Accessibility Skip to Global Navigation Skip to Local Navigation Skip to Content Skip to Search Skip to Site Map Menu

Dr Bridgette Toy-Cronin

Director, Legal Issues Centre

BA (Auck), LLM (Harv), PhD (Otago)
Bridgette Toy-Cronin image

Email bridgette.toy-cronin@otago.ac.nz

Bridgette's primary research interests are access to justice, the legal profession and civil procedure. Bridgette holds a Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Laws with Honours from the University of Auckland. She graduated with a Master of Laws from Harvard Law School in 2005 where she was a Frank Knox Fellow. In 2011 she began a PhD at the University of Otago examining litigation in person (self-represented litigants) in the New Zealand civil courts. Her PhD was awarded in 2015.

Bridgette has worked as an intern to the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, as a High Court Judges' Clerk, and as a civil litigator in New Zealand and Australia. She also spent a year in Cambodia working for the Cambodian Defenders Project on Women's Rights.

^ Top of page

Publications

Toy-Cronin, B. (2019). Explaining and changing the price of litigation services. New Zealand Law Journal, 9, 310-319.

Tkacukova, T., Gee, M., Toy-Cronin, B., & Irvine, B. (2019). Corpus linguistics as a methodological tool for socio-legal studies. Socio Legal Studies Association (SLSA) Annual Converence. Retrieved from https://slsa2019.com

Toy-Cronin, B. (2019). Leaving emotion out: Litigants in person and emotion in New Zealand civil courts. Social Science Research Network. Retrieved from https://ssrn.com/abstract=3312882

Toy-Cronin, B. (2018). Ethical issues in insider-outsider research. In R. Iphofen & M. Tolich (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of qualitative research ethics. (pp. 455-469). London, UK: SAGE.

Toy-Cronin, B., Irvine, B., Nichols, D., Cunningham, S. J., & Tkacukova, T. (2018). Testing the promise of access to justice through online courts. International Journal of Online Dispute Resolution, 5(1-2), 39-48.

Working Paper; Discussion Paper; Technical Report

Toy-Cronin, B. (2019). Leaving emotion out: Litigants in person and emotion in New Zealand civil courts. Social Science Research Network. Retrieved from https://ssrn.com/abstract=3312882

Toy-Cronin, B., Irvine, B., Stewart, K., & Henaghan, M. (2017). The wheels of justice: Understanding the pace of civil high court cases. Dunedin, New Zealand: Legal Issues Centre, University of Otago. 131p. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/7762

Toy-Cronin, B., Billington, J., Smith, M., & Dixit, K. (2016). New business models for legal services. Dunedin, New Zealand: Legal Issues Centre, University of Otago. 15p. Retrieved from http://www.otago.ac.nz/legal-issues/publications/index.html

^ Top of page

Other Research Output

Pender, N. & Toy-Cronin, B. (2017, July). Practitioners and self-represented litigants. NZLS CLE, Wellington, New Zealand. [Webinar].

^ Top of page

Chapter in Book - Research

Toy-Cronin, B. (2018). Ethical issues in insider-outsider research. In R. Iphofen & M. Tolich (Eds.), The SAGE handbook of qualitative research ethics. (pp. 455-469). London, UK: SAGE.

Toy-Cronin, B., & Byrne, K. (2017). Medical legal aspects of regional anesthesia: Legal perspective. In B. T. Finucane & B. T. H. Tsui (Eds.), Complications of regional anesthesia: Principles of safe practice in local and regional anesthesia. (3rd ed.) (pp. 483-488). Cham, Switzerland: Springer Nature. doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-49386-2_35

^ Top of page

Journal - Research Article

Toy-Cronin, B. (2019). Explaining and changing the price of litigation services. New Zealand Law Journal, 9, 310-319.

Toy-Cronin, B., Irvine, B., Nichols, D., Cunningham, S. J., & Tkacukova, T. (2018). Testing the promise of access to justice through online courts. International Journal of Online Dispute Resolution, 5(1-2), 39-48.

Toy-Cronin, B. (2018). Beyond “doing a few interviews”. New Zealand Law Journal, (November), 325-329.

Toy-Cronin, B. (2017). A defence of the right to litigate in person. Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, 37(1), 238-254. doi: 10.1093/ojls/gqw027

Toy-Cronin, B. (2017). From litigator to researcher: The burdens and benefits of moving between the profession and the academy. International Journal of the Legal Profession, 24(3), 341-358. doi: 10.1080/09695958.2016.1228532

Toy-Cronin, B. (2016). Counsel's tables? Seating counsel and litigants-in-person in the courtroom. New Zealand Law Journal, 4, 148-151.

Toy-Cronin, B. (2016). I ain't no fool: Deciding to litigate in person in the civil courts. New Zealand Law Review, 4, 723-754.

Toy-Cronin, B. A. (2010). What is forced marriage: Towards a definition of forced marriage as a crime against humanity. Columbia Journal of Gender & Law, 19(2), 539-590.

Toy-Cronin, B. (2002). Waiver of the rule against bias. Te Mata Koi Auckland University Law Review, 9(3), 850-882.

^ Top of page

Journal - Research Other

Toy-Cronin, B. (2017). [Review of the book Feminist judgments of Aotearoa New Zealand Te Rino: A two-stranded rope]. New Zealand Women's Law Journal, 1, 192-199. [Book Review].

^ Top of page

Journal - Professional & Other Non-Research Articles

Toy-Cronin, B. (2016). Just an hour of your time? Providing limited (unbundled) assistance to litigants in person. LawTalk, 884, 20-23.

^ Top of page

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Full paper

Toy-Cronin, B. (2015). Searching for a legal oasis: Legal service provision and the "justice gap". Proceedings of the Family Law Conference. (pp. 411-418). Wellington, NZ: NZLS CLE. [Full Paper]

^ Top of page

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Tkacukova, T., Gee, M., Toy-Cronin, B., & Irvine, B. (2019). Corpus linguistics as a methodological tool for socio-legal studies. Socio Legal Studies Association (SLSA) Annual Converence. Retrieved from https://slsa2019.com

Toy-Cronin, B., & Adams, J. (2018). Courthouses, ceremony and the legal profession: A case study on Dunedin's court re-opening. Proceedings of the Law and Society Association of Australia and New Zealand (LSAANZ), the Canadian Law and Society Association (CLSA) and the Socio-Legal Studies Association (SLSA) of the UK Joint International Conference: Inclusion, Exclusion, Democracy. (pp. 21). Retrieved from http://www.uowblogs.com/lsaanz2018

Toy-Cronin, B. (2015). A limited welcome: Methods and motives for communicating outsider status to litigants in person. Proceedings of the Law and Society Association of Australia and New Zealand (LSAANZ): Inside Out. (pp. 49-50). Retrieved from http://www.aomevents.com/LSAANZ2015

^ Top of page

Conference Contribution - Verbal presentation and other Conference outputs

Toy-Cronin, B., & Irvine, B. (2017, December). Accurate explanation of a dispute in an online court: A study design. Verbal presentation at the Law and Society Association of Australia and New Zealand (LSAANZ) Conference, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Toy-Cronin, B. (2016, June). Obsessed about obsessives? The challenge of persistent litigants. Verbal presentation at the Law and Society Association (LSA) Annual Meeting: At the Delta: Belonging, Place and Visions of Law and Social Change, New Orleans, USA.

Toy-Cronin, B. (2013, November). Insights from self-represented litigants: Perceptions of opposing counsel conduct: Rules and realities. Verbal presentation at the Australia and New Zealand Legal Ethics Colloquium (ANZLEC) 4: Challenging Professional Boundaries, Adelaide, Australia.

^ Top of page

Awarded Doctoral Degree

Toy-Cronin, B. A. (2015). Keeping up appearances: Accessing New Zealand's civil courts as a litigant in person (PhD). University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10523/6003

More publications...