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Dr Martyn Kennedy

Dr Martyn KennedyEmail martyn.kennedy@otago.ac.nz

Phone 64-3-479-5940

Teaching

Research Interests

  • Molecular systematics
  • Phylogenetic methods
  • Evolutionary biology
  • The evolution of behaviour
  • Biogeography
  • Host/parasite cophylogeny
  • Behavioural ecology and foraging models

Keywords

  • evolutionary biology

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Publications

Holland, B. R., Spencer, H. G., Worthy, T. H., & Kennedy, M. (2010). Identifying cliques of convergent characters: Concerted evolution in the cormorants and shags. Systematic Biology, 59(4), 433-445. doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syq023

Hughes, J., Kennedy, M., Johnson, K. P., Palma, R. L., & Page, R. D. M. (2007). Multiple cophylogenetic analyses reveal frequent cospeciation between Pelecaniform birds and Pectinopygus lice. Systematic Biology, 56(2), 232-251.

Kennedy, M., Holland, B. R., Gray, R. D., & Spencer, H. G. (2005). Untangling long branches: Identifying conflicting phylogenetic signals using spectral analysis, neighbor-net, and consensus networks. Systematic Biology, 54(4), 620-633.

Kennedy, M. R., & Page, R. D. M. (2002). Seabird supertrees: Combining partial estimates of procellarinform phylogeny. Auk, 119(1), 88-108.

Kennedy, M., & Spencer, H. G. (2014). Classification of the cormorants of the world. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 79, 249-257. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.06.020

Journal - Research Article

Rawlence, N. J., Till, C. E., Easton, L. J., Spencer, H. G., Schuckard, R., Melville, D. S., … Waters, J. M., & Kennedy, M. (2017). Speciation, range contraction and extinction in the endemic New Zealand King Shag complex. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 115, 197-209. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2017.07.011

Rawlence, N. J., Scofield, R. P., Spencer, H. G., Lalas, C., Easton, L. J., Tennyson, A. J. D., … Waters, J. M., & Kennedy, M. (2016). Genetic and morphological evidence for two species of Leucocarbo shag (Aves, Pelecaniformes, Phalacrocoracidae) from southern South Island of New Zealand. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society, 177(3), 676-694. doi: 10.1111/zoj.12376

Rawlence, N. J., Kennedy, M., Anderson, C. N. K., Prost, S., Till, C. E., Smith, I. W. G., Scofield, R. P., … Hamel, J., Lalas, C., Matisoo-Smith, E. A., & Waters, J. M. (2015). Geographically contrasting biodiversity reductions in a widespread New Zealand seabird. Molecular Ecology, 24(18), 4605-4616. doi: 10.1111/mec.13338

Rawlence, N. J., Kennedy, M., Scofield, R. P., Tennyson, A. J. D., Boussès, P., & Chambers, G. K. (2015). Taxonomic status of Cyanoramphus parakeets on the Auckland Islands and implications for the validity of the orange-fronted parakeet as a discrete species. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 45(4), 197-211. doi: 10.1080/03036758.2015.1084337

Waters, J. M., Craw, D., Burridge, C. P., Kennedy, M., King, T. M., & Wallis, G. P. (2015). Within-river genetic connectivity patterns reflect contrasting geomorphology. Journal of Biogeography, 42(12), 2452-2460. doi: 10.1111/jbi.12608

Field, J., Shreeves, G., Kennedy, M., Brace, S., & Gilbert, J. D. J. (2015). Sex-biased parental care and sexual size dimorphism in a provisioning arthropod. Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology, 69, 1897-1906. doi: 10.1007/s00265-015-2002-1

Paterson, A. M., Wallis, G. P., Kennedy, M., & Gray, R. D. (2014). Behavioural evolution in penguins does not reflect phylogeny. Cladistics, 30(3), 243-259. doi: 10.1111/cla.12040

Kennedy, M., & Spencer, H. G. (2014). Classification of the cormorants of the world. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 79, 249-257. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2014.06.020

Rawlence, N. J., Till, C. E., Scofield, R. P., Tennyson, A. J. D., Collins, C. J., Lalas, C., … Matisoo-Smith, E., Waters, J. M., Spencer, H. G., & Kennedy, M. (2014). Strong phylogeographic structure in a sedentary seabird, the Stewart Island Shag (Leucocarbo chalconotus). PLoS ONE, 9(3), e90769. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090769

Rawlence, N. J., Kennedy, M., Waters, J. M., & Scofield, R. P. (2014). Morphological and ancient DNA analyses reveal inaccurate labels on two of Buller's bird specimens. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 44(4), 163-169. doi: 10.1080/03036758.2014.972962

Waters, J. M., Trewick, S. A., Paterson, A. M., Spencer, H. G., Kennedy, M., Craw, D., Burridge, C. P., & Wallis, G. P. (2013). Biogeography off the tracks. Systematic Biology, 62(3), 494-498. doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syt013

Kennedy, M., Taylor, S. A., Nádvorník, P., & Spencer, H. G. (2013). The phylogenetic relationships of the extant pelicans inferred from DNA sequence data. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 66(1), 215-222. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2012.09.034

Gibb, G. C., Kennedy, M., & Penny, D. (2013). Beyond phylogeny: Pelecaniform and ciconiiform birds, and long-term niche stability. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 68, 229-238. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2013.03.021

Smith, A. M., Henderson, Z. E., Kennedy, M., King, T. M., & Spencer, H. G. (2012). Reef formation versus solitariness in two New Zealand serpulids does not involve cryptic species. Aquatic Biology, 16(1), 97-103. doi: 10.3354/ab00444

Field, J., Ohl, M., & Kennedy, M. (2011). A molecular phylogeny for digger wasps in the tribe Ammophilini (Hymenoptera, Apoidea, Sphecidae). Systematic Entomology, 36(4), 732-740. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-3113.2011.00591.x

Holland, B. R., Spencer, H. G., Worthy, T. H., & Kennedy, M. (2010). Identifying cliques of convergent characters: Concerted evolution in the cormorants and shags. Systematic Biology, 59(4), 433-445. doi: 10.1093/sysbio/syq023

Nakano, T., Marshall, B. A., Kennedy, M., & Spencer, H. G. (2009). The phylogeny and taxonomy of New Zealand Notoacmea and Patelloida species (Mollusca: Patellogastropoda: Lottiidae) inferred from DNA sequences. Molluscan Research, 29(1), 33-59.

Kennedy, M., Valle, C. A., & Spencer, H. G. (2009). The phylogenetic position of the Galápagos Cormorant. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 53(1), 94-98. doi: 10.1016/j.ympev.2009.06.002

Hughes, J., Kennedy, M., Johnson, K. P., Palma, R. L., & Page, R. D. M. (2007). Multiple cophylogenetic analyses reveal frequent cospeciation between Pelecaniform birds and Pectinopygus lice. Systematic Biology, 56(2), 232-251.

Votier, S. C., Kennedy, M., Bearhop, S., Newell, R. G., Griffiths, K., Whitaker, H., … Furness, R. W. (2007). Supplementary DNA evidence fails to confirm presence of Brown Skuas Stercorarius antarctica in Europe: A retraction of Votier et al (2004). Ibis, 149, 619-621.

Johnson, K. P., Kennedy, M., & McCracken, K. G. (2006). Reinterpreting the origins of flamingo lice: Cospeciation or host-switching? Biology Letters, 2, 275-278.

Percy, D. M., Taylor, G. S., & Kennedy, M. (2006). Psyllid communication: Acoustic diversity, mate recognition and phylogenetic signal. Invertebrate Systematics, 20, 431-445.

Spencer, H. G., Brook, F. J., & Kennedy, M. (2006). Phylogeography of Kauri Snails and their allies from Northland, New Zealand (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Rhytididae: Paryphantinae). Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 38, 835-842.

Kennedy, M., Holland, B. R., Gray, R. D., & Spencer, H. G. (2005). Untangling long branches: Identifying conflicting phylogenetic signals using spectral analysis, neighbor-net, and consensus networks. Systematic Biology, 54(4), 620-633.

Donald, K. M., Kennedy, M., & Spencer, H. G. (2005). Cladogenesis as the result of long-distance rafting events in South Pacific topshells (Gastropoda, Trochidae). Evolution, 59(8), 1701-1711.

Donald, K. M., Kennedy, M., & Spencer, H. G. (2005). The phylogeny and taxonomy of austral monodontine topshells (Mollusca: Gastropoda: Trochidae), inferred from DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 37, 474-483.

Votier, S. C., Bearhop, S., Newell, R. G., Orr, K., Furness, R. W., & Kennedy, M. (2004). The first record of Brown Skua Catharacta antarctica in Europe. Ibis, 146, 95-102.

Suter, H. C., Kennedy, M., & Young, G. (2004). Neoteny or not? The distribution of the hypophysial duct within the Galaxioidea. Journal of Fish Biology, 64, 1217-1225.

Page, R. D. M., Cruickshank, R. H., Dickens, M., Furness, R. W., Kennedy, M., Palma, R. L., & Smith, V. S. (2004). Phylogeny of ″Philoceanus complex″ seabird lice (Phthiraptera: Ischnocera) inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 30, 633-652.

Kennedy, M., & Spencer, H. G. (2004). Phylogenies of the frigatebirds (Fregatidae) and tropicbirds (Phaethonidae), two divergent groups of the traditional order Pelecaniformes, inferred from mitochondrial DNA sequences. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 31, 31-38.

Donald, K. M., Kennedy, M., Poulin, R., & Spencer, H. G. (2004). Host specificity and molecular phylogeny of larval Digenea isolated from New Zealand and Australian topshells (Gastropoda: Trochidae). International Journal for Parasitology, 34, 557-568.

King, T. M., Kennedy, M., & Wallis, G. P. (2003). Phylogeographic genetic analysis of the alpine weta, Hemideina maori: Evolution of a colour polymorphism and origins of a hybrid zone. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 33(4), 715-729.

Kennedy, M. R., & Page, R. D. M. (2002). Seabird supertrees: Combining partial estimates of procellarinform phylogeny. Auk, 119(1), 88-108.

Kennedy, M., Aspinsall, S., & Page, R. D. M. (2001). The phylogenetic position of the Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis: A near-endemic of the Arabian Gulf. Tribulus, 11(2), 5-8.

Kennedy, M., Gray, R. D., & Spencer, H. G. (2000). The phylogenetic relationships of the shags and cormorants: Can sequence data resolve a disagreement between behavior and morphology? Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 17, 345-359.

Kennedy, M., & Spencer, H. G. (2000). Phylogeny, biogeography and taxonomy of Australasian teals. Auk, 117, 154-163.

Kennedy, M., Paterson, A. M., Morales, J. C., Parsons, S., Winnington, A. P., & Spencer, H. G. (1999). The long and short of it: Branch lengths and the problem of placing the New Zealand short-tailed bat, Mystacina. Molecular Phylogenetics & Evolution, 13, 405-416.

Kennedy, M., & Gray, R. D. (1997). Habitat choice, habitat matching and the effect of travel distance. Behaviour, 134(11), 905-920. doi: 10.1163/156853997X00223

Spencer, H. G., Kennedy, M., & Gray, R. D. (1996). An observation of aggressive nest defence in the Pitt Island Shag (Stictocarbo featherstoni). Notornis, 43(4), 208-210.

Spencer, H. G., Kennedy, M., & Gray, R. D. (1996). Perceptual constraints on optimal foraging: the effects of variation among foragers. Evolutionary Ecology, 10, 331-339.

Kennedy, M., Spencer, H. G., & Gray, R. D. (1996). Hop, step and gape: do social displays in the pelecaniformes reflect phylogeny? Animal Behaviour, 51, 273-291.

Spencer, H. G., Kennedy, M., & Gray, R. D. (1995). Patch choice with competitive asymmetries and perceptual limits: The importance of history. Animal Behaviour, 50, 497-508.

Gray, R. D., & Kennedy, M. (1994). Misconceptions or misreadings? Missing the real issues about the IFD. Oikos, 71(1), 167-170.

Kennedy, M., & Gray, R. D. (1994). Agonistic interactions and the distribution of foraging organisms: Individual costs and social information. Ethology, 96, 155-165.

Kennedy, M., Shave, C. R., Spencer, H. G., & Gray, R. D. (1994). Quantifying the effect of predation risk on foraging bullies: No need to assume an IFD. Ecology, 75(8), 2220-2226.

Gray, R. D., & Kennedy, M. (1994). Perceptual constraints on optimal foraging: A reason for departures from the ideal free distribution? Animal Behaviour, 47, 469-471.

Kennedy, M., & Gray, R. D. (1993). Can ecological theory predict the distribution of foraging animals? A critical analysis of experiments on the Ideal Free Distribution. Oikos, 68(1), 158-166.

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Journal - Research Other

Kennedy, M., Spencer, H. G., & Gray, R. D. (1993). A yellow-footed pink-footed shag: An unusual Stewart Island Shag at Taiaroa Head [Short note]. Notornis, 40(4), 270-272.

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