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Health care systems

Refereed papers

  • Cidro, J., Maar, M., Peressini, S., Schroth, R.J., Broughton, J., Jamieson, L., and Lawrence, H.P. “Strategies for Meaningful Engagement between Community-Based Health Researchers and First Nations Participants.” Frontiers in Public Health, June 2017, Volume 5, Article 138. doi: 10.3389/fpubh.2017.00138
  • Barker, C., Crengle, S., Bramley, D., Bartholomew, K., Bolton, P., Walsh, M., & Wignall, J. (2016). Pathways to ambulatory sensitive hospitalisations for Māori in the Auckland and Waitemata regions. The New Zealand medical journal, 129(1444), 15-34.
  • Lambert, M., Luke, J., Downey, B., Crengle, S., Kelaher, M., Reid, S., & Smylie, J. (2014). Health literacy: health professionals' understandings and their perceptions of barriers that Indigenous patients encounter. BMC Health Services Research, 14(1), 614. doi:10.1186/s12913-014-0614-1
  • Neuwelt, P., Crengle, S., Cormack, D., McLeod, M., & Bramley, D. (2014). General practice ethnicity data: evaluation of a tool. Journal of Primary Health Care, 6(1), 49-55.
  • Selak, V., Elley, C. R., Crengle, S., Harwood, M., Doughty, R., Arroll, B., Bryant, L., Rafter, N., Hoorn, S. V., Wadham, A., Wells, S., Milne, R., Jackson, R., Bramley, D., & Rodgers, A. (2011). IMProving Adherence using Combination Therapy (IMPACT): design and protocol of a randomised controlled trial in primary care. Contemporary Clinical Trials, 32(6), 909-915. doi:
  • Arlidge, B., Abel, S., Asiasiga, L., Milne, S. L., Crengle, S., & Ameratunga, S. N. (2009). Experiences of whanau/families when injured children are admitted to hospital: a multi-ethnic qualitative study from Aotearoa/New Zealand. Ethnicity & Health, 14(2), 169-183. doi:
  • Neuwelt, P., Crampton, P., Crengle, S., Dew, K., Dowell, A., Kearns, R., & Thomas, D. R. (2005). Assessing and developing community participation in primary health care in Aotearoa New Zealand: a national study. New Zealand Medical Journal, 118(1218), U1562.
  • Crampton, P., Perera, R., Crengle, S., Dowell, A., Howden-Chapman, P., Kearns, R., Love, T., Sibthorpe, B., & Southwick, M. (2004). What makes a good performance indicator? Devising primary care performance indicators for New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 117(1191), U820.
  • Crengle, S. (2000). The development of Maori primary care services. Pacific Health Dialog, 7(1), 48-53.


  • Jones, R., Poole, P., Barrow, M., Reid, P., Crengle, S., Hosking, J., & Shulruf, B. (2013). Assessing Hauora Māori in clinical settings with medical students: ideas for implementing change. Retrieved from Wellington:
  • Jansen, P., Bacal, K., & Crengle, S. (2009). He Ritenga Whakaaro: Māori experiences of health services. Retrieved from
  • Crengle, S., Lay-Yee, R., Davis, P., & Pearson, J. (2005). A Comparison of Māori and Non-Māori Patient Visits to Doctors: The National Primary Medical Care Survey (NatMedCa):2001/02. Report 6. . Retrieved from Wellington:
  • Forrest, T., Neuwelt, P., Gotty, R., & Crengle, S. (2011). The role of the Community Health Worker in a Māori person's health journey. Retrieved from
  • Ratima, M., Edwards, W., & Crengle, S. (2005). Maori Health Indicators: A background paper for the project 'Action oriented indicators for health and health systems development for indigenous peoples in Canada, Australia and New Zealand' Retrieved from
  • Crengle, S., Lay-Yee, R., & Davis, P. (2004). Māori Providers: Primary health care delivered by doctors and nurses:The National Primary Medical Care Survey (NatMedCa): 2001/02 Report 3. Retrieved from Wellington:
  • Crengle, S. (1999). Maori primary care services : a paper prepared for the National Health Committee. Retrieved from Wellington:

Book chapters

  • Crengle, S. (2007). Primary Care and Māori: Findings from the National Primary Medical Care Survey. In B. Robson & R. Harris (Eds.), Hauora: Māori Standards of Health IV (pp. 225-228). Wellington: Te Rōpū Rangahau Hauora a Eru Pōmare.
  • Crengle, S., Crampton, P., & Woodward, A. (2004). Māori in Aotearoa/New Zealand. In J. Healy & M. McKee (Eds.), Accessing Health Care: Responding to Diversity (pp. 281 - 302). Oxford: Oxford University Press.


  • Crengle, S. (2008). The management of children's asthma in primary care : are there ethnic differences in care? (Thesis (PhD), General Practice and Primary Health Care)--University of Auckland, 2008. Retrieved from


  • Manhire-Heath, R., Cormack, D. and Wyeth, E.H. (November 2016) “...but I just prefer to treat everyone the same...” A Critical Discourse Analysis of the talk of General Practice Receptionists. Pacific Region Indigenous Doctors Conference (PRIDoC), Auckland, New Zealand (Poster presentation).

Coronary health

Refereed papers

  • Selak V, Webster R, Stepien S, Bullen C, Patel A, Thom S, Arroll B, Bots M, Brown A, Crengle S, et al. Reaching cardiovascular prevention guideline targets with a polypill-based approach: a meta-analysis of randomised clinical trials. Heart. 2018.
  • Crengle S, Luke J, Lambert M, Smylie J, Reid S, Harre Hindmarsh J, et al. Effect of a health literacy intervention trial on knowledge about cardiovascular disease medications among Indigenous peoples in Australia, Canada and New Zealand. BMJ Open. 2018;8(e018569).
  • Crengle, S., Luke, J., Lambert, M., Smylie, J., Reid, S., Harre Hindmarsh, J., & Kelaher, M. (2018). Effect of a health literacy intervention trial on knowledge about cardiovascular disease medications among Indigenous peoples in Australia, Canada and New Zealand. BMJ Open, 8(e018569). doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-01856
  • Webster, R., Patel, A., Selak, V., Billot, L., Bots, M. L., Brown, A., Bullen, C., Cass, A., Crengle, S., Raina Elley, C., Grobbee, D. E., Neal, B., Peiris, D., Poulter, N., Prabhakaran, D., Rafter, N., Stanton, A., Stepien, S., Thom, S., Usherwood, T., Wadham, A., Rodgers, A., & Collaboration, S. (2016). Effectiveness of fixed dose combination medication ('polypills') compared with usual care in patients with cardiovascular disease or at high risk: A prospective, individual patient data meta-analysis of 3140 patients in six countries. International Journal of Cardiology, 205, 147-156. doi:
  • Selak, V., Gu, Y., Rafter, N., Crengle, S., Kerr, A., & Bullen, C. (2016). Dispensing data captures individual-level use of aspirin for cardiovascular disease prevention, despite availability over-the-counter. New Zealand Medical Journal, 129(1435), 21-28.
  • Selak, V., Harwood, M., Raina Elley, C., Bullen, C., Wadham, A., Parag, V., Rafter, N., Arroll, B., Bramley, D., & Crengle, S. (2016). Polypill-based therapy likely to reduce ethnic inequities in use of cardiovascular preventive medications: Findings from a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 23(14), 1537-1545. doi:
  • Sandiford, P., El-Jack, S. S., Scott, A. G., Crengle, S. M., & Bramley, D. M. (2015). Different needs or treated differently? Understanding ethnic inequalities in coronary revascularisation rates. Heart, Lung & Circulation, 24(10), 960-968. doi:
  • Selak, V., Elley, C. R., Bullen, C., Crengle, S., Wadham, A., Rafter, N., Parag, V., Harwood, M., Doughty, R. N., Arroll, B., Milne, R. J., Bramley, D., Bryant, L., Jackson, R., & Rodgers, A. (2014). Effect of fixed dose combination treatment on adherence and risk factor control among patients at high risk of cardiovascular disease: randomised controlled trial in primary care. BMJ, 348, g3318. doi:
  • Grey, C., Jackson, R., Wells, S., Thornley, S., Marshall, R., Crengle, S., Harrison, J., Riddell, T., & Kerr, A. (2014). Maintenance of statin use over 3 years following acute coronary syndromes: a national data linkage study (ANZACS-QI-2). Heart, 100(10), 770-774. doi:
  • Crengle, S., Smylie, J., Kelaher, M., Lambert, M., Reid, S., Luke, J., Anderson, I., Harre Hindmarsh, J., & Harwood, M. (2014). Cardiovascular disease medication health literacy among Indigenous peoples: design and protocol of an intervention trial in Indigenous primary care services. BMC Public Health, 14, 714. doi:10.1186/1471-2458-14-714
  • Thornley, S., Marshall, R. J., Jackson, R., Gentles, D., Dalbeth, N., Crengle, S., Kerr, A., & Wells, S. (2013). Is serum urate causally associated with incident cardiovascular disease? Rheumatology, 52(1), 135-142. doi:
  • Wang, T. K., Ramanathan, T., Stewart, R., Crengle, S., Gamble, G., & White, H. (2013). Maori have worse outcomes after coronary artery bypass grafting than Europeans in New Zealand. New Zealand Medical Journal, 126(1379), 12-22.
  • Perumal, L., Wells, S., Ameratunga, S., Pylypchuk, R. D., Elley, C. R., Riddell, T., Kerr, A., Crengle, S., Gentles, D., & Jackson, R. (2012). Markedly different clustering of CVD risk factors in New Zealand Indian and European people but similar risk scores (PREDICT-14). Australian & New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 36(2), 141-144. doi:
  • Robinson, T., Elley, C. R., Wells, S., Robinson, E., Kenealy, T., Pylypchuk, R., Bramley, D., Arroll, B., Crengle, S., Riddell, T., Ameratunga, S., Metcalf, P., & Drury, P. L. (2012). New Zealand Diabetes Cohort Study cardiovascular risk score for people with Type 2 diabetes: validation in the PREDICT cohort. Journal of Primary Health Care, 4(3), 181-188.
  • Thornley, S., Marshall, R., Chan, W. C., Kerr, A., Harrison, J., Jackson, G., Crengle, S., Wright, C., Wells, S., & Jackson, R. (2012). Four out of ten patients are not taking statins regularly during the 12 months after an acute coronary event. European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, 19(3), 349-357. doi:
  • Mehta, S., Wells, S., Riddell, T., Kerr, A., Pylypchuk, R., Marshall, R., Ameratunga, S., Chan, W. C., Thornley, S., Crengle, S., Harrison, J., Drury, P., Elley, C. R., Bell, F., & Jackson, R. (2011). Under-utilisation of preventive medication in patients with cardiovascular disease is greatest in younger age groups (PREDICT-CVD 15). Journal of Primary Health Care, 3(2), 93-101.
  • Thornley, S., Chan, W. C., Crengle, S., Riddell, T., Ameratunga, S., Mehta, S., Gentles, D., Wells, S., Marshall, R., & Jackson, R. (2011). Sociodemographic differences in prevalence of diagnosed coronary heart disease in New Zealand estimated from linked national health records. New Zealand Medical Journal, 124(1334), 21-34.
  • Riddell, T., Wells, S., Jackson, R., Lee, A. W., Crengle, S., Bramley, D., Ameratunga, S., Pylypchuk, R., Broad, J., Marshall, R., & Kerr, A. (2010). Performance of Framingham cardiovascular risk scores by ethnic groups in New Zealand: PREDICT CVD-10. New Zealand Medical Journal, 123(1309), 50-61.
  • Riddell, T., Lindsay, G., Kenealy, T., Jackson, R., Crengle, S., Bramley, D., Wells, S., & Marshall, R. (2008). The accuracy of ethnicity data in primary care and its impact on cardiovascular risk assessment and management - PREDICT CVD-8. New Zealand Medical Journal, 121(1281), 40-48.
  • Seddon, M., Broad, J., Crengle, S., Bramley, D., Jackson, R., & White, H. (2006). Coronary artery bypass graft surgery in New Zealand's Auckland region: a comparison between the clinical priority assessment criteria score and the actual clinical priority assigned. New Zealand Medical Journal, 119(1230), U1881.
  • Bramley, D., Riddell, T., Crengle, S., Curtis, E., Harwood, M., Nehua, D., & Reid, P. (2004). A call to action on Maori cardiovascular health. New Zealand Medical Journal, 117(1197), U957.

Book chapters

  • Crengle, S., Pink, R., & Pitama, S. (2004). Respiratory disease Hauora: Māori Standards of Health IV (pp. 169 - 180). Wellington: Te Rōpū Rangau Hauora a Eru Pōmare.

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