These are links to pages on attitudes, politics, ideas and information on the way councils, advocates, owners and managers have been working on smokefree outdoor policies. This includes survey and other research on public and business attitudes to smokefree outdoor ideas and plans.
Guides for smokefree outdoor hospitality areas
- 'Smokefree conversations' sheet from a partnership by the Nelson Marlborough Public Health Service and the Marlborough Cancer Society: ways that café managers can help their staff in introducing smokefree outdoor policies
- 'Smokefree outdoor dining: A guide for cafés, restaurants and licensed premises' by Auckland Cancer Society
New Zealand – local authority experience
- Smokefree Parihaka Mountain – Auahi Kore Parihaka Maunga
- Murad M, Marsh L, McGee R. The contribution of smokefree outdoor areas in achieving New Zealand's Smokefree 2025 goal. Health Promotion Journal of Australia 2019;30(2):199-206.
- Wilson, N., Thomson, G. (2018) Healthy playgrounds in New Zealand local government areas? An updated 2017-2018 survey of smokefree signage and drinking fountains
- Thomson, G., Wilson, N. (2017) Local and regional smokefree and tobacco-free action in New Zealand: highlights and directions. N Z Med J 2017:130(1462):89-101.
- New Zealand local authority smokefree outdoor policies map - March 2016
- Marsh L, et al. 2014. Smokefree outdoor areas in New Zealand: how far have we come? N Z Med J 127, 51-66.
- Halkett L, Thomson G. Getting an outdoor smokefree policy: The case of Kapiti Coast District Council. N Z Med J 2010; 123(1308):28-41
- Hyslop B, Thomson G. Smokefree outdoor areas without the Smoke-Police: The New Zealand local authority experience. N Z Med J 2009;122(1303):67-79
- Tay S, Thomson G. What Wellington region city councillors think of smokefree outdoor places. NZ Med J 2008; 121(1276):15-28
- Case study of Auckland Zoo
- Botany (South Auckland) smokefree town centre
- Thomson G, Wilson N. Smokefree signage at New Zealand racecourses and sports facilities with outdoor stands. N Z Med J. 2017;130(1464):80-6.
- Thomson G, Wilson N. Smokefree signage at children's playgrounds: Field observations and comparison with Google Street View. Tob Induc Dis. 2017;15:37
Smokefree Wellington Research Project: 2015-16
A research group at the Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, investigated the policy options that could contribute to a smokefree central Wellington City, New Zealand. The project was funded by the New Zealand Health Research Council.
Research and information sheets (November 2015)
- Smokefree building entrances
- Smokefree bus stops and outdoor transport areas
- Smokefree community and music events involving council land
- Smokefree outdoor policies in New Zealand: Questions and answers
- Smokefree public outdoor dining areas
- Short report: Issues and options for progress towards a smokefree city. November 2016
- Report - Expanding smokefree outdoor areas in Wellington City: Rationale and options April 2016
- Report to Wellington City Council: Smokefree Wellington: Context, options and evidence September 2015
During 2015 we interviewed stakeholders, considering policies already in place here and around the world, and exploring the issues involved in smokefree outdoor policies. In November we held workshops to discuss and further develop sound policy options for Wellington. The policy options ranged from smokefree bus stops to a smokefree downtown area. The project report was finalised in early 2016 and is available above.
The project helped lead to a Wellington City Council decision to extend its smokefree policies and plan for future policies – see the resolution on pp.14-15 at: http://wellington.govt.nz/~/media/your-council/meetings/committees/community-sport-and-recreation-committee/2016/04/20160413-minutes--community-sport-and-recreation-committee.pdf
And also see the Wellington City Council video at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SJPPWKXZ5X8
- A smokefree city: A case study for smokefree outdoor policy SRNT Conference, Florence, Italy - March 2017
- Thomson G, Martin J, Gifford H, Parata K, Wilson N. A case study of smokefree outdoor policy options for a city. Aust N Z J Public Health 2017 Online 29th March http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/1753-6405.12665/pdf [Free full text]
New Zealand national research
- Wilson N, Jones AC, Thomson G. Poor Smoke-free Status of Airports in a Country with a Smoke-free Goal: New Zealand. Tob Control 2020 (In press).
New Zealand public opinion on smokefree outdoor policies
- Oliver, J., Thomson, G., Wilson, N. 2014. Public attitudes to new smokefree outdoor places policies in New Zealand: an analysis of 217 online comments. N Z Med J 127, 109-111.
Surveys during 2011-15
New Zealand opinion in March 2012 on: Children's playgrounds, sports grounds, outside building entrances and doorways, patrolled beaches, footpaths in shopping areas, town or city parks and reserves, and outdoor areas of pubs, bars and cafes:
- Gendall, P., Hoek, J., Maubach, N., Edwards, R. 2013. Public support for more action on smoking. N Z Med J 126, 85-94.
New Zealand opinion in 2012 on outdoor dining areas, sports fields and courts, and 'all outdoor public places where children are likely to go':
- Li J, & Newcombe R. 2013. Acceptability of extended smokefree areas and smokefree cars. [In Fact]. Wellington: Health Promotion Agency Research and Evaluation Unit.
Auckland City (2013) support for and predicted impact of smokefree policies
- Wyllie, A. Public support for tobacco control policies in the Auckland Council region. Cancer Society Auckland Division. Auckland. July 2013.
Auckland City (2014) awareness of, willingness to intervene, compliance with, and impacts on smokers of smokefree policies
- Wyllie, A. Public response to introduction of Smokefree outdoor public places in Auckland Council region. Cancer Society Auckland Division. Auckland. July 2014.
Hawkes Bay (Napier and Hastings) support for smokefree policies in 2013
- APR Consultants Ltd. Hawke's Bay Smokefree Survey 2013. APR Consultants Ltd. Rotorua. September 2013.
Canterbury support for smokefree policies in 2014
- Kimber H, Witt M. Smokefree Regional Survey Report. Smokefree Canterbury. Christchurch. September 2014.
Wellington awareness of, support for and predicted impact of smokefree policies in September 2015
- Wellington City Council Research and Evaluation team. Attitudes towards smoking in Wellington: Report on the 2015 smoke-free survey. Wellington City Council. Wellington. November 2015.
Other reports and papers:
- Parry R, Prior B, Sykes A, et al. Smokefree streets: A pilot study of methods to inform policy. Nicotine Tob Res 2011;13:389-394
- Trappitt R, Li J, & Tu D. (2011). Acceptability of smoking in outdoor places where children go – Health and Lifestyles Surveys 2008- 2010 [In Fact]. Wellington: Health Sponsorship Council.
- Thomson G, Wilson N, Weerasekera D, Edwards R. Strong smoker interest in 'setting example to children' by quitting: national survey data. Aus N Z J Public Health 2011;35(1)81-84.
- Wilson N, Weerasekera D, Blakely T, Edwards R, Thomson G, Gifford H. What is behind smoker support for new smokefree areas? National survey data. BMC Public Health 2010, 10:498
- Wilson N, Blakely T, Edwards R, Weerasekera D, Thomson G. Support by New Zealand smokers for new types of smokefree areas: National survey data. N Z Med J 2009;122(1303);80-89
- Thomson G, Wilson N, Edwards R. At the frontier of tobacco control: A brief review of public attitudes to smokefree outdoor places. Nicotine Tob Res 2009;11: 584-590.
New Zealand business opinion on smokefree outdoor policies
These links refer to retailer and hospitality industry opinion from owners and managers.
- Christchurch smokefree café pilot project 2016-1017
- Hanmer smokefree café business survey 2017
- Palmerston North smokefree café managers attitudes survey 2017
In a 2011 survey of 198 business people on Wellington's Golden Mile (a major shopping route), the vast majority of respondents (83.3%) did not think a smokefree GM would hurt their business
- Patel V, Thomson G, Wilson N. Attitudes of Business People to Proposed Smokefree Shopping Streets. Nicotine & Tobacco Research [Advance Access published May 11, 2012]
Christchurch hospitality industry views on smokefree outdoor dining, 2015
- Cancer Society Canterbury-West Coast division and Information Team Community & Public Health Canterbury District Health Board. Survey of business owner/managers' perceptions of outdoor smokefree dining/seating areas: Christchurch. Cancer Society and Canterbury District Health Board. Christchurch. May 2015.