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Professor Lloyd Spencer Davis

Lloyd Photo

Stuart Professor of Science Communication

Email lloyd.davis@otago.ac.nz
Tel 64 3 479 7654

Lloyd is an internationally recognized scientist, as well as an award-winning author and filmmaker. Currently the inaugural Stuart Professor of Science Communication at the University of Otago, he has authored 150 refereed publications on topics ranging from behavioural ecology to science communication and science diplomacy. He is regarded as a world authority on penguins and academic honours bestowed upon him have included a Fulbright Fellowship, an Anzac Fellowship and a Prince and Princess of Wales Science Award. Find out more about penguins and Lloyd’s science at www.penguinworld.com

However, he is also an award-winning writer, photographer and filmmaker. His book Penguin: a season in the life of the Adelie penguin won the PEN Best First Book Award for Nonfiction. The Plight of the Penguin won the New Zealand Children's Book of the Year Award. For Looking for Darwin, he was awarded a CLL Writer's Award and Runner Up as the New Zealand Travel Book of the Year. Find out more about Lloyd’s writing at www.lloydspencerdavis.com

Lloyd made his first documentary in 1985, with the then precursor to NHNZ, as Director and Scriptwriter for Eating like a Gannet. He was Producer/Director for Under Galapagos and Director for Meet the Real Penguins, a film that has won 12 major international awards. His latest film, The Guardian of Kinabalu, for which he was co-Producer/Director, is about Kinabalu Park in Borneo. Find out more about Lloyd’s filmmaking at www.naturesvoices.com/filmmaking


Current Teaching


Research Interests


  • Science Diplomacy
  • Frameworks for Science Communication
  • The Science of Wine
  • Communicating Science about National Parks
  •  Communicating Science in Online Videos
  • Using Mobile Filmmaking to Increase Engagement with Science
  • Features of Website Design that Influence the Communication of Science
  • Penguins

Potential Postgraduate Projects


  • I am interested in supervising projects that deal with any of my research interests.

Current PhD Students


  • Kaitlyn Martin – using mobile filmmaking to engage New Zealand school students in science
  • Lei Zhu – enhancing the communication of science in Chinese national parks
  • Susan Hamel – online teaching of science communication

Lloyd's research

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Publications

Patman, R. G., & Davis, L. S. (2017). The advent of science diplomacy. In A. Dinar, R. A. Matthew, C. Harron, K. Goodrich, B. Maharramli & E. Nizkorodov (Eds.), The World Scientific reference on natural resources and environmental policy in the era of global change: The social ecology of the Anthropocene: Continuity and change in global environmental politics (Vol. 2). (pp. 81-98). Singapore: World Scientific. doi: 10.1142/9789813208162_0004

Ramírez, F., Afán, I., Davis, L. S., & Chiaradia, A. (2017). Climate impacts on global hot spots of marine biodiversity. Science Advances, 3(2), e1601198. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1601198

Patman, R. G., & Davis, L. S. (2017). Science diplomacy in the Indo-Pacific region: A mixed but promising experience. Politics & Policy, 45(5), 862-878. doi: 10.1111/polp.12228

Bourk, M., Rock, J., & Davis, L. S. (2017). Mediating the science: Symbolic and structural influences on communicating climate change through New Zealand’s television news. Environmental Communication, 11(6), 821-839. doi: 10.1080/17524032.2015.1058289

Davis, L. S. (2017). Ian George Jamieson, 2 March 1957-2 February 2015 [Obituary]. New Zealand Journal of Ecology, 41(2), 278-283. doi: 10.20417/nzjeco1.41.26

Authored Book - Research

Davis, L. S. (2009). Penguins of New Zealand. Auckland, New Zealand: New Holland, 63p.

Babirat, C., & Davis, L. S. (2008). The business of documentary filmmaking: A practical guide for emerging New Zealand filmmakers. Dunedin, New Zealand: Longacre Press, 184p.

Davis, L. S. (2007). Looking for Darwin. Dunedin, New Zealand: Longacre Press, 280p.

Davis, L. S. (2007). Smithsonian Q & A: Penguins. Harper Collins, 218p.

Davis, L. S., & Renner, M. (2003). Penguins. London: T & A D Poyser, 201p.

Davis, L. S. (2001). The Plight of the Penguin. Dunedin: Longacre Press, 112p.

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Edited Book - Research

Davis, L. S., & Patman, R. G. (Eds.). (2015). Science diplomacy: New day or false dawn? Singapore: World Scientific, 296p.

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Chapter in Book - Research

Patman, R. G., & Davis, L. S. (2017). The advent of science diplomacy. In A. Dinar, R. A. Matthew, C. Harron, K. Goodrich, B. Maharramli & E. Nizkorodov (Eds.), The World Scientific reference on natural resources and environmental policy in the era of global change: The social ecology of the Anthropocene: Continuity and change in global environmental politics (Vol. 2). (pp. 81-98). Singapore: World Scientific. doi: 10.1142/9789813208162_0004

Turekian, V. C., Macindoe, S., Copeland, D., Davis, L. S., Patman, R. G., & Pozza, M. (2015). The emergence of science diplomacy. In L. S. Davis & R. G. Patman (Eds.), Science diplomacy: New day or false dawn? (pp. 3-24). Singapore: World Scientific. doi: 10.1142/9789814440073_0001

Davis, L. S., & Patman, R. G. (2015). New day or false dawn? In L. S. Davis & R. G. Patman (Eds.), Science diplomacy: New day or false dawn? (pp. 261-275). Singapore: World Scientific. doi: 10.1142/9789814440073_0014

Davis, L. S. (2014). Outreach activities by universities as a channel for science communication. In L. Tan Wee Hin & R. Subramaniam (Eds.), Communicating science to the public: Opportunities and challenges for the Asia-Pacific region. (pp. 161-181). Dordrecht: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-94-017-9097-0_10

Davis, L. S. (2013). Erect-crested penguin (Eudyptes sclateri). In P. Garcia Borboroglu & P. D. Boersma (Eds.), Penguins: Natural history and conservation. (pp. 145-151). Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press.

Davis, L. S. (2010). Darwin's voyage on the Beagle. In D. Galloway & J. Timmins (Eds.), Aspects of Darwin: A New Zealand celebration. (pp. 36-44). Dunedin, New Zealand: Friends of the Knox College Library, Hewitson Library, Knox College.

Hutching, G., & Davis, L. S. (2009). People and marine wildlife. In New Zealanders and the sea. (pp. 236-241). Auckland, New Zealand: David Bateman.

Brett, T., Carter, L., Carter, R. M., Darby, J., Davis, L., Dawson, S., Jillett, J., Probert, K., & Spencer, H. (2003). The open sea. In J. T. Darby, R. E. Fordyce, A. F. Mark, P. K. Probert & C. R. Townsend (Eds.), The natural history of Southern New Zealand. (pp. 313-338). Dunedin: University of Otago Press.

Hamel, J., Allen, R., Davis, L. S., McGovern-Wilson, R., Petchey, P., & Smith, I. W. G. (2003). The human factor. In J. T. Darby, R. E. Fordyce, A. F. Mark, P. K. Probert & C. R. Townsend (Eds.), The natural history of Southern New Zealand. (pp. 129-151). Dunedin: University of Otago Press.

Allen, R., Cree, A., Darby, J., Davis, L. S., Patrick, B. H., & Spencer, H. G. (2003). Forests and shrublands. In J. T. Darby, R. E. Fordyce, A. F. Mark, P. K. Probert & C. R. Townsend (Eds.), The natural history of Southern New Zealand. (pp. 153-190). Dunedin: University of Otago Press.

Bustamante, J., Dee Boersma, P., & Davis, L. S. (2002). Feeding chases in penguins. In J. Wright & M. L. Leonard (Eds.), The evolution of begging: competition, cooperation and communication. (pp. 303-318). Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers.

Davis, L. S., & Cuthbert, R. J. (2001). Reproductive ecology of seabirds. In J. H. Steele, S. A. Thorpe & K. K. Turekian (Eds.), Encyclopaedia of Ocean Sciences. (pp. 2663-2669). London: Academic Press.

Davis, L. S. (2001). Sphenisciformes. In J. H. Steele, S. A. Thorpe & K. K. Turekian (Eds.), Encyclopaedia of Ocean Sciences. (pp. 2872-2880). London: Academic Press.

Bradshaw, C. J. A., Purvis, M. K., Raykov, R., Zhou, Q., & Davis, L. S. (2000). Predicting patterns in spatial ecology using neural networks: Modelling colonisation by New Zealand fur seals. In R. Denzer, D. Swayne, M. K. Purvis & G. Schimak (Eds.), Environmental Software Systems - Environmental Information and Decision Support. (pp. 57-65). Boston: Kluwer Academic.

Harcourt, R. G., & Davis, L. S. (1997). The use of satellite telemetry to determine fur seal foraging areas. In M. Hindell & C. Kemper (Eds.), Marine Mammal Research in the Southern Hemisphere. Vol 1: Status, Ecology and Medicine. (pp. 137-142). Chipping Norton, N.S.W.: Surrey Beatty & Sons.

Davis, L. S. (1995). The control of behaviour: Free-running circadian rhythms in the Antarctic summer. In P. Dann, I. Norman & P. Reilly (Eds.), The penguins: Ecology and Management. (pp. 56-72). Surrey Beatty & Sons Pty Limited.

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Journal - Research Article

Ramírez, F., Afán, I., Davis, L. S., & Chiaradia, A. (2017). Climate impacts on global hot spots of marine biodiversity. Science Advances, 3(2), e1601198. doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1601198

Patman, R. G., & Davis, L. S. (2017). Science diplomacy in the Indo-Pacific region: A mixed but promising experience. Politics & Policy, 45(5), 862-878. doi: 10.1111/polp.12228

Szymanski, E. A., & Davis, L. S. (2015). Wine science in the Wild West: information-seeking behaviors and attitudes among Washington state winemakers and growers. Journal of Wine Research, 26(4), 270-286. doi: 10.1080/09571264.2015.1083954

Trathann, P. N., García-Borboroglu, P., Boersma, D., Bost, C.-A., Crawford, R. J. M., Crossin, G. T., … Davis, L. S., … Seddon, P. J., … Wienecke, B. (2015). Pollution, habitat loss, fishing, and climate change as critical threats to penguins. Conservation Biology, 29, 31-41. doi: 10.1111/cobi.12349

Augé, A. A., Chilvers, B. L., Moore, A. B., & Davis, L. S. (2014). Importance of studying foraging site fidelity for spatial conservation measures in a mobile predator. Animal Conservation, 17(1), 61-71. doi: 10.1111/acv.12056

Sides, A., Davis, L., & Rock, J. (2014). Our view of islands: Joining the values of science and society. Ecological Management & Restoration, 15(2), 123-127. doi: 10.1111/emr.12117

Mattern, T., Ellenberg, U., Houston, D. M., Lamare, M., Davis, L. S., van Heezik, Y., & Seddon, P. J. (2013). Straight line foraging in yellow-eyed penguins: New insights into cascading fisheries effects and orientation capabilities of marine predators. PLoS ONE, 8(12), e84381. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084381

Rifkin, W., Longnecker, N., Leach, J., & Davis, L. (2012). Assigning students to publish on the web: Examples, hurdles, and needs. Journal of the NUS Teaching Academy, 2(2), 79-94.

Melzer, S., Davis, L. S., & Bishop, P. J. (2012). Cutaneous gland secretions of Leiopelma pakeka as a potential mechanism against rat predation. New Zealand Journal of Zoology, 39(4), 329-339. doi: 10.1080/03014223.2012.665809

Augé, A. A., Lalas, C., Davis, L. S., & Chilvers, B. L. (2012). Autumn diet of recolonising female New Zealand sea lions based at Otago Peninsula, South Island, New Zealand. New Zealand Journal of Marine & Freshwater Research, 41(6), 97-110. doi: 10.1080/00288330.2011.606326

Ellenberg, U., Mattern, T., Houston, D. M., Davis, L. S., & Seddon, P. J. (2012). Previous experiences with humans affect responses of Snares Penguins to experimental disturbance. Journal of Ornithology, 153(3), 621-631. doi: 10.1007/s10336-011-0780-4

Augé, A. A., Chilvers, B. L., Davis, L. S., & Moore, A. B. (2011). In the shallow end: Diving behaviour of recolonising female New Zealand sea lions (Phocarctos hookeri) around the Otago Peninsula. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 89(12), 1195-1205. doi: 10.1139/z11-098

Augé, A. A., Chilvers, B. L., Moore, A. B., & Davis, L. (2011). Foraging behaviour indicates marginal marine habitat for New Zealand sea lions: Remnant versus recolonising populations. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 432, 247-256. doi: 10.3354/meps09176

Kerr, J. R., & Davis, L. S. (2011). Benzylpiperazine in New Zealand: Brief history and current implications. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 41(1), 155-164. doi: 10.1080/03036758.2011.557036

Davis, L. S. (2010). Science communication: A "Down Under" perspective. Japanese Journal of Science Communication, 7, 65-71.

Rifkin, W., Longnecker, N., Leach, J., Davis, L., & Orthia, L. (2010). Students publishing in new media: Eight hypotheses: A house of cards? International Journal of Innovation in Science & Mathematics Education, 18(1), 43-54.

Mattern, T., Houston, D. M., Lalas, C., Setiawan, A. N., & Davis, L. S. (2009). Diet composition, continuity in prey availability and marine habitat: Keystones to population stability in the Snares Penguin (Eudyptes robustus). Emu, 109, 204-213. doi: 10.1071/mu08001

Mulder, H. A. J., Longnecker, N., & Davis, L. S. (2008). The state of science communication programs at universities around the world. Science Communication, 30(2), 277-287.

Massaro, M., Setiawan, A. N., & Davis, L. S. (2007). Effects of artificial eggs on prolactin secretion, steroid levels, brood patch development, incubation onset and clutch size in the yellow-eyed penguin (Megadyptes antipodes). General & Comparative Endocrinology, 151, 220-229. doi: 10.1016/j.ygcen.2007.01.034

Mattern, T., Ellenberg, U., Houston, D. M., & Davis, L. S. (2007). Consistent foraging routes and benthic foraging behaviour in yellow-eyed penguins. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 343, 295-306. doi: 10.3354/meps06954

Setiawan, A. N., Davis, L. S., Darby, J. T., Lokman, P. M., Young, G., Blackberry, M. A., … Martin, G. B. (2007). Effects of artificial social stimuli on the reproductive schedule and hormone levels of yellow-eyed penguins (Megadyptes antipodes). Hormones & Behavior, 51, 46-53.

Davis, L. S. (2007). Popularizing Antarctic science: Impact factors and penguins. Aquatic Conservation, 17(Suppl. 1), S148-S164. doi: 10.1002/aqc.916

Wheatley, K. E., Bradshaw, C. J. A., Davis, L. S., Harcourt, R. G., & Hindell, M. A. (2006). Influence of maternal mass and condition on energy transfer in Weddell seals. Journal of Animal Ecology, 75(3), 724-733. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2006.01093.x

Wheatley, K. E., Bradshaw, C. J. A., Harcourt, R. G., Davis, L. S., & Hindell, M. A. (2006). Chemical immobilization of adult female Weddell seals with tiletamine and zolazepam: Effects of age, condition and stage of lactation. BMC Veterinary Research, 2, 8. doi: 10.1186/1746-6148-2-8

Massaro, M., Davis, L. S., & Davidson, R. S. (2006). Plasticity of brood patch development and its influence on incubation periods in the yellow-eyed penguin Megadyptes antipodes: An experimental approach. Journal of Avian Biology, 37(5), 497-506. doi: 10.1111/j.0908-8857.2006.03783.x

Setiawan, A. N., Davis, L. S., Darby, J. T., Lokman, P. M., Young, G., Blackberry, M. A., … Martin, G. B. (2006). Hormonal correlates of parental behavior in yellow-eyed penguins (Megadyptes antipodes). Comparative Biochemistry & Physiology Part A, 145, 357-362.

Waugh, S., Filippi, D., Fukuda, A., Suzuki, M., Higuchi, H., Setiawan, A., & Davis, L. (2005). Foraging of royal albatrosses, Diomedea epomophora, from the Otago Peninsula and its relationships to fisheries. Canadian Journal of Fisheries & Aquatic Sciences, 62, 1410-1421.

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