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Associate Professor Anna Carr

Associate Professor (Co-Director, Centre for Recreation Research) Ngapuhi, Ngati RuanuiAnna Carr 2017 LoRes

Office OBS 2.32
Tel +64 3 479 8057
Email anna.carr@otago.ac.nz

Read more about Anna on the CRR Otago website.

Anna serves as the Director of the Masters of Tourism and is Kaiawhina Māori for the Tourism Department. External editorial board appointments are with Tourism in Marine Environments, Journal of Ecotourism and the Journal of Heritage Tourism.

Background

Before academia Anna was owner-operator of two adventure tourism businesses. She had several years’ experience working in various tourism businesses and NZ national parks for the Departments of Conservation and Lands and Survey. From 2008 she was co-director of the Centre for Recreation Research with Dr Brent Lovelock. Since early 2014 she has been a government Ministerial appointment to the Otago Conservation Board. Anna has been a visiting researcher at the University of Stavanger (Norway), University of Edinburgh (UK), Harstad Hogskollin (Norway), University of Alberta, and University of Northern British Columbia (Canada).

Research interests

Anna’s research interests are focused on three areas:

  • Tourism and recreation in protected areas
  • Cultural landscapes
  • Indigenous/community tourism development

Current research projects

  • Royal Society New Zealand Marsden (2020–2024), "Bad nature": The social dimensions of invasive alien species and their management in New Zealand. Prof. B. Lovelock, PI. Anna is involved as an associate investigator with a three year Marsden project investigating the intersections between tourism/recreation, invasive species and ecosystems.
  • Assoc. Prof. C. Mason, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, and W. Snow, Nakoda First Nations, Indigenous Peoples and Mountain Parks, Canadian Mountain Research Network.

For further information please visit:

Completed research projects (last 5 years)

  • Co-investigator with Dr Courtney Mason, Thompson Rivers University, Kamloops, and William Snow, Nakoda First Nations, SSHRC Insight Development Grant, Canadian Government “Contested Boundaries, Indigenous Peoples, Tourism and Protected Areas in Canada and New Zealand”.  (2017–2019).
  • Associate Investigator with Primary Investigator Dr Anne Ford, Professor Glenn Summerhayes (Dept. of Anthropology and Archaeology), Nyssa Mildwaters (Otago Museum), “Promoting Cultural Heritage for Sustainable Tourism Development”, New Zealand Institute for Pacific Research, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade.  (2017–2019).
  • Associate Investigator Nga Pae o Te Maramatanga The intergenerational reality for Māori Small and medium sized enterprises (SME): Building resilience of Māori SMEs for the future. Affairs and Trade. (2016–2020)

PhD supervision: current

  • Dowsett, C, (2020–) Bad Nature, RSNZ Marsden, (Carr: Lovelock 50:50)
  • Spall, M. (2020–) Bad Nature, RSNZ Marsden, (Carr: Lovelock 50:50)
  • Rahmani, Z. (2019–) Online retreats and wellbeing. (Carr: Houge-Thyne-Filep 50:50) University of Otago International Scholarship recipient.
  • Nautiyal, R. (2019–) Yoga, wellbeing and destination development. (Albrecht: Carr 50:50)
  • Johansen, K. (2013–) WOOFERS: Volunteer Tourism or Service Learning? An Examination of Sustainable Food Consumption and Alternative Food Network Participation Trends Pre and Post Experience (primary supervisor, Thompson Duncan 50:50)

PhD supervision: completed

  • Massacesi, C. (2021) Food Heritagisation and Tourism. Following the Cheese in the Italian Dolomites.
  • Arif Hoque, (2020) Community-based indigenous tourism, NGOs and indigenous poverty in Bangladesh.
  • Steve Parker (2020) Yoga experiences of New Zealand men.
  • Zhu, Lei (2020) Visual appeal: How the characteristics of photographs can affect science communication in Chinese national parks.
  • Prasetyo, N. (2019) Dive tourism and indigenous Traditional Ecological Knowledge; a case study of Raja Ampat Indonesia.
  • Kutzner, D. (2018) Climate Change and nature tourism sector responsiveness.
  • Hagen, S. (2017) Mountain Bike Affect Mud, Mayhem, Mountain Bikes and Moustaches.
  • Cavaliere, C. (2014), Agro-ecoforestry and ecotourism.
  • Whitney-Squire, K. (2014) The Role of Language in Sustainable Community - based on Aboriginal Tourism Development.
  • Ananayo, Jovel (2013) World Heritage Management and Stakeholder collaboration/perception – The Ifuago Rice Terraces, the Philippines
  • Boonabaana, B. (2012), Entrepreneurial women in community based tourism in Uganda, Lecturer at Makarere University, Uganda.
  • Carnicelli Filho, S. (2011) White-water rafting guides and emotional labour, now Lecturer at University of Western Scotland.
  • Chaderopa, C. (2011) Social Space and Grand Limpopo Transfrontier Conservation Area, University of Otago international scholarship recipient. Lecturer at Waiareki Polytechnic.
  • Taylor, S. (2010) Mountain bikers and Destination Choice Theory, Researcher University of Highlands and Islands, Fort William.
  • Reis, A. (2010) Stewart Island wildlife tourism interactions, Post Doctoral Research Fellow Southern Cross University, Australia, 2011.
  • Amoamo, M. (2009) Cultural Tourism and Regional Identity, Awarded Post Doctoral Fellowship, Te Tumu, University of Otago, 2010–2012.
  • Haase, D. (2008) Monitoring Tourism in Antarctica, awarded December 2008 Academic Dean’s List. Lecturer at University of Canterbury.
  • Grahn, A. (2011) Edu-cultural tourists in Africa, Lecturer at University of Stavanger.  

Masters supervision: completed

  • Lakhan, N. (2020) Online Museum Experiences.
  • Chan T. (2020) Taught Masters in Tourism, Exchange Students experiences of Dunedin NZ.
  • Dong, S. (2020) Taught Masters in Tourism, Heritage Architourism.
  • Li, Y. (2019) Taught Masters in Tourism, Chinese Visitors’ Cultural values and Destination Choice.
  • Heinz, L. (2019) Taught Masters in Tourism dissertation awarded with Distinction, Accommodation providers in the Waitaki Valley and sustainable management.
  • Zhou, R. (2018) Taught Masters in Tourism dissertation Chinese cycle tourism in NZ.
  • H. Cao, Taught Masters in Tourism thesis Chinese Demand for Great Walks, October 2016–March 2017
  • Han Zhang, Taught Masters in Tourism thesis Dark Sky Tourism and the Chinese Visitor Market, October 2016–March 2017
  • V Leslie. Reaching for the Stars, an examination of Dark Sky tourism, 2013–2014. 
  • T Staffeld. Experiences of the Central Otago Rail Trail, 2012–2013. 
  • Breidi Hodge. Prison Tourism: Cashing in on Crime, 2011–2012.
  • Tupe Tagamoa. Samoa and Ecotourism, 2009–2010.
  • Magnus Kjelsberg. Aircraft management and recreational experiences in Aoraki Mt Cook National Park, 2008–2009.
  • Gillian Stein. Transport access in the Catlins, 2007–2008.
  • Iklee Ismail. Ecotourism in the Maldives, 2007–2008.
  • Fiona MacDonald. SMEs and Business Planning (Ministry of Tourism scholarship recipient).
  • Dan Benn. Wellness Tourism, 2005–2008.
  • Gerald Sides. Genealogy Tourism, 2005–2007.
  • Yuthasak Chatkaewnapanon. A tourism historiography of Koh Samui.
  • Michael Grace. Antarctic Gateways - Hobart and Christchurch, 2004–2005.

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Publications

Zhu, L., Davis, L. S., & Carr, A. (2021). A picture is not always worth a thousand words: The visual quality of photographs affects the effectiveness of interpretive signage for science communication. Public Understanding of Science. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/0963662520982535

Hoque, M. A., Lovelock, B., & Carr, A. (2020). Alleviating indigenous poverty through tourism: The role of NGOs. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/09669582.2020.1860070

Carr, A. (2020). AOTEAROA: A post-COVID nature-centric world. ATLAS Tourism & Leisure Review, 2020(2), 30-36.

Prasetyo, N., Carr, A., & Filep, S. (2020). Indigenous knowledge in marine ecotourism development: The case of Sasi Laut, Misool, Indonesia. Tourism Planning & Development, 17(1), 46-61. doi: 10.1080/21568316.2019.1604424

Carr, A. (2020). COVID-19, indigenous peoples and tourism: A view from New Zealand. Tourism Geographies, 22(3), 491-502. doi: 10.1080/14616688.2020.1768433

Edited Book - Research

Strack, M., Wheen, N., Lovelock, B., & Carr, A. (Eds.). (2018). Riverscapes: Research essays on the social context of southern catchments of Aotearoa New Zealand. Dunedin, New Zealand: University of Otago, 102p.

Carr, A., Ruhanen, L., Whitford, M., & Lane, B. (Eds.). (2018). Sustainable tourism and indigenous peoples. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 318p.

Whitford, M., Ruhanen, L., & Carr, A. (Eds.). (2017). Indigenous tourism: Cases from Australia and New Zealand. Oxford, UK: Goodfellow, 246p.

Mostafanezhad, M., Norum, R., Shelton, E. J., & Thompson-Carr, A. (Eds.). (2016). Political ecology of tourism: Community, power and the environment. Abingdon, UK: Routledge, 328p.

Musa, G., Higham, J., & Thompson-Carr, A. (Eds.). (2015). Mountaineering tourism. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 358p.

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Chapter in Book - Research

Carr, A., Ruhanen, L., & Whitford, M. (2018). Indigenous peoples and tourism: The challenges and opportunities for sustainable tourism. In A. Carr, L. Ruhanen, M. Whitford & B. Lane (Eds.), Sustainable tourism and indigenous peoples. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Whitford, M., Ruhanen, L., & Carr, A. (2017). Introduction to indigenous tourism in Australia and New Zealand. In M. Whitford, L. Ruhanen & A. Carr (Eds.), Indigenous tourism: Cases from Australia and New Zealand. (pp. 1-8). Oxford, UK: Goodfellow.

Carr, A. (2017). Maori tourism in New Zealand. In M. Whitford, L. Ruhanen & A. Carr (Eds.), Indigenous tourism: Cases from Australia and New Zealand. (pp. 145-161). Oxford, UK: Goodfellow.

Norum, R., Mostafanezhad, M., Shelton, E. J., & Thompson-Carr, A. (2016). Conclusion: Towards future intersections of tourism studies and political ecology. In M. Mostafanezhad, R. Norum, E. J. Shelton & A. Thompson-Carr (Eds.), Political ecology of tourism: Community, power and the environment. (pp. 302-308). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Mostafanezhad, M., Norum, R., Shelton, E. J., & Thompson-Carr, A. (2016). Introduction. In M. Mostafanezhad, R. Norum, E. J. Shelton & A. Thompson-Carr (Eds.), Political ecology of tourism: Community, power and the environment. (pp. 1-21). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Thompson-Carr, A. (2016). Introduction to communities and power. In M. Mostafanezhad, R. Norum, E. J. Shelton & A. Thompson-Carr (Eds.), Political ecology of tourism: Community, power and the environment. (pp. 25-30). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Thompson-Carr, A. (2015). Guided mountaineering. In G. Musa, J. Higham & A. Thompson-Carr (Eds.), Mountaineering tourism. (pp. 85-100). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

Higham, J., Thompson-Carr, A., & Musa, G. (2015). Mountaineering tourism: Activity, people and place. In G. Musa, J. Higham & A. Thompson-Carr (Eds.), Mountaineering tourism. (pp. 1-16). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

Musa, G., Thompson-Carr, A., & Higham, J. (2015). Mountaineering tourism: Looking to the horizon. In G. Musa, J. Higham & A. Thompson-Carr (Eds.), Mountaineering tourism. (pp. 328-348). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

Thompson-Carr, A. (2013). Māori tourism: A case study of managing indigenous cultural values. In M. Smith & G. Richards (Eds.), The Routledge handbook of cultural tourism. (pp. 227-235). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Lemelin, R. H., Thompson-Carr, A., Johnston, M., Stewart, E., & Dawson, J. (2013). Indigenous people: Discussing the forgotten dimension of dark tourism and battlefield tourism. In D. K. Müller, L. Lundmark & R. H. Lemelin (Eds.), New issues in polar tourism: Communities, environments, politics. (pp. 205-215). Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer. doi: 10.1007/978-94-007-5884-1

Thompson, A. (2011). Transforming merino country in the MacKenzie. In J. Ruru, J. Stephenson & M. Abbot (Eds.), Making our place: Exploring land-use tensions in Aotearoa New Zealand. (pp. 159-171). Dunedin, New Zealand: Otago University Press.

Liggett, D., McIntosh, A., Thompson, A., Storey, B., & Gilbert, N. (2010). Stakeholder perspectives on the governance of Antarctic cruise tourism. In M. Lück, P. T. Maher & E. J. Stewart (Eds.), Cruise tourism in Polar regions: Promoting environmental and social sustainability? (pp. 167-180). London: Earthscan.

Orams, M., & Carr, A. (2008). Marine ecotourism. In M. Lück (Ed.), The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments. (pp. 288-290). Wallingford, UK: CABI.

Carr, A. (2008). Sea kayaking. In M. Lück (Ed.), The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments. (pp. 415-416). Wallingford, UK: CABI.

Carr, A. (2008). Sea Kayak Operators' Association of New Zealand (SKOANZ). In M. Lück (Ed.), The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments. (pp. 415). Wallingford, UK: CABI.

Carr, A. (2008). Waka. In M. Lück (Ed.), The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments. (pp. 511). Wallingford, UK: CABI.

Carr, A. (2008). Cultural landscape values as a heritage tourism resource. In B. Prideaux, D. J. Timothy & K. Chon (Eds.), Cultural and heritage tourism in Asia and the Pacific. (pp. 35-48). Abingdon, UK: Routledge.

Carr, A. (2008). Kayak. In M. Lück (Ed.), The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments. (pp. 261-262). Wallingford, UK: CABI.

Carr, A. (2008). Maritime museum. In M. Lück (Ed.), The encyclopedia of tourism and recreation in marine environments. (pp. 311-312). Wallingford, UK: CABI.

Carr, A. (2007). Negotiating the obstacles: Owner/operator perspectives on 'nature' tourism in New Zealand. In J. Higham (Ed.), Critical issues in ecotourism: Understanding a complex tourism phenomenon. (pp. 406-427). Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Carr, A. (2007). Māori nature tourism businesses: Connecting with the land. In R. Butler & T. Hinch (Eds.), Tourism and indigenous peoples: Issues and implications. (pp. 113-127). Oxford, UK: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Carr, A. (2006). Lakes, myths and legends: The relationship between tourism and cultural values for water in Aotearoa / New Zealand. In C. M. Hall & T. Härkönen (Eds.), Lake tourism: An integrated approach to lacustrine tourism systems. (pp. 83-100). Clevedon: Channel View Publications.

Carr, A. (2004). New Zealand: Overview of SMEs in tourism. In A. Morrison & R. Thomas (Eds.), SMEs in tourism: An international review. (pp. 47-51). Arnhem, The Netherlands: Association for Leisure and Tourism Education.

Carr, A. (2003). Accreditation. In J. M. Jenkins & J. J. Pigram (Eds.), Encyclopedia of leisure and outdoor recreation. (pp. 4). London: Routledge.

Carr, A. (2003). Certification. In J. M. Jenkins & J. J. Pigram (Eds.), Encyclopedia of leisure and outdoor recreation. (pp. 47-48). London: Routledge.

Higham, J. E. S., & Carr, A. (2003). The scope and scale of ecotourism in New Zealand: A review and consideration of current policy initiatives. In D. A. Fennell & R. K. Dowling (Eds.), Ecotourism policy and planning. (pp. 235-254). Wallingford, Oxon: CABI Publishing.

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Chapter in Book - Other

Carr, A. (2007). Mountain places, cultural spaces: The interpretation of culturally significant landscapes [Reprint from Carr, A. (2004). Mountain places, cultural spaces: The interpretation of culturally significant landscapes. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 12, 432-459.]. In D. J. Timothy (Ed.), Managing heritage and cultural tourism resources: Critical essays (Vol. 1). (pp. 75-102). Farnham, UK: Ashgate.

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Journal - Research Article

Zhu, L., Davis, L. S., & Carr, A. (2021). A picture is not always worth a thousand words: The visual quality of photographs affects the effectiveness of interpretive signage for science communication. Public Understanding of Science. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1177/0963662520982535

Hoque, M. A., Lovelock, B., & Carr, A. (2020). Alleviating indigenous poverty through tourism: The role of NGOs. Journal of Sustainable Tourism. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1080/09669582.2020.1860070

Carr, A. (2020). COVID-19, indigenous peoples and tourism: A view from New Zealand. Tourism Geographies, 22(3), 491-502. doi: 10.1080/14616688.2020.1768433

Prasetyo, N., Carr, A., & Filep, S. (2020). Indigenous knowledge in marine ecotourism development: The case of Sasi Laut, Misool, Indonesia. Tourism Planning & Development, 17(1), 46-61. doi: 10.1080/21568316.2019.1604424

Carr, A. (2020). AOTEAROA: A post-COVID nature-centric world. ATLAS Tourism & Leisure Review, 2020(2), 30-36.

Melubo, K., & Carr, A. (2019). Developing indigenous tourism in the bomas: Critiquing issues from within the Maasai community in Tanzania. Journal of Heritage Tourism, 14(3), 219-232. doi: 10.1080/1743873X.2018.1533557

Lovelock, B., Jellum, C., Carr, A., & Jowett, T. (2019). An exploration of commitment in nature-based recreation, and its relationship with participation and purchase behaviour. Annals of Leisure Research, 22(3), 373-394. doi: 10.1080/11745398.2018.1537853

Rose, J., & Carr, A. (2018). Political ecologies of leisure: A critical approach to nature-society relations in leisure studies. Annals of Leisure Research, 21(3), 265-283. doi: 10.1080/11745398.2018.1428110

Whitney-Gould, K., Wright, P., Alsop, J. G., & Carr, A. (2018). Community assessment of Indigenous language-based tourism projects in Haida Gwaii (British Columbia, Canada). Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 26(11), 1909-1927. doi: 10.1080/09669582.2018.1526292

Lovelock, B., Jellum, C., & Carr, A. (2018). Pulling the pin on active outdoor leisure: Building an understanding of leisure abandonment from the narratives of outdoor recreationists. Leisure Sciences, 40(5), 406-422. doi: 10.1080/01490400.2016.1229640

Lovelock, B., Walters, T., Jellum, C., & Thompson-Carr, A. (2016). The participation of children, adolescents, and young adults in nature-based recreation. Leisure Sciences, 38(5), 441-460. doi: 10.1080/01490400.2016.1151388

Carr, A., Ruhanen, L., & Whitford, M. (2016). Indigenous peoples and tourism: The challenges and opportunities for sustainable tourism. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 24(8-9), 1067-1079. doi: 10.1080/09669582.2016.1206112

Lovelock, B., Jellum, C., Thompson, A., & Lovelock, K. (2013). Could immigrants care less about the environment? A comparison of the environmental values of immigrant and native-born New Zealanders. Society & Natural Resources, 26(4), 402-419. doi: 10.1080/08941920.2012.697979

Thompson-Carr, A. (2012). Aoraki/Mt Cook and the Mackenzie Basin’s transition from wilderness to tourist place. Journal of Tourism Consumption & Practice, 4(1), 30-58.

Reis, A. C., Thompson-Carr, A., & Lovelock, B. (2012). Parks and families: Addressing management facilitators and constraints to outdoor recreation participation. Annals of Leisure Research, 15(4), 315-334. doi: 10.1080/11745398.2012.737299

Lovelock, B., Lovelock, K., Jellum, C., & Thompson, A. (2012). Immigrants’ experiences of nature-based recreation in New Zealand. Annals of Leisure Research, 15(3), 204-226. doi: 10.1080/11745398.2012.716618

Liggett, D., McIntosh, A., Thompson, A., Gilbert, N., & Storey, B. (2011). From frozen continent to tourism hotspot? Five decades of Antarctic tourism development and management, and a glimpse into the future. Tourism Management, 32(2), 357-366. doi: 10.1016/j.tourman.2010.03.005

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