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Elaine Hargreaves

Elaine Hargreaves ImageAssociate Professor
BSc(Hons)(Glasgow) PhD(Wales)
Tel +64 3 479 8941
Email elaine.hargreaves@otago.ac.nz

Background

Elaine Hargreaves (Nee Rose) is very proudly Scottish and joined the School in 2002 after completing her PhD in Exercise Psychology at the University of Wales, Bangor. Elaine is the School’s Associate Dean Curriculum and serves as an Associate Editor of the European Journal of Sport Sciences and on the Editorial Board of the Applied Journal of Sport Psychology. She is married to Gareth and has two girls and in practicing what she teaches and researches, will regularly be found being physically active in Dunedin’s beautiful outdoors.

Teaching

Research

Elaine’s research speciality is in the psychology of physical activity with a focus on understanding and promoting behaviour change. Her research spans across three main areas:

  1. Applying behaviour change principles in interventions to improve physical activity and other healthy lifestyle behaviours and to explore the psychological mechanisms explaining behaviour change. Current projects include, the Rugby Fans in Training – NZ programme a healthy lifestyle intervention for men based in the professional rugby context funded by the Health Research Council and the development of an intervention to encourage office-based employees to do short bouts of activity after every 30 min of sitting funded by a University of Otago research grant.
  2. The role of affective responses in motivating physical activity behaviour. This work is underpinned by the hypothesis that an individual’s past, ongoing and expected affective experiences of physical activity are integral in determining future behavioural decisions. Elaine is particularly interested in how to structure the exercise experience to maximise positive affective responses and understand the psychological mechanisms through which positive affect impacts on behavioural decisions.
  3. Exploring motivation to adopt and maintain physical activity using the framework of Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985). Recent projects have examined the relationships between autonomous motivation and psychological flexibility and the relationships between need support and autonomous motivation.

Elaine welcomes post-graduate students with an interest in the psychology of physical activity.

Potential students may like to consult the University of Otago scholarships webpage to check eligibility for international and domestic student scholarships.

Postgraduate students

  • Amanda Calder, PhD 2019. The Affect Of Exercise Past, Present, And Future: The Role Of Affective Memory And Affective Forecast In The Affective Response-Physical Activity Behaviour Relation.
  • Matthew Jenkins, PhD 2018. ACTing with Self-Determination: Psychological Flexibility and Motivation for Physical Activity.
  • Kirsty Hayr, MDiet 2018. Perspectives on Integrating Activity Breaks into the Work Day: A Focus Group Study of University of Otago Employees Working in Sedentary Occupations (co-supervisor).
  • Hannah Martin, MDiet 2018. Motivational profiles for eating behaviour and their associations with intuitive eating and body mass index in New Zealand women (co-supervisor).



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Publications

Hargreaves, E. A., Haszard, J. J., Shaw, S., & Peddie, M. C. (2021). Protocol for a pilot trial to assess the feasibility of the Move More @ Work intervention to encourage employees to take the opportunity to move (be physically active) after every 30 min of sitting. Pilot & Feasibility Studies, 7, 172. doi: 10.1186/s40814-021-00903-2

Jenkins, M., Houge Mackenzie, S., Hodge, K., Hargreaves, E. A., Calverley, J. R., & Lee, C. (2021). Physical activity and psychological well-being during the COVID-19 lockdown: Relationships with motivational quality and nature contexts. Frontiers in Sports & Active Living, 3, 637576. doi: 10.3389/fspor.2021.637576

Hargreaves, E. (2020, December). Rugby fans in Training New Zealand (RuFIT-NZ): A randomised controlled trial of a healthy lifestyle program for overweight men delivered through professional rugby clubs in New Zealand. Verbal presentation at the Men's Health Colloquium: Advancing Advocacy to Enhance Men's Health in NZ, Dunedin, New Zealand.

Hargreaves, E. A., Marsh, S., Jiang, Y., Calder, A. J., Wyke, S., Gray, C. M., … Maddison, R. (2020). Rugby Fans in Training New Zealand (RuFIT-NZ): A randomized controlled trial of a healthy lifestyle program for overweight men delivered through professional rugby clubs in New Zealand. Journal of Sport & Exercise Science, Suppl., (pp. 32-33). [Abstract]

Prout, J., Cotter, J., Gibbons, T., Kissling, L., Akerman, A., Hargreaves, E., Campbell, H., Lamberts, R., … Sims, S. (2020). Comparing the effectiveness of 9-day passive vs. active heat acclimation. Journal of Sport & Exercise Science, Suppl., (pp. 29). [Abstract]

Hargreaves, E. A., & Waumsley, J. A. (2013). Psychology of physical activity-related injuries. In M. Arvinen-Barrow & N. Walker (Eds.), The psychology of sport injury and rehabilitation. (pp. 185-198). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

Chapter in Book - Research

Jenkins, M., Houge Mackenzie, S., Hodge, K., Hargreaves, E. A., Calverley, J. R., & Lee, C. (2021). Physical activity and psychological well-being during the COVID-19 lockdown: Relationships with motivational quality and nature contexts. Frontiers in Sports & Active Living, 3, 637576. doi: 10.3389/fspor.2021.637576

Journal - Research Article

Calder, A. J., Hargreaves, E. A., & Hodge, K. (2020). Great expectations: A qualitative analysis of the factors that influence affective forecasts for exercise. International Journal of Environmental Research & Public Health, 17(2), 551. doi: 10.3390/ijerph17020551

Journal - Research Article

Cox, A. E., Ullrich-French, S., Hargreaves, E. A., & McMahon, A. K. (2020). The effects of mindfulness and music on affective responses to self-paced treadmill walking. Sport, Exercise, & Performance Psychology, 9(4), 571-584. doi: 10.1037/spy0000192

Journal - Research Article

Hargreaves, E. A., Hayr, K. T., Jenkins, M., Perry, T., & Peddie, M. (2020). Interrupting sedentary time in the workplace using regular short activity breaks: Practicality from an employee perspective. Journal of Occupational & Environmental Medicine, 62(4), 317-324. doi: 10.1097/jom.0000000000001832

Journal - Research Article

Jenkins, M., Hargreaves, E. A., & Hodge, K. (2020). Examining the relationships among cognitive acceptance, behavioral commitment, autonomous extrinsic motivation, and physical activity. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 42(3), 177-184. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2018-0276

Journal - Research Article

Jenkins, M., Hargreaves, E. A., & Hodge, K. (2019). The role of psychological flexibility in physical activity maintenance. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 41, 185-193. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2018-0311

Journal - Research Article

Maddison, R., Hargreaves, E. A., Wyke, S., Gray, C. M., Hunt, K., Heke, J. I., … Marsh, S. (2019). Rugby Fans in Training New Zealand (RUFIT-NZ): A pilot randomized controlled trial of a healthy lifestyle program for overweight men delivered through professional rugby clubs in New Zealand. BMC Public Health, 19, 166. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-6472-3

Journal - Research Article

Elsangedy, H. M., Machado, D. G. D. S., Krinski, K., Duarte do Nascimento, P. H., De Amorim Oliveira, G. T., Santos, T. M., Hargreaves, E. A., & Parfitt, G. (2018). Let the pleasure guide your resistance training intensity. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 50(7), 1472-1479. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001573

Journal - Research Article

Hargreaves, E. A., Mutrie, N., & Fleming, J. D. (2016). A web-based intervention to encourage walking (StepWise): Pilot randomized controlled trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 5(1), e14. doi: 10.2196/resprot.4288

Journal - Research Article

Dawson, A. M., Brown, D. A., Cox, A., Williams, S. M., Treacy, L., Haszard, J., Meredith-Jones, K., Hargreaves, E., Taylor, B. J., Ross, J., & Taylor, R. W. (2014). Using motivational interviewing for weight feedback to parents of young children. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 50(6), 461-470. doi: 10.1111/jpc.12518

Journal - Research Article

Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., Hargreaves, E. A., & Ng, J. Y. Y. (2014). Comparing sport motivation scales: A response to Pelletier et al. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 15(5), 446-452. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.03.006

Journal - Research Article

Hargreaves, E. A., & Stych, K. (2013). Exploring the peak and end rule of past affective episodes within the exercise context. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 14(2), 169-178. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.10.003

Journal - Research Article

Hodge, K., Hargreaves, E. A., Gerrard, D., & Lonsdale, C. (2013). Psychological mechanisms underlying doping attitudes in sport: Motivation and moral disengagement. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 35(4), 419-432.

Journal - Research Article

Parfitt, G., Blisset, A., Rose, E. A., & Eston, R. (2012). Physiological and perceptual responses to affect-regulated exercise in healthy young women. Psychophysiology, 49(1), 104-110. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2011.01287.x

Journal - Research Article

Rose, E. A., & Parfitt, G. (2012). Exercise experience influences affective and motivational outcomes of prescribed and self-selected intensity exercise. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 22(2), 265-277. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01161.x

Journal - Research Article

Rose, E. A., & Parfitt, G. (2010). Pleasant for some and unpleasant for others: A protocol analysis of the cognitive factors that influence affective responses to exercise. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity, 7. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-7-15

Journal - Research Article

Taylor, R. W., Brown, D., Dawson, A. M., Haszard, J., Cox, A., Rose, E. A., Taylor, B. J., Meredith-Jones, K., Treacy, L., Ross, J., & Williams, S. M. (2010). Motivational interviewing for screening and feedback and encouraging lifestyle changes to reduce relative weight in 4-8 year old children: Design of the MInT study. BMC Public Health, 10, 271. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-271

Journal - Research Article

Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., & Rose, E. (2009). Athlete burnout in elite sport: A self-determination perspective. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(8), 785-795. doi: 10.1080/02640410902929366

Journal - Research Article

Anglem, N., Lucas, S. J. E., Rose, E. A., & Cotter, J. D. (2008). Mood, illness and injury responses and recovery with adventure racing. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine, 19(19), 30-38.

Journal - Research Article

Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., & Rose, E. A. (2008). The Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ): Instrument development and initial validity evidence. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 30(3), 323-355.

Journal - Research Article

Rose, E. A., & Parfitt, G. (2008). Can the feeling scale be used to regulate exercise intensity? Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 40(10), 1852-1860.

Journal - Research Article

Rose, E. A., & Parfitt, G. (2007). A quantitative analysis and qualitative explanation of the individual differences in affective responses to prescribed and self-selected exercise intensities. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 29, 281-309.

Journal - Research Article

Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., & Rose, E. A. (2006). Pixels vs. paper: Comparing online and traditional survey methods in sport psychology. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 28, 100-108.

Journal - Research Article

Parfitt, G., Rose, E. A., & Burgess, W. M. (2006). The psychological and physiological responses of sedentary individuals to prescribed and preferred intensity exercise. British Journal of Health Psychology, 11, 39-53.

Journal - Research Article

Forsyth, G., Handcock, P., Rose, E., & Jenkins, C. (2005). Fitness instructors: How does their knowledge on weight loss measure up? Health Education Journal, 64(2), 154-167.

Journal - Research Article

Rose, E. A., Parfitt, G., & Williams, S. (2005). Exercise causality orientations, behavioural regulation for exercise and stage of change for exercise: Exploring their relationships. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 6, 399-414.

Journal - Research Article

Rose, E. A., Markland, D., & Parfitt, G. (2001). The development and initial validation of the exercise causality orientation scale. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19(6), 445-462.

Journal - Research Article

Parfitt, G., Rose, E. A., & Markland, D. (2000). The effect of prescribed and preferred intensity exercise on psychological affect and the influence of baseline measures of affect. Journal of Health Psychology, 5(2), 231-240.

Journal - Research Article

Hargreaves, E. A., Haszard, J. J., Shaw, S., & Peddie, M. C. (2021). Protocol for a pilot trial to assess the feasibility of the Move More @ Work intervention to encourage employees to take the opportunity to move (be physically active) after every 30 min of sitting. Pilot & Feasibility Studies, 7, 172. doi: 10.1186/s40814-021-00903-2

Journal - Research Other

Maddison, R., Hargreaves, E. A., Jiang, Y., Calder, A. J., Wyke, S., Gray, C. M., … Jenkins, M., & Marsh, S. (2020). Rugby Fans in Training New Zealand (RUFIT-NZ): Protocol for a randomized controlled trial to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of a healthy lifestyle program for overweight men delivered through professional rugby clubs in New Zealand. Trials, 21, 139. doi: 10.1186/s13063-019-4038-4

Journal - Research Other

Ekkekakis, P., Hargreaves, E. A., & Parfitt, G. (2013). Envisioning the next fifty years of research on the exercise-affect relationship [Invited]. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 14(5), 751-758. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.04.007

Journal - Research Other

Ekkekakis, P., Hargreaves, E. A., & Parfitt, G. (2013). Introduction to the special section on affective responses to exercise. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 14(5), 749-750. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.04.010

Journal - Research Other

Rose, E. A. (2002). Motivational and affective responses to exercise: Issues for adherence and the role of causality orientations. Health, Physical Education & Recreation, 15, 33-34.

Journal - Professional & Other Non-Research Articles

Hargreaves, E. A., Marsh, S., Jiang, Y., Calder, A. J., Wyke, S., Gray, C. M., … Maddison, R. (2020). Rugby Fans in Training New Zealand (RuFIT-NZ): A randomized controlled trial of a healthy lifestyle program for overweight men delivered through professional rugby clubs in New Zealand. Journal of Sport & Exercise Science, Suppl., (pp. 32-33). [Abstract]

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Hargreaves, E., Shaw, S., & Peddie, M. (2020). Managerial perspectives on staff taking opportunities for short bouts of regular physical activity during the work day to break up sitting time. Proceedings of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity (ISBNPA) XChange. (pp. 933). International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. Retrieved from https://venuewest.eventsair.com/isbnpa-xchange-initiative

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Prout, J., Cotter, J., Gibbons, T., Kissling, L., Akerman, A., Hargreaves, E., Campbell, H., Lamberts, R., … Sims, S. (2020). Comparing the effectiveness of 9-day passive vs. active heat acclimation. Journal of Sport & Exercise Science, Suppl., (pp. 29). [Abstract]

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Cox, A., Ullrich-French, S., Hargreaves, E., & McMahon, A. (2019). The effects of music versus mindfulness on affective responses to self-paced treadmill walking. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 41(Suppl. 1), (pp. S60). doi: 10.1123/jsep.2019-0082

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Jenkins, M., Hargreaves, E., Rehrer, N., & Falcous, M. (2019). The experiences of electric bike users within the Dunedin community. In S. Mandic & K. Coppell (Eds.), Proceedings of The Active Living and Environment Symposium (TALES): Linking Transport, Health and Sustainability. (pp. 58). Dunedin, New Zealand: University of Otago. [Abstract]

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Prout, J. R. P., Gibbons, T. D., Kissling, L. S., Akerman, A. P., Lamberts, R. R., Corbett, J., … Hargreaves, E. A., Campbell, H. A., & Cotter, J. D. (2019). The effectiveness of self- versus externally-controlled heat strain, and the heterogeneity of self-regulated heat strain, in active heat acclimation. Journal of Sport & Exercise Science, 3(1), (pp. 17-18). doi: 10.36905/jses.2019.01.01

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Calder, A., & Hargreaves, E. (2017). Jogging ones memory: The role of affective memories and affective forecasts on future exercise behaviour. Proceedings of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity Annual Meeting. (pp. 532). ISBNPA. Retrieved from https://www.isbnpa.org

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Hargreaves, E. A., Maddison, R., & Marsh, S. (2017). Why do men engage with professional-sport based lifestyle interventions? The case of Rugby Fans in Training-NZ. Proceedings of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity Annual Meeting. (pp. 388). ISBNPA. Retrieved from https://www.isbnpa.org

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Hargreaves, E., Maddison, R., & Marsh, S. (2017). Rugby Fans in Training: A healthy lifestyle programme for overweight men. Proceedings of the 7th Activity and Nutrition Aotearoa Conference. (pp. 63). Retrieved from https://ana.org.nz

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Jenkins, M., Hodge, K., & Hargreaves, E. (2017). Using single-case designs to assess physical activity interventions: Observations and lessons learned from a multiple-baseline design study. Proceedings of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity Annual Meeting. (pp. 485). ISBNPA. Retrieved from https://www.isbnpa.org

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Jenkins, M., Hargreaves, E. A., & Hodge, K. (2016). Exploring the role of acceptance and commitment in physical activity motivation and behaviour. Proceedings of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 15th Annual Scientific Meeting. (pp. 663). ISBNPA. Retrieved from https://www.isbnpa.org

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Jenkins, M., Hargreaves, E., & Hodge, K. (2016). Acceptance, commitment and motivation: Exploring the role of mindfulness in physical activity behaviour. Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health (ISPAH). (pp. 539). Retrieved from http://www.ispah2016.org/

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Rehrer, N. J., Novis, B. J., & Hargreaves, E. A. (2014). Cardiovascular benefits of commuter cycling. Proceedings of the 2 Walk and Cycle Conference: Communities on the Move. Retrieved from http://www.2walkandcycle.org.nz/

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Novis, B. J., Hargreaves, E. A., & Rehrer, N. J. (2012). Effects of 10 wk commuter cycling on cardiovascular fitness, lipids, insulin sensitivity and body composition. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 44(5, Suppl. 2), (pp. 917). doi: 10.1249/01.mss.0000417529.22755.ed

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Taylor, R., Hargreaves, E., Meredith-Jones, K., Brown, D., Cox, A., Treacy, L., Dawson, A., Haszard, J., & Williams, S. (2012). Motivation for healthy lifestyles and weight status in a large sample of 4–8-year-old children: The MInT study. Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, 6(Suppl. 1), (pp. 24-25). doi: 10.1016/j.orcp.2012.08.050

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Hargreaves, E. A., & Sheppard, K. E. (2011). Exploring the peak and end rule of past affective episodes within the exercise context. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology. 33(Suppl.), (pp. S155-S156). [Abstract]

Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

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