Pega F, Blakely T, Glymour M, Carter K, Kawachi I. Using Marginal Structural Modeling to Estimate the Cumulative Impact of an Unconditional Tax Credit on Self-Rated Health. American Journal of Epidemiology 2016; published online January 24, 2016 doi: 10.1093/aje/kwv211
Blakely T, van der Deen FS, Woodward A, Kawachi I, Carter K. Do changes in income, deprivation, labour force status and family status influence smoking behaviour over the short run? Panel study of 15000 adults. Tobacco Control 2014; 23: e106-e113 doi:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2012-050944
Pega F, Carter K, Kawachi I, Davis P, Blakely T. The impact of an unconditional tax credit for families on self-rated health in adults: Further evidence from the cohort study of 6,900 New Zealanders. Social Science & Medicine 2014; 108: 115-9. DOI:10.1016/j.socscimed.2014.03.002
Pega F, Kawachi I, Rasanathan K, Lundberg O. Politics, policies and population health: A commentary on Mackenbach, Hu and Looman. Social Science & Medicine 2013; 93:176-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.06.007
McKenzie S, Imlach-Gunasekara F, Richardson K, Carter K. Do changes in socioeconomic factors lead to changes in mental health? Findings from three waves of a population based panel study. J Epidemiol Community Health 2013; Published Online First: doi:10.1136/jech-2013-203013
Blakely T, van der Deen FS, Woodward A, Kawachi I, Carter K. Do changes in income, deprivation, labour force status and family status influence smoking behaviour over the short run? Panel study of 15 000 adults. Tobacco Control 2013; 0:1–8. DOI:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2012-050944
Pega F, Carter K, Blakely T, Lucas PJ. In-work tax credits for families and their impact on health status in adults (Review). The Cochrane Library 2013; 8
Pega F, Carter K, Kawachi I, Davis P, Imlach-Gunasekara F, Lundberg O, Blakely T. The impact of in-work tax credit for families on self-rated health in adults: a cohort study of 6900 New Zealanders. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2013; 67: 682-688. DOI:10.1136/jech-2012-202300
Carter KN, Imlach-Gunasekara F, Blakely T. The relationship between trends in income inequalities and poverty in New Zealand. Policy Quarterly 2013; 9(2): 24-29
Imlach-Gunasekara F, Carter KN, Mckenzie, S. Income-related health inequalities in working age men and women in Australia and New Zealand. Aust NZ J Public Health 2013; 37(3): 211-7. DOI:10.1111/1753-6405.12061
Carter KN, Imlach-Gunasekara F, Blakely T, Richardson K. The impact of a health shock on participation in the labour force in a working age population: a repeated measures analysis. Aust NZ J Public Health 2013; 37(3): 257-63, DOI:10.1111/1753-6405.12068
Imlach-Gunasekara F, Carter KN, Crampton P, Blakely T. Income and individual deprivation as predictors of health over time. Int J Public Health, 2013; 58(4): 501-511, DOI:10.1007/s00038-013-0450-9.
Mckenzie S, Carter K. Do transitions into parenthood lead to changes in mental health? Findings from three waves a population-based study. J Epidemiol Comm Health 2013; 67(4): 339-345, DOI:10.1136/jech-2012-201765
Blakely T, McKenzie S, Carter K. Misclassification of the mediator matters when estimating indirect effects.J Epidemiol Community Health 2013; 67(5): 458-466. DOI:10.1136/jech-2012-201813
Pega F, Blakely T, Carter K, Sjöberg O. The explanation of a paradox? A commentary on Mackenbach (2012) with perspectives from research on financial credits and risk factors. Social Science & Medicine 2012; 75(4):770-3. DOI: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2012.03.052
Carter KN, van der Deen FS, Wilson N, Blakely T. Smoking uptake is associated with increased psychological distress: results of a national longitudinal study. Tob Control 2012, DOI:10.1136/tobaccocontrol-2012-050614
Carter KN, Imlach Gunasekara F, Mckenzie S, Blakely T. Differential loss of participants does not necessarily cause selection bias. Aust NZ J Public Health 2012; 36(3), 218-222.
Imlach Gunasekara F, Carter KN, Liu I, Richardson K, Blakely T. The relationship between income and health using longitudinal data from New Zealand. J Epidemiol Comm Health 2012; 66: e12, DOI:10.1136/jech.2010.125021
Imlach Gunasekara F, Carter K, Blakely T. Comparing self-rated health and self-assessed change in health in a longitudinal survey: Which is more valid?Social Science & Medicine 2012; 74: 1117-1124
McKenzie SK, Carter KN, Blakely T, Ivory V. Effects of childhood socioeconomic position on subjective health and health behaviours in adulthood: how much is mediated by adult socioeconomic position?BMC Public Health 2011, 11:269
Carter KN, Kruse K, Blakely T, Collings S. The association of food security with psychological distress in New Zealand and any gender differences. Social Science & Medicine 2011; 72: 1463-1471
Van der Deen FS, Carter KN, Wilson N, Collings S. The association between failed quit attempts and increased levels of psychological distress in smokers in a large New Zealand cohort. BMC Public Health 2011; 11(598).
Imlach Gunasekara F, Carter K, Blakely T. Change in income and change in self-rated health: Systematic review of studies using repeated measures to control for confounding bias. Soc Sci Med 2011; 72(2): 193-201.
Blakely T, Carter K. Reflections from the antipodes on the English strategy to reduce health inequalities and Mackenbach's analysis. J Epidemiol Comm Health 2011; 65(7): 594-5.
Carter KN, Shaw C, Collings S, Blakely T, Richardson K. The SoFIE-Health study: Are the results comparable to the New Zealand population?Australasian Epidemiologist 2011: 18; 26-32
McKenzie SK, Carter K, Blakely T, Collings S. The association of childhood socioeconomic position and psychological distress in adulthood: is it mediated by adult socioeconomic position?Longitudinal and Life Course Studies 2010; 1(4): 339-58
Carter K, Shaw C, Hayward M, Blakely T. Understanding the determinants of consent for linkage of administrative health data with a longitudinal survey. Kotuitui: New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online 2010; 5 (2), 53 -60
Carter KN, Lanumata T, Kruse K, Gorton D. What are the determinants of food insecurity in New Zealand and does this differ for males and females?Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health 2010; DOI:10.1111/j.1753-6405.2010.00615.x
Carter K, Barber P. Alan, Shaw C. How Does Self-Reported History of Stroke Compare to Hospitalization Data in a Population-Based Survey in New Zealand?Stroke 2010; 41: 2678-2680
Mckenzie S, Carter K. Are retrospective measures of childhood socioeconomic position in prospective adult health surveys useful?Australasian Epidemiologist 2009;16 (3), 22-24
Carter KN, Hayward M, Blakely T, Shaw C. How much and for whom does self-identified ethnicity change over time in New Zealand? Results from a longitudinal study. Social Policy Journal of New Zealand 2009; 36: 32-45
Carter KN, Cronin M, Blakely T, Hayward M, Richardson K. Cohort profile: Survey of Families, Income and Employment (SoFIE) and Health Extension (SoFIE-health). Int. J. Epidemiol 2009; Published online May 28, 2009: dyp215.
Carter KN, Blakely T, Collings S, Imlach Gunasekara F, Richardson K. What is the association between wealth and mental health? J Epidemiol Community Health 2009; 63: 221-226
Gunasekara F, Carter K, Blakely T. Glossary for econometrics and epidemiology. J Epidemiol Community Health 2008; 62: 858-861. DOI:10.1136/jech.2008.077461
Pega F, Carter K. Social protection policy transition and its effect on child health and health inequalities in a liberal welfare state (New Zealand), 2005-08. Report to the WHO European Review of Social Determinants of Health and the Health Divide. Wellington: University of Otago, Wellington, 2012
Imlach Gunasekara F, Carter K. Dynamics of Income in Children in New Zealand, 2002-2009. A descriptive analysis of the Survey of Family, Income and Employment (SoFIE). Wellington: Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, 2012.
Carter K, Imlach Gunasekara F. Dynamics of Income and Deprivation in New Zealand, 2002‐2009. A descriptive analysis of the Survey of Family, Income and Employment (SoFIE). Wellington: Department of Public Health, University of Otago, Wellington, 2012.
Carter K, Hayward M, Richardson K. SoFIE-Health & NZHIS Data Integration Project. SoFIE-Health Report 4: Working Paper. Wellington: University of Otago, Wellington, 2009.
Carter K, Hayward M, Richardson K. SoFIE-Health Baseline Report: Study Design and Associations of Social Factors and Health in Waves 1 to 3. SoFIE-Health Report 2.Wellington: University of Otago, Wellington, 2008.
Richardson K, Carter K, Hayward M. SoFIE-Health Data and Processing Systems. SoFIE-Health Report 1.Wellington: University of Otago, Wellington, 2008.
Imlach Gunasekara F, Carter K, Blakely T. Glossary for econometrics and epidemiology. J Epidemiol Community Health 2008; 62: 858-861
Dissertations and Theses
Pega F. The effect of anti-poverty and in-work tax credits for families on self-rated health in adults in New Zealand: A cohort study of 6,900 participants of the Survey of Family, Income and Employment. A thesis in partial fulfillment of a Doctor of Philosophy. Department of Public Health, University of Otago: Dunedin, New Zealand 2013.
Mckenzie S. The association of childhood socioeconomic position and adult mental health: is it mediated by adult socioeconomic position? A New Zealand population based investigation. [masters]. University of Otago, 2009.
Carter K. Causal relationships between social and economic factors and health in NZ. Dept of Public Health Seminar Series, 27 September 2013, Wellington.
Imlach Gunasekara F, Carter K. Taking a look at changes in child poverty from 2002 to 2009. Public Health Association Conference, 3-5 September 2012, Wellington.
Carter K, Imlach Gunasekara F. Dynamics of low income and deprivation in SoFIE: A descriptive analysis. Well-being and Public Policy Conference. 13-15 June 2012, Wellington.
Statistics New Zealand Annual SoFIE Information Releases
Wealth and Disparities in New Zealand
Selected Issues in the Measurement of New Zealand's Saving(s): Paper prepared for Reserve Bank of New Zealand Workshop on Saving 14 November 2006
Housing in the Household Portfolio and Implications for Retirement Saving: Some Initial Finding from SOFIE
Moving On: Changes in a Year in Family Living Arrangements. A Families Commission Report.
Department of Public Health
University of Otago, Wellington
PO Box 7343
Wellington South 6242
Tel: +64 4 918 5072
Fax: +64 4 389 5319