Public health has been defined as the science and art of preventing disease, prolonging life, and promoting health through the organised efforts of society. The issues which influence public health are often changing and knowledge is constantly evolving.
Increasingly value is being placed upon good health by individuals and communities and there has been a shift towards health status outcomes as goals for health services.
Important considerations in public health
- Environmental awareness
- Increasing focus on Māori health
- Concerns about inequities in health
- Inequality in access to care
- Issues in the provision, distribution, and financing of health services
Public health research
The goal of public health research is to contribute to improving the health of populations. At Otago we have a huge number of researchers working to advance health goals in Aotearoa / New Zealand, and beyond.
Public Health research at Otago looks at key questions
- Finding patterns in our population's health
- Finding out what enhances or detracts from achieving good health
- Finding ways to improve population health overall and reduce the inequalities