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Emeritus Professor Christine Thomson

MHSc PhD(Otago)

Christine ThomsonEmail christine.thomson@otago.ac.nz

Professor Christine Thomson has over 40 years research in selenium and iodine in human nutrition.

Christine Thomson is Emeritus Professor in Human Nutrition. She has been teaching in the Department of Human Nutrition since 1987, and prior to that was on the research staff from 1973. Her qualifications include BHSc in Nutrition and Chemistry, MHSC (Hons) in Nutrition and PhD from the University of Otago. Her post-graduate research included the metabolism and nutritional importance of selenium. Research in this area has continued along with iodine research and interactions between selenium and iodine.

Christine Thomson’s research involves studies of the nutritional importance of selenium and iodine for New Zealand residents, which has gained international recognition. The studies include the estimation of selenium requirements, the role of selenium as an antioxidant in the protection against cardiovascular disease, the relationship between our low iodine status, thyroid status and thyroid volume, and the relationship between selenium status and thyroid function. Her research in iodine identified a re-emergence of mild iodine deficiency in New Zealand. She also has had an interest in a number of sports nutrition research topics, and more recently has been involved in the 2008-2009 Adult Nutrition Survey.

Christine’s teaching has included trace elements, in particular selenium and iodine, energy balance and various sport and exercise nutrition topics.

Graduates

PhD

Jody Miller. Effect of selenium supplementation on clinical outcomes in high-risk patients with coronary artery disease. 2011.

Woravimol Krittapol (Pharmacy). The influence of gut microflora on selenium bioavailability and metabolism in the rat. 2010.

Kavitha Menon. Micronutrient status of pregnant women in India, 2010.

Sheila Skeaff. The prevalence of iodine deficiency disorders (IDD) in three vulnerable segments of the NZ population: pregnant women, neonates and schoolchildren. 2004.

Elaine Paterson. Role of Se as an antioxidant in the protection against cardiovascular disease. 2000.

Anna Duffield, Selenium requirements of New Zealanders. 1999.

Master of Science

Will Payne. Post-exercise glycaemic and insulinemic response to nutritional beverages with differing glycaemic index in adolescent competitive swimmers. 2009.

Jennifer Campbell. Effect of iodine and selenium intervention on thyroid status of older New Zealanders. 2007.

Amy Pettigrew. Iodine status of N.Z. pregnant women. 2006.

Taryn McLeod. Carbohydrate-protein vs carbohydrate beverages on recovery after glycogen depleting exercise.

Kyle Doel. Energy expenditure in Southern Traverse athletes as measured using doubly labeled water. 2005.

Tony Mottershead. The effect of glucosamine sulphate supplementation on functional recovery, and osteoarthritis progression in knee-injured individuals. 2003.

Sarah MacLachlan. Selenium status of mothers and babies in New Zealand. 2002.

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Publications

Skeaff, S., & Thomson, C. D. (2017). Trace elements 10.3: Iodine. In J. Mann & A. S. Truswell (Eds.), Essentials of human nutrition. (5th ed.) (pp. 172-178). Oxford University Press. [Contribution].

Thomson, C. D. (2017). Trace elements 10.4: Selenium. In J. Mann & A. S. Truswell (Eds.), Essentials of human nutrition. (5th ed.) (pp. 179-186). Oxford University Press. [Contribution].

Miller, J. C., MacDonell, S. O., Gray, A. R., Reid, M. R., Barr, D. J., Thomson, C. D., & Houghton, L. A. (2016). Iodine status of New Zealand elderly residents in long-term residential care. Nutrients, 8(8), 445. doi: 10.3390/nu8080445

Houghton, L. A., Parnell, W. R., Thomson, C. D., Green, T. J., & Gibson, R. S. (2016). Serum zinc is a major predictor of anemia and mediates the effect of selenium on hemoglobin in school-aged children in a nationally representative survey in New Zealand. Journal of Nutrition, 146(9), 1670-1676. doi: 10.3945/jn.116.235127

Menon, K. C., Ferguson, E. L., Thomson, C. D., Gray, A. R., Zodpey, S., Saraf, A., … Skeaff, S. A. (2016). Effects of anemia at different stages of gestation on infant outcomes. Nutrition, 32(1), 61-65. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2015.07.009

Chapter in Book - Research

Skeaff, S., & Thomson, C. D. (2017). Trace elements 10.3: Iodine. In J. Mann & A. S. Truswell (Eds.), Essentials of human nutrition. (5th ed.) (pp. 172-178). Oxford University Press. [Contribution].

Thomson, C. D. (2017). Trace elements 10.4: Selenium. In J. Mann & A. S. Truswell (Eds.), Essentials of human nutrition. (5th ed.) (pp. 179-186). Oxford University Press. [Contribution].

Thomson, C. D. (2013). Selenium. In L. H. Allen & A. Prentice (Eds.), Encyclopedia of human nutrition (Vol. 4). (3rd ed.) (pp. 186-192). Amsterdam: Elsevier. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-375083-9.00248-8

Skeaff, S., & Thomson, C. D. (2012). Trace elements 11.3: Iodine. In J. Mann & A. S. Truswell (Eds.), Essentials of human nutrition. (4th ed.) (pp. 177-184). Oxford University Press. [Contribution].

Thomson, C. D. (2012). Trace elements 11.4: Selenium. In J. Mann & A. S. Truswell (Eds.), Essentials of human nutrition. (4th ed.) (pp. 184-192). Oxford University Press. [Contribution].

Thomson, C. D. (2011). Brazil nuts (Bertholletia excelsa): Improved selenium status and other health benefits. In V. R. Preedy, R. R. Watson & V. B. Patel (Eds.), Nuts and seeds in health and disease prevention. (pp. 245-252). London: Academic Press. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-375688-6.10029-5

Thomson, C. D., & Skeaff, S. A. (2009). Iodine status and deficiency disorders in New Zealand. In V. R. Preedy, G. N. Burrow & R. Watson (Eds.), Comprehensive handbook of iodine: Nutritional, biochemical, pathological and therapeutic aspects. (pp. 1251-1258). Amsterdam: Academic Press.

Thomson, C. (2007). Trace elements: Iodine. In J. Mann & A. S. Truswell (Eds.), Essentials of human nutrition. (3rd ed.) (pp. 145-151). Oxford University Press.

Thomson, C. (2007). Trace elements: Selenium. In J. Mann & A. S. Truswell (Eds.), Essentials of human nutrition. (3rd ed.) (pp. 151-159). Oxford University Press.

Thomson, C. D. (2006). Iodine. In J. A. Driskell & I. Wolinsky (Eds.), Sports nutrition: Vitamins and trace elements. (2nd ed.) (pp. 253-265). Boca Raton, Fl: CRC/Taylor & Francis.

Thomson, C. D. (2002). Selenium: Physiology. In B. Caballero, L. C. Trugo & P. M. Finglas (Eds.), Encyclopaedia of food science, food technology and nutrition. (pp. 5117-5124). London: Academic Press.

Thomson, C. D. (2002). Iodine and selenium. In J. I. Mann & A. S. Truswell (Eds.), Essentials of Human Nutrition, 2nd edition. (2nd ed.) (pp. 166-181). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Thomson, C. D. (1998). Trace Elements: Iodine and Selenium. In J. I. Mann & A. S. Truswell (Eds.), Essentials of Human Nutrition. (pp. 159-171). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Thomson, C. D. (1998). Sports Nutrition. In J. I. Mann & A. S. Truswell (Eds.), Essentials of Human Nutrition. (pp. 491-498). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Thomson, C. D. (1997). Dietary guidelines: The New Zealand experience. In C. A. Florecio (Ed.), Dietary Guidelines in Asia-Pacific. (pp. 69-76). ASEAN-New Zealand IILP.

Thomson, C. D., & Robinson, M. F. (1993). Selenium: physiology. In R. Macrae, R. Robinson & M. J. Sadler (Eds.), Encyclopaedia of Food Science, Food Technology and Nutrition. (pp. 4018-4023). London: Academic Press.

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Journal - Research Article

Miller, J. C., MacDonell, S. O., Gray, A. R., Reid, M. R., Barr, D. J., Thomson, C. D., & Houghton, L. A. (2016). Iodine status of New Zealand elderly residents in long-term residential care. Nutrients, 8(8), 445. doi: 10.3390/nu8080445

Menon, K. C., Ferguson, E. L., Thomson, C. D., Gray, A. R., Zodpey, S., Saraf, A., … Skeaff, S. A. (2016). Effects of anemia at different stages of gestation on infant outcomes. Nutrition, 32(1), 61-65. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2015.07.009

Houghton, L. A., Parnell, W. R., Thomson, C. D., Green, T. J., & Gibson, R. S. (2016). Serum zinc is a major predictor of anemia and mediates the effect of selenium on hemoglobin in school-aged children in a nationally representative survey in New Zealand. Journal of Nutrition, 146(9), 1670-1676. doi: 10.3945/jn.116.235127

Menon, K. C., Ferguson, E. L., Thomson, C. D., Gray, A. R., Zodpey, S., Saraf, A., … Skeaff, S. A. (2014). Iron status of pregnant Indian women from an area of active iron supplementation. Nutrition, 30(3), 291-296. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2013.08.015

Herbst, C., Menon, K. C., Ferguson, E. L., Thomson, C. D., Bailey, K., Gray, A. R., … Skeaff, S. A. (2014). Dietary and non-dietary factors associated with serum zinc in Indian women. Biological Trace Element Research, 161(1), 38-47. doi: 10.1007/s12011-014-0090-9

Skeaff, S. A., Thomson, C. D., Wilson, N., & Parnell, W. R. (2012). A comprehensive assessment of urinary iodine concentration and thyroid hormones in New Zealand schoolchildren: A cross-sectional study. Nutrition Journal, 11, 31. doi: 10.1186/1475-2891-11-31

Miller, J. C., Thomson, C. D., Williams, S. M., van Havre, N., Wilkins, G. T., Morison, I. M., Ludgate, J. L., & Skeaff, C. M. (2012). Influence of the glutathione peroxidase 1 Pro200Leu polymorphism on the response of glutathione peroxidase activity to selenium supplementation: A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 96, 923-931. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.112.043125

Hunter, D. C., Brown, R., Green, T., Thomson, C., Skeaff, M., Williams, S., … Skinner, M. A. (2012). Changes in markers of inflammation, antioxidant capacity and oxidative stress in smokers following consumption of milk, and milk supplemented with fruit and vegetable extracts and vitamin C. International Journal of Food Sciences & Nutrition, 63(1), 90-102. doi: 10.3109/09637486.2011.601286

Thomson, C. D., Wickens, K., Miller, J., Ingham, T., Lampshire, P., Epton, M. J., Town, G. I., Pattemore, P., Crane, J., and the Year Six New Zealand Asthma and Allergy Cohort Study Group, (NZAACS6) including Siebers, R. (2012). Selenium status and allergic disease in a cohort of New Zealand Children. Clinical & Experimental Allergy, 42(4), 560-567. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2222.2011.03924.x

Pettigrew-Porter, A., Skeaff, S., Gray, A., Thomson, C., & Croxson, M. (2011). Are pregnant women in New Zealand iodine deficient? A cross-sectional survey. Australian & New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics & Gynaecology, 51, 464-467. doi: 10.1111/j.1479-828X.2011.01331.x

Thomson, C. D., Campbell, J. M., Miller, J., & Skeaff, S. A. (2011). Minimal impact of excess iodate intake on thyroid hormones and selenium status in older New Zealanders. European Journal of Endocrinology, 165, 745-752. doi: 10.1530/EJE-11-0575

Krittaphol, W., McDowell, A., Thomson, C. D., Mikov, M., & Fawcett, J. P. (2011). Biotransformation of L-selenomethionine and selenite in rat gut contents. Biological Trace Element Research, 139(2), 188-196. doi: 10.1007/s12011-010-8653-x

Menon, K. C., Skeaff, S. A., Thomson, C. D., Gray, A. R., Ferguson, E. L., Zodpey, S., … Pandav, C. S. (2011). Concurrent micronutrient deficiencies are prevalent in nonpregnant rural and tribal women from central India. Nutrition, 27(4), 496-502. doi: 10.1016/j.nut.2010.02.012

Stonehouse, W., Pauga, M. R., Kruger, R., Thomson, C. D., Wong, M., & Kruger, M. C. (2011). Consumption of salmon v. salmon oil capsules: Effects on n-3 PUFA and selenium status. British Journal of Nutrition, 106, 1231-1239. doi: 10.1017/S000711451100153X

Menon, K. C., Skeaff, S. A., Thomson, C. D., Gray, A. R., Ferguson, E. L., Zodpey, S., … Pandav, C. S. (2011). The effect of maternal iodine status on infant outcomes in an iodine-deficient Indian population. Thyroid, 21(12), 1373-1380. doi: 10.1089/thy.2011.0130

Gibson, R. S., Bailey, K. B., Ampong Romano, A. B., & Thomson, C. D. (2011). Plasma selenium concentrations in pregnant women in two countries with contrasting soil selenium levels. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine & Biology, 25(4), 230-235. doi: 10.1016/j.jtemb.2011.10.001

Krittaphol, W., Wescombe, P. A., Thomson, C. D., McDowell, A., Tagg, J. R., & Fawcett, J. P. (2011). Metabolism of L-selenomethionine and selenite by probiotic bacteria: In vitro and in vivo studies. Biological Trace Element Research, 144, 1358-1369. doi: 10.1007/s12011-011-9057-2

Krittaphol, W., McDowell, A., Thomson, C. D., Tucker, I. G., Fawcett, J. P., & Mikov, M. (2009). An improved HPLC method for the investigation of L-selenomethionine metabolism in rat gut contents. Biomedical Chromatography, 23, 1169-1174. doi: 10.1002/bmc.1239

Heydon, E. E., Thomson, C. D., Mann, J., Williams, S. M., Skeaff, S. A., Sherpa, K. T., & Heydon, J. L. (2009). Iodine status in a Sherpa community in a village of the Khumbu region of Nepal. Public Health Nutrition, 12(9), 1431-1436.

Thomson, C. D., Campbell, J. M., Miller, J., Skeaff, S. A., & Livingstone, V. (2009). Selenium and iodine supplementation: Effect on thyroid function of older New Zealanders. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 90(4), 1038-1046. doi: 10.3945/ajcn.2009.28190

Thomson, C. D., Chisholm, A., McLachlan, S. K., & Campbell, J. M. (2008). Brazil nuts: An effective way to improve selenium status. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 87(2), 379-384.

McLay, R. T., Thomson, C. D., Williams, S. M., & Rehrer, N. J. (2007). Carbohydrate loading and female endurance athletes: Effect of menstrual-cycle phase. International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism, 17, 189-205.

Thomson, C. D., McLachlan, S. K., Parnell, W. R., Wilson, N., Wohlers, M., Scragg, R., … Fitzgerald, E. D. (2007). Serum selenium concentrations and dietary selenium intake of New Zealand children aged 5-14 years. British Journal of Nutrition, 97, 357-364. doi: 10.1017/S0007114507336738

Krittaphol, W., Bailey, K. B., Pongcharoen, T., Winichagoon, P., Thomson, C., & Gibson, R. S. (2006). Primary school children from northeast Thailand are not at risk of selenium deficiency. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 15(4), 474-481.

Skeaff, S. A., Ferguson, E. L., McKenzie, J. E., Valeix, P., Gibson, R. S., & Thomson, C. D. (2005). Are breast-fed infants and toddlers in New Zealand at risk of iodine deficiency? Nutrition, 21, 325-331.

Thomson, C. D., McLachlan, S. K., Grant, A. M., Paterson, E., & Lillico, A. J. (2005). The effect of selenium on thyroid status in a population with marginal selenium and iodine status. British Journal of Nutrition, 94, 962-968.

Thomson, C. D. (2004). Selenium and iodine intakes and status in New Zealand and Australia. British Journal of Nutrition, 91, 661-672.

McLachlan, S., Thomson, C. D., Ferguson, E. L., & McKenzie, J. E. (2004). Dietary and biochemical selenium status of urban 6- to 24-month-old South Island New Zealand children and their postpartum mothers. Journal of Nutrition, 134, 3290-3295.

Thomson, C. D. (2004). Interaction between selenium and iodine in thyroid status. Metal Ions in Biology and Medicine, 8, 552-554.

Thomson, C. D. (2004). Assessment of requirements for selenium and adequacy of selenium status: A review. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 58, 391-402.

Venn, B. J., Grant, A. M., Thomson, C. D., & Green, T. J. (2003). Selenium supplements do not increase plasma total homocysteine concentrations in men and women. Journal of Nutrition, 133, 418-420.

de Jong, N., Green, T. J., Skeaff, C. M., Gibson, R., McKenzie, J. E., Ferguson, E. L., Horwath, C. C., & Thomson, C. D. (2003). Vitamin B12 and folate status of older New Zealand women. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 12(1), 85-91.

Skeaff, S. A., Thomson, C. D., & Gibson, R. (2002). Mild iodine deficiency in a sample of New Zealand schoolchildren. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 56, 169-175.

Thomson, C. D. (2002). Dietary recommendations for iodine around the world. Iodine Deficiency Disorders Newsletter, 18, 38-42.

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