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Professor Miles Lamare

Kaiawhina - Māori Student Support Liaison

Contact DetailsMilesLamare

Office 310 Castle Street, room 150
Tel +64 3 479 7463
Mob +64 21 279 7463

Academic Qualifications

BSc Hons, PhD(Otago)

Research Interests

I have research interests in marine ecology, population biology, marine invertebrate biology, and the ecology and physiology of marine invertebrate larval stages. I have an interest in Antarctic marine invertebrates, and how their physiology differs to temperate and tropical species. I am also interested in the ecology of fiord invertebrate populations. Recent research has been conducted in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica, New Zealand, Samoa and the Cook Islands.


  • EAOS 111 Earth and Ocean Sciences
  • MARI 201 Physical Marine Environment
  • MARI 202 Marine Invertebrates
  • MARI 301 Marine Ecology
  • MARI 419 Field Marine Science
  • MARI 431 Biological Adaptations of Antarctic Marine Organisms

Research Projects

  • Effects of climate change (Ozone depletion, sea ice retreat, Ocean Acidification) on marine invertebrate larvae. This project is supported by Antarctica New Zealand.
  • Photobiology of marine invertebrate larvae
  • DNA repair in sea urchin larvae
  • Electronic tagging of starfish to examine ecology and movement
  • Effects of freshwater discharge on Doubtful Sound invertebrates
  • Examining the effectiveness traditional marine conservation methods (Taiāpuri and Māitaitai)

Postgraduate Students

Jennifer Chin - Thesis Title (MSc): The responses of sea urchin (Pseudechinus sp.) hybrid offspring to ocean warming and ocean acidification

Nadjejda Espinel Velasco - Thesis Title (PhD): Response of marine invertebrates to reduced seawater pH and warming at larval settlement and metamorphosis

Kendall Gadomski - Thesis Title (PhD):Larval ecology and recruitment processes of the toheroa Paphies ventricosa (Bivalvia: Mesodesmatidae) in Southland, New Zealand

Anna Kluibenschedl - Thesis Title (PhD): New Zealand Coralline Algae: effects of pH and temperature

Paulo F. Lagos - Thesis Title (PhD): Investigating the response of the krill Nyctiphanes australis (Euphausiacea) to stress caused by environmental change: a dynamic energy budget approach

Kate Sparks - Thesis Title (PhD): The adaptive capacity of marine invertebrate larvae to ocean acidification: Comparison of genetic and metabolic responses across latitudinal gradients

Saki Takagaki - Thesis Title (MSc): The distribution and abundance of surface macro-zooplankton off the Otago Coast, New Zealand

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Espinel-Velasco, N., Tobias-Hünefeldt, S. P., Karelitz, S. E., Hoffmann, L. J., Morales, S. E., & Lamare, M. D. (2021). Reduced seawater pH alters marine biofilms with impacts for marine polychaete larval settlement. Marine Environmental Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2021.105291

Richardson, C. R., Burritt, D. J., Allan, B. J. M., & Lamare, M. D. (2021). Microplastic ingestion induces asymmetry and oxidative stress in larvae of the sea urchin Pseudechinus huttoni. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 168, 112369. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112369

Lagos, P. F., Gómez-Gutiérrez, J., Sabadel, A. J. M., Burritt, D. J., & Lamare, M. D. (2021). Review of the biology of the krill genus Nyctiphanes G.O. Sars, 1883 (Euphausiacea: Euphausiidae): Challenges for future research on environmental change. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 41(1), 1-17. doi: 10.1093/jcbiol/ruaa088

Olmedo-Rojas, P., Jeunen, G.-J., McGaughran, A., Terauds, A., Lamare, M., Gemmell, N., & Fraser, C. (2021). Environmental drivers of diversity in Antarctic terrestrial plants and animals: Using genomic approaches to discover broad-scale patterns. Proceedings of the New Zealand Antarctic Science Conference: Connecting through change. (pp. 134-135). Retrieved from

Perry, F., Lamare, M., & Fraser, C. (2021). Will temperate (New Zealand) marine intertidal species be able to survive in a wamer Antarctica? Proceedings of the New Zealand Antarctic Science Conference: Connecting through change. (pp. 129). Retrieved from

Chapter in Book - Research

Burritt, D. J., & Lamare, M. D. (2016). The cellular responses of marine algae and invertebrates to ultraviolet radiation, alone and in combination with other common abiotic stressors. In M. Solan & N. M. Whiteley (Eds.), Stressors in the marine environment. (pp. 117-134). Oxford University Press.

Lamare, M., Burritt, D., & Lister, K. (2011). Ultraviolet radiation and echinoderms: Past, present and future perspectives. In M. Lesser (Ed.), Advances in marine biology (Vol. 59). (pp. 145-187). Oxford, UK: Academic Press. doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-385536-7.00004-2

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Journal - Research Article

Espinel-Velasco, N., Tobias-Hünefeldt, S. P., Karelitz, S. E., Hoffmann, L. J., Morales, S. E., & Lamare, M. D. (2021). Reduced seawater pH alters marine biofilms with impacts for marine polychaete larval settlement. Marine Environmental Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2021.105291

Richardson, C. R., Burritt, D. J., Allan, B. J. M., & Lamare, M. D. (2021). Microplastic ingestion induces asymmetry and oxidative stress in larvae of the sea urchin Pseudechinus huttoni. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 168, 112369. doi: 10.1016/j.marpolbul.2021.112369

Jeunen, G.-J., Lamare, M. D., Knapp, M., Spencer, H. G., Taylor, H. R., Stat, M., … Gemmell, N. J. (2020). Water stratification in the marine biome restricts vertical environmental DNA (eDNA) signal dispersal. Environmental DNA, 2(1), 99-111. doi: 10.1002/edn3.49

Espinel-Velasco, N., Lamare, M., Kluibenschedl, A., Moss, G., & Cummings, V. (2020). Ocean acidification induces carry-over effects on the larval settlement of the New Zealand abalone, Haliotis iris. ICES Journal of Marine Science. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsaa086

Zitoun, R., Connell, S. D., Cornwall, C. E., Currie, K. I., Fabricius, K., Hoffmann, L. J., Lamare, M. D., Murdoch, J. H., … Sander, S. G., … Smith, A. M. (2020). A unique temperate rocky coastal hydrothermal vent system (Whakaari-White Island, Bay of Plenty, New Zealand): Constraints for ocean acidification studies. Marine & Freshwater Research, 71(3), 321-344. doi: 10.1071/mf19167

Smart, D. C., Heenan, S., Lokman, P. M., & Lamare, M. D. (2020). Seasonal reproduction of the blue mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) from two locations in southern New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine & Freshwater Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/00288330.2020.1757472

Houlihan, E. P., Espinel-Velasco, N., Cornwall, C. E., Pilditch, C. A., & Lamare, M. D. (2020). Diffusive boundary layers and ocean acidification: Implications for sea urchin settlement and growth. Frontiers in Marine Science. Advance online publication. doi: 10.3389/fmars.2020.577562

Karelitz, S., Lamare, M., Patel, F., Gemmell, N., & Uthicke, S. (2020). Parental acclimation to future ocean conditions increases development rates but decreases survival in sea urchin larvae. Marine Biology, 167, 2. doi: 10.1007/s00227-019-3610-5

Nelson, K. S., Baltar, F., Lamare, M. D., & Morales, S. E. (2020). Ocean acidification affects microbial community and invertebrate settlement on biofilms. Scientific Reports, 10, 3274. doi: 10.1038/s41598-020-60023-4

Espinel-Velasco, N., Agüera, A., & Lamare, M. (2020). Sea urchin larvae show resilience to ocean acidification at the time of settlement and metamorphosis. Marine Environmental Research, 159, 104977. doi: 10.1016/j.marenvres.2020.104977

Lebrato, M., Garbe-Schönberg, D., Müller, M. N., Blanco-Ameijeiras, S., Feely, R. A., Lorenzoni, L., … Lamare, M. D., … Oschlies, A. (2020). Global variability in seawater Mg:Ca and Sr:Ca ratios in the modern ocean. PNAS. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1918943117

Uthicke, S., Patel, F., Karelitz, S. E., Webster, N. S., & Lamare, M. (2020). Key biological responses over two generations of the sea urchin Echinometra sp. A under future ocean conditions. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 637, 87-101. doi: 10.3354/meps13236

Donlon, E. M. Y., McKinnon, J. F., & Lamare, M. D. (2020). Egg laying and embryo development of Octopus huttoni in response to temperature and season. Marine & Freshwater Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1071/MF20184

Harper, E. M., Lamare, M. D., & Lee, D. E. (2019). Patterns of unrepaired shell damage in recent brachiopods from Fiordland (New Zealand). Rivista Italiana di Paleontologia e Stratigrafia, 125(3), 669-677. doi: 10.13130/2039-4942/12170

Jeunen, G.-J., Knapp, M., Spencer, H. G., Taylor, H. R., Lamare, M. D., Stat, M., … Gemmell, N. J. (2019). Species‐level biodiversity assessment using marine environmental DNA metabarcoding requires protocol optimization and standardization. Ecology & Evolution, 9, 1323-1335. doi: 10.1002/ece3.4843

Karelitz, S., Lamare, M. D., Mos, B., De Bari, H., Dworjanyn, S. A., & Byrne, M. (2019). Impact of growing up in a warmer, lower pH future on offspring performance: Transgenerational plasticity in a pan-tropical sea urchin. Coral Reefs, 38, 1085-1095. doi: 10.1007/s00338-019-01855-z

Donlon, E. M. Y., Damsteegt, E. L., McKinnon, J., Higgins, F. A., & Lamare, M. D. (2019). Growth and age of the midget octopus, Octopus huttoni. Aquatic Ecology, 53(4), 689-706. doi: 10.1007/s10452-019-09719-y

Jeunen, G.-J., Knapp, M., Spencer, H. G., Lamare, M. D., Taylor, H. R., Stat, M., … Gemmell, N. J. (2019). Environmental DNA (eDNA) metabarcoding reveals strong discrimination among diverse marine habitats connected by water movement. Molecular Ecology Resources, 19, 426-438. doi: 10.1111/1755-0998.12982

Uthicke, S., Deshpande, N. P., Liddy, M., Patel, F., Lamare, M., & Wilkins, M. R. (2019). Little evidence of adaptation potential to ocean acidification in sea urchins living in "future ocean" conditions at a CO2 vent. Ecology & Evolution, 9, 10004-10016. doi: 10.1002/ece3.5563

Adams, C. I. M., Knapp, M., Gemmell, N. J., Jeunen, G.-J., Bunce, M., Lamare, M. D., & Taylor, H. R. (2019). Beyond biodiversity: Can environmental DNA (eDNA) cut it as a population genetics tool? Gene, 10(3), 192. doi: 10.3390/genes10030192

Law, C. S., Bell, J. J., Bostock, H. C., Cornwall, C. E., Cummings, V. J., Currie, K., … Hepburn, C. D., Hurd, C. L., Lamare, M., … Smith, A. M., & Tracey, D. M. (2018). Ocean acidification in New Zealand waters: Trends and impacts. New Zealand Journal of Marine & Freshwater Research, 52(2), 155-195. doi: 10.1080/00288330.2017.1374983

Espinel-Velasco, N., Hoffmann, L., Agüera, A., Byrne, M., Dupont, S., Uthicke, S., … Lamare, M. (2018). Effects of ocean acidification on the settlement and metamorphosis of marine invertebrate and fish larvae: A review. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 606, 237-257. doi: 10.3354/meps12754

Uthicke, S., Lamare, M., & Doyle, J. R. (2018). eDNA detection of corallivorous seastar (Acanthaster cf. solaris) outbreaks on the Great Barrier Reef using digital droplet PCR [Report]. Coral Reefs, 37, 1229-1239. doi: 10.1007/s00338-018-1734-6

Brewster, J., Garama, D., Lamare, M., & Carne, A. (2018). Carotenoid composition of a New Zealand (Evechinus chloroticus) and an Australian (Heliocidaris erythrogramma) sea urchin in relation to gonad colour. Aquaculture Research, 49(8), 2751-2762. doi: 10.1111/are.13736

Uthicke, S., Liddy, M., Patel, F., Logan, M., Johansson, C., & Lamare, M. (2018). Effects of larvae density and food concentration on Crown-of-Thorns seastar (Acanthaster cf. solaris) development in an automated flow-through system. Scientific Reports, 8(1), 642. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-19132-w

Lamare, M., Harianto, J., Uthicke, S., Agüera, A., Karelitz, S., Pecorino, D., Chin, J., & Byrne, M. (2018). Larval thermal windows in native and hybrid Pseudoboletia progeny (Echinoidea) as potential drivers of the hybridization zone. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 598, 99-112. doi: 10.3354/meps12601

Blanchoud, S., Zondag, L., Lamare, M. D., & Wilson, M. J. (2017). Hematological analysis of the Ascidian Botrylloides leachii (Savigny, 1816) during whole-body regeneration. Biological Bulletin, 232(3), 143-157. doi: 10.1086/692841

Sparks, K. M., Foo, S. A., Uthicke, S., Byrne, M., & Lamare, M. (2017). Paternal identity influences response of Acanthaster planci embryos to ocean acidification and warming. Coral Reefs, 36(1), 325-338. doi: 10.1007/s00338-016-1505-1

Lister, K. N., Lamare, M. D., & Burritt, D. J. (2017). Maternal antioxidant provisioning mitigates pollutant-induced oxidative damage in embryos of the temperate sea urchin Evechinus chloroticus. Scientific Reports, 7(1), 1954. doi: 10.1038/s41598-017-02077-5

Thomson, B., Hepburn, C. D., Lamare, M., & Baltar, F. (2017). Temperature and UV light affect the activity of marine cell-free enzymes. Biogeosciences, 14(17), 3971-3977. doi: 10.5194/bg-14-3971-2017

Nelson, K. S., Liddy, M., & Lamare, M. D. (2017). Embryology, larval development, settlement and metamorphosis in the New Zealand serpulid polychaete Galeolaria hystrix. Invertebrate Reproduction & Development, 61(4), 207-217. doi: 10.1080/07924259.2017.1318183

Karelitz, S. E., Uthicke, S., Foo, S. A., Barker, M. F., Byrne, M., Pecorino, D., & Lamare, M. D. (2017). Ocean acidification has little effect on developmental thermal windows of echinoderms from Antarctica to the tropics. Global Change Biology, 23(2), 657-672. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13452

Papetti, C., Windisch, H. S., La Mesa, M., Lucassen, M., Marshall, C., & Lamare, M. D. (2016). Non-Antarctic notothenioids: Past phylogenetic history and contemporary phylogeographic implications in the face of environmental changes. Marine Genomics, 25. doi: 10.1016/j.margen.2015.11.007

Cross, E. L., Peck, L. S., Lamare, M. D., & Harper, E. M. (2016). No ocean acidification effects on shell growth and repair in the New Zealand brachiopod Calloria inconspicua (Sowerby, 1846). ICES Journal of Marine Science, 73(3), 920-926. doi: 10.1093/icesjms/fsv031

Lamare, M. D., Liddy, M., & Uthicke, S. (2016). In situ developmental responses of tropical sea urchin larvae to ocean acidification conditions at naturally elevated pCO2 vent sites. Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 283(1843), 20161506. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2016.1506

Lister, K. N., Lamare, M. D., & Burritt, D. J. (2016). Dietary pollutants induce oxidative stress, altering maternal antioxidant provisioning and reproductive output in the temperate sea urchin Evechinus chloroticus. Aquatic Toxicology, 177, 106-115. doi: 10.1016/j.aquatox.2016.05.013

Lebrato, M., Andersson, A. J., Ries, J. B., Aronson, R. B., Lamare, M. D., Koeve, W., … McClintock, J. B. (2016). Benthic marine calcifiers coexist with CaCO3-undersaturated seawater worldwide. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 30(7), 1038-1053. doi: 10.1002/2015GB005260

Foo, S. A., Sparks, K. M., Uthicke, S., Karelitz, S., Barker, M., Byrne, M., & Lamare, M. (2016). Contributions of genetic and environmental variance in early development of the Antarctic sea urchin Sterechinus neumayeri in response to increased ocean temperature and acidification. Marine Biology, 163(6), 130. doi: 10.1007/s00227-016-2903-1

Alqaisi, K. M., Lamare, M. D., Grattan, D. R., Damsteegt, E. L., Schneider, W. J., & Lokman, P. M. (2016). A comparative study of vitellogenesis in Echinodermata: Lessons from the sea star. Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology Part A, 198, 72-86. doi: 10.1016/j.cbpa.2016.04.013

Uthicke, S., Ebert, T., Liddy, M., Johansson, C., Fabricius, K. E., & Lamare, M. (2016). Echinometra sea urchins acclimatized to elevated pCO2 at volcanic vents outperform those under present-day pCO2 conditions. Global Change Biology, 22(7), 2451-2461. doi: 10.1111/gcb.13223

Cunningham, S. C., Smith, A. M., & Lamare, M. D. (2016). The effects of elevated pCO2 on growth, shell production and metabolism of cultured juvenile abalone, Haliotis iris. Aquaculture Research, 47, 2375-2392. doi: 10.1111/are.12684

Smith, A. M., Clark, D. E., Lamare, M. D., Winter, D. J., & Byrne, M. (2016). Risk and resilience: Variations in magnesium in echinoid skeletal calcite. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 561, 1-16. doi: 10.3354/meps11908

Gadomski, K., & Lamare, M. (2015). Spatial variation in reproduction in southern populations of the New Zealand bivalve Paphies ventricosa (Veneroida: Mesodesmatidae). Invertebrate Reproduction & Development, 59(2), 81-95. doi: 10.1080/07924259.2015.1007216

Uthicke, S., Logan, M., Liddy, M., Francis, N., & Lamare, M. (2015). Climate change as an unexpected co-factor promoting coral eating seastar (Acanthaster planci) outbreaks. Scientific Reports, 5, 8402. doi: 10.1038/srep08402

Lister, K. N., Lamare, M. D., & Burritt, D. J. (2015). Oxidative damage and antioxidant defence parameters in the Antarctic bivalve Laternula elliptica as biomarkers for pollution impacts. Polar Biology, 38(10), 1741-1752. doi: 10.1007/s00300-015-1739-3

Cubillos, V. M., Burritt, D. J., Lamare, M. D., & Peake, B. M. (2015). The relationship between UV-irradiance, photoprotective compounds and DNA damage in two intertidal invertebrates with contrasting mobility characteristics. Journal of Photochemistry & Photobiology B, 149, 280-288. doi: 10.1016/j.jphotobiol.2015.06.001

Sandersfeld, T., Davison, W., Lamare, M. D., Knust, R., & Richter, C. (2015). Elevated temperature causes metabolic trade-offs at the whole organism level in the Antarctic fish Trematomus bernacchii. Journal of Experimental Biology, 218, 2373-2381. doi: 10.1242/jeb.122804

Gadomski, K., Moller, H., Beentjes, M., & Lamare, M. (2015). Embryonic and larval development of the New Zealand bivalve Paphies ventricosa Gray, 1843 (Veneroida: Mesodesmatidae) at a range of temperatures. Journal of Molluscan Studies, 81, 356-364. doi: 10.1093/mollus/eyv001

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