## Required papers for the BA PPE

Required papers for the BA include BSNS 113, ECON 112, ECON 201 or ECON 271, and PHPE 201.† Twelve more papers in the three disciplines are required: one 100-level paper each in POLS and PHIL; four 200-level papers in the three disciplines including at least one from each subject; and six 300-level papers in the three disciplines including at least one in each of the subjects (CLAS 340 may substitute for one 300-level PHIL paper, and PHPE 301 and HUMS 301 may each contribute to the total of six 300-level papers in the major).

## Required papers for the BCom PPE

Required papers for the BCom include BSNS 113, ECON 112, PHIL 105, ECON 201 or ECON 271, PHPE 201, and MANT 331. Ten more papers in the three disciplines are required: one 100-level paper each in POLS; four 200-level papers in the three disciplines including at least one from each subject; and five 300-level papers in the three disciplines including at least two in ECON and at least one in each of POLS and PHIL (CLAS 340 may substitute for one 300-level PHIL paper, and PHPE 301 and HUMS 301 may each contribute to the total of six 300-level papers in the major). Candidates for the BCom degree must also complete the commerce division core papers, BSNS 111-115.

## Required papers for the BA(Hons) and the BCom(Hons) PPE

Required papers for the BA(Hons) and BCom(Hons) include one of ECON 492, POLS 490, or PHIL 490, plus three further 400-level papers in at least two of the three disciplines.

## Required papers for the Coursework MA PPE

Required papers for the coursework MA include one of ECON 580, PHIL 590, or POLS 590 (60 points); two of HUMS 501-503 (30 points each); and 60 points of 400-level (20 point) or 500-level (30 point) papers in ECON, PHIL, or POLS. No more than 80 points may be from any one of the component disciplines; CLAS 440 may be substituted for one 400-level PHIL paper. With the permission of the relevant heads of department, a candidate may substitute for one required paper another paper at the same level (for example, a 500-level POLS paper for a 500-level HUMS paper).

## 100-level papers

- BSNS 113 Economic Principles and Policy (normally required)*
- ECON 112 Principles of Economics 2 (required)
- PHIL 103 Ethical Issues (recommended but not required for the BA; one 100-level PHIL paper required)
- PHIL 105 Critical Thinking (required for the BCom)
- PHIL 106 Radical Philosophy
- PHIL 101 Mind and Reality
- POLS 101 Political Philosophy - Basic Problems (one 100-level POLS paper required)
- POLS 102 New Zealand Politics - Introduction (recommended; one 100-level POLS paper required)
- POLS 104 International Relations - Introduction (one 100-level POLS paper required)
- POLS 105 Comparative Politics - Introduction (one 100-level POLS paper required)

## 200-level papers

- PHPE 201 Political Economy 1: Method, Philosophy, Applications (required)
- ECON 201 Microeconomics (either ECON 201 or ECON 271 required)**
- ECON 271 Intermediate Microeconomic Theory (either ECON 201 or ECON 271 required)**
- ECON 200-level papers (at least one in addition to 201 or 271)
- PHIL 200-level papers (at least one for a total of six 200-level PHPE, ECON, PHIL, and POLS papers)
- POLS 200-level papers (at least one for a total of six 200-level PHPE, ECON, PHIL, and POLS papers)

## 300-level papers

- PHPE 301 Research Essay (not required, counts as one of the six 300-level papers, need not cover all three disciplines)
- MANT 331 Business Ethics (required for the BCom, counts as one of the six 300-level papers)
- ECON 300-level papers (at least one for the BA, at least two for the BCom)
- PHIL 300-level papers (at least one)
- POLS 300-level papers (at least one)

* A student who has achieved mainly Excellences and Merits in each of the three subjects Economics, English, and Mathematics with Calculus or Mathematics with Statistics at NCEA Level 3 may apply to the Department of Economics to enter the second required paper (ECON 112) without completing the first (BSNS 113).

** Students considering postgraduate work in economics should take ECON 271. In addition to BSNS 113 and ECON 112, entry to ECON 271 requires one of the following: FINC 102, FINQ 102, MATH 160, MATH 170. Staff at the PPE programme office and the Economics Department are happy to discuss this choice with students.

†PPE papers in the division of commerce papers are coded as BSNS, MANT or ECON. Those offered by the Department of Philosophy are coded as PHIL, and those by the Department of Politics are coded as POLS. Core programme papers are coded as PHPE, the Humanities internship practicum is HUMS 301/401, and the Humanities masters papers are HUMS 501-3.