. (2019). A retrospective study of patients with blood culture-confirmed typhoid fever in Fiji during 2014-2015: Epidemiology, clinical features, treatment and outcome. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 113, 764-770. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trz075

Journal - Research Article

Hertz, J. T., Madut, D. B., Tesha, R. A., William, G., Simmons, R. A., Galson, S. W., … Crump, J. A., & Rubach, M. P. (2019). Self-medication with non-prescribed pharmaceutical agents in an area of low malaria transmission in northern Tanzania: A community-based survey. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 113, 183-188. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/try138

Journal - Research Article

Hertz, J. T., Madut, D. B., Tesha, R. A., William, G., Simmons, R. A., Galson, S. W., … Crump, J. A., & Rubach, M. P. (2019). Knowledge of myocardial infarction symptoms and perceptions of self-risk in Tanzania. American Heart Journal, 210, 69-74. doi: 10.1016/j.ahj.2019.01.003

Journal - Research Article

Hertz, J. T., Madut, D. B., Tesha, R. A., William, G., Simmons, R. A., Galson, S. W., … Crump, J. A., & Rubach, M. P. (2019). Perceptions of chest pain and healthcare seeking behavior for chest pain in northern Tanzania: A community-based survey. PLoS ONE, 14(2), e0212139. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0212139

Journal - Research Article

Hertz, J. T., Madut, D. B., William, G., Maro, V. P., Crump, J. A., & Rubach, M. P. (2019). Perceptions of stroke and associated health-care-seeking behavior in Northern Tanzania: A community-based study. Neuroepidemiology, 53, 41-47. doi: 10.1159/000499069

Journal - Research Article

Hrynick, T. A., Barasa, V., Benschop, J., Cleaveland, S., Crump, J. A., Davis, M., … Thomas, K. M., … Waldman, L. (2019). Street-level diplomacy and local enforcement for meat safety in northern Tanzania: Knowledge, pragmatism and trust. BMC Public Health, 19(1), 863. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-7067-8

Journal - Research Article

Jenkins, A. P., Jupiter, S. D., Jenney, A., Rosa, V., Naucukidi, A., Prasad, N., … Crump, J. A., & Horwitz, P. (2019). Environmental foundations of typhoid fever in the Fijian residential setting. International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 16(13), 2407. doi: 10.3390/ijerph16132407

Journal - Research Article

Marchello, C. S., Dale, A. P., Pisharody, S., & Crump, J. A. (2019). Using hospital-based studies of community-onset bloodstream infections to make inferences about typhoid fever incidence. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 24(12), 1369-1383. doi: 10.1111/tmi.13319

Journal - Research Article

Marchello, C. S., Hong, C. Y., & Crump, J. A. (2019). Global typhoid fever incidence: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 68(Suppl. 2), S105-S116. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy1094

Journal - Research Article

Maze, M. J., Sharples, K. J., Allan, K. J., Rubach, M. P., & Crump, J. A. (2019). Diagnostic accuracy of leptospirosis whole-cell lateral flow assays: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical Microbiology & Infection, 25, 437-444. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2018.11.014

Journal - Research Article

Msemo, O. A., Mbwana, J., Mahende, C., Malabeja, A., Gesase, S., Crump, J. A., … Lusingu, J. P. A. (2019). Epidemiology and antimicrobial susceptibility of Salmonella enterica bloodstream isolates among febrile children in a rural district in Northeastern Tanzania: A cross-sectional study. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 68(Suppl. 2), S177-S182. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy1126

Journal - Research Article

Oo, K. M., Myat, T. O., Htike, W. W., Biswas, A., Hannaway, R. F., Murdoch, D. R., Crump, J. A., & Ussher, J. E. (2019). Molecular mechanisms of antimicrobial resistance and phylogenetic relationships of Salmonella enterica isolates from febrile patients in Yangon, Myanmar. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 113, 641-648. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/trz053

Journal - Research Article

Oo, W. T., Myat, T. O., Htike, W. W., Ussher, J. E., Murdoch, D. R., Lwin, K. T., … Maze, M. J., … Crump, J. A. (2019). Incidence of typhoid and paratyphoid fevers among adolescents and adults in Yangon, Myanmar. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 68(Suppl. 2), S124-S129. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy1109

Journal - Research Article

Parisi, A., Crump, J. A., Stafford, R., Glass, K., Howden, B. P., & Kirk, M. D. (2019). Increasing incidence of invasive nontyphoidal Salmonella infections in Queensland, Australia, 2007-2016. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 13(3), e0007187. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0007187

Journal - Research Article

Rhee, C., Kharod, G. A., Schaad, N., Furukawa, N. W., Vora, N. M., Blaney, D. D., Crump, J. A., & Clarke, K. R. (2019). Global knowledge gaps in acute febrile illness etiologic investigations: A scoping review. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 13(11), e0007792. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0007792

Journal - Research Article

Toy, T., Pak, G. D., Duc, T. P., Campbell, J. I., El Tayeb, M. A., von Kalckreuth, V., … Crump, J. A., … Marks, F. (2019). Multicountry distribution and characterization of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-associated Gram-negative bacteria from bloodstream infections in sub-Saharan Africa. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 69(Suppl. 6), S449-S458. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciz450

Journal - Research Article

Allan, K. J., Halliday, J. E. B., Moseley, M., Carter, R. W., Ahmed, A., Goris, M. G. A., … Crump, J. A., & Cleaveland, S. (2018). Assessment of animal hosts of pathogenic Leptospira in northern Tanzania. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 12(6), e0006444. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006444

Journal - Research Article

Bhutta, Z. A., Gaffey, M., Crump, J. A., Steele, D., Breiman, R. F., Mintz, E. D., … Levine, M. M. (2018). Typhoid fever: Way forward. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 99(3, Suppl.), 89-96. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.18-0111

Journal - Research Article

Carugati, M., Biggs, H. M., Maze, M. J., Stoddard, R. A., Cash-Goldwasser, S., Hertz, J. T., … Crump, J. A. (2018). Incidence of human brucellosis in the Kilimanjaro region of Tanzania in the periods 2007-2008 and 2012-2014. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 112(3), 136-143. doi: 10.1093/trstmh/try033

Journal - Research Article

Carugati, M., Zhang, H. L., Kilonzo, K. G., Maze, M. J., Maro, V. P., Rubach, M. P., & Crump, J. A. (2018). Predicting mortality for adolescent and adult patients with fever in resource-limited settings. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 99(5), 1246-1254. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.17-0682

Journal - Research Article

Cash-Goldwasser, S., Maze, M. J., Rubach, M. P., Biggs, H. M., Stoddard, R. A., Sharples, K. J., … Crump, J. A. (2018). Risk factors for human brucellosis in Northern Tanzania. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 98(2), 598-606. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.17-0125

Journal - Research Article

GBD 2016 Healthcare Access and Quality Collaborators, including Crump, J. A. (2018). Measuring performance on the Healthcare Access and Quality Index for 195 countries and territories and selected subnational locations: A systematic analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet, 391(10136), 2236-2271. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(18)30994-2

Journal - Research Article

GBD 2017 DALYs and HALE Collaborators, including Crump, J. A. (2018). Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 359 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet, 392(10159), 1859-1922. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(18)32335-3

Journal - Research Article

GBD 2017 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators, including Crump, J. A., & Ranta, A. (2018). Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 354 diseases and injuries for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2017: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2017. Lancet, 392(10159), 1789-1858. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(18)32279-7

Journal - Research Article

Jeon, H. J., Pak, G. D., Im, J., Owusu-Dabo, E., Adu-Sarkodie, Y., Sow, A. G., … Crump, J. A., … Marks, F. (2018). Determining the best immunization strategy for protecting African children against invasive salmonella disease. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 67(12), 1824-1830. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciy386

Journal - Research Article

Maze, M. J., Cash-Goldwasser, S., Rubach, M. P., Biggs, H. M., Galloway, R. L., Sharples, K. J., … Crump, J. A. (2018). Risk factors for human acute leptospirosis in northern Tanzania. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 12(6), e0006372. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006372

Journal - Research Article

Parisi, A., Crump, J. A., Glass, K., Howden, B. P., Furuya-Kanamori, L., Vilkins, S., … Kirk, M. D. (2018). Health outcomes from multidrug-resistant Salmonella infections in high-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Foodborne Pathogens & Disease, 15(7), 428-436. doi: 10.1089/fpd.2017.2403

Journal - Research Article

Park, S. E., Pham, D. T., Bionett, C., Wong, V. K., Pak, G. D., Panzner, U., … and also Crump, J. A., … Baker, S. (2018). The phylogeography and incidence of multi-drug resistant typhoid fever in sub-Saharan Africa. Nature Communications, 9, 5904. doi: 10.1038/s41467-018-07370-z

Journal - Research Article

Prasad, N., Jenkins, A. P., Naucukidi, L., Rosa, V., Sahu-Khan, A., Kama, M., … Jack, S. J., Saha, D., … Crump, J. A. (2018). Epidemiology and risk factors for typhoid fever in Central Division, Fiji, 2014-2017: A case-control study. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 12(6), e0006571. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0006571

Journal - Research Article

Saad, N. J., Lynch, V. D., Antillón, M., Yang, C., Crump, J. A., & Pitzer, V. E. (2018). Seasonal dynamics of typhoid and paratyphoid fever. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 6870. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-25234-w

Journal - Research Article

Shrestha, P., Roberts, T., Homsana, A., Myat, T. O., Crump, J. A., Lubell, Y., & Newton, P. N. (2018). Febrile illness in Asia: Gaps in epidemiology, diagnosis, management for informing health policy. Clinical Microbiology & Infection, 24(8), 815-826. doi: 10.1016/j.cmi.2018.03.028

Journal - Research Article

Snavely, M. E., Maze, M. J., Muiruri, C., Ngowi, L., Mboya, F., Beamesderfer, J., … Crump, J. A., … Rubach, M. P. (2018). Sociocultural and health system factors associated with mortality among febrile inpatients in Tanzania: A prospective social biopsy cohort study. BMJ Global Health, 3(1), e000507. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000507

Journal - Research Article

Bonell, A., Lubell, Y., Newton, P. N., Crump, J. A., & Paris, D. H. (2017). Estimating the burden of scrub typhus: A systematic review. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 11(9), e0005838. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005838

Journal - Research Article

Cleaveland, S., Sharp, J., Abela-Ridder, B., Allan, K. J., Buza, J., Crump, J. A., … Halliday, J. E. B. (2017). One Health contributions towards more effective and equitable approaches to health in low- and middle-income countries. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 372(1725), 20160168. doi: 10.1098/rstb.2016.0168

Journal - Research Article

GBD 2015 Healthcare Access and Quality Collaborators, including Crump, J. A. (2017). Healthcare Access and Quality Index based on mortality from causes amenable to personal health care in 195 countries and territories, 1990-2015: A novel analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015. Lancet, 390(10091), 231-266. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(17)30818-8

Journal - Research Article

GBD 2016 DALYs and HALE Collaborators, including Crump, J. A., & Poulton, R. G. (2017). Global, regional, and national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 333 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE) for 195 countries and territories, 1990-2016: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet, 390(10100), 1260-1344. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32130-X

Journal - Research Article

GBD 2016 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators, including Crump, J. A., & Poulton, R. G. (2017). Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 328 diseases and injuries for 195 countries, 1990-2016: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet, 390(10100), 1211-1259. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32154-2

Journal - Research Article

GBD 2016 Mortality Collaborators, including Crump, J. A., & Poulton, R. G. (2017). Global, regional, and national under-5 mortality, adult mortality, age-specific mortality, and life expectancy, 1970-2016: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet, 390(10100), 1084-1150. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)31833-0

Journal - Research Article

GBD 2016 Risk Factors Collaborators, including Crump, J. A., & Poulton, R. G. (2017). Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990-2016: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet, 390(10100), 1345-1422. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32366-8

Journal - Research Article

GBD 2016 SDG Collaborators, including Bhala, N., & Crump, J. A. (2017). Measuring progress and projecting attainment on the basis of past trends of the health-related Sustainable Development Goals in 188 countries: An analysis from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet, 390(10100), 1423-1459. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32336-X

Journal - Research Article

Marks, F., von Kalckreuth, V., Aaby, P., Adu-Sarkodie, Y., El Tayeb, M. A., Ali, M., … Crump, J. A., … Wierzba, T. F. (2017). Incidence of invasive salmonella disease in sub-Saharan Africa: A multicentre population-based surveillance study. Lancet Global Health, 5(3), e310-e323. doi: 10.1016/s2214-109x(17)30022-0

Journal - Research Article

Moore, C. C., Hazard, R., Saulters, K. J., Ainsworth, J., Adakun, S. A., Amir, A., … Crump, J. A., … Barnes, L. E. (2017). Derivation and validation of a universal vital assessment (UVA) score: A tool for predicting mortality in adult hospitalised patients in sub-Saharan Africa. BMJ Global Health, 2(2), e000344. doi: 10.1136/bmjgh-2017-000344

Journal - Research Article

Myat, T. O., Hannaway, R. F., Zin, K. N., Htike, W. W., Win, K. K., Crump, J. A., Murdoch, D. R., & Ussher, J. E. (2017). ESBL- and carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in patients with bacteremia, Yangon, Myanmar, 2014. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 23(5), 857-859. doi: 10.3201/eid2305.161100

Journal - Research Article

The Global Burden of Disease Child and Adolescent Health Collaboration, including Crump, J. (2017). Child and adolescent health from 1990 to 2015: Findings from the global burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors 2015 study. JAMA Pediatrics, 171(6), 573-592. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2017.0250

Journal - Research Article

Al-Emran, H. M., Eibach, D., Krumkamp, R., Ali, M., Baker, S., Biggs, H. M., … Crump, J. A., … Marks, F. (2016). A multicountry molecular analysis of Salmonella enterica serovar typhi with reduced susceptibility to ciprofloxacin in Sub-Saharan Africa. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 62(Suppl. 1), S42-S46. doi: 10.1093/cid/civ788

Journal - Research Article

Al-Emran, H. M., Krumkamp, R., Dekker, D. M., Eibach, D., Aaby, P., Adu-Sarkodie, Y., … Crump, J. A., … Marks, F. (2016). Validation and identification of invasive Salmonella serotypes in Sub-Saharan Africa by multiplex polymerase chain reaction. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 62(Suppl. 1), S80-S82. doi: 10.1093/cid/civ782

Journal - Research Article

Aung, H. L., Tun, T., Moradigaravand, D., Köser, C. U., Nyunt, W. W., Aung, S. T., … Crump, J. A., … Cook, G. M., & Hill, P. C. (2016). Whole-genome sequencing of multidrug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Myanmar. Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance, 6, 113-117. doi: 10.1016/j.jgar.2016.04.008

Journal - Research Article

Aung, H. L., Tun, T., Permina, E., Nyunt, W. W., Aung, S. T., Thinn, K. K., Crump, J. A., & Cook, G. M. (2016). Draft genome sequences of two drug-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates from Myanmar. Genome Announcements, 4(5), e00850-16. doi: 10.1128/genomeA.00850-16

Journal - Research Article

Global Burden of Disease Pediatrics Collaboration, including Crump, J. A. (2016). Global and national burden of diseases and injuries among children and adolescents between 1990 and 2013: Findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2013 Study. JAMA Pediatrics, 170(3), 267-287. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2015.4276

Journal - Research Article

Hart, P. J., O'Shaughnessy, C. M., Siggins, M. K., Bobat, S., Kingsley, R. A., Goulding, D. A., Crump, J. A., … MacLennan, C. A. (2016). Differential killing of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi by antibodies targeting Vi and Lipopolysaccharide O:9 antigen. PLoS ONE, 11(1), e0145945. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0145945

Journal - Research Article

Hertz, J. T., Lyaruu, L. J., Ooi, E. E., Mosha, F. W., & Crump, J. A. (2016). Distribution of Aedes mosquitoes in the Kilimanjaro Region of northern Tanzania. Pathogens & Global Health, 110(3), 108-112. doi: 10.1080/20477724.2016.1182719

Journal - Research Article

International Typhoid Consortium, Wong, V. K., Holt, K. E., Okoro, C., Baker, S., Pickard, D. J., … and also Crump, J. A. (2016). Molecular surveillance identifies multiple transmissions of typhoid in West Africa. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 10(9), e0004781. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004781

Journal - Research Article

Liu, J., Ochieng, C., Wiersma, S., Ströher, U., Towner, J. S., Whitmer, S., … Crump, J. A., … Fields, B. (2016). Development of a TaqMan Array Card for acute febrile illness outbreak investigation and surveillance of emerging pathogens, including Ebola virus. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 54(1), 49-58. doi: 10.1128/jcm.02257-15

Journal - Research Article

Maze, M. J., Biggs, H. M., Rubach, M. P., Galloway, R. L., Cash-Goldwasser, S., Allan, K. J., … Crump, J. A. (2016). Comparison of the estimated incidence of acute leptospirosis in the Kilimanjaro region of Tanzania between 2007-08 and 2012-14. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 10(12), e0005165. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0005165

Journal - Research Article

Panzner, U., Pak, G. D., Aaby, P., Adu-Sarkodie, Y., Ali, M., Aseffa, A., … Crump, J. A., … Marks, F. (2016). Utilization of healthcare in the Typhoid Fever Surveillance in Africa Program. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 62(Suppl. 1), S56-S68. doi: 10.1093/cid/civ891

Journal - Research Article

Park, S. E., Pak, G. D., Aaby, P., Adu-Sarkodie, Y., Ali, M., Aseffa, A., … Crump, J. A., … Marks, F. (2016). The relationship between invasive nontyphoidal Salmonella disease, other bacterial bloodstream infections, and malaria in Sub-Saharan Africa. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 62(Suppl. 1), S23-S31. doi: 10.1093/cid/civ893

Journal - Research Article

Pavllinac, P. B., Lokken, E. M., Watson, J. L., Richardson, B. A., Crump, J. A., & John-Stewart, G. C. (2016). Mycobacterium tuberculosis bacteremia in adults and children: A systematic review and meta-analysis. International Journal of Tuberculosis & Lung Disease, 20(7), 895-902. doi: 10.5588/ijtld.15.0773

Journal - Research Article

Sowerby, S. J., Crump, J. A., Johnstone, M. C., Krause, K. L., & Hill, P. C. (2016). Smartphone microscopy of parasite eggs accumulated into a single field of view. American Journal of Tropical Medicine & Hygiene, 94(1), 227-230. doi: 10.4269/ajtmh.15-0427

Journal - Research Article

Wong, V. K., Baker, S., Connor, T. R., Pickard, D., Page, A. J., Dave, J., … International Typhoid Consortium, including Crump, J. A. (2016). An extended genotyping framework for Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi, the cause of human typhoid. Nature Communications, 7, 12827. doi: 10.1038/ncomms12827

Journal - Research Article

Zhang, H. L., Mnzava, K. W., Mitchell, S. T., Melubo, M. L., Kibona, T. J., Cleaveland, S., … Crump, J. A., … Halliday, J. E. B. (2016). Mixed methods survey of zoonotic disease awareness and practice among animal and human healthcare providers in Moshi, Tanzania. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 10(3), e0004476. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0004476

Journal - Research Article

Zhang, H. L., Omondi, M. W., Musyoka, A. M., Afwamba, I. A., Swai, R. P., Karia, F. P., … Crump, J. A., & Rubach, M. P. (2016). Challenges of maintaining good clinical laboratory practices in low-resource settings: A health program evaluation framework case study from East Africa. American Journal of Clinical Pathology, 146(2), 199-206. doi: 10.1093/ajcp/aqw083

Journal - Research Article

Allan, K. J., Biggs, H. M., Halliday, J. E. B., Kazwala, R. R., Maro, V. P., Cleaveland, S., & Crump, J. A. (2015). Epidemiology of leptospirosis in Africa: A systematic review of a neglected zoonosis and a paradigm for 'One Health' in Africa. PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases, 9(9), e0003899. doi: 10.1371/journal.pntd.0003899

Journal - Research Article

Ao, T. T., Feasey, N. A., Gordon, M. A., Keddy, K. H., Angulo, F. J., & Crump, J. A. (2015). Global burden of invasive nontyphoidal Salmonella Disease, 2010. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 21(6), 941-949. doi: 10.3201/eid2106.140999

Journal - Research Article

Beardsley, J., Denning, D. W., Chau, N. V., Yen, N. T. B., Crump, J. A., & Day, J. N. (2015). Estimating the burden of fungal disease in Vietnam. Mycoses, 58(Suppl. 5), 101-106. doi: 10.1111/myc.12382

Journal - Research Article

Buchanan, A. M., Fiorillo, S. P., Omondi, M. W., Cunningham, C. K., & Crump, J. A. (2015). Establishment of biochemistry reference values for healthy Tanzanian infants, children, and adolescents in Kilimanjaro Region. Tropical Medicine & International Health, 20(11), 1569-1577. doi: 10.1111/tmi.12580

Journal - Research Article

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