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Professor Richie Poulton

Director, Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health & Research Unit

Richie PoultonEmail richie.poulton@otago.ac.nz
Phone 64 3 479 8507

After completing his Postgraduate Diploma in Clinical Psychology and Masters Degree in Science from the University of Otago, Richie worked as a clinical psychologist before embarking on a PhD. In 1995 he was awarded a PhD in Psychiatry from the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. In the same year he took up the position of Deputy Director of the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Research Unit until 1 January 2000, when he became Director.

In 2006, he was made Research Professor and awarded a Personal Chair by the University of Otago in the Dunedin School of Medicine. In 2015, he became Professor in the Department of Psychology. He serves on many NZ government, public and academic statutory bodies, and is a consultant internationally.

In 2004, he was awarded the New Zealand Association of Scientists' Research Medal and the Health Research Council of New Zealand’s (inaugural) Liley Medal for Excellence in Health Research. In 2005, he was awarded the University of Otago’s Rowheath Trust Award and Carl Smith Medal for Outstanding Early Career Achievement, and also received the Dunedin School of Medicine Distinguished Research Award. In 2010, he was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand and was the joint recipient of the RSNZ Dame Joan Metge Medal for "excellence and building relationships in the social science research community". In 2014, he was awarded the Dunedin School of Medicine Dean’s Medal for Research Excellence.

In 2007, he established and became a Co-Director of the National Centre for Lifecourse Research, a research centre based at the University of Otago in Dunedin, but with partners located at universities across New Zealand and around the world.

In 2014, he was appointed as part-time Chief Science Advisor to the NZ Ministry of Social Development, a role he performs in addition to his other duties.

2014 also saw Richie being named as a Highly Cited Researcher by Thomson-Reuters (one of only four New Zealanders so designated) and he was also listed in 2014 World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds, Thomson-Reuters.

Research Interests

Professor Poulton’s major areas of interest and research are mental health, gene X environment prediction of complex disorders, and psychosocial determinants of chronic physical disease. He has published 220+ peer-reviewed scientific papers, with many appearing in leading international journals, and he maintains numerous international research collaborations.

Find out more about Professor Poulton's research

Selective Publications

Poulton, R., Moffitt, T. E., and Silva, P. A. The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study: Overview of the first 40 years, with an eye to the future. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2015, Published online first 3 April 2015, DOI 10.1007/s00127-015-1048-8.

Danese, A., Caspi, A., Pariante, C. M., Taylor, A., Moffitt, T. E., and Poulton, R. Childhood maltreatment predicts adult inflammation: A life-course study. PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA), 2007, 104(4):1319-1324.

Caspi, A., McClay, J., Moffitt, T. E., Mill, J. S., Martin, J., Craig, I., Taylor, A., and Poulton, R. Role of genotype in the cycle of violence in maltreated children. Science, 2002, 297:851-854.

Poulton, R., Caspi, A., Milne, B. J., Thomson, W. M., Taylor, A., Sears, M. R., and Moffitt, T. E. Association between children's experience of socioeconomic disadvantage and adult health: A life-course study. Lancet, 2002, 360(9346):1640-1645.

Poulton, R., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Cannon, M., Murray, R. M., and Harrington, H. L. Children's self-reported psychotic symptoms and adult schizophreniform disorder: A 15-year longitudinal study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 2000, 57:1053-1058.

Recent since 2014

GBD 2013 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators (including Poulton, R.). Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and YLDs for 301 acute and chronic diseases and injuries for 188 countries, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet, In press.

RIBURST Study Collaboration Writing Group (including Poulton, R). A new strategy to reduce global burden of stroke (based on the WSC presentation). Stroke, In press.

Moffitt T.E., Houts, R., Asherson, P., Harrington, H.L., Hogan, S., Meier, M., Polanczyk, G.V., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., Rohde, L.A., Caspi, A. Lacking evidence that adult ADHD is a childhood-onset neurodevelopmental disorder: A 4-decade longitudinal cohort study. American Journal of Psychiatry, In Press.

Schaefer, J., Caspi, A., Belsky, D., Harrington, H., Houts, R., Israel, S., Levine, M., Sugden, K., Williams, B., Poulton, R., Moffitt, T. Early-life intelligence predicts midlife biological age. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, In Press.

Ramrakha, S., Fergusson, D.M., Horwood, L.J., Dalgard, F., Ambler, A., Kokaua J., Milne, B.J., and Poulton, R. Cumulative mental health consequences of acne: 23-year follow up in a general population birth cohort study. British Journal of Dermatology, In press.

Theodore, R., Tustin, K., Kiro, C., Gollop, M., Taumoepeau, M., Taylor N., Chee, K., Hunter J., and Poulton, R. Māori university graduates: indigenous participation in higher education. Higher Education Research & Development, In Press.

Parmar P., Krishnamurthi, R., Ikram, A., Hofman, A., Mirza, S., Varakin, Y., Kravchenko, M., Piradov. M., Thrift, A., Norrving, B., Wang, W., Mandel, D.K., Barker-Collo, S., Sahathevan, R., Davis, S., Saposnik, G., Kivipelto, M., Sindi, S., Bornstein, N.M., Giroud, M., Bejot, Y., Hankey, G., Brainin, M., Poulton R., Venkat Narayan, K.M., Freire A., Kokubo, Y., Weibers, D., Mensah, G., Azhagammal, S. Dhim, N.B., Barber, P.A., Pandian, J.D., Abbott, M., Rush, E., Hume, P., Hussein, T., Bhattacharjee, R., Purohit., M., and Feigin V.L. The Stroke RiskometerTM App: Validation of a data collection tool and stroke risk predictor. International Journal of Stroke, In press.

Goldman-Mellor, S., Caspi, A., Gregory, A, M., Harrington, H. L., Poulton, R., and Moffitt, T. E. Is insomnia associated with deficits in neuropsychological functioning? Evidence from a population-based study. Sleep, In press.

Belsky, D. W., Caspi, A., Israel, S., Blumenthal, J. A., Poulton, R., and Moffitt, T. E. Cardiorespiratory fitness and cognitive function at midlife: Neuroprotection or Neuroselection? Annals of Neurology, 2015, 77(4): 607-617.

Hancox, R. J., Shin, H. H., Gray, A. R., Poulton, R., and Sears, M. R. Effects of quitting cannabis on respiratory symptoms. European Respiratory Journal, 2015, Published ahead of print 2 April 2015, doi: 10.1183/09031936.00228914.

Poulton, R., Moffitt, T. E., and Silva, P. A. The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study: Overview of the first 40 years, with an eye to the future . Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2015, Published online first 3 April 2015, DOI 10.1007/s00127-015-1048-8.

Fergusson, D. M., McLeod, G. F. H., Horwood, L. J., Swain, N., Chapple, S., and Poulton, R. Life satisfaction and mental health problems (18 to 35 years). Psychological Medicine. 2015; First view article published 25 March 2015, doi:10.1017/S0033291715000422 (2015).

Parsons, M. J., Moffitt, T. E., Gregory, A. M., Goldman-Mellor, S., Nolan, P. M., Poulton, R., and Caspi, A. Social Jetlag, Obesity and Metabolic Disorder: Investigation in a Cohort Study. International Journal of Obesity, 2015, Advance online publication 20 January 2015; doi: 10.1038/ijo.2014.201.

Broadbent, J. M., Thomson, W. M., Ramrakha, S., Moffitt, T. E. , Zeng, J., Foster-Page, L. A., and Poulton, R. Community water fluoridation and intelligence: Prospective Study in New Zealand. American Journal of Public Health, 2015, 105(1): 72-76.

GBD Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators (including Poulton, R). Global, regional, and national levels of age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet, 2015, 385:L117-171.

Poulton, R.; Van Ryzin, M. J.; Harold, G. T.; Chamberlain, P.; Fowler, D.; Cannon, M.; Arseneault, L., and Leve, L. D. Effects of Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care on Psychotic Symptoms in Girls. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2014; 53(12):1279-1287.

Goldman-Mellor, S., Gregory, A. M., Caspi, A., Harrington, H. L., Parsons, M. J., Poulton, R., and Moffitt, T. E. Mental health antecedents of early midlife insomnia: Evidence from a four-decade longitudinal study. Sleep, 2014, 37(11): 1767-1775.

Israel, S., Caspi, A., Belsky, D. W., Harrington, H. L., Hogan, S., Houts, R., Ramrakha, S., Sanders, S., Poulton, R., and Moffitt, T. E. Credit Scores, Cardiovascular Disease Risk and Human Capital. PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA), 2014, 111(48): 17087-17092.

Shalev, I., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., Belsky, D. W., Chapple, S., Cohen, H., Israel, S., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., Rivera, C., Sugden, K., Williams, B. S., Wolke, D., and Moffitt, T. E. Perinatal Complications and Aging Indicators by Midlife. Pediatrics, 2014, 134: e1315-e1323.


Belsky, D. W., Shalev, I., Sears, M. R., Hancox, R. J., Harrington, H. L., Houts, R., Moffitt, T. E., Sugden, K., Williams, B. S., Poulton, R., and Caspi, A. Is Chronic Asthma Associated with Shorter Leukocyte Telomere Length at Midlife? American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2014, 190(4): 384-391.

Breslau, N., Koenen, K., Swanson, S., Agnew-Blais, M. A., Houts, R., Poulton, R., and Moffitt, T. E. Childhood maltreatment, juvenile disorders and adult post-traumatic stress disorder: A prospective investigation. Psychological Medicine, 2014, 44(09): 1937–1945.

Israel, S., Moffitt, T. E., Belsky, D. W., Hancox, R. J., Poulton, R., Roberts, B. W., Thomson, W. M., and Caspi, A. Translating Personality Psychology to Help Personalize Preventive Medicine for Young-Adult Patients. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2014, 106(3): 484-498.

Shalev, I., Moffitt, T. E., Braithwaite, A. W., Danese, A., Fleming, N. I., Goldman-Mellor, S., Harrington, H. L., Houts, R., Israel, S., Poulton, R., Robertson, S. P., Sugden, K., Williams, B. S., and Caspi, A. Internalizing disorders and leukocyte telomere erosion: a prospective study of depression, generalized anxiety disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. Molecular Psychiatry, 2014, 19(11): 1163-1170.

Goldman-Mellor, S., Caspi, A., Harrington, H. L., Hogan, S., Nada-Raja, S., Poulton, R., and Moffitt, T. E. Suicide attempt in young people: A signal for long-term healthcare and social needs. JAMA Psychiatry, 2014, 71(2): 119-127.

Meier, M. H., Caspi, A., Reichenberg, A., Keefe, R., Fisher, H. L., Harrington, H. L., Houts, R., Poulton, R., and Moffitt, T. E. Neuropsychological Decline in Schizophrenia from the Premorbid to Post-Onset Period: Evidence from a Population-Representative Longitudinal Study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 2014, 171(1): 91-101.

Caspi, A., Houts, R., Belsky, D. W., Goldman-Mellor, S., Harrington, H. L., Israel, S., Meier, M. H., Ramrakha, S., Shalev, I., Poulton, R., and Moffitt, T. E. The p Factor: One general psychopathology factor in the structure of psychiatric disorders? Clinical Psychological Science, 2014, 2(2): 119-137.

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Publications

Knodt, A. R., Meier, M. H., Ambler, A., Gehred, M. Z., Harrington, H., Ireland, D., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., & Hariri, A. R. (2022). Diminished structural brain integrity in long-term cannabis users reflects a history of polysubstance use. Biological Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2022.06.018

Poulton, R., Caspi, A., & Moffitt, T. (2022). Vaccine resistance has its roots in negative childhood experiences. The Conversation. Retrieved from https://theconversation.com/vaccine-resistance-has-its-roots-in-negative-childhood-experiences-a-major-study-finds-180114

Ruiz, B., Broadbent, J. M., Thomson, W. M., Ramrakha, S. K., Boden, J., Horwood, L. J., & Poulton, R. (2022). Childhood caries experience in two Aotearoa New Zealand birth cohorts: Implications for research, policy and practice. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/03036758.2022.2061018

Singh, A., Gale, J., Cheyne, K., Ambler, A., Poulton, R., & Wilson, G. (2022). The prevalence of glaucoma among 45-year-old New Zealanders. New Zealand Medical Journal, 135(1553), 35-42. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., Bourassa, K., Harrington, H., Hogan, S., … Ramrakha, S., … Poulton, R. (2022). Deep-seated psychological histories of COVID-19 vaccine hesitance and resistance. PNAS Nexus. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/pnasnexus/pgac034

Belsky, J., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., & Poulton, R. (2020). The origins of you: How childhood shapes later life. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 432p.

Authored Book - Research

Sturrock, F., Gray, D., Church, J., Fergusson, D., Horwood, J., Poulton, R., … McGovern, J. (2013). Incredible years: Pilot study: Evaluation report. Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Social Development, 94p.

Authored Book - Research

Beckley, A. L., Moffitt, T. E., & Poulton, R. (2021). The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study. In J. C. Barnes & D. R. Forde (Eds.), Encyclopedia of research methods in criminology and criminal justice. (pp. 33-42). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. doi: 10.1002/9781119111931.ch7

Chapter in Book - Research

Poulton, R. (2011). Self-control. In P. Gluckman & H. Hayne (Eds.), Improving the transition: Reducing social and psychological morbidity during adolescence: A report from the Prime Minister's Chief Science Advisor. (pp. 49-57). Auckland, New Zealand: Office of the Prime Minister's Science Advisory Committee.

Chapter in Book - Research

Hancox, B., Baxter, J., & Poulton, R. (2010). Research strategies for studying development. In J. Low & P. Jose (Eds.), Lifespan development: New Zealand perspectives. (2nd ed.) (pp. 2-11). Auckland, New Zealand: Pearson.

Chapter in Book - Research

Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Harrington, H., Milne, B., Melchior, M., Goldberg, D., & Poulton, R. (2010). Generalized anxiety disorder and depression: Childhood risk factors in a birth cohort followed to age 32 years. In D. Goldberg, K. S. Kendler, P. J. Sirovatka & D. A. Regier (Eds.), Diagnostic issues in depression and generalized anxiety disorder: Refining the research agenda for DSM-V. (pp. 217-240). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.

Chapter in Book - Research

Poulton, R., Pine, D. S., & Harrington, H. (2009). Continuity and etiology of anxiety disorders: Are they stable across the life course? In G. Andrews, D. S. Charney, P. J. Sirovatka & D. A. Regier (Eds.), Stress-induced and fear circuitry disorders: Refining the research agenda for DSM-V. (pp. 105-123). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.

Chapter in Book - Research

van Os, J., & Poulton, R. (2009). Environmental vulnerability and genetic-environmental interactions. In D. J. Jackson & P. D. McGorry (Eds.), The recognition and management of early psychosis: A preventive approach. (2nd ed.) (pp. 47-59). Cambridge University Press.

Chapter in Book - Research

Poulton, R., Grisham, J. R., & Andrews, G. (2008). Developmental approaches to understanding anxiety disorders. In M. M. Antony & M. B. Stein (Eds.), Oxford handbook of anxiety and related disorders. (pp. 123-135). New York: Oxford University Press.

Chapter in Book - Research

Robertson, S. P., & Poulton, R. (2008). Longitudinal studies of gene-environment interaction in common diseases: Good value for money? In M. Rutter (Ed.), Genetic effects on environmental vulnerability to disease: Novartis Foundation Symposium (Vol. 293). (pp. 128-142). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Chapter in Book - Research

Hancox, B., Baxter, J., & Poulton, R. (2006). Research strategies for studying development. In J. Low & P. Jose (Eds.), Lifespan development: New Zealand perspectives. (pp. 9-18). Auckland, New Zealand: Pearson Education New Zealand.

Chapter in Book - Research

Jaffee, S. R., & Poulton, R. (2006). Reciprocal effects of mothers' depression and children's problem behaviors from middle childhood to early adolescence. In A. C. Huston & M. N. Ripke (Eds.), Developmental contexts in middle childhood: Bridges to adolescence and adulthood. (pp. 107-129). New York: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/cbo9780511499760.007

Chapter in Book - Research

Barrett-Young, A., Ambler, A., Cheyne, K., Guiney, H., Kokaua, J., Steptoe, B., … Wilson, G. A., … Poulton, R. (2022). Associations between retinal nerve fiber layer and ganglion cell layer in middle age and cognition from childhood to adulthood. JAMA Ophthalmology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1001/jamaophthalmol.2021.6082

Journal - Research Article

Belsky, D. W., Caspi, A., Corcoran, D. L., Sugden, K., Poulton, R., Arseneault, L., … Moffitt, T. E. (2022). DunedinPACE, A DNA methylation biomarker of the Pace of Aging. eLIFE, e73420. Advance online publication. doi: 10.7554/eLife.73420

Journal - Research Article

Bourassa, K. J., Moffitt, T. E., Ambler, A., Hariri, A. R., Harrington, H., Houts, R. M., Ireland, D., Knodt, A., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., & Caspi, A. (2022). Association of treatable health conditions during adolescence with accelerated aging at midlife. JAMA Pediatrics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2021.6417

Journal - Research Article

Hancox, R. J., Gray, A. R., Zhang, X., Poulton, R., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., & Sears, M. R. (2022). Differential effects of cannabis and tobacco on lung function in mid-adult life. American Journal of Respiratory & Critical Care Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1164/rccm.202109-2058OC

Journal - Research Article

Knodt, A. R., Meier, M. H., Ambler, A., Gehred, M. Z., Harrington, H., Ireland, D., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., & Hariri, A. R. (2022). Diminished structural brain integrity in long-term cannabis users reflects a history of polysubstance use. Biological Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2022.06.018

Journal - Research Article

Matthews, T., Bryan, B. T., Danese, A., Meehan, A. J., Poulton, R., & Arseneault, L. (2022). Using a loneliness measure to screen for risk of mental health problems: A replication in two nationally representative cohorts. International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 19, 1641. doi: 10.3390/ijerph19031641

Journal - Research Article

Meier, M. H., Caspi, A., Knodt, A. R., Hall, W., Ambler, A., Harrington, H., Hogan, S., … Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., … Moffitt, T. E. (2022). Long-term cannabis use and cognitive reserves and hippocampal volume in midlife. American Journal of Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2021.21060664

Journal - Research Article

Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., Bourassa, K., Harrington, H., Hogan, S., … Ramrakha, S., … Poulton, R. (2022). Deep-seated psychological histories of COVID-19 vaccine hesitance and resistance. PNAS Nexus. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/pnasnexus/pgac034

Journal - Research Article

Ruiz, B., Broadbent, J. M., Thomson, W. M., Ramrakha, S. K., Boden, J., Horwood, L. J., & Poulton, R. (2022). Childhood caries experience in two Aotearoa New Zealand birth cohorts: Implications for research, policy and practice. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/03036758.2022.2061018

Journal - Research Article

Singh, A., Gale, J., Cheyne, K., Ambler, A., Poulton, R., & Wilson, G. (2022). The prevalence of glaucoma among 45-year-old New Zealanders. New Zealand Medical Journal, 135(1553), 35-42. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Journal - Research Article

Baldwin, J. R., Caspi, A., Meehan, A. J., Ambler, A., Arseneault, L., Fisher, H. L., Harrington, H., … Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., Moffitt, T. E., & Danese, A. (2021). Population vs individual prediction of poor health from results of adverse childhood experiences screening. JAMA Pediatrics, 175(4), 385-393. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5602

Journal - Research Article

Becker, J., Burik, C. A. P., Goldman, G., Wang, N., Jayashankar, H., Bennett, M., … Poulton, R., … Okbay, A. (2021). Resource profile and user guide of the Polygenic Index Repository. Nature Human Behaviour, 5, 1744-1758. doi: 10.1038/s41562-021-01119-3

Journal - Research Article

Botter-Maio Rocha, T., Fisher, H. L., Caye, A., Anselmi, L., Arseneault, L., Barros, F. C., … Poulton, R., … Kieling, C. (2021). Identifying adolescents at risk for depression: A prediction score performance in cohorts based in three different continents. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 60(2), 262-273. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2019.12.004

Journal - Research Article

Bourassa, K. J., Moffitt, T. E., Harrington, H., Houts, R., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., & Caspi, A. (2021). Lower cardiovascular reactivity is associated with more childhood adversity and poorer midlife health: Replicated findings from the Dunedin and MIDUS cohorts. Clinical Psychological Science. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/2167702621993900

Journal - Research Article

Bourassa, K. J., Rasmussen, L. J. H., Danese, A., Eugen-Olsen, J., Harrington, H., Houts, R., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., … Moffitt, T. E., & Caspi, A. (2021). Linking stressful life events and chronic inflammation using suPAR (soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor). Brain, Behavior, & Immunity. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.bbi.2021.06.018

Journal - Research Article

Cheung, C. Y., Xu, D., Cheng, C.-Y., Sabanayagam, C., Tham, Y.-C., Yu, M., … Poulton, R., … Wong, T. Y. (2021). A deep-learning system for the assessment of cardiovascular disease risk via the measurement of retinal-vessel calibre. Nature Biomedical Engineering, 5, 498-508. doi: 10.1038/s41551-020-00626-4

Journal - Research Article

d'Arbeloff, T., Elliott, M. L., Knodt, A. R., Sison, M., Melzer, T. R., Ireland, D., Ramrakha, S., Poulton, R., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., & Hariri, A. R. (2021). Midlife cardiovascular fitness is reflected in the brain's white matter. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 13, 652575. doi: 10.3389/fnagi.2021.652575

Journal - Research Article

Demange, P. A., Malanchini, M., Mallard, T. T., Mallard, P., Cox, S. R., Grotzinger, A. D., … Poulton, R., … Nivard, M. G. (2021). Investigating the genetic architecture of noncognitive skills using GWAS-by-subtraction. Nature Genetics, 53(1), 35-44. doi: 10.1038/s41588-020-00754-2

Journal - Research Article

Dowsett, J., Ferkingstad, E., Hartmann Rasmussen, L. J., Wegner Thørner, L., Magnússon, M. K., Sugden, K., … Poulton, R., … Ullum, H. (2021). Eleven genomic loci affect plasma levels of chronic inflammation marker soluble urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor. Communications Biology, 4, 655. doi: 10.1038/s42003-021-02144-8

Journal - Research Article

Elliott, M. L., Belsky, D. W., Knodt, A. R., Ireland, D., Melzer, T. R., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., & Hariri, A. R. (2021). Brain-age in midlife is associated with accelerated biological aging and cognitive decline in a longitudinal birth cohort. Molecular Psychiatry, 26, 3829-3838. doi: 10.1038/s41380-019-0626-7

Journal - Research Article

Elliott, M. L., Caspi, A., Houts, R. M., Ambler, A., Broadbent, J. M., Hancox, R. J., … Hogan, S., Keenan, R., … Melzer, T. R., … Ramrakha, S., … Righarts, A., … Thomson, W. M., Thorne, P. R., … Wilson, G., … Poulton, R., & Moffitt, T. E. (2021). Disparities in the pace of biological aging among midlife adults of the same chronological age have implications for future frailty risk and policy. Nature Aging, 1(3), 295-308. doi: 10.1038/s43587-021-00044-4

Journal - Research Article

Gehred, M. Z., Knodt, A. R., Ambler, A. P., Bourassa, K. J., Danese, A., Elliott, M. L., Hogan, S., Ireland, D., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., … Caspi, A. (2021). Long-term neural embedding of childhood adversity in a population-representative birth cohort followed for five decades. Biological Psychiatry, 90, 182-193. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2021.02.971

Journal - Research Article

Hond-Flavell, E., Theodore, R., Treharne, G. J., Tamati, A., Edwards, W., Poulton, R., … Ratima, M. (2021). Tangi te kawekaweā: Whānau engagement in Kaupapa Māori early years provision: An exploratory qualitative study. MAI Journal, 10(1), 3-16. doi: 10.20507/MAIJournal.2021.10.1.1

Journal - Research Article

Ip, H. F., van der Laan, C. M., Krapohl, E. M. L., Brikell, I., Sánchez-Mora, C., Nolte, I. M., … Miller, A., … Boden, J., Pearson, J., Horwood, L. J., Kennedy, M., Poulton, R., … Boomsma, D. I. (2021). Genetic association study of childhood aggression across raters, instruments, and age. Translational Psychiatry, 11, 413. doi: 10.1038/s41398-021-01480-x

Journal - Research Article

Lay-Yee, R., Matthews, T., Moffitt, T., Poulton, R., Caspi, A., & Milne, B. (2021). Do socially isolated children become socially isolated adults? Advances in Life Course Research. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.alcr.2021.100419

Journal - Research Article

Mason, D., Ronald, A. R., Ambler, A., Caspi, A., Houts, R., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., … Moffitt, T. E., & Happé, F. (2021). Autistic traits are associated with faster pace of aging: Evidence from the Dunedin study at age 45. Autism Research, 14, 1684-1694. doi: 10.1002/aur.2534

Journal - Research Article

Meredith-Jones, K., Taylor, R., Brown, R., Cooke, R., Vlietstra, L., Manning, P., Poulton, R., & Haszard, J. (2021). Age- and sex-specific visceral fat reference cutoffs and their association with cardio-metabolic risk. International Journal of Obesity, 45, 808-817. doi: 10.1038/s41366-021-00743-3

Journal - Research Article

O'Hare, K. J. M., Poulton, R., & Linscott, R. J. (2021). Psychotic experiences and schizotypy in early adolescence predict subsequent suicidal ideation trajectories and suicide attempt outcomes from age 18 to 38 years. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 47(2), 456-464. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbaa151

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Rasmussen, L. J. H., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., Danese, A., Elliott, M., Eugen-Olsen, J., … Harrington, H., … Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., … Moffitt, T. E. (2021). Association between elevated suPAR, a new biomarker of inflammation, and accelerated aging. Journals of Gerontology Series A, 76(2), 318-327. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glaa178

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Richmond-Rakerd, L. S., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., d'Arbeloff, T., de Bruine, M., Elliott, M., … Hogan, S., … Ireland, D., … Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., … Moffitt, T. E. (2021). Childhood self-control forecasts the pace of midlife aging and preparedness for old age. PNAS, 118(3), e2010211118. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2010211118

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Romer, A. L., Elliott, M. L., Knodt, A. R., Sison, M. L., Ireland, D., Houts, R., Ramrakha, S., Poulton, R., Keenan, R., Melzer, T. R., … Hariri, A. R. (2021). Pervasively thinner neocortex as a transdiagnostic feature of general psychopathology. American Journal of Psychiatry, 178(2), 174-182. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2020.19090934

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Romer, A. L., Knodt, A. R., Sison, M. L., Ireland, D., Houts, R., Ramrakha, S., Poulton, R., Keenan, R., Melzer, T. R., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., & Hariri, A. R. (2021). Replicability of structural brain alterations associated with general psychopathology: Evidence from a population-representative birth cohort. Molecular Psychiatry, 26, 3839-3846. doi: 10.1038/s41380-019-0621-z

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Tamati, A., Ratima, M., Hond-Flavell, E., Edwards, W., Hond, R., Korewha, H., Treharne, G. J., Theodore, R., & Poulton, R. (2021). He piki raukura: Understanding strengths-based Māori child development constructs in Kaupapa Māori early years provision. MAI Journal, 10(1), 17-29. doi: 10.20507/MAIJournal.2021.10.1.2

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Tamati, A., Treharne, G. J., Kokaua, J., Theodore, R., Ratima, M., Hond-Flavell, E., Edwards, W., … Poulton, R. (2021). He Piki Raukura: Assessing Ao Māori developmental constructs. Part II: Mapping positive change over 10 months among preschool Māori children. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 50(2), 35-45.

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Tamati, A., Treharne, G. J., Theodore, R., Ratima, M., Hond-Flavell, E., Edwards, W., … Poulton, R. (2021). He Piki Raukura: Assessing Ao Māori developmental constructs. Part I: Reliability of novel strengths-based measures among preschool Māori children. New Zealand Journal of Psychology, 50(2), 22-34.

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van Dongen, J., Hagenbeek, F. A., Suderman, M., Roetman, P. J., Sugden, K., Chiocchetti, A. G., … Poulton, R., … Boomsma, D. I. (2021). DNA methylation signatures of aggression and closely related constructs: A meta-analysis of epigenome-wide studies across the lifespan. Molecular Psychiatry, 26, 2148-2162. doi: 10.1038/s41380-020-00987-x

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Wertz, J., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., Broadbent, J., Hancox, R. J., Harrington, H., Hogan, S., … Leung, J. H., Poulton, R., … Ramrakha, S., … Thorne, P. R., Wilson, G. A., & Moffitt, T. E. (2021). Association of history of psychopathology with accelerated aging at midlife. JAMA Psychiatry, 78(5), 530-539. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.4626

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Wertz, J., Israel, S., Arseneault, L., Belsky, D. W., Bourassa, K. J., Harrington, H., … Poulton, R. (2021). Vital personality scores and healthy aging: Life-course associations and familial transmission. Social Science & Medicine. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2021.114283

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