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Elaine Hargreaves

ElaineRose2009Senior Lecturer
BSc(Hons)(Glasgow) PhD(Wales)
Tel +64 3 479 8941
Email elaine.hargreaves@otago.ac.nz

Background

Elaine Hargreaves (Nee Rose) is a senior lecturer in exercise and sport psychology at the School of Physical Education. After graduating with a BSc (Hons) degree in Physiology and Sports Science from the University of Glasgow, she obtained a Scholarship to complete her PhD at the University of Wales, Bangor. Elaine joined the School in 2002 and 10 years later she is still here! Elaine is proud to be Scottish and has just spent 6 months on research leave at the University of Strathclyde, UK.

Teaching

Research

Elaine’s research speciality is the psychology of physical activity and specifically understanding motivation for behaviour change. The World Health Organisation recognises physical inactivity as a global public health problem and has placed increasing physical activity participation as a priority. Understanding the motivational forces behind physical activity behaviour change is imperative for knowing how to encourage individuals to adopt and maintain physically active lifestyles. In line with this, Elaine is currently evaluating the effects of a physical activity promotional campaign. This involves the collection of longitudinal data on physical activity habits, quality of life and motivational variables to explain changes in activity behaviour as a result of the campaign.

A major line of Elaine’s research is underpinned by the hypothesis that an individual’s past and ongoing cognitive and affective (emotional) experiences of physical activity are integral in determining future behavioural decisions. Using both qualitative and quantitative research methods, Elaine is interested in the role that exercise intensity plays in generating affective responses, the factors that influence particular affective responses occurring and the role of that those responses play in future activity decisions. Additionally, Elaine has begun investigating if individuals can self-regulate their exercise intensity using affect to ensure they experience positive affective responses during physical activity.

Elaine is also interested in exploring motivation to adopt and maintain physical activity and other health behaviours, from the foundation of Self-Determination Theory (Deci & Ryan, 1985). This research has employed intervention, cross-sectional and qualitative research methods in both the exercise and sport contexts.

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Publications

Jenkins, M., Hargreaves, E. A., & Hodge, K. (2019). The role of psychological flexibility in physical activity maintenance. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2018-0311

Maddison, R., Hargreaves, E. A., Wyke, S., Gray, C. M., Hunt, K., Heke, J. I., … Marsh, S. (2019). Rugby Fans in Training New Zealand (RUFIT-NZ): A pilot randomized controlled trial of a healthy lifestyle program for overweight men delivered through professional rugby clubs in New Zealand. BMC Public Health, 19, 166. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-6472-3

Jenkins, M., Hargreaves, E., Rehrer, N., & Falcous, M. (2019). The experiences of electric bike users within the Dunedin community. In S. Mandic & K. Coppell (Eds.), Proceedings of The Active Living and Environment Symposium (TALES): Linking Transport, Health and Sustainability. (pp. 58). Dunedin, New Zealand: University of Otago. [Abstract]

Elsangedy, H. M., Machado, D. G. D. S., Krinski, K., Duarte do Nascimento, P. H., De Amorim Oliveira, G. T., Santos, T. M., Hargreaves, E. A., & Parfitt, G. (2018). Let the pleasure guide your resistance training intensity. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 50(7), 1472-1479. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001573

Hargreaves, E. A., Maddison, R., & Marsh, S. (2017). Why do men engage with professional-sport based lifestyle interventions? The case of Rugby Fans in Training-NZ. Proceedings of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity Annual Meeting. (pp. 388). ISBNPA. Retrieved from https://www.isbnpa.org

Chapter in Book - Research

Hargreaves, E. A., & Waumsley, J. A. (2013). Psychology of physical activity-related injuries. In M. Arvinen-Barrow & N. Walker (Eds.), The psychology of sport injury and rehabilitation. (pp. 185-198). Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge.

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Journal - Research Article

Jenkins, M., Hargreaves, E. A., & Hodge, K. (2019). The role of psychological flexibility in physical activity maintenance. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1123/jsep.2018-0311

Maddison, R., Hargreaves, E. A., Wyke, S., Gray, C. M., Hunt, K., Heke, J. I., … Marsh, S. (2019). Rugby Fans in Training New Zealand (RUFIT-NZ): A pilot randomized controlled trial of a healthy lifestyle program for overweight men delivered through professional rugby clubs in New Zealand. BMC Public Health, 19, 166. doi: 10.1186/s12889-019-6472-3

Elsangedy, H. M., Machado, D. G. D. S., Krinski, K., Duarte do Nascimento, P. H., De Amorim Oliveira, G. T., Santos, T. M., Hargreaves, E. A., & Parfitt, G. (2018). Let the pleasure guide your resistance training intensity. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 50(7), 1472-1479. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000001573

Hargreaves, E. A., Mutrie, N., & Fleming, J. D. (2016). A web-based intervention to encourage walking (StepWise): Pilot randomized controlled trial. JMIR Research Protocols, 5(1), e14. doi: 10.2196/resprot.4288

Dawson, A. M., Brown, D. A., Cox, A., Williams, S. M., Treacy, L., Haszard, J., Meredith-Jones, K., Hargreaves, E., Taylor, B. J., Ross, J., & Taylor, R. W. (2014). Using motivational interviewing for weight feedback to parents of young children. Journal of Paediatrics & Child Health, 50(6), 461-470. doi: 10.1111/jpc.12518

Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., Hargreaves, E. A., & Ng, J. Y. Y. (2014). Comparing sport motivation scales: A response to Pelletier et al. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 15(5), 446-452. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.03.006

Hodge, K., Hargreaves, E. A., Gerrard, D., & Lonsdale, C. (2013). Psychological mechanisms underlying doping attitudes in sport: Motivation and moral disengagement. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 35(4), 419-432.

Hargreaves, E. A., & Stych, K. (2013). Exploring the peak and end rule of past affective episodes within the exercise context. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 14(2), 169-178. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2012.10.003

Rose, E. A., & Parfitt, G. (2012). Exercise experience influences affective and motivational outcomes of prescribed and self-selected intensity exercise. Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports, 22(2), 265-277. doi: 10.1111/j.1600-0838.2010.01161.x

Parfitt, G., Blisset, A., Rose, E. A., & Eston, R. (2012). Physiological and perceptual responses to affect-regulated exercise in healthy young women. Psychophysiology, 49(1), 104-110. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2011.01287.x

Taylor, R. W., Brown, D., Dawson, A. M., Haszard, J., Cox, A., Rose, E. A., Taylor, B. J., Meredith-Jones, K., Treacy, L., Ross, J., & Williams, S. M. (2010). Motivational interviewing for screening and feedback and encouraging lifestyle changes to reduce relative weight in 4-8 year old children: Design of the MInT study. BMC Public Health, 10, 271. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-271

Rose, E. A., & Parfitt, G. (2010). Pleasant for some and unpleasant for others: A protocol analysis of the cognitive factors that influence affective responses to exercise. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition & Physical Activity, 7. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-7-15

Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., & Rose, E. (2009). Athlete burnout in elite sport: A self-determination perspective. Journal of Sports Sciences, 27(8), 785-795. doi: 10.1080/02640410902929366

Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., & Rose, E. A. (2008). The Behavioral Regulation in Sport Questionnaire (BRSQ): Instrument development and initial validity evidence. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 30(3), 323-355.

Anglem, N., Lucas, S. J. E., Rose, E. A., & Cotter, J. D. (2008). Mood, illness and injury responses and recovery with adventure racing. Wilderness & Environmental Medicine, 19(19), 30-38.

Rose, E. A., & Parfitt, G. (2008). Can the feeling scale be used to regulate exercise intensity? Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 40(10), 1852-1860.

Rose, E. A., & Parfitt, G. (2007). A quantitative analysis and qualitative explanation of the individual differences in affective responses to prescribed and self-selected exercise intensities. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 29, 281-309.

Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., & Rose, E. A. (2006). Pixels vs. paper: Comparing online and traditional survey methods in sport psychology. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 28, 100-108.

Parfitt, G., Rose, E. A., & Burgess, W. M. (2006). The psychological and physiological responses of sedentary individuals to prescribed and preferred intensity exercise. British Journal of Health Psychology, 11, 39-53.

Forsyth, G., Handcock, P., Rose, E., & Jenkins, C. (2005). Fitness instructors: How does their knowledge on weight loss measure up? Health Education Journal, 64(2), 154-167.

Rose, E. A., Parfitt, G., & Williams, S. (2005). Exercise causality orientations, behavioural regulation for exercise and stage of change for exercise: Exploring their relationships. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 6, 399-414.

Rose, E. A., Markland, D., & Parfitt, G. (2001). The development and initial validation of the exercise causality orientation scale. Journal of Sports Sciences, 19(6), 445-462.

Parfitt, G., Rose, E. A., & Markland, D. (2000). The effect of prescribed and preferred intensity exercise on psychological affect and the influence of baseline measures of affect. Journal of Health Psychology, 5(2), 231-240.

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Journal - Research Other

Ekkekakis, P., Hargreaves, E. A., & Parfitt, G. (2013). Introduction to the special section on affective responses to exercise. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 14(5), 749-750. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.04.010

Ekkekakis, P., Hargreaves, E. A., & Parfitt, G. (2013). Envisioning the next fifty years of research on the exercise-affect relationship [Invited]. Psychology of Sport & Exercise, 14(5), 751-758. doi: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2013.04.007

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Journal - Professional & Other Non-Research Articles

Rose, E. A. (2002). Motivational and affective responses to exercise: Issues for adherence and the role of causality orientations. Health, Physical Education & Recreation, 15, 33-34.

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Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

Jenkins, M., Hargreaves, E., Rehrer, N., & Falcous, M. (2019). The experiences of electric bike users within the Dunedin community. In S. Mandic & K. Coppell (Eds.), Proceedings of The Active Living and Environment Symposium (TALES): Linking Transport, Health and Sustainability. (pp. 58). Dunedin, New Zealand: University of Otago. [Abstract]

Hargreaves, E. A., Maddison, R., & Marsh, S. (2017). Why do men engage with professional-sport based lifestyle interventions? The case of Rugby Fans in Training-NZ. Proceedings of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity Annual Meeting. (pp. 388). ISBNPA. Retrieved from https://www.isbnpa.org

Jenkins, M., Hodge, K., & Hargreaves, E. (2017). Using single-case designs to assess physical activity interventions: Observations and lessons learned from a multiple-baseline design study. Proceedings of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity Annual Meeting. (pp. 485). ISBNPA. Retrieved from https://www.isbnpa.org

Calder, A., & Hargreaves, E. (2017). Jogging ones memory: The role of affective memories and affective forecasts on future exercise behaviour. Proceedings of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity Annual Meeting. (pp. 532). ISBNPA. Retrieved from https://www.isbnpa.org

Hargreaves, E., Maddison, R., & Marsh, S. (2017). Rugby Fans in Training: A healthy lifestyle programme for overweight men. Proceedings of the 7th Activity and Nutrition Aotearoa Conference. (pp. 63). Retrieved from https://ana.org.nz

Jenkins, M., Hargreaves, E. A., & Hodge, K. (2016). Exploring the role of acceptance and commitment in physical activity motivation and behaviour. Proceedings of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 15th Annual Scientific Meeting. (pp. 663). ISBNPA. Retrieved from https://www.isbnpa.org

Jenkins, M., Hargreaves, E., & Hodge, K. (2016). Acceptance, commitment and motivation: Exploring the role of mindfulness in physical activity behaviour. Proceedings of the 6th International Congress on Physical Activity and Public Health (ISPAH). (pp. 539). Retrieved from http://www.ispah2016.org/

Rehrer, N. J., Novis, B. J., & Hargreaves, E. A. (2014). Cardiovascular benefits of commuter cycling. Proceedings of the 2 Walk and Cycle Conference: Communities on the Move. Retrieved from http://www.2walkandcycle.org.nz/

Novis, B. J., Hargreaves, E. A., & Rehrer, N. J. (2012). Effects of 10 wk commuter cycling on cardiovascular fitness, lipids, insulin sensitivity and body composition. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 44(5, Suppl. 2), (pp. 917). doi: 10.1249/01.mss.0000417529.22755.ed

Taylor, R., Hargreaves, E., Meredith-Jones, K., Brown, D., Cox, A., Treacy, L., Dawson, A., Haszard, J., & Williams, S. (2012). Motivation for healthy lifestyles and weight status in a large sample of 4–8-year-old children: The MInT study. Obesity Research & Clinical Practice, 6(Suppl. 1), (pp. 24-25). doi: 10.1016/j.orcp.2012.08.050

Mainvil, L., Hart, I., & Hargreaves, E. (2011). Transtheoretical model mediators of fruit and vegetable intakes in The 5+YourWay® Study. Proceedings of the International Society of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity (ISBNPA) 10th Annual Meeting. Retrieved from http://isbnpa.eproceedings.com.au/#

Hart, I., Mainvil, L., & Hargreaves, E. (2011). Transtheoretical model mediators of fruit and vegetable intakes in the 5+YourWay study. Australasian Medical Journal, 4(12), (pp. 733). [Abstract]

Hargreaves, E. A., & Sheppard, K. E. (2011). Exploring the peak and end rule of past affective episodes within the exercise context. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology. 33(Suppl.), (pp. S155-S156). [Abstract]

Hodge, K., Lonsdale, C., & Rose, E. (2010). 'Firing up' or 'burning out'? Athlete engagement vs athlete burnout in elite sport. Proceedings of the New Zealand Sports Medicine+Science Conference. (pp. 61). Dunedin, New Zealand: Sports Medicine New Zealand. [Abstract]

Dewes, L., & Rose, E. (2009). Differences in affective responses to prescribed and self-selected exercise intensities in overweight women: The role of autonomy. Proceedings of the New Zealand Sports Medicine+Science Conference. (pp. 35). Dunedin, New Zealand: Sports Medicine New Zealand. [Abstract]

Rose, E., & Parfitt, G. (2009). Exercise experience influences affective and efficacy outcomes of prescribed and self-selected intensity exercise but does not influence the exercise intensity chosen. Proceedings of the New Zealand Sports Medicine+Science Conference. (pp. 68). Dunedin, New Zealand: Sports Medicine New Zealand. [Abstract]

Fowler, C., & Rose, E. (2009). An exploration of the motivational strategies used by personal trainers: Are they autonomy supportive? Proceedings of the New Zealand Sports Medicine+Science Conference. (pp. 44). Dunedin, New Zealand: Sports Medicine New Zealand. [Abstract]

Parfitt, G., Backhouse, S., Ekkekakis, P., Rose, E., & Sheppard, K. (2007). The exercise intensity-affect relationship: Theory into practice. Journal of Sports Sciences. 25(S2), (pp. S36-S39). [Abstract]

Rose, E. A., & Parfitt, G. (2006). The utility of the feeling scale to regulate exercise intensity. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology. 28(Suppl.), (pp. S156-S157). [Abstract]

Lonsdale, C., Hodge, K., & Rose, E. (2005). Burnout in elite sport: A self-determination perspective. Proceedings of the Association of the Advancement of Applied Sport Psychology 20th Anniversary Conference. (pp. 42-43). [Abstract]

Parfitt, G., & Rose, E. (2005). A test of the tenets of the dual-mode model with sedentary women. Proceedings of the International Society of Sport Psychology 11th World Congress of Sport Psychology. [CD-ROM] Sydney, Australia: ISSP. [Abstract]

Rose, E., & Parfitt, G. (2005). A qualitative analysis of the affective experience of exercise. Proceedings of the International Society for Sport Psychology 11th World Congress of Sport Psychology. [CD-ROM] Sydney, Australia: ISSP. [Abstract]

Lucas, S. J. E., Cotter, J. D., Palmer, C. D., Rose, E. A., & Anson, J. G. (2005). Self-selected pace during very prolonged competitive exercise. Proceedings of the New Zealand Sports Medicine+Science Conference. (pp. 54). Dunedin, New Zealand: Sports Medicine NZ Inc. [Abstract]

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