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Senior Lecturer, 5th Year Module Convenor
Department of Primary Health Care and General Practice

profile_Ben_DarlowBackground and interests

Ben has been based in the Department since 2009 and was appointed as a Senior Lecturer in 2016.  He is currently involved in several research projects as well as undergraduate teaching, and is the fifth year Module Convenor in the Department.

Ben completed his undergraduate physiotherapy degree at the University of Otago in 1998, and his Master of Sports Physiotherapy at Curtin University (Perth) in 2002. He completed his PhD at the University of Otago in 2014. Ben was registered as a Musculoskeletal physiotherapy specialist in 2015.

Teaching activities

Ben is the fifth year Module Convenor in the Department of Primary Health Care and General Practice.

He teaches sessions in both the 4th and 5th year undergraduate programmes, on the following topics:

  • Understanding and managing pain
  • Acute low back pain assessment and management in primary care
  • Osteoarthritis management in primary care

Ben is also a member of the Wellington Interprofessional Teaching Initiative (WITI) and he teaches interprofessional classes of health students as part of WITI’s activities

Research activities

Ben’s main research foci are the management of common musculoskeletal conditions in primary care and interprofessional education.

Back pain

Ben has previously explored practitioner and patient attitudes and beliefs related to low back pain and influences upon these. He has recently led a clinical trial and implementation studyexploring the feasibility and impact of implementing a new approach to explaining and managing back pain in general practice. A podcast interview with Ben which discusses his back pain research can be accessed here.

Ben has led the development of the Back Pain Attitudes Questionnaire (Back-PAQ). More information about the Back-PAQ can be found here.

Osteoarthritis

As part of the Otago Research Collaboration for Knee Arthritis (ORKA), Ben is also leading a project to develop and test new information resources which aim to provide people with knee OA evidence-based information about the condition, the meaning of their symptoms, ways in which they can improve their joint function and quality of life, and services from which they may receive further support.

Interprofessional education

Ben has been involved in a number of studies evaluating interprofessional education activities. He is currently leading the Longitudinal Interprofessional (LIP) Study which is investigating changes in interprofessional attitudes and skills over the final year of health professional training and the first three years of professional practice. It will also explore if undergraduate interprofessional education influences these skills and attitudes or the career pathway of these graduates. This study involves participants from the disciplines of dentistry, dietetics, medicine, nursing, occupational therapy, oral health, pharmacy, and physiotherapy.

Ben is a member of the University of Otago’s Pain and Arthritis research themes.

Professional roles

Ben is a member of the Physiotherapy New Zealand Professional Development Committee and the Interim Data Governance Group. Ben is a Specialist Assessor and Competency Assessor for the Physiotherapy Board of New Zealand.

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Publications

Palsson, T. S., Gibson, W., Darlow, B., Bunzli, S., Lehman, G., Rabey, M., … Travers, M. (2019). Changing the narrative in diagnosis and management of pain in the sacroiliac joint area. Physical Therapy. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzz108

Briggs, A. M., Houlding, E., Hinman, R. S., Desmond, L. A., Bennell, K. L., Darlow, B., … Slater, H. (2019). Health professionals and students encounter multi-level barriers to implementing high-value osteoarthritis care: A multi-national study. Osteoarthritis & Cartilage. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2018.12.024

Briggs, A. M., Hinman, R. S., Darlow, B., Bennell, K. L., Leech, M., Pizzari, T., … Slater, H. (2019). Confidence and attitudes toward osteoarthritis care among the current and emerging health workforce: A multinational interprofessional study. ACR Open Rheumatology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/acr2.1032

O'Sullivan, K., Grunau, G. L., Forster, B. B., O'Sullivan, P. P., Flynn, T., & Darlow, B. (2019). I know what the imaging guidelines say, but.... British Journal of Sports Medicine, 53(5), 267-268. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-098194

Darlow, B., & O'Sullivan, P. (2019). Managing non-traumatic back pain in sport [Infographic]. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 53(3), 146-147. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-098758

Authored Book - Research

Darlow, B., Perry, M., & Chapple, C. (2013). Water based exercise for arthritis: A manual for class co-ordinators. Dunedin and Wellington, New Zealand: University of Otago and Arthritis New Zealand, 30p.

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Chapter in Book - Research

Pullon, S., Darlow, B., & McKinlay, E. (2016). Building evaluation into the development of interprofessional education initiatives. In D. Forman, J. Thistlethwaite & M. Jones (Eds.), Leading research and evaluation in interprofessional education and collaborative practice. (pp. 145-166). Palgrave Macmillan. doi: 10.1057/978-1-137-53744-7_8

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Chapter in Book - Other

McKinlay, E., Bycroft, J., Darlow, B., Gray, B., Morris, C., & Pullon, S. (2017). Interdisciplinary collaboration: Working in teams for patient care. In K. A. Morris (Ed.), Cole's medical practice in New Zealand. (13th ed.) (pp. 81-99). Wellington, New Zealand: Medical Council of New Zealand.

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Journal - Research Article

Palsson, T. S., Gibson, W., Darlow, B., Bunzli, S., Lehman, G., Rabey, M., … Travers, M. (2019). Changing the narrative in diagnosis and management of pain in the sacroiliac joint area. Physical Therapy. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1093/ptj/pzz108

Briggs, A. M., Hinman, R. S., Darlow, B., Bennell, K. L., Leech, M., Pizzari, T., … Slater, H. (2019). Confidence and attitudes toward osteoarthritis care among the current and emerging health workforce: A multinational interprofessional study. ACR Open Rheumatology. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1002/acr2.1032

Briggs, A. M., Houlding, E., Hinman, R. S., Desmond, L. A., Bennell, K. L., Darlow, B., … Slater, H. (2019). Health professionals and students encounter multi-level barriers to implementing high-value osteoarthritis care: A multi-national study. Osteoarthritis & Cartilage. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1016/j.joca.2018.12.024

McKinlay, E., McDonald, J., Darlow, B., & Perry, M. (2018). The social networks of New Zealand patients with multimorbidity and the work of those nominated as their 'significant supporters': An exploratory study. Health & Social Care in the Community. Advance online publication. doi: 10.1111/hsc.12657

Darlow, B., Brown, M., Thompson, B., Hudson, B., Grainger, R., McKinlay, E., & Abbott, J. H. (2018). Living with osteoarthritis is a balancing act: An exploration of patients' beliefs about. BMC Rheumatology, 2, 15. doi: 10.1186/s41927-018-0023-x

Dowell, A., Darlow, B., Macrae, J., Stubbe, M., Turner, N., & McBain, L. (2017). Childhood respiratory illness presentation and service utilisation in primary care: A six-year cohort study in Wellington, New Zealand, using natural language processing (NLP) software. BMJ Open, 7(7), e017146. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017146

McKinlay, E., McDonald, J., Darlow, B., & Perry, M. (2017). Social networks of patients with multimorbidity: A qualitative study of patients' and supporters' views. Journal of Primary Health Care, 9(2), 153-161. doi: 10.1071/HC16062

Darlow, B., McKinlay, E., Gallagher, P., Beckingsale, L., Coleman, K., Perry, M., & Pullon, S. (2017). Building and expanding interprofessional teaching teams. Journal of Primary Health Care, 9(1), 29-33. doi: 10.1071/HC16053

Darlow, B., Perry, M., Dean, S., Mathieson, F., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2016). Putting physical activity while experiencing low back pain in context: Balancing the risks and benefits. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, 97(2), 245-251. doi: 10.1016/j.apmr.2015.09.020

Darlow, B., Donovan, S., Coleman, K., McKinlay, E., Beckingsale, L., Gallagher, P., Gray, B., Neser, H., Perry, M., & Pullon, S. (2016). What makes an interprofessional education programme meaningful to students? Findings from focus group interviews with students based in New Zealand. Journal of Interprofessional Care, 30(3), 355-361. doi: 10.3109/13561820.2016.1141189

Darlow, B. (2016). Beliefs about back pain: the confluence of client, clinician and community. International Journal of Osteopathic Medicine, 20, 53-61. doi: 10.1016/j.ijosm.2016.01.005

MacRae, J., Darlow, B., McBain, L., Jones, O., Stubbe, M., Turner, N., & Dowell, A. (2015). Accessing primary care Big Data: The development of a software algorithm to explore the rich content of consultation records. BMJ Open, 5(8), e008160. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2015-008160

Darlow, B., Dean, S., Perry, M., Mathieson, F., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2015). Easy to harm, hard to heal: Patient views about the back. Spine, 40(11), 842-850. doi: 10.1097/brs.0000000000000901

Darlow, B., Coleman, K., McKinlay, E., Donovan, S., Beckingsale, L., Gray, B., Neser, H., Perry, M., Stanley, J., & Pullon, S. (2015). The positive impact of interprofessional education: A controlled trial to evaluate a programme for health professional students. BMC Medical Education, 15, 98. doi: 10.1186/s12909-015-0385-3

Darlow, B., Dean, S., Perry, M., Mathieson, F., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2014). Acute low back pain management in general practice: Uncertainty and conflicting certainties. Family Practice, 31(6), 723-732. doi: 10.1093/fampra/cmu051

Darlow, B., Perry, M., Stanley, J., Mathieson, F., Melloh, M., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2014). Cross-sectional survey of attitudes and beliefs about back pain in New Zealand. BMJ Open, 4(5), e004725. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-004725

Darlow, B., Perry, M., Mathieson, F., Stanley, J., Melloh, M., Marsh, R., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2014). The development and exploratory analysis of the Back Pain Attitudes Questionnaire (Back-PAQ). BMJ Open, 4(5), e005251. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-005251

Darlow, B., Dowell, A., Baxter, G. D., Mathieson, F., Perry, M., & Dean, S. (2013). The enduring impact of what clinicians say to people with low back pain. Annals of Family Medicine, 11(6), 527-534. doi: 10.1370/afm.1518

Pullon, S., McKinlay, E., Beckingsale, L., Perry, M., Darlow, B., Gray, B., Gallagher, P., Hoare, K., & Morgan, S. (2013). Interprofessional education for physiotherapy, medical and dietetics students: A pilot programme. Journal of Primary Health Care, 5(1), 52-58.

Darlow, B., Fullen, B. M., Dean, S., Hurley, D. A., Baxter, G. D., & Dowell, A. (2012). The association between health care professional attitudes and beliefs and the attitudes and beliefs, clinical management, and outcomes of patients with low back pain: A systematic review. European Journal of Pain, 16(1), 3-17. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpain.2011.06.006

Melloh, M., Elfering, A., Egli Presland, C., Röder, C., Hendrick, P., Darlow, B., & Theis, J.-C. (2011). Predicting the transition from acute to persistent low back pain. Occupational Medicine, 61(2), 127-131. doi: 10.1093/occmed/kqq194

Darlow, B. (2006). Neuromuscular retraining for multidirectional instability of the shoulder: A case study. New Zealand Journal of Physiotherapy, 34(2), 60-65.

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Journal - Research Other

O'Sullivan, K., Grunau, G. L., Forster, B. B., O'Sullivan, P. P., Flynn, T., & Darlow, B. (2019). I know what the imaging guidelines say, but.... British Journal of Sports Medicine, 53(5), 267-268. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-098194

Darlow, B., & O'Sullivan, P. (2019). Managing non-traumatic back pain in sport [Infographic]. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 53(3), 146-147. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-098758

Darlow, B., Brown, M., Gallagher, P., Gray, L., McKinlay, E., Purdie, G., Wilson, C., & Pullon, S. (2018). Longitudinal impact of interprofessional education on attitudes, skills and career trajectories: a protocol for a quasi-experimental study in New Zealand. BMJ Open, 8, e018510. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018510

Swain, N., Parr-Brownlie, L. C., Lennox Thompson, B., Darlow, B., Mani, R., & Baxter, D. (2018). Six things you need to know about pain. New Zealand Medical Journal, 131(1486), 5-8. Retrieved from https://www.nzma.org.nz/journal

Grunau, G. L., Darlow, B., Flynn, T., O'Sullivan, K., O'Sullivan, P. B., & Forster, B. B. (2018). Red flags or red herrings? Redefining the role of red flags in low back pain to reduce overimaging. British Journal of Sports Medicine. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-097725

O'Sullivan, K., Darlow, B., O'Sullivan, P., Forster, B. B., Reiman, M. P., & Weir, A. (2018). Imaging for hip-related groin pain: Don't be hip-notised by the findings. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 52(9), 2-3. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-097889

Darlow, B., Forster, B. B., O'Sullivan, K., & O'Sullivan, P. (2017). It is time to stop causing harm with inappropriate imaging for low back pain. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 51(5), 414-415. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096741

Darlow, B., Stanley, J., Dean, S., Abbott, J. H., Garrett, S., Mathieson, F., & Dowell, A. (2017). The Fear Reduction Exercised Early (FREE) approach to low back pain: Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. Trials, 18, 484. doi: 10.1186/s13063-017-2225-8

Darlow, B., & O'Sullivan, B. (2016). Why are back pain guidelines left on the sidelines? Three myths appear to be guiding management of back pain in sport. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 50(21), 1294-1295. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2016-096312

Coleman, K., Darlow, B., McKinlay, E., Beckingsale, L., Donovan, S., Stanley, J., Gallagher, P., Gray, B., Neser, H., Perry, M., & Pullon, S. (2014). Does interprofessional education make a difference to students' attitudes to practice? [Brief communication]. Journal of Medical Imaging & Radiation Sciences, 45(4), 344-345. doi: 10.1016/j.jmir.2014.10.004

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Conference Contribution - Published proceedings: Abstract

McKinlay, E., Brown, M., Beckingsale, L., Burrow, M., Coleman, K., Darlow, B., Donovan, S., … Gray, B., Hilder, J., Neser, H., Perry, M., … Wilson, C., … Pullon, S. (2019). Improbable ideas that actually work: Forming inter-institutional partnerships to offer pre-registration health sciences interprofessional education. Proceedings of the Australian & New Zealand Association for Health Professional Educators (ANZAHPE) Conference. (pp. 120-121). Renmark, Australia: ANZAHPE. [Abstract]

Wilson, C., Schwass, R., Darlow, B., McHugh, P., McKinlay, E., & Pullon, S. (2019). Five to five: Five weeks of interprofessional immersion: What impact five years on? Proceedings of the Australian & New Zealand Association for Health Professional Educators (ANZAHPE) Conference. (pp. 161-162). Renmark, Australia: ANZAHPE. [Abstract]

Briggs, A. M., Darlow, B., Hinman, R. S., Leech, M., Bennell, K. L., Bendrups, A., … Slater, H. (2018). Time for action: Confidence, beliefs and attitudes in best practice osteoarthritis care in the current and emerging health workforce internationally. Osteoporosis International, 29(Suppl. 1), (pp. S415-S416). doi: 10.1007/s00198-018-4465-1

Darlow, B., Brown, M., Gallagher, P., Gray, L., McKinlay, E., Purdie, G., Pullon, S., & Wilson, C. (2018). The Longitudinal Interprofessional Study: The impact of pre-registration interprofessional education on graduate attitudes to health care teams and team skills. Proceedings of the All Together Better Health (ATBH) IX Conference. 1123. Retrieved from http://www.atbhix.co.nz

Wilson, C., Pullon, S., Darlow, B., McHugh, P., & Schwass, R. (2018). The Tairāwhiti Interprofessional Programme: What the inaugural students say after 5 years in the workplace. Proceedings of the All Together Better Health (ATBH) IX Conference. 1252. Retrieved from http://www.atbhix.co.nz

Darlow, B., Brown, M., Lennox Thompson, B., Hudson, B., Grainger, R., McKinlay, E., & Abbott, H. (2018). Living with osteoarthritis is a balancing act: An exploration of beliefs about knee pain in people with osteoarthritis. Proceedings of the Physiotherapy New Zealand Conference. (pp. 53-54). Retrieved from https://pnz.org.nz/conference

MacRae, J., Darlow, B., McBain, L., Stubbe, M., Turner, N., & Dowell, A. (2018). Processing natural clinical narrative in general practice to classify a spectrum of child respiratory conditions across a large longitudinal data set. Proceedings of the Health Informatics New Zealand (HiNZ) Conference. (pp. 28). Retrieved from https://www.hinz.org.nz

Simmonds, S., Tewhaiti-Smith, J., Glass, C., Waaka, T., Gray, B., Darlow, B., Pullon, S., McKinlay, E., Lawson-Te Aho, K., Haimona, M., Kemp, L., Perry, M., Gray, L., Coleman, K., Robson, B., Neser, H., … Kewene, F. (2018). Whakawhanaungatanga: An interprofessional education approach to teach the process of establishing relationships [Workshop]. Proceedings of the All Together Better Health (ATBH) IX Conference. 1323. Retrieved from http://www.atbhix.co.nz

Coleman, K., McKinlay, E., Darlow, B., Beckingsale, L., Donovan, S., Gallagher, P., Gray, B., Neser, H., Perry, M., & Pullon, S. (2018). Learning with, from and about each other: Developing interprofessional education programmes. Journal of Medical Imaging & Radiation Sciences, 49(Suppl. 1), (pp. S12). doi: 10.1016/j.jmir.2018.02.035

Briggs, A., Darlow, B., Hinman, R., Leech, M., Bennell, K., Bendrups, A., … Slater, H. (2018). An international study of attitudes and confidence about best practice osteoarthritis care in the current and future health workforce. Proceedings of the Physiotherapy New Zealand Conference. (pp. 51-52). Retrieved from https://pnz.org.nz/conference

Darlow, B., Brown, M., Lennox Thompson, B., Hudson, B., Abbott, J., McKinlay, E., & Grainger, R. (2017). Walking a fine line (carefully): An exploration of beliefs about knee pain in people with osteoarthritis. Internal Medicine Journal, 47(Suppl. 2), (pp. 11). doi: 10.1111/imj.13426

Coleman, K., McKinlay, E., Darlow, B., Beckingsale, L., Donovan, S., Gallagher, P., Gray, B., Neser, H., Perry, M., & Pullon, S. (2017). Guidelines for educators in establishing and sustaining dynamic IPE programmes. Proceedings of the Interprofessional Education Showcase: Incorporating Interprofessional and Collaborative Practice into the Curriculum. Retrieved from https://www.fmhs.auckland.ac.nz/en/faculty/about/news-and-events/events/2017/nov0/21/interprofessional-education-showcase---cmhse.html

Coleman, K., Darlow, B., McKinlay, E., Beckingsale, L., Donovan, S., Gallagher, P., Gray, B., Neser, H., Perry, M., & Pullon, S. (2017). Facilitating interprofessional education. Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences, 64(Suppl. 1), (pp. 39). [Abstract]

Demoulin, C., Halleux, V., Darlow, B., Martin, E., Roussel, N., Humblet, F., … Bruyère, O. (2017). Traduction en français du "back pain attitudes questionnaire" et étude de ses qualités métrologiques. Kinésithérapie, La Revue, 17(184), (pp. 22-23). doi: 10.1016/j.kine.2017.02.015

Coleman, K., Darlow, B., McKinlay, E., Beckingsale, L., Donovan, S., Gallagher, P., Gray, B., Neser, H., Perry, M., & Pullon, S. (2017). Learn with, from and about each other: Developing an interprofessional programme. Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences, 64(Suppl. 1), (pp. 81). [Abstract]

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