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Professor Richie Poulton

Director, Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health & Research Unit

Richie PoultonEmail richie.poulton@otago.ac.nz
Phone 64 3 479 8507

After completing his Postgraduate Diploma in Clinical Psychology and Masters Degree in Science from the University of Otago, Richie worked as a clinical psychologist before embarking on a PhD. In 1995 he was awarded a PhD in Psychiatry from the University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia. In the same year he took up the position of Deputy Director of the Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Research Unit until 1 January 2000, when he became Director.

In 2006, he was made Research Professor and awarded a Personal Chair by the University of Otago in the Dunedin School of Medicine. In 2015, he became Professor in the Department of Psychology. He serves on many NZ government, public and academic statutory bodies, and is a consultant internationally.

In 2004, he was awarded the New Zealand Association of Scientists' Research Medal and the Health Research Council of New Zealand’s (inaugural) Liley Medal for Excellence in Health Research. In 2005, he was awarded the University of Otago’s Rowheath Trust Award and Carl Smith Medal for Outstanding Early Career Achievement, and also received the Dunedin School of Medicine Distinguished Research Award. In 2010, he was elected as a Fellow of the Royal Society of New Zealand and was the joint recipient of the RSNZ Dame Joan Metge Medal for "excellence and building relationships in the social science research community". In 2014, he was awarded the Dunedin School of Medicine Dean’s Medal for Research Excellence.

In 2007, he established and became a Co-Director of the National Centre for Lifecourse Research, a research centre based at the University of Otago in Dunedin, but with partners located at universities across New Zealand and around the world.

In 2014, he was appointed as part-time Chief Science Advisor to the NZ Ministry of Social Development, a role he performs in addition to his other duties.

2014 also saw Richie being named as a Highly Cited Researcher by Thomson-Reuters (one of only four New Zealanders so designated) and he was also listed in 2014 World’s Most Influential Scientific Minds, Thomson-Reuters.

Research Interests

Professor Poulton’s major areas of interest and research are mental health, gene X environment prediction of complex disorders, and psychosocial determinants of chronic physical disease. He has published 220+ peer-reviewed scientific papers, with many appearing in leading international journals, and he maintains numerous international research collaborations.

Find out more about Professor Poulton's research

Selective Publications

Poulton, R., Moffitt, T. E., and Silva, P. A. The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study: Overview of the first 40 years, with an eye to the future. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2015, Published online first 3 April 2015, DOI 10.1007/s00127-015-1048-8.

Danese, A., Caspi, A., Pariante, C. M., Taylor, A., Moffitt, T. E., and Poulton, R. Childhood maltreatment predicts adult inflammation: A life-course study. PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA), 2007, 104(4):1319-1324.

Caspi, A., McClay, J., Moffitt, T. E., Mill, J. S., Martin, J., Craig, I., Taylor, A., and Poulton, R. Role of genotype in the cycle of violence in maltreated children. Science, 2002, 297:851-854.

Poulton, R., Caspi, A., Milne, B. J., Thomson, W. M., Taylor, A., Sears, M. R., and Moffitt, T. E. Association between children's experience of socioeconomic disadvantage and adult health: A life-course study. Lancet, 2002, 360(9346):1640-1645.

Poulton, R., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., Cannon, M., Murray, R. M., and Harrington, H. L. Children's self-reported psychotic symptoms and adult schizophreniform disorder: A 15-year longitudinal study. Archives of General Psychiatry, 2000, 57:1053-1058.

Recent since 2014

GBD 2013 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators (including Poulton, R.). Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and YLDs for 301 acute and chronic diseases and injuries for 188 countries, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet, In press.

RIBURST Study Collaboration Writing Group (including Poulton, R). A new strategy to reduce global burden of stroke (based on the WSC presentation). Stroke, In press.

Moffitt T.E., Houts, R., Asherson, P., Harrington, H.L., Hogan, S., Meier, M., Polanczyk, G.V., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., Rohde, L.A., Caspi, A. Lacking evidence that adult ADHD is a childhood-onset neurodevelopmental disorder: A 4-decade longitudinal cohort study. American Journal of Psychiatry, In Press.

Schaefer, J., Caspi, A., Belsky, D., Harrington, H., Houts, R., Israel, S., Levine, M., Sugden, K., Williams, B., Poulton, R., Moffitt, T. Early-life intelligence predicts midlife biological age. Journal of Gerontology: Psychological Sciences, In Press.

Ramrakha, S., Fergusson, D.M., Horwood, L.J., Dalgard, F., Ambler, A., Kokaua J., Milne, B.J., and Poulton, R. Cumulative mental health consequences of acne: 23-year follow up in a general population birth cohort study. British Journal of Dermatology, In press.

Theodore, R., Tustin, K., Kiro, C., Gollop, M., Taumoepeau, M., Taylor N., Chee, K., Hunter J., and Poulton, R. Māori university graduates: indigenous participation in higher education. Higher Education Research & Development, In Press.

Parmar P., Krishnamurthi, R., Ikram, A., Hofman, A., Mirza, S., Varakin, Y., Kravchenko, M., Piradov. M., Thrift, A., Norrving, B., Wang, W., Mandel, D.K., Barker-Collo, S., Sahathevan, R., Davis, S., Saposnik, G., Kivipelto, M., Sindi, S., Bornstein, N.M., Giroud, M., Bejot, Y., Hankey, G., Brainin, M., Poulton R., Venkat Narayan, K.M., Freire A., Kokubo, Y., Weibers, D., Mensah, G., Azhagammal, S. Dhim, N.B., Barber, P.A., Pandian, J.D., Abbott, M., Rush, E., Hume, P., Hussein, T., Bhattacharjee, R., Purohit., M., and Feigin V.L. The Stroke RiskometerTM App: Validation of a data collection tool and stroke risk predictor. International Journal of Stroke, In press.

Goldman-Mellor, S., Caspi, A., Gregory, A, M., Harrington, H. L., Poulton, R., and Moffitt, T. E. Is insomnia associated with deficits in neuropsychological functioning? Evidence from a population-based study. Sleep, In press.

Belsky, D. W., Caspi, A., Israel, S., Blumenthal, J. A., Poulton, R., and Moffitt, T. E. Cardiorespiratory fitness and cognitive function at midlife: Neuroprotection or Neuroselection? Annals of Neurology, 2015, 77(4): 607-617.

Hancox, R. J., Shin, H. H., Gray, A. R., Poulton, R., and Sears, M. R. Effects of quitting cannabis on respiratory symptoms. European Respiratory Journal, 2015, Published ahead of print 2 April 2015, doi: 10.1183/09031936.00228914.

Poulton, R., Moffitt, T. E., and Silva, P. A. The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study: Overview of the first 40 years, with an eye to the future . Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology, 2015, Published online first 3 April 2015, DOI 10.1007/s00127-015-1048-8.

Fergusson, D. M., McLeod, G. F. H., Horwood, L. J., Swain, N., Chapple, S., and Poulton, R. Life satisfaction and mental health problems (18 to 35 years). Psychological Medicine. 2015; First view article published 25 March 2015, doi:10.1017/S0033291715000422 (2015).

Parsons, M. J., Moffitt, T. E., Gregory, A. M., Goldman-Mellor, S., Nolan, P. M., Poulton, R., and Caspi, A. Social Jetlag, Obesity and Metabolic Disorder: Investigation in a Cohort Study. International Journal of Obesity, 2015, Advance online publication 20 January 2015; doi: 10.1038/ijo.2014.201.

Broadbent, J. M., Thomson, W. M., Ramrakha, S., Moffitt, T. E. , Zeng, J., Foster-Page, L. A., and Poulton, R. Community water fluoridation and intelligence: Prospective Study in New Zealand. American Journal of Public Health, 2015, 105(1): 72-76.

GBD Mortality and Causes of Death Collaborators (including Poulton, R). Global, regional, and national levels of age-sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet, 2015, 385:L117-171.

Poulton, R.; Van Ryzin, M. J.; Harold, G. T.; Chamberlain, P.; Fowler, D.; Cannon, M.; Arseneault, L., and Leve, L. D. Effects of Multidimensional Treatment Foster Care on Psychotic Symptoms in Girls. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 2014; 53(12):1279-1287.

Goldman-Mellor, S., Gregory, A. M., Caspi, A., Harrington, H. L., Parsons, M. J., Poulton, R., and Moffitt, T. E. Mental health antecedents of early midlife insomnia: Evidence from a four-decade longitudinal study. Sleep, 2014, 37(11): 1767-1775.

Israel, S., Caspi, A., Belsky, D. W., Harrington, H. L., Hogan, S., Houts, R., Ramrakha, S., Sanders, S., Poulton, R., and Moffitt, T. E. Credit Scores, Cardiovascular Disease Risk and Human Capital. PNAS (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA), 2014, 111(48): 17087-17092.

Shalev, I., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., Belsky, D. W., Chapple, S., Cohen, H., Israel, S., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., Rivera, C., Sugden, K., Williams, B. S., Wolke, D., and Moffitt, T. E. Perinatal Complications and Aging Indicators by Midlife. Pediatrics, 2014, 134: e1315-e1323.


Belsky, D. W., Shalev, I., Sears, M. R., Hancox, R. J., Harrington, H. L., Houts, R., Moffitt, T. E., Sugden, K., Williams, B. S., Poulton, R., and Caspi, A. Is Chronic Asthma Associated with Shorter Leukocyte Telomere Length at Midlife? American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, 2014, 190(4): 384-391.

Breslau, N., Koenen, K., Swanson, S., Agnew-Blais, M. A., Houts, R., Poulton, R., and Moffitt, T. E. Childhood maltreatment, juvenile disorders and adult post-traumatic stress disorder: A prospective investigation. Psychological Medicine, 2014, 44(09): 1937–1945.

Israel, S., Moffitt, T. E., Belsky, D. W., Hancox, R. J., Poulton, R., Roberts, B. W., Thomson, W. M., and Caspi, A. Translating Personality Psychology to Help Personalize Preventive Medicine for Young-Adult Patients. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 2014, 106(3): 484-498.

Shalev, I., Moffitt, T. E., Braithwaite, A. W., Danese, A., Fleming, N. I., Goldman-Mellor, S., Harrington, H. L., Houts, R., Israel, S., Poulton, R., Robertson, S. P., Sugden, K., Williams, B. S., and Caspi, A. Internalizing disorders and leukocyte telomere erosion: a prospective study of depression, generalized anxiety disorder and post-traumatic stress disorder. Molecular Psychiatry, 2014, 19(11): 1163-1170.

Goldman-Mellor, S., Caspi, A., Harrington, H. L., Hogan, S., Nada-Raja, S., Poulton, R., and Moffitt, T. E. Suicide attempt in young people: A signal for long-term healthcare and social needs. JAMA Psychiatry, 2014, 71(2): 119-127.

Meier, M. H., Caspi, A., Reichenberg, A., Keefe, R., Fisher, H. L., Harrington, H. L., Houts, R., Poulton, R., and Moffitt, T. E. Neuropsychological Decline in Schizophrenia from the Premorbid to Post-Onset Period: Evidence from a Population-Representative Longitudinal Study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 2014, 171(1): 91-101.

Caspi, A., Houts, R., Belsky, D. W., Goldman-Mellor, S., Harrington, H. L., Israel, S., Meier, M. H., Ramrakha, S., Shalev, I., Poulton, R., and Moffitt, T. E. The p Factor: One general psychopathology factor in the structure of psychiatric disorders? Clinical Psychological Science, 2014, 2(2): 119-137.

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Publications

Wertz, J., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., Broadbent, J., Hancox, R. J., Harrington, H., Hogan, S., … Leung, J. H., Poulton, R., … Ramrakha, S., … Thorne, P. R., Wilson, G. A., & Moffitt, T. E. (2021). Association of history of psychopathology with accelerated aging at midlife. JAMA Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.4626

Demange, P. A., Malanchini, M., Mallard, T. T., Mallard, P., Cox, S. R., Grotzinger, A. D., … Poulton, R., … Nivard, M. G. (2021). Investigating the genetic architecture of noncognitive skills using GWAS-by-subtraction. Nature Genetics, 53(1), 35-44. doi: 10.1038/s41588-020-00754-2

van Dongen, J., Hagenbeek, F. A., Suderman, M., Roetman, P. J., Sugden, K., Chiocchetti, A. G., … Poulton, R., … Boomsma, D. I. (2021). DNA methylation signatures of aggression and closely related constructs: A meta-analysis of epigenome-wide studies across the lifespan. Molecular Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1038/s41380-020-00987-x

Gehred, M. Z., Knodt, A. R., Ambler, A. P., Bourassa, K. J., Danese, A., Elliott, M. L., Hogan, S., Ireland, D., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., … Caspi, A. (2021). Long-term neural embedding of childhood adversity in a population-representative birth cohort followed for five decades. Biological Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2021.02.971

Baldwin, J. R., Caspi, A., Meehan, A. J., Ambler, A., Arseneault, L., Fisher, H. L., Harrington, H., … Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., Moffitt, T. E., & Danese, A. (2021). Population vs individual prediction of poor health from results of adverse childhood experiences screening. JAMA Pediatrics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5602

Authored Book - Research

Sturrock, F., Gray, D., Church, J., Fergusson, D., Horwood, J., Poulton, R., … McGovern, J. (2013). Incredible years: Pilot study: Evaluation report. Wellington, New Zealand: Ministry of Social Development, 94p.

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Chapter in Book - Research

Poulton, R. (2011). Self-control. In P. Gluckman & H. Hayne (Eds.), Improving the transition: Reducing social and psychological morbidity during adolescence: A report from the Prime Minister's Chief Science Advisor. (pp. 49-57). Auckland, New Zealand: Office of the Prime Minister's Science Advisory Committee.

Hancox, B., Baxter, J., & Poulton, R. (2010). Research strategies for studying development. In J. Low & P. Jose (Eds.), Lifespan development: New Zealand perspectives. (2nd ed.) (pp. 2-11). Auckland, New Zealand: Pearson.

Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., Harrington, H., Milne, B., Melchior, M., Goldberg, D., & Poulton, R. (2010). Generalized anxiety disorder and depression: Childhood risk factors in a birth cohort followed to age 32 years. In D. Goldberg, K. S. Kendler, P. J. Sirovatka & D. A. Regier (Eds.), Diagnostic issues in depression and generalized anxiety disorder: Refining the research agenda for DSM-V. (pp. 217-240). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.

van Os, J., & Poulton, R. (2009). Environmental vulnerability and genetic-environmental interactions. In D. J. Jackson & P. D. McGorry (Eds.), The recognition and management of early psychosis: A preventive approach. (2nd ed.) (pp. 47-59). Cambridge University Press.

Poulton, R., Pine, D. S., & Harrington, H. (2009). Continuity and etiology of anxiety disorders: Are they stable across the life course? In G. Andrews, D. S. Charney, P. J. Sirovatka & D. A. Regier (Eds.), Stress-induced and fear circuitry disorders: Refining the research agenda for DSM-V. (pp. 105-123). Arlington, VA: American Psychiatric Association.

Poulton, R., Grisham, J. R., & Andrews, G. (2008). Developmental approaches to understanding anxiety disorders. In M. M. Antony & M. B. Stein (Eds.), Oxford handbook of anxiety and related disorders. (pp. 123-135). New York: Oxford University Press.

Robertson, S. P., & Poulton, R. (2008). Longitudinal studies of gene-environment interaction in common diseases: Good value for money? In M. Rutter (Ed.), Genetic effects on environmental vulnerability to disease: Novartis Foundation Symposium (Vol. 293). (pp. 128-142). Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Hancox, B., Baxter, J., & Poulton, R. (2006). Research strategies for studying development. In J. Low & P. Jose (Eds.), Lifespan development: New Zealand perspectives. (pp. 9-18). Auckland, New Zealand: Pearson Education New Zealand.

Jaffee, S. R., & Poulton, R. (2006). Reciprocal effects of mothers' depression and children's problem behaviors from middle childhood to early adolescence. In A. C. Huston & M. N. Ripke (Eds.), Developmental contexts in middle childhood: Bridges to adolescence and adulthood. (pp. 107-129). New York: Cambridge University Press. doi: 10.1017/cbo9780511499760.007

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Journal - Research Article

Wertz, J., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., Broadbent, J., Hancox, R. J., Harrington, H., Hogan, S., … Leung, J. H., Poulton, R., … Ramrakha, S., … Thorne, P. R., Wilson, G. A., & Moffitt, T. E. (2021). Association of history of psychopathology with accelerated aging at midlife. JAMA Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2020.4626

Baldwin, J. R., Caspi, A., Meehan, A. J., Ambler, A., Arseneault, L., Fisher, H. L., Harrington, H., … Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., Moffitt, T. E., & Danese, A. (2021). Population vs individual prediction of poor health from results of adverse childhood experiences screening. JAMA Pediatrics. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1001/jamapediatrics.2020.5602

Gehred, M. Z., Knodt, A. R., Ambler, A. P., Bourassa, K. J., Danese, A., Elliott, M. L., Hogan, S., Ireland, D., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., … Caspi, A. (2021). Long-term neural embedding of childhood adversity in a population-representative birth cohort followed for five decades. Biological Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2021.02.971

van Dongen, J., Hagenbeek, F. A., Suderman, M., Roetman, P. J., Sugden, K., Chiocchetti, A. G., … Poulton, R., … Boomsma, D. I. (2021). DNA methylation signatures of aggression and closely related constructs: A meta-analysis of epigenome-wide studies across the lifespan. Molecular Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1038/s41380-020-00987-x

Demange, P. A., Malanchini, M., Mallard, T. T., Mallard, P., Cox, S. R., Grotzinger, A. D., … Poulton, R., … Nivard, M. G. (2021). Investigating the genetic architecture of noncognitive skills using GWAS-by-subtraction. Nature Genetics, 53(1), 35-44. doi: 10.1038/s41588-020-00754-2

Elliott, M. L., Caspi, A., Houts, R. M., Ambler, A., Broadbent, J. M., Hancox, R. J., … Hogan, S., Keenan, R., … Melzer, T. R., … Ramrakha, S., … Righarts, A., … Thomson, W. M., Thorne, P. R., … Wilson, G., … Poulton, R., & Moffitt, T. E. (2021). Disparities in the pace of biological aging among midlife adults of the same chronological age have implications for future frailty risk and policy. Nature Aging, 1(3), 295-308. doi: 10.1038/s43587-021-00044-4

Meredith-Jones, K., Taylor, R., Brown, R., Cooke, R., Vlietstra, L., Manning, P., Poulton, R., & Haszard, J. (2021). Age- and sex-specific visceral fat reference cutoffs and their association with cardio-metabolic risk. International Journal of Obesity. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1038/s41366-021-00743-3

Richmond-Rakerd, L. S., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., d'Arbeloff, T., de Bruine, M., Elliott, M., … Hogan, S., … Ireland, D., … Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., … Moffitt, T. E. (2021). Childhood self-control forecasts the pace of midlife aging and preparedness for old age. PNAS, 118(3), e2010211118. doi: 10.1073/pnas.2010211118

Elliott, M. L., Knodt, A. R., Ireland, D., Morrison, M. L., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., … Hariri, A. R. (2020). What is the test-retest reliability of common task-functional MRI measures? New empirical evidence and a meta-analysis. Psychological Science, 31(7), 792-806. doi: 10.1177/0956797620916786

Reuben, A., Elliott, M. L., Abraham, W. C., Broadbent, J., Houts, R. M., Ireland, D., Knodt, A. R., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., … Caspi, A., & Moffitt, T. E. (2020). Association of childhood lead exposure with MRI measurements of structural brain integrity in midlife. JAMA, 324(19), 1970-1979. doi: 10.1001/jama.2020.19998

Cheung, C. Y., Xu, D., Cheng, C.-Y., Sabanayagam, C., Tham, Y.-C., Yu, M., … Poulton, R., … Wong, T. Y. (2020). A deep-learning system for the assessment of cardiovascular disease risk via the measurement of retinal-vessel calibre. Nature Biomedical Engineering. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1038/s41551-020-00626-4

Bourassa, K. J., Caspi, A., Harrington, H., Houts, R., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., & Moffitt, T. E. (2020). Intimate partner violence and lower relationship quality are associated with faster biological aging. Psychology & Aging. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1037/pag0000581

Caspi, A., Houts, R. M., Ambler, A., Danese, A., Elliott, M. L., Hariri, A., … Hogan, S., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., … Moffitt, T. E. (2020). Longitudinal assessment of mental health disorders and comorbidities across 4 decades among participants in the Dunedin Birth Cohort Study. JAMA Network Open, 3(4), e203221. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.3221

Belsky, D. W., Caspi, A., Arseneault, L., Baccarelli, A., Corcoran, D., Gao, X., … Poulton, R., … Moffitt, T. E. (2020). Quantification of the pace of biological aging in humans through a blood test, The DunedinPoAm DNA methylation algorithm. eLIFE, 9, e54870. doi: 10.7554/eLife.54870

Carlisi, C. O., Moffitt, T. E., Knodt, A. R., Harrington, H., Ireland, D., Melzer, T. R., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., … Viding, E. (2020). Associations between life-course-persistent antisocial behaviour and brain structure in a population-representative longitudinal birth cohort. Lancet Psychiatry, 7(3), 245-253. doi: 10.1016/s2215-0366(20)30002-x

Theodore, R., Tustin, K., Kokaua, J., Gollop, M., Kiro, C., Taylor, N., & Poulton, R. (2020). Occupations and industries of employment of Māori university graduates: Early career aspirations and destinations. Kōtuitui, 15(1), 140-153. doi: 10.1080/1177083X.2019.1669671

Sugden, K., Hannon, E. J., Arseneault, L., Belsky, D. W., Corcoran, D. L., Fisher, H. L., … Poulton, R., … Caspi, A. (2020). Patterns of reliability: Assessing the reproducibility and integrity of DNA methylation measurement. Patterns, 1, 100014. doi: 10.1016/j.patter.2020.100014

Hong, C. L., Broadbent, J. M., Thomson, W. M., & Poulton, R. (2020). The Dunedin Multidisciplinary Health and Development Study: Oral health findings and their implications. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 50(1), 35-46. doi: 10.1080/03036758.2020.1716816

Rasmussen, L. J. H., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., Danese, A., Elliott, M., Eugen-Olsen, J., … Harrington, H., … Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., … Moffitt, T. E. (2020). Association between elevated suPAR, a new biomarker of inflammation, and accelerated aging. Journals of Gerontology Series A. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/gerona/glaa178

O'Hare, K. J. M., Poulton, R., & Linscott, R. J. (2020). Psychotic experiences and schizotypy in early adolescence predict subsequent suicidal ideation trajectories and suicide attempt outcomes from age 18 to 38 years. Schizophrenia Bulletin. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/schbul/sbaa151

d'Arbeloff, T., Cooke, M., Knodt, A. R., Sison, M., Melzer, T. R., Ireland, D., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., Moffitt, T. E., Caspi, A., & Hariri, A. R. (2020). Is cardiovascular fitness associated with structural brain integrity in midlife? Evidence from a population-representative birth cohort study. Aging, 12(20), 20888-20914. doi: 10.18632/aging.104112

Richmond-Rakerd, L. S., D'Souza, S., Andersen, S. H., Hogan, S., Houts, R. M., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., … Milne, B. J., & Moffitt, T. E. (2020). Clustering of health, crime and social-welfare inequality in 4 million citizens from two nations. Nature Human Behaviour, 4, 255-264. doi: 10.1038/s41562-019-0810-4

Botter-Maio Rocha, T., Fisher, H. L., Caye, A., Anselmi, L., Arseneault, L., Barros, F. C., … Poulton, R., … Kieling, C. (2020). Identifying adolescents at risk for depression: A prediction score performance in cohorts based in three different continents. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.jaac.2019.12.004

Richmond-Rakerd, L. S., Moffitt, T. E., Arseneault, L., Belsky, D. W., Connor, J., Corcoran, D. L., … Poulton, R., … Ramrakha, S., … Caspi, A. (2020). A polygenic score for age-at-first-birth predicts disinhibition. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 61(12), 1346-1359. doi: 10.1111/jcpp.13224

Romer, A. L., Elliott, M. L., Knodt, A. R., Sison, M. L., Ireland, D., Houts, R., Ramrakha, S., Poulton, R., Keenan, R., Melzer, T. R., … Hariri, A. R. (2020). Pervasively thinner neocortex as a transdiagnostic feature of general psychopathology. American Journal of Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1176/appi.ajp.2020.19090934

Sugden, K., Hannon, E. J., Arseneault, L., Belsky, D. W., Broadbent, J. M., Corcoran, D. L., Hancox, R. J., … Poulton, R., … Thomson, W. M., … Caspi, A. (2019). Establishing a generalized polyepigenetic biomarker for tobacco smoking. Translational Psychiatry, 9, 92. doi: 10.1038/s41398-019-0430-9

van Dongen, J., Zilhāo, N. R., Sugden, K., BIOS consortium, Hannon, E. J., Mill, J., … Poulton, R., … Boomsma, D. I. (2019). Epigenome-wide association study of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder symptoms in adults. Biological Psychiatry, 86(8), 599-607. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2019.02.016

Ratima, M., Theodore, R., Tamati, A., Hond-Flavell, E., Edwards, W., Korewha, H., Treharne, G. J., … Poulton, R. (2019). Te kura mai i tawhiti: A collaborative lifecourse approach to health, wellbeing and whānau development. MAI Journal, 8(1), 63-76. doi: 10.20507/MAIJournal.2019.8.1.5

d'Arbeloff, T., Elliott, M. L., Knodt, A. R., Melzer, T. R., Keenan, R., Ireland, D., Ramrakha, S., Poulton, R., Anderson, T., … Hariri, A. R. (2019). White matter hyperintensities are common in midlife and already associated with cognitive decline. Brain Communications, 1(1), fcz041. doi: 10.1093/braincomms/fcz041

Rasmussen, L. J. H., Moffitt, T. E., Eugen-Olsen, J., Belsky, D. W., Danese, A., Harrington, H., … Poulton, R., … Caspi, A. (2019). Cumulative childhood risk is associated with a new measure of chronic inflammation in adulthood. Journal of Child Psychology & Psychiatry, 60(2), 199-208. doi: 10.1111/jcpp.12928

Rasmussen, L. J. H., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., Broadbent, J. M., Cohen, H. J., d'Arbeloff, T., … Hancox, R. J., … Hogan, S., … Ireland, D., Knodt, A. R., Meredith-Jones, K., … Morrison, L., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., … Sneddon, K., Thomson, W. M., … Moffitt, T. E. (2019). Association of neurocognitive and physical function with gait speed in midlife. JAMA Network Open, 2(10), e1913123. doi: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2019.13123

GBD 2015 Neurological Disorders Collaborator Group, including Poulton, R. G., & Ranta, A. (2019). Global, regional, and national burden of neurological disorders, 1990–2016: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet Neurology, 18(5), 459-480. doi: 10.1016/s1474-4422(17)30299-5

Thomson, W. M., Broadbent, J. M., Caspi, A., Poulton, R., & Moffitt, T. E. (2019). Childhood IQ predicts age-38 oral disease experience and service-use. Community Dentistry & Oral Epidemiology, 47, 252-258. doi: 10.1111/cdoe.12451

Elliott, M. L., Knodt, A. R., Cooke, M., Kim, M. J., Melzer, T. R., Keenan, R., Ireland, D., Ramrakha, S., Poulton, R., … Hariri, A. R. (2019). General functional connectivity: Shared features of resting-state and task fMRI drive reliable and heritable individual differences in functional brain networks. NeuroImage, 189, 516-532. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2019.01.068

Hartwig, F. P., Davies, N. M., Horta, B. L., Ahluwalia, T. S., Bisgaard, H., Bønnelykke, K., … Poulton, R., … Victoria, C. G. (2019). Effect modification of FADS2 polymorphisms on the association between breastfeeding and intelligence: Results from a collaborative meta-analysis. International Journal of Epidemiology, 48(1), 45-57. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyy273

Wertz, J., Belsky, J., Moffitt, T. E., Belsky, D. W., Harrington, H., Avinun, R., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., & Caspi, A. (2019). Genetics of nurture: A test of the hypothesis that parents' genetics predict their observed caregiving. Developmental Psychology, 55(7), 1461-1472. doi: 10.1037/dev0000709

Elliott, M. L., Belsky, D. W., Anderson, K., Corcoran, D. L., Ge, T., Knodt, A., … Ireland, D., Poulton, R., Caspi, A., … Moffitt, T., & Hariri, A. R. (2019). A polygenic score for higher educational attainment is associated with larger brains. Cerebral Cortex, 29(8), 3496-3504. doi: 10.1093/cercor/bhy219

Romer, A. L., Knodt, A. R., Sison, M. L., Ireland, D., Houts, R., Ramrakha, S., Poulton, R., Keenan, R., Melzer, T. R., … Hariri, A. R. (2019). Replicability of structural brain alterations associated with general psychopathology: Evidence from a population-representative birth cohort. Molecular Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1038/s41380-019-0621-z

Reuben, A., Schaefer, J. D., Moffitt, T. E., Broadbent, J., Harrington, H., Houts, R. M., Ramrakha, S., Poulton, R., & Caspi, A. (2019). Association of childhood lead exposure with adult personality traits and lifelong mental health. JAMA Psychiatry, 76(4), 418-425. doi: 10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.4192

Elliott, M. L., Belsky, D. W., Knodt, A. R., Ireland, D., Melzer, T. R., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., Caspi, A., Moffitt, T. E., & Hariri, A. R. (2019). Brain-age in midlife is associated with accelerated biological aging and cognitive decline in a longitudinal birth cohort. Molecular Psychiatry. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1038/s41380-019-0626-7

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